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A beach in Gopalpur, on the coast of Ganjam district
Location in Odisha, India
|• Collector & District Magistrate||Shri Vijay Amruta Kulange, IAS|
|• SP of Ganjam Police District||Brijesh Kumar Rai, IPS|
|• SP of Berhampur Police District||Pinak Mishra, IPS|
|• Total||8,070.6 km2 (3,116.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||429/km2 (1,110/sq mi)|
|• Official||Odia, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
761 xxx / 760 xxx
|Vehicle registration||OD-07(for Ganjam)|
OD-32 (for Bhanjanagar)
|Sex ratio||0.981 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Berhampur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||13|
|Precipitation||1,295.6 millimetres (51.01 in)|
Berhampur Municipal Corporation
Hinjilicut Municipal Council
01. Aska N.A.C.
02. Belaguntha N.A.C.
03. Bhanjanagar N.A.C.
04. Buguda N.A.C.
05. Chhatrapur N.A.C.
06. Chikiti N.A.C.
07. Digapahandi N.A.C.
08. Ganjam N.A.C.
09. Gopalpur N.A.C.
10. Kabisuryanagar N.A.C.
11. Khallikote N.A.C.
12. Kodala N.A.C.
13. Polasara N.A.C.
14. Purushottampur N.A.C.
15. Rambha N.A.C.
16. Surada N.A.C.
|Police Stations:||* Ganjam Police District – 24 Police Stations|
* Berhampur Police District – 12 Police Stations
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The district headquarters is Chhatrapur. Ganjam is divided into three sub-divisions Chhatrapur, Berhampur, and Bhanjanagar. The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908 lists Ganjam, along with the Thanjavur and South Canara districts, as the three districts of the Madras Presidency where Brahmins were most numerous. As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Odisha (out of 30).
Ganjam was a part of ancient Dakshina Kalinga. The Mauryan emperor Ashoka inscribed his message at Jaugada near the banks of the Rushikulya, in the present-day Ganjam district. Scholars thus conclude that a significant part of Ganjam was under the rule of Ashoka. There are multiple theories regarding the name 'Ganjam'. During the 7th century, the region was known as Kangoda or Kongoda. Some scholars believe the word evolved from this ancient name. A second theory suggests that one Ibrahim Qutabshahi, Sultan of Golconda invaded the region in 1571 and the region later became known by the Persian adjective 'Ganj-i-am', meaning 'place of the commoners'.
Ganjam district is one of the oldest administrative units of Odisha. It was part of Madras presidency during British rule.
The 23 Tahasils in Ganjam district under three sub-divisions are listed in the following table.
The 22 Blocks in Ganjam district under three sub-divisions are listed in the following table.
|#||Chhatrapur Sub-Division||Berhampur Sub-Division||Bhanjanagar Sub-Division|
There are 36 Police Stations under the two Police Districts in Ganjam Administrative district are listed in the following table.
|Ganjam Police District||Berhampur Police District|
|1||Chhatrapur P.S.||Berhampur Town P.S., Berhampur|
|2||Chamakhandi P.S.||Baidyanathpur P.S., Berhampur|
|3||Ganjam P.S.||Bada Bazar P.S., Berhampur|
|4||Rambha P.S.||Gosaninuagaon P.S., Berhampur|
|5||Khallikote P.S.||Mahila P.S., Berhampur|
|6||Marine P.S., Arjyapalli||Sadar P.S., Berhampur|
|7||Energy P.S., Chhatrapur||Gopalpur P.S.|
|8||Purushottampur P.S.||Golanthara P.S.|
|9||Kabisuryanagar P.S.||K. Nuagaon P.S.|
|10||Kodala P.S.||Jarada P.S.|
|11||Polasara P.S.||Digapahandi P.S.|
|12||Aska P.S.||Energy P.S., Berhampur|
|24||Energy P.S., Bhanjanagar|
An important contributor to the local economy is production of extracts from Ganjam Kewda Rooh, which are used in perfumery.
Since Ganjam is a coastal district, it is well equipped with Port facilities. Port at Gopalpur and nearby industries cater economic activities of the district and Odisha state.
According to the 2011 census Ganjam district has a population of 3,529,031, roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 83rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 429 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,110/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 11.37%. Ganjam has a sex ratio of 983 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 71.88%.
Vidhan sabha constituencies
|No.||Constituency||Reservation||Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)||Member of 16th Assembly||Party|
|123||Bhanjanagar||None||Bhanjanagar (NAC), Bhanjanagar, Jagannathprasad||Bikram Keshari Arukha||BJD|
|124||Polasara||None||Buguda (NAC), Polasara (NAC), Buguda, Polasara||Srikanta Sahu||BJD|
|125||Kabisuryanagar||None||Kabisuryanagar (NAC), Kodala (NAC), Beguniapada, Kabisuryanagar (part), Purusottampur (part)||Smt. Latika Pradhan||BJD|
|126||Khalikote||SC||Khalikote(NAC), Purusottampur (NAC), Khalikote, Purusottampur (part)||Smt. Suryamani Baidya||BJD|
|127||Chhatrapur||SC||Chhatrapur (NAC), Ganjam (NAC), Rambha (NAC), Ganjam, Chhatrapur||Subash Chandra Pradhan||BJD|
|128||Aska||None||Aska (NAC), Aska, Kabisuryanagar (part)||Smt. Manjula Swain||BJD|
|129||Surada||None||Surada (NAC), Belaguntha (NAC), Surada, Belaguntha,||Purna Chandra Swain||BJD|
|130||Sanakhemundi||None||Sanakhemundi, Dharakote||Ramesh Chandra Jena||INC|
|131||Hinjili||None||Hinjilicut (Municipality), Hinjilicut, Hinjili Sheragada||Naveen Patnaik||BJD|
|132||Gopalpur||None||Gopalpur (NAC), Rangailunda, Kukudakhandi (part), Berhampur (M) (part)||Pradeep Kumar Panigrahy||BJD|
|133||Berhampur||None||Berhampur (Municipal Corporation) (Part),||Bikram Kumar Panda||BJD|
|134||Digapahandi||None||Digapahandi (NAC), Digapahandi, Kukudakhandi (Part)||Surjya Narayana Patro||BJD|
|135||Chikiti||None||Chikiti (NAC), Chikiti Block, Patrapur Block||Smt. Usha Devi||BJD|
Lok Sabha constituencies
Berhampur seat earlier Ganjam (Lok Sabha constituency) exist in 1952 and 1957 general elections as two seat constituency and Chatarpur (Lok Sabha constituency) exist in 1962, 1967 and 1971 general elections and later Berhanpur seat exist since 1977 general elections.
People from Ganjam district
- Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja, Poet
- Kabisurjya Baladeb Rath, Poet
- V.V. Giri, former President of India
- Biswanath Das, former Governor of Uttar Pradesh and former Chief Minister of Odisha
- Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha
- Binayak Acharya, former Chief Minister of Odisha
- Justice Bachu Jagannadha Das, former Chief Justice of Orissa High Court
- Justice Lingaraj Panigrahi, former Chief Justice of Orissa High Court and former Speaker of Odisha Legislative Assembly
- Somanath Rath, former Speaker of Odisha Legislative Assembly
- Smt. A. Laxmibai, first Woman Deputy Speaker of Odisha Legislative Assembly
- Sashi Bhusan Rath, Social reformer & Politician
- Aneppu Parasuramdas Patro: Justice Party leader and Education Minister in the Raja of Panagal Government
- Naveen Patnaik : The current & 14th Chief Minister of Odisha , is also MLA(Member of Legislative Assembly) from Hinjilicut , Ganjam District, Odisha.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- Panda, Dr. Sanjay Kumar (2014). Chiktira Sahitya O Sahityika [Chikiti's literature & litterateurs] (in Odia). Bhubaneswar: Sahitya Swetapadma. pp. 15–16. ISBN 978-93-80759-65-4.
- Maltby, T.J.; Leman, G.D. (1882). The Ganjam District Manual (in Indonesian). W.H. Moore, Lawrence Asylum Press. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
- Seats of Odisha
- "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- "All Members of Lok Sabha (Since 1952) Members Biographical Sketches". Retrieved 21 December 2017.
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