List of birds of Portugal

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This is a list of the bird species recorded in Portugal. Around 600 bird species have been recorded in Portugal and its outlying islands. The most important island groups are Madeira and the Azores. The Azores, due to their geographical location, record a number of North American species rarely recorded elsewhere in Europe. Almost all years, there are new records of bird species in Portugal.


Common name Binomial Status
Red-throated diver Gavia stellata
Black-throated diver Gavia arctica
Great northern diver Gavia immer


Common name Binomial Status
Pied-billed grebe Podilymbus podiceps Outlying islands only
Little grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Great crested grebe Podiceps cristatus
Slavonian grebe Podiceps auritus Rare/accidental
Black-necked grebe Podiceps nigricollis


Common name Binomial Status
Wandering albatross Diomedea exulans
Common name Binomial Status
Northern fulmar Fulmarus glacialis Rare/accidental
Trindade petrel Pterodroma arminjoniana Outlying islands only
Fea's petrel Pterodroma feae Outlying islands only, near-threatened
Zino's petrel Pterodroma madeira Madeira island only, critically endangered
Bulwer's petrel Bulweria bulwerii
Cory's shearwater Calonectis borealis
Scopoli's shearwater Calonectis diomedea
Cape Verde shearwater Calonectris edwardsii Outlying islands only
Great shearwater Ardenna gravis
Sooty shearwater Ardenna griseus
Manx shearwater Puffinus puffinus
Balearic shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus Near-threatened
Barolo shearwater Puffinus baroli
Common name Binomial Status
Wilson's petrel Oceanites oceanicus
White-faced petrel Pelagodroma marina
Storm petrel Hydrobates pelagicus
Leach's petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Swinhoe's petrel Oceanodroma monorhis
Madeiran petrel Oceanodroma castro


Common name Binomial Status
Red-billed tropicbird Phaeton aetherius Rare/accidental


Common name Binomial Status
Gannet Morus bassanus
Brown booby Sula leucogaster Rare/accidental
Common name Binomial Status
Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
Common shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Double-crested cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus Outlying islands only
Common name Binomial Status
Magnificent frigatebird Fregata magnificens Outlying islands only


Common name Binomial Status
Bittern Botaurus stellata
American bittern Botaurus lentiginosa Outlying islands only
Little bittern Ixobrychus minutus Outlying islands only
Least bittern Ixobrychus exilis Outlying islands only
Night heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Green heron Butorides virescens Outlying islands only
Squacco heron Ardeola ralloides
Cattle egret Bubulcus ibis
Little egret Egretta garzetta
Western reef heron Egretta gularis Rare/accidental
Tricoloured heron Egretta tricolor Outlying islands only
Snowy egret Egretta thula Outlying islands only
Little blue heron Egretta caerulea Outlying islands only
Great white egret Ardea alba
Grey heron Ardea cinerea
Great blue heron Ardea herodias Outlying islands only
Purple heron Ardea purpurea
Common name Binomial Status
Bald ibis Geronticus eremita Outlying islands only, critically endangered
Glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Common spoonbill Platalea leucorodia


Common name Binomial Status
Black stork Ciconia nigra
White stork Ciconia ciconia


Common name Binomial Status
Greater flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
Lesser flamingo Phoenicopterus minor Rare/accidental, near-threatened


Common name Binomial Status
Fulvous whistling duck Dendrocygna bicolor Outlying islands only
Mute swan Cygnus olor
Tundra swan Cygnus columbianus
Whooper swan Cygnus cygnus
Bean goose Anser fabalis
Pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus Outlying islands only
White-fronted goose Anser albifrons
Greylag goose Anser anser
Snow goose Anser caerulescens Outlying islands only
Barnacle goose Branta leucopsis Rare/accidental
Brent goose Branta bernicla Rare/accidental
Ruddy shelduck Tadorna ferruginea Rare/accidental
Common shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Wood duck Aix sponsa Introduced species
Wigeon Anas penelope
American wigeon Anas americana
Gadwall Anas strepera
Common teal Anas crecca
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
American black duck Anas rubripes Outlying islands only
Northern pintail Anas acuta
Garganey Anas querquedula
Blue-winged teal Anas discors Rare/accidental
Northern shoveler Anas clypeata
Marbled teal Marmaronetta angustirostris Rare/accidental, vulnerable
Red-crested pochard Netta rufina
Common pochard Aythya ferina
Ring-necked duck Aythya collaris Rare/accidental
Ferruginous duck Aythya nyroca Near-threatened
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula
Greater scaup Aythya marila
Lesser scaup Aythya affinis Rare/accidental
Common eider Somateria mollissima Rare/accidental
Steller's eider Polysticta stelleri Rare/accidental
Long-tailed duck Clangula hyemalis Rare/accidental
Common scoter Melanitta nigra
Surf scoter Melanitta perspicillata Rare/accidental
Velvet scoter Melanitta fusca
Bufflehead Bucephala albeola Rare/accidental
Common goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Smew Mergellus albellus
Red-breasted merganser Mergus serrator
Goosander Mergus merganser
Ruddy duck Oxyura jamaicensis Introduced species
White-headed duck Oxyura leucocephala Endangered


Common name Binomial Status
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Common name Binomial Status
European honey buzzard Pernis apivorus
Black-winged kite Elanus caeruleus
Black kite Milvus migrans
Red kite Milvus milvus
White-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla Near-threatened
Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus Threatened
Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus
Rüppell's vulture Gyps rueppelli
Eurasian griffon vulture Gyps fulvus
Cinereous vulture Aegypius monachus Near-threatened
Short-toed eagle Circaetus gallicus
Marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus
Hen harrier Circus cyaneus
Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus
Northern goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Eurasian sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Common buzzard Buteo buteo
Rough-legged buzzard Buteo lagopus
Long-legged buzzard Buteo rufinus
Greater spotted eagle Clanga clanga Vulnerable
Lesser spotted eagle Clanga pomarina
Spanish imperial eagle Aquila adalberti Vulnerable
Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's eagle Aquila fasciata
Booted eagle Hieraaetus pennatus


Common name Binomial Status
Lesser kestrel Falco naumanni Vulnerable
Common kestrel Falco tinnunculus
American kestrel Falco sparverius
Red-footed falcon Falco vespertinus
Merlin Falco columbarius
Eleonora's falcon Falco eleonorae
Eurasian hobby Falco subbuteo
Lanner falcon Falco biarmicus
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus
Barbary falcon Falco pelegrinoides
Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus


Common name Binomial Status
Northern bobwhite Colinus virginianus Introduced species
Common name Binomial Status
Barbary partridge Alectoris barbara Introduced species
Red-legged partridge Alectoris rufa
Grey partridge Perdix perdix
Common quail Coturnix coturnix
Common pheasant Phasianus colchicus Introduced species


Common name Binomial Status
Demoiselle crane Anthropoides virgo
Common crane Grus grus
Sandhill crane Grus canadensis Outlying islands only
Common name Binomial Status
Water rail Rallus aquaticus
Corn crake Crex crex Rare/accidental Vulnerable
Black crake Amaurornis flavirostris Outlying islands only
Spotted crake Porzana porzana
Little crake Porzana parva Rare/accidental
Baillon's crake Porzana pusilla Rare/accidental
Western swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
Allen's gallinule Porphyrio alleni Rare/accidental
American purple gallinule Porphyrio martinicus Rare/accidental
Common moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed coot Fulica cristata Rare/accidental
Coot Fulica atra
American coot Fulica americana Rare/accidental


Common name Binomial Status
Great bustard Otis tarda Vulnerable
Little bustard Tetrax tetrax Near-threatened


Common name Binomial Status
Small buttonquail Turnix sylvatica Extirpated
Common name Binomial Status
African black oystercatcher Haematopus moquini Outlying islands only, near-threatened
Common pied oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Common name Binomial Status
Black-winged stilt Himantopus himantopus
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Common name Binomial Status
Cream-coloured courser Cursorius cursor Rare/accidental
Collared pratincole Glareola pratincola
Common name Binomial Status
Little ringed plover Charadrius dubius
Ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula
Semipalmated plover Charadrius semipalmatus Outlying islands only
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus Rare/accidental
Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus
Eurasian dotterel Charadrius morinellus
American golden plover Pluvialis dominica Rare/accidental
Golden plover Pluvialis apricaria
Grey plover Pluvialis squatarola
Sociable lapwing Vanellus gregarius Rare/accidental, vulnerable
Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Common name Binomial Status
Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Jack snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Common snipe Gallinago gallinago
Great snipe Gallinago media Rare/accidental, near-threatened
Short-billed dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Outlying islands only
Long-billed dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus Rare/accidental
Black-tailed godwit Limosa limosa
Bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Slender-billed curlew Numenius tenuirostris Critically endangered
Curlew Numenius arquata
Upland sandpiper Bartramia longicauda Rare/accidental
Spotted redshank Tringa erythropus
Common redshank Tringa totanus
Marsh sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Common greenshank Tringa nebularia
Greater yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca Rare/accidental
Lesser yellowlegs Tringa flavipes Rare/accidental
Solitary sandpiper Tringa solitaria Rare/accidental
Green sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Wood sandpiper Tringa glareola
Terek sandpiper Xenus cinereus
Common sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Spotted sandpiper Actitis macularius Rare/accidental
Willet Tringa semipalmata Outlying islands only
Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Great knot Calidris tenuirostris Rare/accidental
Red knot Calidris canutus
Sanderling Calidris alba
Semipalmated sandpiper Calidris pusilla Rare/accidental
Western sandpiper Calidris mauri Outlying islands only
Little stint Calidris minuta
Temminck's stint Calidris temminckii
Least sandpiper Calidris minutilla Outlying islands only
White-rumped sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Rare/accidental
Baird's sandpiper Calidris bairdii Outlying islands only
Pectoral sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata Rare/accidental
Curlew sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Purple sandpiper Calidris maritima
Dunlin Calidris alpina Rare/accidental
Broad-billed sandpiper Calidris falcinellus Rare/accidental
Buff-breasted sandpiper Calidris subruficollis Rare/accidental, near-threatened
Ruff Calidris pugnax
Wilson's phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Rare/accidental
Red-necked phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Grey phalarope Phalaropus fulicaria
Common name Binomial Status
Pomarine skua Stercorarius pomarinus
Arctic skua Stercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed skua Stercorarius longicaudus
Great skua Stercorarius skua
Common name Binomial Status
Laughing gull Leucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's gull Leucophaeus pipixcan
Little gull Hydrocoloeus minutus
Sabine's gull Xema sabini
Bonaparte's gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Slender-billed gull Chroicocephalus genei
Mediterranean gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus
Audouin's gull Ichthyaetus audouinii Near-threatened
Yellow-legged gull Larus michahellis
Ring-billed gull Larus delawarensis
Common gull Larus canus
Lesser black-backed gull Larus fuscus
Herring gull Larus argentatus
Iceland gull Larus glaucoides
Glaucous gull Larus hyperboreus
Great black-backed gull Larus marinus
Black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
Gull-billed tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Caspian tern Hydroprogne caspia
Royal tern Thalasseus maximus Rare/accidental
Lesser crested tern Thalasseus bengalensis
Sandwich tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Roseate tern Sterna dougallii
Common tern Sterna hirundo
Arctic tern Sterna paradisaea
Forster's tern Sterna forsteri Rare/accidental
Bridled tern Onychoprion anaethetus Outlying islands only
Sooty tern Onychoprion fuscatus Rare/accidental
Little tern Sternula albifrons
Whiskered tern Chlidonias hybrida
Black tern Chlidonias niger
White-winged tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Common name Binomial Status
Common guillemot Uria aalge
Razorbill Alca torda
Black guillemot Cepphus grylle
Little auk Alle alle
Atlantic puffin Fratercula arctica


Common name Binomial Status
Pin-tailed sandgrouse Pterocles alchata
Black-bellied sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis


Common name Binomial Status
Rock dove Columba livia
Stock dove Columba oenas
Wood pigeon Columba palumbus
Trocaz pigeon Columba trocaz Madeira only
European turtle dove Streptopelia turtur
Eurasian collared dove Streptopelia decaocto
Laughing dove Spilopelia senegalensis Introduced species


Common name Binomial Status
Rose-ringed parakeet Psittacula krameri Introduced species


Common name Binomial Status
Great spotted cuckoo Clamator glandarius
Common cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Black-billed cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus Outlying islands only
Yellow-billed cuckoo Coccyzus americanu Outlying islands only


Common name Binomial Status
Barn owl Tyto alba
Common name Binomial Status
Scops owl Otus scops
Eurasian eagle owl Bubo bubo
Snowy owl Bubo scandiacus Outlying islands only
Little owl Athene noctua C[clarification needed]
Tawny owl Strix aluco
Long-eared owl Asio otus
Short-eared owl Asio flammeus
Marsh owl Asio capensis


Common name Binomial Status
Common nighthawk Chordeiles minor Outlying islands only
European nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
Red-necked nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis


Common name Binomial Status
Common swift Apus apus
Pallid swift Apus pallidus
Alpine swift Apus melba
Little swift Apus affinis Rare/accidental
Plain swift Apus unicolor Outlying islands only
White-rumped swift Apus caffer


Common name Binomial Status
Common kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Belted kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Outlying islands only
Common name Binomial Status
European bee-eater Merops apiaster
Common name Binomial Status
European roller Coracias garrulus
Common name Binomial Status
Hoopoe Upupa epops


Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian wryneck Jynx torquilla
Iberian green woodpecker Picus sharpei
Great spotted woodpecker Dendrocopos major
Lesser spotted woodpecker Dryobates minor
Middle spotted woodpecker Dendrocoptes medius Rare/accidental


Common name Binomial Status
Calandra lark Melanocorypha calandra
Greater short-toed lark Calandrella brachydactyla
Lesser short-toed lark Alaudala rufescens
Dupont's lark Chersophilus duponti
Crested lark Galerida cristata
Thekla lark Galerida theklae
Wood lark Lullula arborea
Skylark Alauda arvensis
Common name Binomial Status
Sand martin Riparia riparia
Crag martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Barn swallow Hirundo rustica
Red-rumped swallow Hirundo daurica
Common house martin Delichon urbicum
Common name Binomial Status
Citrine wagtail Motacilla citreola Rare/accidental
White wagtail Motacilla alba
Grey wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Blue-headed wagtail Motacilla flava
Richard's pipit Anthus richardi
Tawny pipit Anthus campestris Rare/accidental
Berthelot's pipit Anthus berthelotii Outlying islands only
Tree pipit Anthus trivialis
Pechora pipit Anthus gustavi Rare/accidental
Meadow pipit Anthus pratensis
Red-throated pipit Anthus cervinus Rare/accidental
Water pipit Anthus spinoletta
Rock pipit Anthus petrosus
Common name Binomial Status
Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Common firecrest Regulus ignicapillus
Madeira firecrest Regulus madeirensis
Common name Binomial Status
Bohemian waxwing Bombycilla garrulus Rare/accidental
Common name Binomial Status
European dipper Cinclus cinclus
Common name Binomial Status
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Common name Binomial Status
Dunnock Prunella modularis
Alpine accentor Prunella collaris
Common name Binomial Status
Wood thrush Hylocichla mustelina Outlying islands only
Ring ouzel Turdus torquatus
Blackbird Turdus merula
Eyebrowed thrush Turdus obscurus Rare/accidental
Ring ouzel Turdus torquatus
Dark-throated thrush Turdus atrogularis Rare/accidental
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Song thrush Turdus philomelos
Mistle thrush Turdus viscivorus
Common name Binomial Status
Zitting cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Common name Binomial Status
Cetti's warbler Cettia cetti
Common name Binomial Status
Common grasshopper warbler Locustella naevia
Pallas's grasshopper warbler Locustella certhiola Rare/accidental
River warbler Locustella fluviatilis Rare/accidental
Savi's warbler Locustella luscinioides
Common name Binomial Status
Moustached warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
Aquatic warbler Acrocephalus paludicola Rare/accidental
Sedge warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield warbler Acrocephalus agricola Rare/accidental
Eurasian reed warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Marsh warbler Acrocephalus palustris Rare/accidental
Great reed warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Booted warbler Iduna caligata Rare/accidental
Eastern olivaceous warbler Iduna pallida
Melodious warbler Hippolais polyglotta
Icterine warbler Hippolais icterina
Common name Binomial Status
Willow warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Common chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Iberian chiffchaff Phylloscopus brehmii
Western Bonelli's warbler Phylloscopus bonelli
Wood warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Rare/accidental
Dusky warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus Rare/accidental
Yellow-browed warbler Phylloscopus inornatus Rare/accidental
Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Garden warbler Sylvia borin
Whitethroat Sylvia communis
Lesser whitethroat Sylvia curruca Rare/accidental
Western Orphean warbler Sylvia hortensis
Subalpine warbler Sylvia cantillans
Sardinian warbler Sylvia melanocephala
Spectacled warbler Sylvia conspicillata
Dartford warbler Sylvia undata
Menetries's warbler Sylvia mystacea Rare/accidental
Common name Binomial Status
Rock thrush Monticola saxatilis
Blue rock thrush Monticola solitarius
Spotted flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
Collared flycatcher Ficedula albicollis Rare/accidental
Red-breasted flycatcher Ficedula parva
European robin Erithacus rubecula
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
Rufous bush robin Cercotrichas galactotes
Black redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Common redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
European stonechat Saxicola rubicola
Siberian stonechat Saxicola maurus Rare/accidental
Northern wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline wheatear Oenanthe isabellina Outlying islands only
Desert wheatear Oenanthe deserti Outlying islands only
Black-eared wheatear Oenanthe hispanica
Black wheatear Oenanthe leucura Rare/accidental
Common name Binomial Status
Long-tailed tit Aegithalos longicaudus
Common name Binomial Status
Marsh tit Parus palustris
Coal tit Parus ater
Crested tit Parus cristatus
Great tit Parus major
Eurasian blue tit Parus caeruleus
Common name Binomial Status
Eurasian nuthatch Sitta europaea
Common name Binomial Status
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria
Common name Binomial Status
Short-toed treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla
Common name Binomial Status
Penduline tit Remiz pendulinus
Common name Binomial Status
Golden oriole Oriolus oriolus
Common name Binomial Status
Southern grey shrike Lanius meridionalis
Red-backed shrike Lanius collurio
Woodchat shrike Lanius senator
Common name Binomial Status
Carrion crow Corvus corone
Common raven Corvus corax
Jackdaw Corvus monedula
Rook Corvus frugilegus
Eurasian jay Garrulus glandarius
Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
European magpie Pica pica
Spotted nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes
Azure-winged magpie Cyanopica cyana
Common name Binomial Status
Rosy starling Pastor roseus Increasing
Common starling Sturnus vulgaris
Spotless starling Sturnus unicolor
Common name Binomial Status
Yellow-crowned bishop Euplectes afer Introduced species
Common name Binomial Status
Common waxbill Estrilda astrild Introduced species
Red avadavat Amandava amandava Introduced species
Common name Binomial Status
Yellow warbler Setophaga petechia Outlying islands only
Yellow-rumped warbler Setophaga coronata Outlying islands only
American redstart Setophaga ruticilla Outlying islands only
Northern waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis Outlying islands only
Common name Binomial Status
Snow bunting Plectrophenax nivalis
Lapland bunting Calcarius lapponicus
Common name Binomial Status
Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Cirl bunting Emberiza cirlus
Rock bunting Emberiza cia
Ortolan bunting Emberiza hortulana
Little bunting Emberiza pusilla Rare/accidental
Rustic bunting Emberiza rustica Rare/accidental
Yellow-breasted bunting Emberiza aureola Rare/accidental
Pallas's reed bunting Emberiza pallasi Rare/accidental
Reed bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Corn bunting Miliaria calandra
White-throated sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis Rare/accidental
Common name Binomial Status
Rose-breasted grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus Rare/accidental
Common name Binomial Status
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Rare/accidental
Common name Binomial Status
Common chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Parrot crossbill Loxia pytyopsittacus
Common crossbill Loxia curvirostra
European greenfinch Chloris chloris
Common redpoll Acanthis flammea
Eurasian siskin Spinus spinus
European goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Twite Linaria flavirostris
Common linnet Linaria cannabina
European serin Serinus serinus
Island canary Serinus canaria
Eurasian bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Trumpeter finch Rhodopechys githaginea
Common name Binomial Status
House sparrow Passer domesticus
Spanish sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
Eurasian tree sparrow Passer montanus
Rock sparrow Petronia petronia
White-winged snowfinch Montifringilla nivalis

See also[edit]