Kui language (India)

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Region India
Ethnicity Khonds, Dal, Sitha Kandha
Native speakers
920,000 (2001 census)[1]
  • South-Central
    • Gondi–Kui
      • Kuvi–Kui
        • Kui
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kxu
Glottolog kuii1252[2]

Kui (also Kandh, Khondi, Khond, Khondo, Kanda, Kodu (Kōdu), Kodulu, Kuinga (Kūinga), Kuy) is a South-Central-Dravidian language spoken by the Khonds. It is mostly spoken in Odisha, and written in the Odia script. With 641,662 registered native speakers, it figures at rank 29 in the 1991 Indian census. The Kui language was also referred to as the Kalinga language during the historical period.

Distinct but closely related are the Gondi, Konda and Kuvi languages.


Labial Dental Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɳ
Plosive voiceless p t ʈ k
voiced b d ɖ ɡ
Approximant central ʋ ~ b j
lateral l
Fricative s (ç ?) h
Flap ɾ ɽ


  1. ^ Kui at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kui (India)". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Krishnamurti, Bhadriraju (2003). The Dravidian languages (null ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-511-06037-3. 

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