Baeyer's reagent

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Baeyer's reagent, named after the German organic chemist Adolf von Baeyer, is used in organic chemistry as a qualitative test for the presence of unsaturation, such as double or triple bonds.

Baeyer's reagent reaction

Baeyer's reagent is an alkaline solution of cold potassium permanganate, which is a powerful oxidant making this a redox reaction. Reaction with double or triple bonds (-C=C- or -C≡C-) in an organic material causes the color to fade from purplish-pink to brown. It is a syn addition reaction. Aldehydes and formic acid (and formic acid esters) also give a positive test.[1]

The brown solid manganese(IV) oxide precipitates out of solution when potassium permanganate reacts with a double or triple bond.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Explanation from a qualitative analysis lab