Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Guadalajara International Airport

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Guadalajara International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional de Guadalajara
Aeropuerto de Guadalajara 3.jpg
GDL Airport Front View
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGrupo Aeroportuario del Pacifico
OperatorGrupo Aeroportuario del Pacifico
ServesGuadalajara, Jalisco
LocationTlajomulco de Zúñiga, Jalisco
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,529 m / 5,016 ft
Coordinates20°31′18″N 103°18′40″W / 20.52167°N 103.31111°W / 20.52167; -103.31111Coordinates: 20°31′18″N 103°18′40″W / 20.52167°N 103.31111°W / 20.52167; -103.31111
Maps
Aeropuerto Internacional de Guadalajara location map.png
Guadalajara airport diagram
GDL is located in Jalisco
GDL
GDL
Location of airport in Mexico
GDL is located in Mexico
GDL
GDL
GDL (Mexico)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
02/20 1,818 5,964 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Total Passengers8,125,600
Ranking in Mexico3rd Steady
Source: Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico

Guadalajara International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Guadalajara), officially known as Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Guadalajara International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Guadalajara Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla) (IATA: GDL, ICAO: MMGL), is the main airport of Mexico's second-largest city Guadalajara. Opened in 1966, it is located 16 km south of the city center. In 2020 it handled 8,094,115 passengers, a decrease of 45.40% from 2019 as a result of the COVID-19 contingencies.[1] It is Latin America's sixth and Mexico's third-busiest airport, after Mexico City International Airport and Cancún International Airport, and second-busiest for cargo flights.[2]

Guadalajara's International Airport consists of two runways and one terminal. A major airport for connections, it became a hub for Volaris and its primary gateway to the United States.[3] It is also a focus city for Aeroméxico and VivaAerobus. Flights are offered to destinations within Mexico and to Central America and the United States. In addition, cargo flights are offered to many destinations, including countries in Asia and Europe.

The airport is named for Miguel Hidalgo, who began the war that brought Mexican independence from Spain. He has been called the "father of Mexican independence".

History[edit]

In 2020, it was announced that the Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacifico group have invested around $14 billion pesos to build a new runway and terminal building, along with new facilities and improvements such as an expanded parking lot, a hotel, office block, and a solar-powered plant.[4] Additionally, the airport aims to expand services to the United States as well as Europe.[4] Expected to be completed by 2024, it is part of GAP's new expansion plan for its airports in the state of Jalisco, both Guadalajara and Puerto Vallarta, and its total budget is $18 billion pesos.[4]

The Guadalajara airport will gain a nonstop link to Europe when Aeromexico introduces flights to Madrid, Spain, in December 2021.[5][6]

Terminals[edit]

Airport's Main entrance.
Terminal Map.
Main Corridor at the airport.
VIP Lounge (East) at the Airport.
VIP Lounge (East) at the Airport.
VIP Lounge (East) at the Airport.
Concourse A at the Airport.
Concourse A at the Airport.
Concourse A at the Airport.

Passenger terminal[edit]

The Passenger Terminal or Terminal 1, is used by all airlines for international and domestic flights.[7] The terminal has customs facilities. There are also 27 remote parking positions. It also has 12 jetways and 5 concourses:

  • Concourse A - Airside Walk-up gates A1 through A8
  • Concourse B - Jetway gates B10 through B13
  • Concourse C - Lower level, Bus gates C20 through C29
  • Concourse D - Jetway gates D30 through D38
  • Concourse E - Lower level, Bus gates E40 through E50

Cargo terminal[edit]

The Cargo Terminal was recently expanded and has a capacity to store approximately 350,000 tons of goods annually in its 27,000 square meters. It has 6 positions that can handle any kind of major aircraft.

Terminal interior

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeromar McAllen, Mexico City, Puerto Vallarta
Seasonal: La Paz, Mazatlán
Aeroméxico Cancún] (resumes January 17, 2022),[8] Chicago–O'Hare, Fresno, Los Angeles, Madrid (begins December 15, 2021),[5] Mexico City, Sacramento, San Francisco, Tijuana (resumes December 15, 2021)[9]
Aeroméxico Connect Mexico City, Salt Lake City
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles, San Jose (CA)
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth
Seasonal: Phoenix–Sky Harbor
American Eagle Phoenix–Sky Harbor
Calafia Airlines La Paz, Los Mochis, San José del Cabo
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen
Delta Air Lines Atlanta
Magnicharters Cancún
Seasonal: Tijuana
TAR Aerolineas Ciudad Juárez, Durango, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro
United Airlines Houston–Intercontinental
United Express Houston–Intercontinental
VivaAerobús Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Hermosillo, La Paz, Los Angeles, Mérida, Mexico City, Mexico City/AIFA (begins March 21, 2022),[10] Monterrey, Puebla, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, Tampico, Tijuana, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Houston–Intercontinental, San José del Cabo
Charter: Havana
Volaris Acapulco, Cancún, Charlotte, Chetumal, Chicago–Midway, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fresno, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, La Paz, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Los Mochis, Mérida, Mexicali, Mexico City, Miami, Monterrey, New York–JFK, Oakland, Oaxaca, Ontario, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Puerto Escondido, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, San Antonio, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeronaves TSM Laredo
AeroUnion Los Angeles, Mexico City
Air France Cargo Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Amerijet International Miami
Cargolux Houston–Intercontinental, Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Hong Kong
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Querétaro
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum, Frankfurt, Houston–Intercontinental, Mexico City
Estafeta La Paz, San Luis Potosí
FedEx Express Memphis
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon, Vancouver
Lufthansa Cargo Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt
Mas Air Bogotá, Los Angeles, Miami
Panalpina operated by Atlas Air Huntsville, London–Stansted
Qatar Airways Cargo[11] Doha, Liege
TUM AeroCarga Hermosillo, Tijuana, Toluca, Reynosa
UPS Airlines Louisville

Amenities[edit]

Restaurants[edit]

Car rental[edit]

Hotels[edit]

  • City Express Guadalajara Aeropuerto
  • Hampton Inn de Hilton Guadalajara-Aeropuerto
  • Hangar Inn

VIP Lounges[edit]

  • Aeroméxico Salón Premier
  • Citibanamex Salón Beyond
  • VIP Lounge East
  • VIP Lounge West

Statistics[edit]

Passengers[edit]

Guadalajara Airport Passengers. See source Wikidata query.
Annual Passenger Traffic
Year Passengers % Change
2010 6,918,621 Steady
2011 7,154,959 Increase 3.41%
2012 7,389,897 Increase 3.28%
2013 8,104,762 Increase 9.67%
2014 8,695,183 Increase 7.28%
2015 9,758,516 Increase 12.22%
2016 11,362,552 Increase 16.43%
2017 12,779,874 Increase 12.47%
2018 14,340,152 Increase 12.21%
2019 14,823,592 Increase 3.37%
2020 8,125,600 Decrease 45.40%

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from Guadalajara International Airport (2020)[12]
Rank City Passengers Ranking Airline
1  Mexico City, Mexico City 768,436 Steady Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Aeroméxico Connect, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
2  Baja California, Tijuana 645,059 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobús, Volaris
3  Quintana Roo, Cancún 314,765 Steady Aeromexico, Interjet, Magni, VivaAerobús, Volaris
4  Nuevo León, Monterrey 182,576 Steady Aeroméxico Connect, VivaAerobús, Volaris
5  Baja California, Mexicali 158,116 Steady VivaAerobús, Volaris
6  Baja California Sur, Los Cabos 114,220 Increase 1 Aeroméxico, Calafia Airlines, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
7  Sonora, Hermosillo 113,248 Decrease 1 Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
8  Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez 77,629 Increase 1 VivaAerobús, Volaris
9  Sinaloa, Culiacán 77,241 Decrease 1 VivaAerobús, Volaris
10  Baja California Sur, La Paz 68,902 Steady Calafia Airlines, VivaAerobús, Volaris
11  Chihuahua, Chihuahua 47,446 Increase 1 VivaAerobús, Volaris
12  Veracruz, Veracruz 46,960 Increase 1 VivaAerobús, Volaris
13  Yucatán, Mérida 46,777 Decrease 1 VivaAerobús, Volaris
14  Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutiérrez 39,590 Steady VivaAerobús, Volaris
15  Jalisco, Puerto Vallarta 30,408 Steady Aeromar, Calafia Airlines, Interjet, TAR, VivaAerobús
16  Tabasco, Villahermosa 23,657 Increase 1 VivaAerobús
17  Puebla, Puebla 14,522 Decrease 1 Aeromar, VivaAerobús
18  Tamaulipas, Reynosa 13,993 Steady VivaAerobús
19  Sonora, Ciudad Obregón 13,746 Increase 3 Volaris
20  Sinaloa, Los Mochis 12,100 Increase 4 Calafia Airlines, Volaris
Busiest international routes from Guadalajara International Airport (2020)[12]
Rank City Passengers Ranking Airline
1  United States, Los Angeles 269,725 Steady Aeroméxico, Alaska Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
2  United States, Chicago (Midway and O'Hare)[Note 1] 114,243 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobús, Volaris
3  United States, Dallas 75,388 Increase 3 American Airlines, Volaris
4  United States, Houston 73,783 Decrease 1 United Airlines, United Express, VivaAerobús, Volaris
5  United States, San Jose 73,071 Decrease 1 Alaska Airlines, Volaris
6  United States, Sacramento 72,605 Decrease 1 Aeroméxico, Volaris
7  United States, Fresno 66,947 Steady Aeroméxico, Volaris
8  United States, Oakland 59,765 Increase 2 Volaris
9  United States, Las Vegas 44,248 Decrease 1 Interjet, Volaris
10  United States, Phoenix–Sky Harbor 41,409 Increase 1 American Eagle, Volaris
11  United States, Portland 32,923 Increase 5 Volaris
12  United States, Seattle 31,932 Increase 3 Volaris
13  United States, Ontario 29,092 Decrease 1 Volaris
14  United States, San Francisco 25,101 Decrease 5 Aeroméxico, Interjet
15  United States, San Antonio 23,220 Decrease 1 Interjet, Volaris
16  United States, Denver 22,654 Increase 3 Volaris
17  United States, Reno 14,462 Increase 4 Volaris
18  United States, Atlanta 13,321 Decrease 5 Delta Air Lines
19  United States, Charlotte 12,891 Increase 3 Volaris
20  United States, Salt Lake City 11,967 Decrease 3 Aeroméxico Connect, Delta Air Lines
Notes
  1. ^ The official statistics include both Midway and O'Hare airports.

Local conflicts[edit]

Recently, the expansion projects are being delayed due to conflicts with the local residents. Also, several protests were made, blocking the parking lot access many times. These expansion projects include new and better access to the terminal, and it would take 3 years to build a 2nd runway (includes 2 years of land preparation and 1 to build the base and pave it). The locals argue that Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico has debts to the land where the airport sits on because of expropriation of land, which was taken from locals in 1975 to expand the airport.[13] This terrain consists of the airport's polygon plus 320 hectares — of which 51 hectares will be used to build the 2nd runway. Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico urged the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation to resolve the problems by delaying the airport's 2nd runway construction. With this new runway and the expansion of the terminal building, the airport will be able to handle over 40 million passengers.[14] If not negotiated the next step could be another expropriation to complete the project.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Traffic Report" (Web). Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico. December 2020. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  2. ^ "Statistics by Airport" (Web). Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  3. ^ "Volaris cements Guadalajara as a hub" (Web). Milenio. April 2018. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta airports in line for major upgrades". Mexico News Daily. Mexico News Daily. February 7, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Fly nonstop to Europe from Guadalajara". Aeroméxico. August 2021. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  6. ^ Victoria Rodríguez, Karla (August 9, 2021). "Aeroméxico anuncia vuelo directo de Guadalajara a Madrid". Milenio (in Spanish). Retrieved August 9, 2021.
  7. ^ Quarter Studios - Soluciones Digitales. "Aeropuerto de Guadalajara". Retrieved July 29, 2015.
  8. ^ "Grupo Aeroméxico increases connectivity from Guadalajara". EnElAire (in Spanish). November 2021. Retrieved November 30, 2021.
  9. ^ "Aeroméxico flight returns between Guadalajara and Tijuana". El Occidental (in Spanish). November 2021. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  10. ^ "Viva Aerobus will connect AIFA with Monterrey and Guadalajara". T21 (in Spanish). November 2021. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
  11. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo commences Macau-Guadalajara transpacific freighter service". Gulf Times Commercial Press. January 2019. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Traffic Statistics by Airline" (in Spanish). Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transportes. January 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
  13. ^ "Landowners continue their battle over Guadalajara airport land". Mexico News Daily. May 2018. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  14. ^ "Second runway urgent for Guadalajara". Mexico News Daily. October 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  15. ^ "Accident". Aviation Safety Network. June 1958. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  16. ^ "Bell Masayuki Shimada (1922-1958)". National Ocean Service. July 2017. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  17. ^ "NOAA Honors Nisei with Launch of Fisheries Vessel". Japanese American Veterans Association. December 2008. Retrieved September 10, 2020.
  18. ^ Golden, Tim (May 25, 1993). "Cardinal in Mexico Killed in a Shooting Tied to Drug Battle". The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2021.

External links[edit]