List of Ramsar sites in India

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The list of Ramsar sites (related to wetland) in India comprises Indian wetlands deemed to be of "international importance" under the Ramsar Convention. For a full list of all Ramsar sites worldwide, see the Ramsar list of wetlands of international importance.

According to WWF-India, wetlands are one of the most threatened of all ecosystems in India. Loss of vegetation, salinization, excessive inundation, water pollution, invasive species, excessive development and road building, have all damaged the country’s wetlands.[1]

List of Ramsar sites[edit]

(as of April 2015)[2][3]

Name[3] Location Designated Area (km2) Description Image
1 Ashtamudi Wetland Kerala
8°57′N 76°35′E / 8.950°N 76.583°E / 8.950; 76.583 (Ashtamudi Wetland)
19/08/02 614 A natural backwater in Kollam district. River Kallada and Pallichal drains into it. It forms an estuary with Sea at Neendakara which is a famous fishing harbour in Kerala. National Waterway 3 passes through it. Most tastiest backwater fish in kerala , the Karimeen of kanjiracode Kayal is from Ashtamudi Lake. A top view of Ashtamudi backwaters.jpg
2 Bhitarkanika Mangroves Orissa
20°39′N 86°54′E / 20.650°N 86.900°E / 20.650; 86.900 (Bhitarkanika Mangroves)
19/08/02 650
3 Bhoj Wetland Madhya Pradesh
23°14′N 77°20′E / 23.233°N 77.333°E / 23.233; 77.333 (Bhoj Wetland)
19/08/02 32
4 Chandra Taal Himachal Pradesh
32°29′N 77°36′E / 32.483°N 77.600°E / 32.483; 77.600 (Chandra Taal)
08/11/05 .49
5 Chilika Lake Orissa 01/10/81 1165
6 Deepor Beel Assam 19/08/02 40
7 East Calcutta Wetlands West Bengal 19/08/02 125 Nalban - Kolkata 2011-09-14 5172.JPG
8 Harike Wetland Punjab 23/03/90 41
9 Hokera Wetland Jammu and Kashmir 08/11/05 13.75
10 Kanjli Wetland Punjab 22/01/02 1.83
11 Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 01/10/81 28.73
12 Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh 19/08/02 901
13 Loktak Lake Manipur 23/03/90 266 Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in the north-eastern region of the country,which is famous for the phumdis (heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition) floating over it. Keibul Lamjao the only floating national park in the world floats over it.It is located near Moirang,Bishnupur district in Manipur state, India.[1] The etymology of Loktak is Lok = "stream" and tak = "the end".[2] The Keibul Lamjao National Park, which is the last natural refuge of the endangered "Sangai" or Manipur brow-antlered deer ('Cervus eldi eldi'), one of three subspecies of Eld's deer, covering an area of 40 km2 (15 sq mi), is situated in the southeastern shores of this lake and is the largest of all the phumdis in the lake.[3][4]This place is a global tourist destination. 'Sendra tourist hub'(a small hillock)is located at moirang ~58kms from the heart of the city. [2][3][4]
14 Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 24/09/12 123
15 Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 19/08/02 385
16 Pong Dam Lake Himachal Pradesh 19/08/02 156.62
17 Renuka Lake Himachal Pradesh 08/11/05 .2
18 Ropar_Wetland Punjab 22/01/02 13.65 A humanmade wetland of lake and river formed by the 1952 construction of a barrage for diversion of water from the Sutlej River[4]
19 Rudrasagar Lake Tripura 08/11/05 2.4
20 Sambhar Lake Rajasthan 23/03/90 240
21 Sasthamkotta Lake Kerala 19/08/02 3.73 It is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala, situated in Kollam district. River Kallada had a unique replenishing system through a bar of paddy field which has now disappeared due to indiscriminate sand and clay mining. The lake is now depleting due to destruction of replenishing mechanism.
22 Surinsar-Mansar Lakes Jammu and Kashmir 08/11/05 3.5
23 Tsomoriri Jammu and Kashmir 19/08/02 120 Largest of the high altitude lakes in the Trans-Himalayan biogeographic region, the lake is oligotrophic with alkaline water. Tsomoriri Lake.jpg
24 Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch) Uttar Pradesh 08/11/05 265.9
25 Vembanad-Kol Wetland Kerala 19/08/02 1512.5 Largest lake of Kerala, spanning across Alappuzha , Kottayam , and Ernakulam districts. Famous tourist locations like Alappuzha and Kumarakom, known for house boats falls here. River mouths of Pamba-Achenkovil rivers in Vembanad forms one of the unique wetland topography of Kerala, the Kuttanad. It is below sea level and is famous for exotic fish varieties and Paddy fields that are below sea level. House Boat View DSW.jpg
26 Wular Lake Jammu and Kashmir 23/03/90 189

References[edit]

  1. ^ There are total 25 recognized ramsar sites in India."New Wetland Centre Inaugurated," WWF-India (January, 2006)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b "Ramsar List" (PDF). Ramsar.org. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  4. ^ http://www.ramsar.org/wetland/india

External links[edit]