Geylang Bahru

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Geylang Bahru
Subzone of Kallang Planning Area
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese芽笼巴鲁
芽笼峇鲁
 • PinyinYálóng Bālǔ
 • MalayGeylang Baru
 • Jawiڬيلڠ بارو
 • Tamilகேலாங் பாரு
Exit of Geylang Bahru MRT station at the junction of Geylang Bahru and Kallang Bahru
Exit of Geylang Bahru MRT station at the junction of Geylang Bahru and Kallang Bahru
Country Singapore
RegionCentral Region
Planning AreaKallang
Area
 • Total0.74 km2 (0.29 sq mi)
Population
(2015)[1]
 • Total12,870
 • Density17,000/km2 (45,000/sq mi)

Geylang Bahru (Chinese: 芽笼峇鲁, Tamil: கேலாங் பாரு) is a subzone within the planning area of Kallang, Singapore, as defined by the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA). It is bounded by the Pan Island Expressway (PIE) in the east; the Pelton Canal in the south; the Kallang River in the west; and Serangoon Road in the north.[2]

Previously, "Kolam Ayer" encompassed an area that included present-day Geylang Bahru subzone and the adjacent Kallang Way subzone, the latter of which is officially organised under Geylang Planning Area. Several places within Geylang Bahru still retain this name: Kolam Ayer Community Club and Kolam Ayer Neighbourhood Police Post, as well as the road Jalan Kolam Ayer. Made up of both residential and industrial developments, other notable places in Geylang Bahru include the Kallang Basin Swimming Complex, Kallang Distripark, the main office of Jalan Besar Town Council, the office of the Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board (SEAB) and Ministry of Manpower (MOM) Services Centre. Geylang Bahru MRT station along the Downtown Line serves this subzone.

"Geylang Bahru" is also the name of a two-way road in the area. This road connects Bendemeer Road in the north with Upper Boon Keng Road in the south, with major junction located at Kallang Bahru. This road is unique as it is one of the few roads in Singapore to have a name without any generic element. The name of the subzone was derived from this road.

Etymology[edit]

The name “Kolam Ayer”, was derived from the Malay phrase "kolam air", which translates to "pond water".

The subzone's current name, "Geylang Bahru", came from a road in the area; "Geylang" is a place in Singapore, now considered a separate planning area from Kallang, while "Bahru" is the old Malay spelling for "baru", meaning "new".

The name "Geylang Bahru" first appeared as a proposed road in a street directory in 1969.[3] It is worth noting that the road marked as "Geylang Bahru" in the 1969 map (and numerous revised editions released in the following years) roughly corresponds to the modern-day Upper Boon Keng Road. By 1975, the road as we call "Geylang Bahru" today was completed.

History[edit]

The term "Kolam Ayer" roughly applies to the modern-day subzones of Geylang Bahru and Kallang Way, part of the Kallang and Geylang planning areas respectively.

Before the development of Kallang, Kolam Ayer (as it was known at the time) had numerous Malay kampongs. The precinct was mainly served by a main road called Jalan Kolam Ayer before the 1960s. This road was eventually merged to form part of the present-day Pan Island Expressway (PIE).

During the dredging of the Kallang River in the late 1960s and early 1970s,[4] the Singapore government filled and leveled up the surrounding riverside with red mud that was carried by trucks from a nearby hill called Ang Chiang San (modern-day Toa Payoh). These areas formed what are today Bendemeer, Kallang Bahru and the old Geylang Bahru estate.[5]

Kolam Ayer
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese
Malay name
MalayKolam Ayer
Tamil name
Tamilகோலம் ஆயெர்

Since then, the precinct was connected with the Kolam Ayer Community Club and the People's Action Party Kolam Ayer Branch.[6]

After the 1980s, the Jalan Besar Town Council relocated its office in Kallang Bahru. It was later renamed Moulmein-Kallang between 2011-2015 after the redrawing of GRC boundaries.[7] The old name was then restored following the 2015 general elections.

In April 2008, the Kolam Ayer ABC Waterfront was officially opened to the public as the first project under the Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters programme handled by Public Utilities Board.[8][9]

Today, residents of Geylang Bahru are managed by the People's Association under the Kolam Ayer Geylang Bahru Residents Committee.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b City Population - statistics, maps and charts | Geylang Bahru
  2. ^ https://keylocation.sg/singapore/planning-areas/kallang
  3. ^ https://hm.onemap.sg
  4. ^ The history of the "Kallang River". Archived from the original on 2016-03-02. by the National Heritage Board
  5. ^ Tan Khoon Yong (Chinese: 陈军荣) (2001). "二:五龙汇星洲之【南龙】". 新加坡地形风水:五龙汇星洲 (in Chinese) (Reprint ed.). Singapore: Times Books International. p. 207. ISBN 981232061X.
  6. ^ The "Kolam Ayer Community". page (SNS) published by Dr. Yaacob and his team
  7. ^ The "Jalan Besar Town Council". official website
  8. ^ The "Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters". (ABC Waters) main page by the Public Utilities Board
  9. ^ The "Kolam Ayer ABC Waterfront". Archived from the original on 2015-12-11. introduction with a map by the Public Utilities Board
  10. ^ "Location of Kolam Ayer Geylang Bahru". People's Association. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Kallang Planning Area at Wikimedia Commons