List of essential oils

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Essential oil of Eucalyptus
A glass vial containing sandalwood oil
Davana essential oil
Vial of Tanacetum annuum oil (blue tansy)

Essential oils are volatile and liquid aroma compounds from natural sources, usually plants. They are not oils in a strict sense, but often share with oils a poor solubility in water. Essential oils often have an odor and are therefore used in food flavoring and perfumery. They are usually prepared by fragrance extraction techniques (such as distillation, cold pressing, or Solvent extraction). Essential oils are distinguished from aroma oils (essential oils and aroma compounds in an oily solvent), infusions in a vegetable oil, absolutes, and concretes. Typically, essential oils are highly complex mixtures of often hundreds of individual aroma compounds.

The spice star anise is distilled to make star anise oil

See also[edit]


  • Julia Lawless, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils: The Complete Guide to the Use of Oils in Aromatherapy and Herbalism (ISBN 1852307218) 1995
  • The Complete Book of Essential Oils & Aromatherapy


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