List of essential oils

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Essential oil of Eucalyptus
A glass vial containing sandalwood oil

Essential oils are volatile and liquid aroma compounds from natural sources, usually plants. Essential oils are not oils in a strict sense, but often share with oils a poor solubility in water. Essential oils often have an odor and are therefore used in food flavoring and perfumery. Essential oils are usually prepared by fragrance extraction techniques (such as distillation, pressing, or maceration). Essential oils are distinguished from aroma oils (essential oils and aroma compounds in an oily solvent), infusions in a vegetable oil, absolutes, and concretes. Typically, essential oils are highly complex mixtures of often hundreds of individual aroma compounds.

The spice star anise is distilled to make star anise oil

See also[edit]


  • Julia Lawless, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils: The Complete Guide to the Use of Oils in Aromatherapy and Herbalism (ISBN 1852307218) 1995
  • The Complete Book of Essential Oils & Aromatherapy


  1. ^ "Agar". Nagaon. Archived from the original on 2006-09-20. Retrieved 2006-11-17. 
  2. ^ Hemp: A New Crop with New Uses for North America, from the Purdue University NewCROP Web site.
  3. ^ Caraway oil, from the Victoria, Australia Department of Primary Industries Web site.
  4. ^ Eucalyptus oil
  5. ^ Oregano oil
  6. ^ "Orris oil". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 2006-11-20. 
  7. ^ Rosemary
  8. ^ FAO. "Sandalwood oil". Flavours and fragances of plant origin. Retrieved 2006-07-25. 
  9. ^ J.E. Simon, A.F. Chadwick and L.E. Craker (1984). "Anise". Herbs: An Indexed Bibliography. , cited on the Purdue Center for New Crops Web site