List of essential oils

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Essential oil of Eucalyptus
A glass vial containing sandalwood oil
Davana Essential Oil

Essential oils are volatile and liquid aroma compounds from natural sources, usually plants. Essential oils are not oils in a strict sense, but often share with oils a poor solubility in water. Essential oils often have an odor and are therefore used in food flavoring and perfumery. Essential oils are usually prepared by fragrance extraction techniques such as distillation (including steam distillation), cold pressing, or extraction (maceration). Essential oils are distinguished from aroma oils (essential oils and aroma compounds in an oily solvent), infusions in a vegetable oil, absolutes, and concretes. Typically, essential oils are highly complex mixtures of often hundreds of individual aroma compounds.

The spice star anise is distilled to make star anise oil
  • Sandalwood oil, used primarily as a fragrance, for its pleasant, woody fragrance.[8]
  • Sassafras oil, from sassafras root bark. Used in aromatherapy, soap-making, perfumes, and the like. Formerly used as a spice, and as the primary flavoring of root beer, inter alia.
  • Savory oil, from Satureja species. Used in aromatherapy, cosmetic and soap-making applications.
  • Schisandra oil, from Schisandra chinensis, used medicinally.
  • Spearmint oil, often used in flavoring mouthwash and chewing gum, among other applications.
  • Spikenard, used medicinally.
  • Spruce has calming and elevating properties. It can be used as a topical application for muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, and rheumatism. Spruce Oil has also been used to improve breathing conditions of asthma, bronchitis, coughs, and general weakness.
  • Star anise oil, highly fragrant oil using in cooking. Also used in perfumery and soaps, has been used in toothpastes, mouthwashes, and skin creams.[9] 90% of the world's star anise crop is used in the manufacture of Tamiflu, a drug used to treat influenza, and is hoped to be useful for avian flu
  • Tangerine
  • Tarragon oil, distilled from Artemisia dracunculus, used medicinally.
  • Tea tree oil, extracted from Melaleuca alternifolia; promoted for medicinal use, but with limited evidence of effectiveness.
  • Thyme oil, used medicinally.
  • Tsuga belongs to the pine tree family. It is used as analgesic, antirheumatic, blood cleanser, and stimulant. It treats cough, respiratory conditions, kidney ailments, urinary infections.
  • Turmeric, used medicinally and to flavor food
  • Valerian is used for insomnia, migraines, nervous dyspepsia, and dandruff.
  • Vetiver oil (khus oil) a thick, amber oil, primarily from India. Used as a fixative in perfumery, and in aromatherapy
  • Western red cedar
  • Wintergreen can be used as an analgesic, anodyne, anti rheumatic & anti arthritic, anti spasmodic, anti septic, aromatic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, emenagogue and stimulant
  • Yarrow oil is used medicinally, to relieve joint pain
  • Ylang-ylang is used for calming, antiseptic, and aphrodisiac purposes, as well as hypertension and skin diseases.
  • Zedoary, used medicinally and to flavor food

See also[edit]


  • Julia Lawless, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils: The Complete Guide to the Use of Oils in Aromatherapy and Herbalism (ISBN 1852307218) 1995
  • The Complete Book of Essential Oils & Aromatherapy


  1. ^ "Agar". Nagaon. Archived from the original on 2006-09-20. Retrieved 2006-11-17. 
  2. ^ Hemp: A New Crop with New Uses for North America, from the Purdue University NewCROP Web site.
  3. ^ Caraway oil, from the Victoria, Australia Department of Primary Industries Web site.
  4. ^ Eucalyptus oil
  5. ^ Oregano oil
  6. ^ "Orris oil". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 2006-11-20. 
  7. ^ Rosemary
  8. ^ FAO. "Sandalwood oil". Flavours and fragances of plant origin. Retrieved 2006-07-25. 
  9. ^ J.E. Simon, A.F. Chadwick and L.E. Craker (1984). "Anise". Herbs: An Indexed Bibliography. , cited on the Purdue Center for New Crops Web site