Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Guadalajara International Airport
Guadalajara International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional de Guadalajara
GDL Airport Front View
|Owner||Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacifico|
|Operator||Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacifico|
|Location||Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, Jalisco|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||1,529 m / 5,016 ft|
Guadalajara airport diagram
Source: Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico
Guadalajara International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Guadalajara), officially known as Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Guadalajara International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Guadalajara Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla) (IATA: GDL, ICAO: MMGL), is the main airport of Mexico's second-largest city Guadalajara. Opened in 1966, it is located 16 km south of the city center. In 2018 it handled 14,340,152 passengers, and 14,823,592 in 2019, an increase of 3.37%.It is Latin America's tenth and Mexico's third-busiest airport, after Mexico City International Airport and Cancún International Airport and second-busiest for cargo flights.
Guadalajara's International Airport consists of two runways and one terminal. It is also a major airport for connections, being a hub for Volaris, for which it is a primary gateway to the United States, and as well Aeroméxico. It is also a focus city for Interjet, and VivaAerobus. Flights are offered to destinations within Mexico and to Central America and the United States. In addition, cargo flights are offered to many destinations, including countries in Asia and Europe.
The airport is named for Miguel Hidalgo, who began the war that brought Mexican independence from Spain. He has been called the "father of Mexican independence".
In 2020, it was announced that the Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacifico group have invested around $14 billion pesos to build a new runway and terminal building, along with new facilities and improvements such as an expanded parking lot, a hotel, office block, and a solar-powered plant. Additionally, the airport aims to expand services to the United States as well as Europe. Expected to be completed by 2024, it is part of GAP's new expansion plan for its airports in the state of Jalisco, both Guadalajara and Puerto Vallarta, and its total budget is $18 billion pesos.
The Passenger Terminal or Terminal 1, is used by all airlines for international and domestic flights. The terminal has customs facilities. There are also 27 remote parking positions. It also has 12 jetways and 5 concourses:
- Concourse A - Airside Walk-up gates A1 through A8
- Concourse B - Jetway gates B10 through B13
- Concourse C - Lower level, Bus gates C20 through C29
- Concourse D - Jetway gates D30 through D38
- Concourse E - Lower level, Bus gates E40 through E50
The Cargo Terminal was recently expanded and has a capacity to store approximately 350,000 tons of goods annually in its 27,000 square meters. It has 6 positions that can handle any kind of major aircraft.
Airlines and destinations
- Burger King
- California Pizza Kitchen
- Carl's Jr.
- Corner Bar
- De Volada Grab N' Go
- El Quijote
- Fronteras Bar
- Guacamole Mexican Grill
- Johnny Rockets
- Krispy Kreme
- La Pausa
- Los Tres Amigos Tacos
- Natural Break
- City Express Guadalajara Aeropuerto]
- Hampton Inn de Hilton Guadalajara-Aeropuerto]
- Hangar Inn
|1||Mexico City, Mexico City||1,692,737||Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|2||Baja California, Tijuana||893,917||Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|3||Quintana Roo, Cancún||441,444||Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|4||Nuevo León, Monterrey||425,389||Aeroméxico Connect, VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|5||Baja California, Mexicali||228,579||VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|6||Sonora, Hermosillo||201,162||VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|7||Baja California Sur, Los Cabos||191,941||Calafia Airlines, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|8||Sinaloa, Culiacán||165,775||1||VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|9||Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez||164,203||1||VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|10||Baja California Sur, La Paz||121,102||Calafia Airlines, Viva Aerobus, Volaris|
|11||Yucatán, Mérida||115,780||2||VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|12||Chihuahua, Chihuahua||88,000||1||VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|13||Veracruz, Veracruz||81,075||1||VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|14||Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez||73,552||Calafia Airlines, VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|15||Jalisco, Puerto Vallarta||62,123||Aeromar, Calafia Airlines, Interjet, TAR, VivaAerobus|
|16||Puebla, Puebla||48,519||2||Aeromar, Viva Aerobus|
|19||Oaxaca, Oaxaca||29,333||2||TAR, Volaris|
|20||México (state), Toluca||29,329||3||Interjet|
|1||United States, Los Angeles||495,421||Aeroméxico, Alaska Airlines, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|2||United States, Chicago (Midway and O'Hare)[Note 1]||189,560||Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|3||United States, Houston||151,952||1||United Airlines, United Express, VivaAerobus, Volaris|
|4||United States, San Jose||126,037||1||Aeroméxico, Alaska Airlines, Volaris|
|5||United States, Sacramento||120,468||Aeroméxico, Volaris|
|6||United States, Dallas||118,444||American Airlines, Volaris|
|7||United States, Fresno||111,631||Aeroméxico, Volaris|
|8||United States, Las Vegas||103,374||1||Interjet, Volaris|
|9||United States, San Francisco||95,542||1||Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris|
|10||United States, Oakland||67,066||1||Volaris|
|11||United States, Phoenix–Sky Harbor||57,899||1||American Eagle, Volaris|
|12||United States, Ontario||57,877||1||Volaris|
|13||United States, Atlanta||50,364||3||Delta Air Lines|
|14||United States, San Antonio||47,781||4||Interjet, Volaris|
|15||United States, Seattle||44,495||1||Volaris|
|16||United States, Portland||44,472||2||Volaris|
|17||United States, Salt Lake City||31,816||2||Aeroméxico Connect|
|18||United States, New York-JFK||29,808||3||Volaris|
|19||United States, Denver||29,077||Volaris|
|20||Panama, Panama City||25,513||3||Copa Airlines|
- The official statistics include both Midway and O'Hare airports.
Recently, the expansion projects are being delayed due to conflicts with the local residents. Also, several protests were made, blocking the parking lot access many times. These expansion projects include new and better access to the terminal, and it would take 3 years to build a 2nd runway (includes 2 years of land preparation and 1 to build the base and pave it). The locals argue that Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico has debts to the land where the airport sits on because of expropriation of land, which was taken from locals in 1975 to expand the airport. This terrain consists of the airport's polygon plus 320 hectares — of which 51 hectares will be used to build the 2nd runway. Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico urged the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation to resolve the problems by delaying the airport's 2nd runway construction. With this new runway and the expansion of the terminal building, the airport will be able to handle over 40 million passengers. If not negotiated the next step could be another expropriation to complete the project.
Accidents and incidents
- On June 2, 1958, Aeronaves de México Flight 111, a Lockheed L-749A Constellation (registration XA-MEV), crashed into La Latilla Mountain, 16 kilometers (10 miles) from the airport, shortly after takeoff for a flight to Mexico City, after the airliner's crew failed to follow the established climb-out procedure for the airport after taking off. The crash killed all 45 people on board, and two prominent American scientists – oceanographer Townsend Cromwell and fisheries scientist Bell M. Shimada – were among the dead. It was the deadliest aviation accident in Mexican history at the time.
- Aeroméxico Flight 498: On August 31, 1986 an Aeroméxico DC-9 that originated from Mexico City and stopped at Guadalajara, Loreto and Tijuana collided with a private aircraft while attempting to land at Los Angeles International Airport.
- "Traffic Report" (Web). Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico. December 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
- "Statistics by Airport" (Web). Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- "Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta airports in line for major upgrades". Mexico News Daily. Mexico News Daily. February 7, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
- Quarter Studios - Soluciones Digitales. "Aeropuerto de Guadalajara". Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- "Why Being Grounded for Months Was the Best Pandemic Outcome for This Airline". Yahoo News. August 2020. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- Liu, Jim. "Delta resumes Los Angeles – Guadalajara service in Oct 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
- Liu, Jim. "Delta resumes Salt Lake City – Guadalajara in W20". Routesonline. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
- "Qatar Airways Cargo commences Macau-Guadalajara transpacific freighter service". Gulf Times Commercial Press. January 2019. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "Traffic Statistics by Airline" (in Spanish). Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. January 2020. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
- "Landowners continue their battle over Guadalajara airport land". Mexico News Daily. May 2018. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "Second runway urgent for Guadalajara". Mexico News Daily. October 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "Accident". Aviation Safety Network. June 1958. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "Bell Masayuki Shimada (1922-1958)". National Ocean Service. July 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
- "NOAA Honors Nisei with Launch of Fisheries Vessel". Japanese American Veterans Association. December 2008. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to International airport of Guadalajara, Mexico.|
- Grupo Aeroportuario del Pácifico
- AeropuertosMexico.com (in English)
- Airport information for MMGL at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
- FlightAware U.S. airport activity to/from: Don Miguel Hidalgo Y Costilla Int'l (MMGL)
- A-Z World Airports: Don Miguel Hidalgo Airport (GDL/MMGL)
- TAR Aerolineas