List of endangered languages in India

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An endangered language is a language that is at a risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language.

India[edit]

Main article: Languages of India
India
Language Status Comments ISO 639-3
A'tong language Severely endangered[1]   aot
Adi language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China adi
Aimol language Critically endangered[1]   aim
Aiton language Severely endangered[1]   aio
Aka language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Sudan hru
Aka language Critically endangered[1]   soh
Anal language Vulnerable[1]   anm
Angami language Vulnerable[1]   njm
Angika language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Nepal anp
Ao language Vulnerable[1]   ngo
Apatani language Vulnerable[1]   apt
Asur language Definitely endangered[1]   asr
Badaga language Definitely endangered[1]   bfq
Baghati language Critically endangered[1]   bfz
Balti language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan bft
Bangani language Critically endangered[1]   gbm
Bangni language Vulnerable[1]    
Bawm language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Bangladesh bgr
Bellari language Critically endangered[1]   brw
Bhadravahi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan bhd
Bhalesi language Definitely endangered[1]   bhd
Bharmauri language Definitely endangered[1]   gbk
Bhumji language Vulnerable[1]   bij
Biete language Definitely endangered[1]   biu
Birhor language Critically endangered[1]   biy
Bishnupriya Manipuri Creole language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Bangladesh bpy
Bodo language Vulnerable[1]   brx
Bokar language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China adi
Bori language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China adi
Brokshat language Definitely endangered[1]   bkk
Bunan language Definitely endangered[1]   bfu
Byangsi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Nepal bee
Chambeali language Definitely endangered[1]   cdh
Chang language Vulnerable[1]   nbc
Chokri language Vulnerable[1]   nri
Churahi language Definitely endangered[1]   cdj
Cuona Menba language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Bhutan, China twm
Dakpa language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Bhutan dka
Darma language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Nepal drd
Deori language Definitely endangered[1]   der
Dimasa language Vulnerable[1]   dis
Gadaba language Critically endangered[1]   gdb, gau
Galo language Vulnerable[1]   adl
Gangte language Definitely endangered[1]   gnb
Garhwali language Vulnerable[1]   gbm
Geta? language Severely endangered[1]   gaq
Gondi language Vulnerable[1]   gon
Gorum language Definitely endangered[1]   pcj
Great andamanese language Critically endangered[1]   akj
Gutob language Vulnerable[1]   gbj
Handuri language Critically endangered[1]   hii
Hill Miri language Definitely endangered[1]   mrg
Hmar language Vulnerable[1]   hmr
Ho language Vulnerable[1]   hoc
Hrangkhol language Vulnerable[1]   hra
Idu language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China clk
Irula language Vulnerable[1]   iru
Jad language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan jda
Jangshung language Definitely endangered[1]   jna, scu, ssk
Jarawa language Critically endangered[1]   ang
Jaunsari language Definitely endangered[1]   jns
Juang language Definitely endangered[1]   jun
Kabui language Vulnerable[1]   nkf
Kachari language Definitely endangered[1]   xac
Kanashi language Definitely endangered[1]   xns
Kangdi language Definitely endangered[1]   xnr
Karbi language Vulnerable[1]   mjw
Khamba language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China kbg
Khampti language Vulnerable[1]    
Kharia language Vulnerable[1]   khr
Khasali language Definitely endangered[1]    
Khasi language Vulnerable[1]   kha
Kheza language Vulnerable[1]   nkh
Khiamngan language Vulnerable[1]   nky
Khoirao language Vulnerable[1]   nki
Khowa language Definitely endangered[1]   bgg
Kinnauri language Definitely endangered[1]   kns, kfk, cif, tpq
Koch language Definitely endangered[1]   kdq
Koda language Vulnerable[1]   cdz
Kodagu language Definitely endangered[1]   kfa
Koireng language Critically endangered[1]   nkd
Kokborok language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Bangladesh trp
Kolami language Definitely endangered[1]   kfb
Kom language Definitely endangered[1]   kmm
Konda language Definitely endangered[1]   kfc
Konyak language Vulnerable[1]   nbe
Koraga language Critically endangered[1]   kfd
Korku language Vulnerable[1]   kfq
Koro language Definitely endangered[1]    
Korwa language Vulnerable[1]   kfp
Kota language Critically endangered[1]   kfe
Kui language Vulnerable[1]   kxu
Kului language Definitely endangered[1]   kfx
Kumaoni language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Nepal kfy
Kundal Shahi language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan  
Kurru language Definitely endangered[1]   yeu
Kuruba language Critically endangered[1]   kfi
Kurux (India) language Vulnerable[1]   kru
Kuvi language Definitely endangered[1]   kxv
Ladakhi language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China cna, lbj, tkk
Lamgang language Critically endangered[1]   lmk
Lamongse language Critically endangered[1]   nik
Langrong language Critically endangered[1]    
Lepcha language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Bhutan, Nepal lep
Lhota language Vulnerable[1]   njh
Liangmai language Vulnerable[1]   njn
Limbu language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Nepal lif
Lishpa language Definitely endangered[1]    
Luro language Critically endangered[1]   tef
Mahasui language Definitely endangered[1]   bfz
Malto language Definitely endangered[1]   kmj
Manchad language Vulnerable[1]   lae
Manda language Critically endangered[1]   mha
Mandeali language Definitely endangered[1]   mjl
Mao language Vulnerable[1]   nbi
Mara language Definitely endangered[1]   mrh
Maram language Vulnerable[1]   nma
Maring language Vulnerable[1]   nng
Mech language Severely endangered[1]   brx
Meithei language Vulnerable[1]   mni
Miji language Definitely endangered[1]    
Miju language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China mxj
Milang language Definitely endangered[1]   adi
Minyong language Vulnerable[1]   adi
Mising language Definitely endangered[1]   mrg
Mizo language Vulnerable[1]   lus
Motuo Menba language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China tsj
Moyon language Definitely endangered[1]   nmo
Mra language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: China  
Mundari language Vulnerable[1]   muw
Muot language Critically endangered[1]   ncb
Mzieme language Vulnerable[1]   nme
Na language Critically endangered[1] Also spoken in: China  
Nahali language Definitely endangered[1]   nlx
Naiki language Critically endangered[1]   nit
Nihali language Critically endangered[1]   nll
Nocte language Vulnerable[1]   njb
Nruanghmei language Vulnerable[1]   nbu
Nyishi language Vulnerable[1]   dap
Onge language Critically endangered[1]   oon
Padam language Vulnerable[1]    
Padri language Vulnerable[1]   bhd
Paite language Vulnerable[1]   pck, smt
Pangvali language Critically endangered[1]   pgg
Parji language Critically endangered[1]   pci
Pasi language Definitely endangered[1]   adi
Pengo language Critically endangered[1]   peg
Phom language Vulnerable[1]   nph
Pochuri language Vulnerable[1]   npo
Pu language Critically endangered[1]   caq
Purik language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan prx
Purum language Critically endangered[1]    
Rabha language Vulnerable[1]   rah
Remo language Severely endangered[1]   bfw
Rengma language Vulnerable[1]   nnl, nre
Rongpo language Vulnerable[1]   rnp
Ruga language Critically endangered[1]   ruh
Sanenyo language Critically endangered[1]   crv
Sangtam language Vulnerable[1]   nsa
Sentilese language Critically endangered[1]   std
Sherdukpen language Vulnerable[1]   sdp
Sherpa language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China, Nepal xsr
Shompen language Critically endangered[1]   sil
Simi language Vulnerable[1]   nsm
Singpho language Definitely endangered[1]   sgp
Sirmaudi language Critically endangered[1]   srx
Sora language Vulnerable[1]   srb
Spiti language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan spt
Sulung language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China suv
Tagin language Vulnerable[1]    
Tai Nora language Critically endangered[1]    
Tai Phake language Severely endangered[1]   phk
Tai Rong language Critically endangered[1]    
Takahanyilang language Critically endangered[1]   nik
Tamang language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Nepal taj, tge, tmk, tsf, tdg
Tangam language Critically endangered[1]   adi
Tangkhul language Vulnerable[1]   nmf
Tangsa language Vulnerable[1]   nst
Tarao language Critically endangered[1]   tro
Taruang language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: China, Burma mhu
Thado language Vulnerable[1]   tcz
Tinan language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China lbf
Tiwa language Definitely endangered[1]   lax
Toda language Critically endangered[1]   tcx
Toto language Critically endangered[1]   txo
Tshangla language Vulnerable[1] Also spoken in: Bhutan, China tsj
Tulu language Vulnerable[1]   tcy
Turi language Definitely endangered[1]   trd
Wancho language Vulnerable[1]   nnp
Yimchungru language Vulnerable[1]   yim
Zaiwa language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: China zkr
Zangskari language Definitely endangered[1] Also spoken in: Pakistan zau
Zeme language Vulnerable[1]   nzm

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk Moseley, Christopher, ed. (2010). Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger. Memory of Peoples (3rd ed.). Paris: UNESCO Publishing. ISBN 978-92-3-104096-2. Retrieved 2015-04-11.