Aminocarb

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Aminocarb
Aminocarb.svg
Aminocarb 3d structure.png
Names
IUPAC name
4-(dimethylamino)-3-methylphenyl N-methylcarbamate
Systematic IUPAC name
4-(Dimethylamino)-3-methylphenyl]methylcarbamate
Other names
4-Dimethylamino-3-methylphenyl, N-methylcarbamate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.016.356
EC Number 217-990-7
RTECS number FC0175000
UN number 2811
Properties
C11H16N2 O2
Molar mass 208.257
Appearance white crystalline solid and tan crystals
Melting point 95.0 °C (203.0 °F; 368.1 K)
Boiling point 375.191 °C (707.344 °F; 648.341 K) at 760 mmHg
Solubility Slightly sol in water; sol in polar org solvents; moderately sol in aromatic solvents
Vapor pressure 1.88 X 10-6 mm Hg
5.64 X 10-10 atm cu m/mole
Hazards
Main hazards Highly toxic by ingestion, Toxic by skin absorption
Safety data sheet [1]
GHS pictograms The environment pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The skull-and-crossbones pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H300, H311, H400, H411
P264, P273, P280, P301+310, P312
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola oil Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 180.709 °C (357.276 °F; 453.859 K)
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
Oral-rat-30 mg/kg and Dermal-rat-275 mg/kg
Related compounds
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Animocarb (Matacil) is an organic chemical compound with the molecular formula C11H16N2 O2. It has a colorless or white crystal-like appearance and is most commonly used as an insecticide.[1]

History[edit]

Aminocarb has been extensively used in eastern Canada since 1976 in order to control the spruce budworm. The fate of this chemical in the ecosystem and detection of aminocarb was studied by the use of two-dimensional thin-layer chromatography. The use of thin-layer chromatography helped isolate and identify the methyl amino, amino and hydroxymethyl analogues from the in vitro metabolism of aminocarb by liver homogenates from humans and rats.[2]

Production and uses[edit]

Aminocarb is an carbamate insecticide widely used to protect cotton fields, crop fields, and forests from insect infestation. It helps in the control of aphids, soil mollusks, lepidopterous larvae, and other types of chewing insects. It is most commonly administered as an aerosol spray.[3][4]

Reactions[edit]

Aminocarb can be degraded through irradiation and hydrolysis.

Hydrolysis of aminocarb[5]

Irradiation[edit]

Aminocarb can be broken down by short-wave ultraviolet radiation.[6] Irradiation is often carried out by a high pressure xenon-mercury lamp.[7] Irradiating aminocarb in ethyl alcohol and cyclohexene solutions initially causes the oxidation of the dimethylamine moiety.[6][8] The process eventually leads to the formation of a 4-dimethylamino-3-methyl phenol product.[8]

Hydrolysis[edit]

Aminocarb undergoes hydrolysis to 4-dimethylamino-3-methylphenol in 25 °C purified water when pH of the water is 6.4. 4-dimethylamino-3-methylphenol is then either directly or via 2-methyl-1,4-dihydorquinone converted to 2-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone. If methylamine or diethylamine are present in the solution 2-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone will readily react. Monoepoxides and diepoxides of 2-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone are formed.[5]


Biomedical effects[edit]

In an experiment where young brown bullhead were exposed to aminocarb at lethal and sublethal concentrations, their tissue distribution was examined and showed that the concentration of residues in each tissue increased with the concentration of exposure of aminocarb. The liver and stomach/intestine had the highest amount of accumulation of residues.[9]

Aminocarb is also known as a cholinesterase inhibitor that has nervous system effects causing convulsions and respiratory failure. It can also be absorbed through the skin, causing long-term effects to the nervous system and liver.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Montgomery, John Harold (1993). "Aminocarb". Agrochemicals Desk Reference: Environmental Data. pp. 21–2. ISBN 978-0-87371-738-0. 
  2. ^ Sundaram, K.M.S.; Szeto, S.Y.; Hindle, R. (1980). "Detection of aminocarb and its major metabolites by thin-layer chromatography". Journal of Chromatography A. 194 (1): 100–3. doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81057-2. 
  3. ^ Sundaram, Kanth M. S.; Sundaram, Alam (1987). "Role of Formulation Ingredients and Physical Properties on Droplet Size Spectra, Deposition, and Persistence of Aerially Sprayed Aminocrab and Mexacarbate in Forest Litter and Soil Samples". Pesticide Formulations and Application Systems. 7 (986): 139–51. ISBN 978-0-8031-0970-4. 
  4. ^ Dikshith, T. S. S (2010). "Aminocarb (CAS No. 2032-59-9)". Handbook of Chemicals and Safety. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-4398-2060-5. 
  5. ^ a b Aizawa, Hiroyasu (2001). "Carbamates". Metabolic Maps. pp. 74–81. doi:10.1016/B978-012045605-5/50007-6. ISBN 978-0-12-045605-5. 
  6. ^ a b "FAO plant production and protection papers". 1976. [page needed]
  7. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=PVxFIL4xD4wC&pg=PT658&dq=aminocarb&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UUSLUMPQI6LpygGL64DwBA&ved=0CEQQ6AEwBA[full citation needed]
  8. ^ a b Kamin, Michael A.; Montgomery, John H (1999-09-01). "Agrochemical and Pesticide Desk Reference on CD-ROM: Crcnetbase". ISBN 9780849321795. [page needed]
  9. ^ Richardson, GM; Qadri, SU (1986). "Tissue distribution of 14C-labeled residues of aminocarb in brown bullhead (Ictalurus nebulosus Le Sueur) following acute exposure". Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 12 (2): 180–6. doi:10.1016/0147-6513(86)90055-2. PMID 3792270. 
  10. ^ http://hazmap.nlm.nih.gov/category-details?id=3627&table=copytblagents[full citation needed]