Kurmali dialect

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कुर्माली, कुरमाली
Native to India, Bangladesh
Region Jharkhand and surrounding states
Native speakers
310,000 (1997)[1]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
kyw – Kurmali
tdb – Panchpargania
Glottolog kudm1238  (Kudmali)[3]
panc1246  (Panchpargania)[4]

Kurmali (Devanagari: कुर्माली or कुरमाली kur(a)mālī), or Kudmali, is one of many dialect variants of Hindi which is spoken in Jharkhand, India.[1] Kurmali is generally linked to the Kudumi Mahato (also known as Kurmi, Mahanta or Mohanta) community of Jharkhand, Odisha & West Bengal. Kudmali is also spoken by the Kudumi people of Assam, and was brought to the tea gardens from Bihar, Orissa and West Bengal. The Jharkhand intellectuals claim that Kurmali may be the nearest form of language used in Charyapada.[5] As a trade dialect, it is known as Panchpargania (Devnagari: पंचपरगनिया), for the "five districts" of the region it covers, or Tamaria.

Alternate names[edit]

Names for the language include Bedia (from the Bedia caste), Dharua, Khotta, Pan Sawasi, Tanti, Tair, and Chik Baraik.

Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja state[edit]

Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja state agrees very closely with the Kurmali Thar of Manbhum.[6]


After a long perseverance I have been succeeded to create some symbols that can be easily applied to peruse the Kurmali language and in the first edition in March 2008 of the book – "Kurmali chisek chinhamuda", authored and published by Shri Swapan Chandra Mahato, these symbols are already printed. It has also enrolled in the ISBN 978-81-8465-019-8 with the approved financial support by the CIIL, Ministry of HRD, Govt. Of India, Mysore vide sanction letter No. F51-34(1)/2007-09/KUR/GRNT dated 16 June 2009 under the scheme of Grant-in-Aid. this textbook is only the first book and first step in primary education of Kurmali language that has provided the idea of first alphabets and words in Kurmali education pupils. Like other languages, it has both letters as vowels and consonants. In this language there are only five vowels and twenty-nine consonants, and all these letters can together be easily used to form any kind of sentences. Body of the book named "Kurmali Chisek Chinhamuda's" synopsis. At present Kurmali language although taught only in one state of the country i.e. Jharkhand with the help of books in other script only. Till date there is no such script invented by anybody for the benefits of students willing to get Kurmali education either in school, college or university level. To resolve such a problem in Kurmali language, an attempt in the form of the present text has been made by me (Swapan Chandra Mahato of Village- Jhalmamra, P.O.- Chapaitard, P.S.- Joypur, District- Purulia, State- West Bengal, India.) to give a realistic shape of a book in Kurmali language which required wide promotion or acceptation among the people, particularly the classes of people who talk in Kurmali language. Hope by this the Kurmali language will be enriched and the said language will get a script of its own if accepted by the people at large.

Trade language[edit]

Panchpargania is the common language for communication for Bundu, Tamar, Silli, Sonahatu, Arki & Angara blocks of Ranchi district of Jharkhand state.

See also[edit]

Bihari languages


  1. ^ a b Kurmali at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
    Panchpargania at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kudmali". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Panchpargania". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  5. ^ Jharkhand movement: ethnicity and culture of silence - Sajal Basu - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  6. ^ "Kurumali sub dialect of Mayurbhanja state". Linguistic Survey of India by G A.Grierson.