Adams County, Ohio

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Adams County, Ohio
AdamsCountyOHCourthouse1.JPG
Seal of Adams County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Adams County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded July 10, 1797[1]
Named for John Adams
Seat West Union
Largest village West Union
Area
 • Total 586 sq mi (1,518 km2)
 • Land 584 sq mi (1,513 km2)
 • Water 2.4 sq mi (6 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 28,550
 • Density 49/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.adamscountyoh.com

Adams County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,550.[2] Its county seat is West Union.[3] The county is named after John Adams, the second President of the United States.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 586 square miles (1,520 km2), of which 584 square miles (1,510 km2) is land and 2.4 square miles (6.2 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5] It includes many parks and preserves, including one of Ohio's greatest archeological wonders, the Serpent Mound at the Serpent Mound State Memorial in Locust Grove. Serpent Mound lends its name to the Serpent Mound crater, the eroded remnant of a huge ancient meteorite impact crater. Other areas of note include state parks and national forests like Edge of Appalachia, Shawnee State Park, Adams Lake Park and Robert H. Whipple State Nature Preserve.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 3,432
1810 9,434 174.9%
1820 10,406 10.3%
1830 12,281 18.0%
1840 13,183 7.3%
1850 18,883 43.2%
1860 20,309 7.6%
1870 20,750 2.2%
1880 24,005 15.7%
1890 26,093 8.7%
1900 26,328 0.9%
1910 24,755 −6.0%
1920 22,403 −9.5%
1930 20,381 −9.0%
1940 21,705 6.5%
1950 20,499 −5.6%
1960 19,982 −2.5%
1970 18,957 −5.1%
1980 24,328 28.3%
1990 25,371 4.3%
2000 27,330 7.7%
2010 28,550 4.5%
Est. 2015 28,024 [7] −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, 27,330 people, 10,501 households, and 7,613 families resided in the county. The population density was 47 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 11,822 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.77% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 0.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.5% were of American, 19.8% German, 11.7% Irish and 8.9% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 10,501 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.40% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,315, and the median income for a family was $34,714. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $20,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,515. About 12.80% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.30% of those under age 18 and 16.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, 28,550 people, 11,147 households, and 7,793 families resided in the county.[13] The population density was 48.9 inhabitants per square mile (18.9/km2). There were 12,978 housing units at an average density of 22.2 per square mile (8.6/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 97.7% white, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 17.6% were German, 16.5% were American, 15.3% were Irish, and 9.8% were English.[15]

Of the 11,147 households, 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.1% were non-families, and 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 39.6 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $32,791 and the median income for a family was $40,305. Males had a median income of $37,277 versus $25,746 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,693. About 18.8% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.0% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[17]
Year Republican Democrat
2016 75.88% 8,659 20.38% 2,326
2012 61.75% 6,865 35.76% 3,976
2008 60.57% 6,914 36.53% 4,170
2004 63.78% 7,653 35.68% 4,281
2000 62.34% 6,380 34.99% 3,581

Government[edit]

Adams County has a three-member Board of County Commissioners who oversee the various County departments, similar to all but two of the 88 Ohio counties. Adams County's elected commissioners are: Brian Baldridge, Ty Pell, and Paul Worley.[18]

Library[edit]

The Adams County Public Library serves the communities of Adams County, Ohio from its administrative location in Peebles and branches in Manchester, West Union, and Seaman.

In 2005, the library system loaned more than 264,000 items to its 14,000 cardholders. Total holdings (as of 2005) were over 101,000 volumes with over 250 periodical subscriptions.[19]

Hospital[edit]

Adams County is served by the Adams County Regional Medical Center at 230 Medical Center Drive in Seaman. The hospital was previously known as Adams County Hospital, and was in West Union. It was renamed and relocated to Seaman, and is easily accessible from the Appalachian Highway.

Communities[edit]

Map of Adams County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

  • Great Serpent Mound
  • Counterfeit House in the Manchester, OH area, the only home constructed for the purposes of counterfeiting U.S. currency[20]
  • Brushcreek Motorsports Complex[21]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Adams County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Taylor, William Alexander (1899). Ohio Statesmen and Annals of Progress. Press of the Westbote Company. p. 243. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2015. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Volkman, Claire. "The 10 Best Midwest Foliage Drives to Leaf Peep Like a Champ". iExplore.com. Inside-Out Media. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-04-01. 
  18. ^ "Adams County Commissioners". Adams County Ohio Government Portal. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  19. ^ "2005 Ohio Public Library Statistics:Statistics by County and Town". State Library of Ohio. Archived from the original on 24 September 2006. Retrieved November 6, 2006. 
  20. ^ [1] Counterfeit House. Retrieved 4-30-09.
  21. ^ [2]
  22. ^ a b Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°50′N 83°29′W / 38.84°N 83.48°W / 38.84; -83.48