List of Ramsar sites in India

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The list of Ramsar sites (related to wetland) in India comprises Indian wetlands deemed to be of "international importance" under the Ramsar Convention. For a full list of all Ramsar sites worldwide, see the Ramsar list of wetlands of international importance.

According to WWF-India, wetlands are one of the most threatened of all ecosystems in India. Loss of vegetation, salinization, excessive inundation, water pollution, invasive species, excessive development and road building, have all damaged the country’s wetlands.[1]

List of Ramsar sites[edit]

(as of April 2015)[2][3]

Name[3] Location Designated Area (km2) Description Image
1 Ashtamudi Wetland Kerala
8°57′N 76°35′E / 8.950°N 76.583°E / 8.950; 76.583 (Ashtamudi Wetland)
19 August 2002 614 A natural backwater in Kollam district. River Kallada and Pallichal drains into it. It forms an estuary with Sea at Neendakara which is a famous fishing harbour in Kerala. National Waterway 3 passes through it. Most tastiest backwater fish in kerala , the Karimeen of kanjiracode Kayal is from Ashtamudi Lake. A top view of Ashtamudi backwaters.jpg
2 Bhitarkanika Mangroves Orissa
20°39′N 86°54′E / 20.650°N 86.900°E / 20.650; 86.900 (Bhitarkanika Mangroves)
19 August 2002 650 In 1975, an area of 672 km2 was declared the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. The core area of the sanctuary, with an area of 145 km2, was declared Bhitarkanika National Park in September 1998. Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, which bounds the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary to the east, was created in September 1997, and encompasses Gahirmatha Beach and an adjacent portion of the Bay of Bengal. Bhitarkanika Mangroves were designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance in 2002. It is also famous for its salt water crocodiles and Olive ridley sea turtle.
3 Bhoj Wetland Madhya Pradesh
23°14′N 77°20′E / 23.233°N 77.333°E / 23.233; 77.333 (Bhoj Wetland)
19 August 2002 32 The Bhoj Wetland consists of two lakes located in the city of Bhopal, the capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The two lakes are the Bhojtal and the Lower Lake, which lie to the west of the city center. It is a manmade reservoir. A total of more than 20,000 birds are observed annually. Bhoj Wetland was recognized as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention of 1971 in 2002. The Upper Lake acts as the lifeline of the city supplying 40% of its potable water. White storks, black-necked storks, bar-headed geese, spoonbills, etc., that have been rare sightings in the past, have started appearing. A recent phenomenon is the gathering of 100-120 sarus cranes in the lake. The largest bird of India, the sarus crane (Grus antigone) is known for its size, majestic flight and lifetime pairing.
4 Chandra Taal Himachal Pradesh
32°29′N 77°36′E / 32.483°N 77.600°E / 32.483; 77.600 (Chandra Taal)
8 November 2005 .49
5 Chilika Lake Orissa 1 October 1981 1165 Chilka Lake (Chilika Lake) is a brackish water lagoon, spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal, covering an area of over 1,100 km2. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world. The lagoon hosts over 160 species of birds in the peak migratory season. Birds from as far as the Caspian Sea, Lake Baikal, Aral Sea and other remote parts of Russia, Kirghiz steppes of Mongolia, Central and southeast Asia, Ladakh and Himalayas come here. These birds travel great distances; migratory birds probably follow much longer routes than the straight lines, possibly up to 12,000 km, to reach Chilika Lake. In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. In November 2002, the Ramsar Wetland Conservation Award was presented to the Chilika Development Authority for "outstanding achievements in the field of restoration and wise use of wetlands and effective participation of local communities in these activities. White bellied sea eagles, greylag geese, purple moorhen, jacana, flamingos, egrets, gray and purple herons, Indian roller, storks, white ibis, spoonbills, brahminy ducks, shovellers, pintails, and more. Nalbana Island is the core area of the Ramsar designated wetlands of Chilika Lake. Nalbana was notified in 1987 and declared a bird sanctuary in 1973 under the Wildlife Protection Act. The Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris) is the flagship species of Chilika lake. Chilka is home to the only known population of Irrawaddy dolphins in India[32] and one of only two lagoons in the world that are home to this species.[30] It is classified as critically endangered, in five of the six other places it is known to live.
6 Deepor Beel Assam 19 August 2002 40
7 East Calcutta Wetlands West Bengal 19 August 2002 125 Nalban - Kolkata 2011-09-14 5172.JPG
8 Harike Wetland Punjab 23 March 1990 41
9 Hokersar Wetland Jammu and Kashmir 8 November 2005 13.75
10 Kanjli Wetland Punjab 22 January 2002 1.83
11 Keoladeo National Park Rajasthan 1 October 1981 28.73
12 Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh 19 August 2002 901
13 Loktak Lake Manipur 23 March 1990 266 Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in the north-eastern region of the country,which is famous for the phumdis (heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition) floating over it. Keibul Lamjao the only floating national park in the world floats over it.It is located near Moirang,Bishnupur district in Manipur state, India.[1] The etymology of Loktak is Lok = "stream" and tak = "the end".[2] The Keibul Lamjao National Park, which is the last natural refuge of the endangered "Sangai" or Manipur brow-antlered deer ('Cervus eldi eldi'), one of three subspecies of Eld's deer, covering an area of 40 km2 (15 sq mi), is situated in the southeastern shores of this lake and is the largest of all the phumdis in the lake.[3][4]This place is a global tourist destination. 'Sendra tourist hub'(a small hillock)is located at moirang ~58kms from the heart of the city. [2][3][4]
14 Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 24 September 2012 123
15 Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 19 August 2002 385
16 Pong Dam Lake Himachal Pradesh 19 August 2002 156.62
17 Renuka Lake Himachal Pradesh 8 November 2005 .2
18 Ropar_Wetland Punjab 22 January 2002 13.65 A humanmade wetland of lake and river formed by the 1952 construction of a barrage for diversion of water from the Sutlej River[4]
19 Rudrasagar Lake Tripura 8 November 2005 2.4
20 Sambhar Lake Rajasthan 23 March 1990 240 The Sambhar Salt Lake, India's largest inland salt lake. Sambhar has been designated as a Ramsar site (recognized wetland of international importance) because the wetland is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos and other birds that migrate from northern Asia. The specialized algae and bacteria growing in the lake provide striking water colours and support the lake ecology that, in turn, sustains the migrating waterfowl. There is other wildlife in the nearby forests, where Nilgai move freely along with deer and foxes.
21 Sasthamkotta Lake Kerala 19 August 2002 3.73 It is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala, situated in Kollam district. River Kallada had a unique replenishing system through a bar of paddy field which has now disappeared due to indiscriminate sand and clay mining. The lake is now depleting due to destruction of replenishing mechanism.
22 Surinsar-Mansar Lakes Jammu and Kashmir 8 November 2005 3.5
23 Tsomoriri Jammu and Kashmir 19 August 2002 120 Largest of the high altitude lakes in the Trans-Himalayan biogeographic region, the lake is oligotrophic with alkaline water. Tsomoriri Lake.jpg
24 Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch) Uttar Pradesh 8 November 2005 265.9
25 Vembanad-Kol Wetland Kerala 19 August 2002 1512.5 Largest lake of Kerala, spanning across Alappuzha , Kottayam , and Ernakulam districts. Famous tourist locations like Alappuzha and Kumarakom, known for house boats falls here. River mouths of Pamba-Achenkovil rivers in Vembanad forms one of the unique wetland topography of Kerala, the Kuttanad. It is below sea level and is famous for exotic fish varieties and Paddy fields that are below sea level. House Boat View DSW.jpg
26 Wular Lake Jammu and Kashmir 23 March 1990 189 Largest fresh water lake in india.The area is important for wintering,staging and breeding birds.

References[edit]

  1. ^ There are total 25 recognized ramsar sites in India."New Wetland Centre Inaugurated," WWF-India (January, 2006)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b "Ramsar List" (PDF). Ramsar.org. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  4. ^ http://www.ramsar.org/wetland/india

External links[edit]