This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
1.0 / January 2, 2018
|Operating system||DragonFly BSD, DOS, FreeBSD, kFreeBSD, Linux, Mac OS X, NetBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, Windows (partial)|
|License||GNU General Public License|
Flashrom is a universal flash programming utility used to detect, read, verify, erase, or write BIOS chips in dual in-line package (DIP), plastic leaded chip carrier (PLCC), small-outline integrated circuit (SOIC), thin small-outline package (TSOP), or ball grid array (BGA) packages. It supports parallel, Low Pin Count (LPC), FWH and Serial Peripheral Interface Bus (SPI) flash interfaces. It can be used to flash firmware images such as BIOS or coreboot, or to backup an existing firmware.
Backup the firmware of the host running flashrom into a file:
# flashrom -p internal -r backup.bin
It supports over 480 flash chip families, 291 chipsets, 524 mainboards, 71 PCI devices, 19 USB devices and various parallel/serial port-based devices which can be used as programmers. It supports cross-flashing and hot-flashing.