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|Line length:||1,249 km (776 mi)|
|Track gauge:||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Stations and structures|
The Beijing–Harbin or Jingha Railway (simplified Chinese: 京哈铁路; traditional Chinese: 京哈鐵路; pinyin: Jīnghā Tiělù) is the railway that connects Beijing with Harbin in Heilongjiang Province. It spans 1,249 km (776 mi). It is a very prominent route in the provinces of northeastern China.
Construction of the section between Tangshan and Tianjin began in 1881 as the Kaiping Tramway. This section is the second-oldest railway in China and the oldest still in use. (The oldest railway in China was the Woosung Railway in Shanghai, built in 1876 but dismantled and removed to Taiwan the next year.) Later this section was extended west to Beijing and east to Shanhaiguan. It was further extended to the east and reached Mukden (modern Shenyang) in Fengtian province (modern Liaoning) by 1912.
The railroad operated under or was known by several names, including:
- the Imperial Railroad of North China,
- the Guanneiwai Tielu (lit. "Shanhaiguan Inner & Outer Railway"),
- the Peking–Mukden or Peiping–Mukden Railway,
- the Jingfeng Tielu (from Beijing & Fengtian), and
- the Beining Tielu (from Beiping & Liaoning).
Under the late Qing and during the early Republic, it was administered by and provided much of the revenue for the Ministry of Posts and Communications. It is now administered by the Ministry of Railways for the People's Republic of China.
The section from Shenyang to Harbin used to be a part of the South Manchuria branch of the Chinese Eastern Railway built by the Russian Empire from 1898 to 1902. Later, the section from Changchun to Shenyang became part of the Japanese South Manchuria Railway. There used to be no linking line between the Jingfeng Railway and the South Manchuria Railway. A bridge was built for the South Manchuria Railway to cross the Jingfeng Railway. The Huanggutun Incident took place on June 4, 1928 right at this bridge, several kilometers east of the Huanggutun railway station on Jingfeng railway. During the Japanese occupation of Manchuria (1931–1945), the Jingfeng railway and the south Manchuria railway was connected together. After 1949, the Jingfeng Railway and the Shenyang to Harbin section of the south Manchuria railway were altogether named as Jingha Railway.
Important cities en route
- Hebei Province：Tangshan, Qinhuangdao
- Liaoning Province：Huludao, Jinzhou, Shenyang, Tieling
- Jilin Province：Siping, Changchun
- Heilongjiang Province：Harbin
|Beijing East||5 km (3.1 mi)|
|- Entering Hebei|
|Tangshan North||151 km (94 mi)|
|Luan County||208 km (129 mi)|
|Beidaihe||276 km (171 mi)|
|Qinhuangdao||299 km (186 mi)|
|Shanhaiguan||315 km (196 mi)|
|- Entering Liaoning|
|Huludao North||437 km (272 mi)|
|Jinzhou South||480 km (300 mi)|
|Panjin North||549 km (341 mi)|
|Liaozhong||653 km (406 mi)|
|Shenyang North||703 km (437 mi)|
|Tieling||771 km (479 mi)|
|- Entering Jilin|
|Siping||889 km (552 mi)|
|Gongzhuling||942 km (585 mi)|
|Changchun||1,003 km (623 mi)|
|- Entering Heilongjiang|
|Harbin||1,249 km (776 mi)|