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|French Armed Forces
Coat of Arms of the French Republic
|Service branches||Armée de Terre
Armée de l'Air
|Commander-in-Chief||President François Hollande|
|Minister of Defence||Jean-Yves Le Drian|
|Chief of Defense||General Pierre de Villiers|
|Military age||17 years of age with consent for voluntary military service (2001)|
|13,676,509 (2005 est.), age 15–49|
|11,262,661 (2005 est.), age 15–49|
|389,204 (2005 est.)|
|Active personnel||259,050 (2006) ranked 14th|
|Reserve personnel||419,000 (2006)|
|Deployed personnel||35,000 (2006 est.)|
|Percent of GDP||2.6% (2005)|
|History||Military History of France
La Grande Armée
DPSD is the abbreviation of Direction de la Protection et de la Sécurité de la Défense, a French security agency which is part of the Ministry of Defence.
DPSD succeeded the former military security agency in 1981. Its roles are: counter-intelligence, general intelligence, counter-terrorism, and counter-subversion concerning national defense. The military, national defense institution, and defence industry are within its area of responsibility. It is also responsible for ensuring the security of personnel, information, materiel and sensitive facilities within national defense.
It works in conjunction with the Central Directorate of Interior Intelligence, the sub-terrorism Directorate, the Directorate General of External Security and the Directorate of Military Intelligence. DPSD is a member of the French Community of intelligence.
It is governed by Articles D.3126-5 D.3126-9 of Defense Code.
The management of protection and security of defense is the intelligence available to the Defense Minister to carry out its responsibilities for security of personnel, information, materials and sensitive facilities. Its remit includes the prevention and detection of violations of national defense security.
The Commission includes a command destined for clearances at different classification levels of information be provided ( "Confidential Defense," "Secret Defense", or "Top Secret Defense"), and monitoring of personnel (military land forces, air, marine, police, defense, health, species and official or civil). The DPSD is present in all the theaters of operations abroad where French forces are engaged. The DPSD also has responsible for industrial security, in relation to the high technical value defence industry companies.
The strength of the DPSD, slightly decreasing from year to year, numbered 1,279 people in 2009.
In 2004, funds vested in the DPSD (excluding salaries and benefits) amounted to 11.4 million euros, a decrease of 0.6% over 2003. The operating budget in 2004 was 7.7 million euros. Equipment financing (manufacturing and infrastructure) amounted to 3.7 million euros, or 1.7% less than in 2003.
- Général Pierre Devemy : February 1987 - February 1989
- Général Antonio Jérôme : February 1989 - 1990
- Général de Corps d'Armée Roland Guillaume : 1990 - 1997
- Général de Corps d'Armée Claude Ascensi : 1997 - August 2000
- Contrôleur Général des Armées Dominique Conort : September 2000 - July 2002
- Général de Corps d'Armée Michel Barro : August 2002 - June 2005
- Général de Corps d'Armée Denis Serpollet : July 2005 - 2008
- Général de Corps d'Armée Didier Bolelli : 2008 - 2010
- Général de Corps Aérien Antoine Creux : 2010-2012
- Général de division Jean-Pierre Bosser : November 2012
In 2004, there were 1,475 people, including 1,097 military and 378 civilians. In 2003, there was a significant shortfall in personnel within the DPSD, with staff levels about 12% below the budgetted allowance.
The 2006 appropriations for DPSD totaled 89.9 million euros, representing 1% more compared to 89 million euros in 2005. Staff costs amounted to 78 million euros, operating expenses at 7.7 million euros and capital spending to 4.2 million euros.
The authorised Personnel establishment for 2006 was 1,459.
In 2006, there were 1,459 people, including 1,090 military and 369 civilians. The DPSD contains a high proportion of non-commissioned officers, who represent two-thirds of military personnel. They are mostly defense security inspectors and shipbuilding security inspectors. Civilian personnel, for their part, constituted 85% of Category C officials and staff workers.
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