European route E45
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|North end:||Karesuando ( Sweden)|
|South end:||Gela ( Italy)|
|Countries:||Sweden, Denmark, Germany, Austria, Italy|
|International E-road network|
The route passes through Karesuando (Sweden) – Gällivare – Porjus – Jokkmokk - Arvidsjaur – Östersund – Mora – Säffle – Åmål – Gothenburg … Frederikshavn (Denmark) – Aalborg – Randers - Århus – Vejle – Kolding – Frøslev – Flensburg (Germany) – Hamburg – Hanover – Göttingen – Kassel – Fulda – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Munich – Rosenheim – Wörgl (Austria) – Innsbruck – Brenner – Fortezza (Italy) – Bolzano – Trento – Verona – Modena – Bologna – Cesena – Perugia – Fiano Romano – Naples – Salerno – Sicignano – Cosenza – Villa San Giovanni … Messina – Catania – Siracusa – Gela
The E45 is not signposted in Finland , since the official document uses the Swedish version ("Karesuando") of the name of the village at the Finnish–Swedish border, hinting that it would start on the Swedish side. The Swedish government proposed the extension in 2005 and did not include the Finnish road in the proposal, which was accepted as it was. The gap between the end of E45 and the European route E8 is about 1 km along the existing Finnish regional road 959 Karesuvanto (FIN) - Karesuando (SWE)
In November 2006, the E 45 was extended with the then existing Swedish national road 45, which makes it start from Karesuando at the Swedish–Finnish border (near the E 8), over Östersund–Mora–Grums, to Gothenburg and on. This extended the length of the route by about 1,690 km (1,050 mi). The signs of road 45 was changed to E 45 during the summer of 2007. The E 45 has now no other national number. In Sweden the road is called Inlandsvägen.
The E45 in Sweden is mostly an ordinary road. Between Karesuando and Torsby (1370 km) the road is usually 6–8 meters wide, and goes mostly through sparsely populated forests, with occasional villages and only two cities above 10.000 people, Östersund and Mora. The E45 is a motorway for 6 km together with the E18 south of Grums. Between Säffle and Trollhättan several parts of it is 2+1 road with a middle barrier, totally around 40 km. Between Trollhättan and Surte there is a 52 km long motorway, finished in 2012. Between Surte and Gothenburg there is a 17 km road designed equivalently to a motorway. The exception is that there are two gaps in the Trollhättan–Surte motorway and there are two traffic lights along the Surte–Gothenburg road. The speed limit is usually 100 km/h north of Mora and usually 90 km/h south thereof. There are 27 road crossings or intersections where the Swedish E45 does not follow the straight direction. There are 26 level crossings with railways.
In Denmark the E 45 is a motorway (speed limit 110 km/h - 130 km/h) from the south of Frederikshavn to the Denmark–Germany border. The E 45 has no other national number. It connects to the E 39 and E 20 motorways.
In 1992 it was renamed from E 3 (which actually before 1985 ended in Lisbon, Portugal) and until 2006, with the extension in Sweden, the northern endpoint was Frederikshavn.
The total length in Denmark is 357 km.
Exits in Denmark
The road E 45 follows:
- Bundesautobahn 7, Danish border–Würzburg
- Bundesautobahn 3, Würzburg–Nuremberg
- Bundesautobahn 9, Nuremberg–Munich
- Bundesautobahn 99, Munich Beltway
- Bundesautobahn 8, Munich–Rosenheim
- Bundesautobahn 93, Rosenheim–Austrian border
Between Nuremberg and Verona, Italy the E45 corresponds with the route of the old imperial road, the Via Imperii, though the Autobahns are newer roads.
The road E 45 follows:
- Inn Valley Autobahn A12, German border–Innsbruck
- Brenner Autobahn A13, Innsbruck–Italian border (at Brenner Pass)
The road E 45 follows:
- Italian Autostrada A22 (Brennero-Modena)
- Italian Autostrada A1 (Modena-Bologna)
- Italian Autostrada A14 (Bologna-Cesena)
- Italian state road 3bis (Cesena-Terni)
- Italian state road 675 Umbro-Laziale (Terni-Orte)
- Italian Autostrada A1 (Orte-Napoli)
- Italian Autostrada A3 (Napoli-Villa San Giovanni)
- Villa San Giovanni-Messina (Strait of Messina)
- Italian Autostrada A18 (Messina-Catania)
- RA15 (Catania's bypass)
- Italian Autostrada Catania-Siracusa (Catania-Augusta)
- Strada statale 114 Orientale Sicula (Augusta-Siracusa)
- Italian Autostrada A18 (Siracusa-Rosolini)
- Strada statale 115 Sud Occidentale Sicula (Rosolini-Gela)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to E45.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for E45 through Europe.|
- Vägverket "Nya hastighetsgränser på nationella vägar"
- United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Inland Transport Committee (2005-07-19). "Road Transport Infrastructure. European Agreement on Main International Traffic Arteries (AGR). Consideration of new proposals for amendments to Annex I to the AGR (TRANS/SC.1/2005/3)" (PDF). United Nations Economic and Social Council. Retrieved 2007-05-28.
- Karesuando och Karesuvanto... (Bilder) and SV: Skyltning efter vägarna !!
- ECE/TRANS/SC.1/2016/2 Amendments to the Agreement Submitted by the Governments Finland and Norway