List of National Historic Landmarks in South Dakota

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The List of National Historic Landmarks in South Dakota contains the landmarks designated by the U.S. Federal Government for the U.S. state of South Dakota.

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There are 16 National Historic Landmarks (NHLs) in South Dakota, one of which is shared with Iowa and listed by the National Park Service as primarily in that state. They have been designated in 13 of South Dakota's 66 counties. Most are along rivers, long the chief areas of human settlement in this arid place.

Current NHLs[edit]

[1] Landmark name Image Date designated[2] Location County Description
1 Arzberger Site
Arzberger Site
July 19, 1964
Address Restricted

Hughes Archaeological site of a fortified 15th-century Native American village, believed to be Arikara.
2 Battle Mountain Sanitarium, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers
Battle Mountain Sanitarium, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers
June 17, 2011
Hot Springs
43°26′11″N 103°28′44″W / 43.436389°N 103.478889°W / 43.436389; -103.478889 (Battle Mountain Sanitarium, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers)
Fall River Facility built in 1907 to treat veterans suffering rheumatism and/or tuberculosis
3 Bear Butte
Photograph of the rocky summit of Bear Butte and the view over the Dakota plains.
December 21, 1981
44°28′33″N 103°25′37″W / 44.475833°N 103.426944°W / 44.475833; -103.426944 (Bear Butte)
Meade [1]
4 Blood Run Site
Blood Run Site
May 22, 1970
Shindler, South Dakota and Granite, Iowa
43°28′N 96°35′W / 43.47°N 96.58°W / 43.47; -96.58 (Blood Run Site)
Lincoln, South Dakota and Lyon, Iowa A Native American archaeological site, extending into Iowa
5 Bloom Site
Bloom Site
July 19, 1964
Address Restricted

Hanson This fortified archaeological site preserves the remains of about 25 rectangular houses dating to c. 1000 CE. The site also once contained several burial mounds, which were later destroyed by cultivation. The site was perhaps occupied by ancestors of the Mandan.
6 Crow Creek Site
Crow Creek Site
July 19, 1964
43°58′48″N 99°19′54″W / 43.98°N 99.331667°W / 43.98; -99.331667 (Crow Creek Site)
Buffalo Site of a prehistoric Native American massacre circa 1325.
7 Deadwood Historic District
High-elevation overview photograph of Deadwood from nearby Mount Moriah.
July 4, 1961
44°22′19″N 103°44′00″W / 44.371944°N 103.733333°W / 44.371944; -103.733333 (Deadwood Historic District)
Lawrence Historic mining town.
8 Fort Pierre Chouteau Site
Lithograph giving an overview of a river valley and Fort Pierre Chouteau, surrounded by tipis.
July 17, 1991
Fort Pierre
44°23′21″N 100°23′28″W / 44.389167°N 100.391111°W / 44.389167; -100.391111 (Fort Pierre Chouteau Site)
Stanley [2]
9 Fort Thompson Mounds
Fort Thompson Mounds
July 19, 1964
Fort Thompson[3]
44°02′00″N 99°22′40″W / 44.033333°N 99.377778°W / 44.033333; -99.377778 (Fort Thompson Mounds)
Buffalo A complex of many burial mounds along the Missouri River
10 Frawley Ranch
Frawley Ranch
May 5, 1977
44°28′30″N 103°42′38″W / 44.475°N 103.710556°W / 44.475; -103.710556 (Frawley Ranch)
Lawrence [3]
11 Langdeau Site
Langdeau Site
July 19, 1964
Lower Brule
Address Restricted

Lyman [4]
12 Mitchell Site
Mitchell Site
July 19, 1964
43°44′30″N 98°02′02″W / 43.7416°N 98.034°W / 43.7416; -98.034 (Mitchell Site)
Davison Archaeological site of a prehistoric Mississippian culture village. Open to the public.
13 Molstad Village
Molstad Village
July 19, 1964
45°27′25″N 100°21′15″W / 45.456944°N 100.354166°W / 45.456944; -100.354166 (Molstad Village)
Dewey A fortified prehistoric village of five circular house rings enclosed by a ditch comprises this archaeological site. It represents a transitional period as the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara peoples arose from the mixing of Central Plains and Middle Missouri cultural traits.
14 Vanderbilt Archeological Site February 18, 1997
Address Restricted

Campbell [5]
15 Verendrye Site
Verendrye Site
July 17, 1991
Fort Pierre
44°21′20″N 100°22′43″W / 44.355556°N 100.378611°W / 44.355556; -100.378611 (Verendrye Site)
Stanley [6]
16 Wounded Knee Battlefield
Photograph of a hill on the Wounded Knee battlefield.
December 21, 1965
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
43°08′28″N 102°21′46″W / 43.14107°N 102.36281°W / 43.14107; -102.36281 (Wounded Knee Battlefield)
Shannon [7]

Historic areas in the United States National Park System[edit]

National Historic Sites, National Historic Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are often not also named NHLs per se. Two additional South Dakota sites have national historical importance and have been designated as National Historic Site and as a National Memorial by the National Park System.

Monument name[4] Image Established[4] Locality[4][5] County[4] Description[5]
1 Minuteman Missile National Historic Site A view of the silo from above. December 29, 1999 Jackson and Pennington
2 Mount Rushmore National Memorial Mount Rushmore National Memorial.jpg March 3, 1925 Black Hills Pennington

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.
  3. ^ Neuman, Robert W. "Projectile Points from Preceramic Occupations Near Fort Thompson, South Dakota: A Preliminary Report". Plains Anthropologist 9.25 (1964): 173-189: 176.
  4. ^ a b c d National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-05. Retrieved 2011-07-04..
  5. ^ a b National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Archived from the original on 2004-06-06. Retrieved 2007-09-22.