Geography of chess

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Chess is played all over the world. The international governing body of chess is FIDE, established in 1924. Most national chess federations are now members of FIDE; several supranational chess organizations are also affiliated with FIDE.

National level: Current FIDE members[edit]

The table below lists the member federations of FIDE[1] and their national championship. The number of grandmasters[2] and players registered for each federation in the FIDE database[3] as of September 2016 are also indicated.

Country Zone National federation #GM #FIDE National championship
 Afghanistan 3.4 Afghan National Chess Federation 0 197 Afghan Chess Championship
 Albania 1.5a Albania Chess Federation [Wikidata] [1] 1 507 Albanian Chess Championship
 Algeria 4.1 Fédération Algérienne des échecs [Wikidata] [2] 2 3295 Algerian Chess Championship
 Andorra 1.10 Federació d'Escacs Valls d'Andorra [Wikidata] [3] 2 146 Andorran Chess Championship
 Angola 4.3 Federação Angolana de Xadrez [Wikidata] 0 995 Angolan Chess Championship
 Antigua and Barbuda 2.3.5 Antigua and Barbuda Chess Federation 0 15
 Argentina 2.5 Argentine Chess Federation [4] 23 8982 Argentine Chess Championship
 Armenia 1.5b Armenian Chess Federation [5] 39 1124 Armenian Chess Championship
 Aruba 2.3.5 Federashon di Ajedrez di Aruba 0 42
 Australia 3.6 Australian Chess Federation [6] 8 2001 Australian Chess Championship
 Austria 1.2a Österreichischer Schachbund [7] 9 3561 Austrian Chess Championship
 Azerbaijan 1.8 Azerbaijan Chess Federation [8] 23 1701 Azerbaijani Chess Championship
 Bahamas 2.3.5 Bahamas Chess Federation [9] 0 34 Bahamian Chess Championship
 Bahrain 3.1 Bahrain Mind Sports Association 0 53 Bahraini Chess Championship
 Bangladesh 3.2 Bangladesh Chess Federation [10] 5 1322 Bangladeshi Chess Championship
 Barbados 2.3.5 Barbados Chess Federation [11] 0 138 Barbadian Chess Championship
 Belarus 1.8 Belarus Chess Federation [12] 16 1048 Belarusian Chess Championship
 Belgium 1.1b FRBE-KBSB-KSB [Wikidata] [13] 9 3039 Belgian Chess Championship
 Bermuda 2.3.5 Bermuda Chess Association 0 68
 Bhutan 3.2 Bhutan Chess Federation 0 7 Bhutan National Premier Chess Championship
 Bolivia 2.4 Federación Boliviana de Ajedrez [14] 1 1043 Bolivian Chess Championship
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.2b Sahovski Savez Bosne i Hercegovine [15] 8 875 Bosnia and Herzegovina Chess Championship
 Botswana 4.3 Botswana Chess Federation [Wikidata] 0 392 Botswana Chess Championship
 Brazil 2.4 Confed. Brasileira de Xadrez [16] 14 4,943 Brazilian Chess Championship
 British Virgin Islands 2.3.5 British Virgin Islands Chess Federation 0 4
 Brunei 3.3 Brunei Chess Federation [17] 0 79 Brunei Chess Championship
 Bulgaria 1.4 Bulgarian Chess Federation [18] 31 1779 Bulgarian Chess Championship
 Burkina Faso 4.4 Comité National Burkinabé des Échecs 0 15 Burkinabé Chess Championship
 Burundi 4.2 Burundi Chess Federation [Wikidata] 0 11 Burundian Chess Championship
 Cambodia 3.3 Cambodian Chess Federation 0 2 Cambodian Chess Championship
 Cameroon 4.4 Cameroon Chess Federation [Wikidata] [19] 0 16 Cameroonian Chess Championship
 Canada 2.2 Chess Federation of Canada [20] 14 1605 Canadian Chess Championship
 Cape Verde 4.4 Federação Cabo-verdiana de Xadrez [Wikidata] 0 22 Cape Verdean Chess Championship
 Central African Republic 4.4 Chess Federation of Central African Republic 0 4 Central African Chess Championship
 Chile 2.5 Fed. Deportiva Nacional De Ajedrez 5 2140 Chilean Chess Championship
 China 3.5 Chinese Chess Association [21] 43 1445 Chinese Chess Championship
 Chinese Taipei 3.3 Chinese Taipei Chess Association [22] 0 120 Taiwanese Chess Championship
 Colombia 2.3.4 Fed. Colombiana de Ajedrez [23] 7 2559 Colombian Chess Championship
 Comoros 4.3 Comoros Islands Chess Federation [Wikidata] 0 0 Comorian Chess Championship
 Republic of the Congo 4.3 Congolese Chess Federation [Wikidata] 0 7 Congolese Chess Championship
 Costa Rica 2.3.2 Federacion Central de Ajedrez [24] 1 653 Costa Rican Chess Championship
 Croatia 1.2b Croatian Chess Federation [25] 29 3135 Croatian Chess Championship
 Cuba 2.3.3 Fed. Cubana de Ajedrez 24 2033 Cuban Chess Championship
 Cyprus 1.10 Cyprus Chess Federation [26] 0 134 Cypriot Chess Championship
 Czech Republic 1.4 Šachový svaz České republiky [27] 35 7539 Czech Chess Championship
 Denmark 1.3 Dansk Skak Union [28] 11 3880 Danish Chess Championship
 Djibouti 4.2 Djiboutian Chess Federation 0 8 Djiboutian Chess Championship
 Dominican Republic 2.3.5 Federación Dominicana de Ajedrez [29] 1 657 Dominican Chess Championship
 Ecuador 2.3.5 Fed. Ecuatoriana de Ajedrez [30] 1 1208 Ecuadorian Chess Championship
 Egypt 4.2 Egyptian Chess Federation 5 2026 Egyptian Chess Championship
 England 1.1a English Chess Federation [31] 36 3390 British Chess Championship
 El Salvador 2.3.2 Federación Salvadoreña de Ajedrez [32] 0 294 Salvadoran Chess Championship
 Eritrea 4.2 Eritrea Chess Federation 0 6 Eritrean Chess Championship
 Estonia 1.7 Eesti Maleliit [33] 6 425 Estonian Chess Championship
 Ethiopia 4.2 Ethiopian Chess Federation [34] 0 77 Ethiopian Chess Championship
 Faroe Islands 1.10 Talvsamband Foroya [35] 1 165 Faroese Chess Championship
 Fiji 3.6 Fiji Chess Federation [36] 0 43 Fijian Chess Championship
 Finland 1.3 Suomen Keskusshakkiliitto [37] 5 1045 Finnish Chess Championship
 France 1.1b French Chess Federation [38] 50 22,351 French Chess Championship
 Gabon 4.4 Fédération Gabonaise des Échecs 0 3 Gabonese Chess Championship
 Gambia 4.4 Gambia Chess Federation 0 9 Gambian Chess Championship
 Georgia 1.5b Chess Federation of Georgia 31 1163 Georgian Chess Championship
 Germany 1.2a Deutscher Schachbund [39] 92 25,470 German Chess Championship
 Ghana 4.4 Ghana Chess Association [Wikidata] [40] 0 66 Ghanaian Chess Championship
 Greece 1.5a Elliniki Skakistiki Omospondia [41] 13 5497 Greek Chess Championship
 Guam 3.6 Guam Chess Federation 0 28
 Guatemala 2.3.2 Fed. Nac. de Ajedrez de Guatemala 0 235 Guatemalan Chess Championship
 Guernsey 1.10 Guernsey Chess Federation [42] 0 25 Guernsey Chess Championship
 Guyana 2.3.5 Guyana Chess Federation 0 29 Guyanese Chess Championship
 Haiti 2.3.5 Haitian Chess Federation 0 12 Haitian Chess Championship
 Honduras 2.3.2 Federación Nacional de Ajedrez de Honduras [43] 0 192 Honduran Chess Championship
 Hong Kong 3.3 Hong Kong Chess Federation 0 258 Hong Kong Chess Championship
 Hungary 1.4 Magyar Sakkszovetseg [44] 48 6229 Hungarian Chess Championship
 Iceland 1.3 Skáksamband Íslands [45] 13 600 Icelandic Chess Championship
 India 3.7 All India Chess Federation [46] 52 30,609 Indian Chess Championship
 Indonesia 3.3 Persatuan Catur Seluruh Indonesia [47] 3 808 Indonesian Chess Championship
 Iran 3.1 Chess Fed. of Islamic Rep. of Iran [48] 15 9502 Iranian Chess Championship
 Iraq 3.1 Iraqi Chess Federation 0 679 Iraqi Chess Championship
 Ireland 1.1a Irish Chess Union [49] 1 656 Irish Chess Championship
 Israel 1.2b Israel Chess Federation [50] 42 2321 Israeli Chess Championship
 Italy 1.1c Federazione Scacchistica Italiana [51] 14 9618 Italian Chess Championship
 Ivory Coast 4.4 Fédération Ivoirienne des Échecs [Wikidata] 0 33 Ivorian Chess Championship
 Jamaica 2.3.5 Jamaica Chess Federation [52] 0 233 Jamaican Chess Championship
 Japan 3.3 Japan Chess Association [53] 0 206 Japanese Chess Championship
 Jersey 1.10 Jersey Chess Federation [54] 0 26 Jersey Chess Championship
 Jordan 3.1 Royal Jordanian Chess Federation [55] 0 495 Jordanian Chess Championship
 Kazakhstan 3.4 Kazakhstan Chess Federation [56] 14 2162 Kazakhstani Chess Championship
 Kenya 4.2 Chess Kenya [Wikidata] 0 438 Kenyan Chess Championship
 Kosovo 1.2b Kosovo Chess Federation [57] 0 205 Kosovan Chess Championship
 Kuwait 3.1 Kuwait Chess Federation 0 111 Kuwaiti Chess Championship
 Kyrgyzstan 3.4 Chess Federation of the Kyrgyz Republic 0 319 Kyrgyzstani Chess Championship
 Laos 3.3 Lao Chess Federation 0 16 Laotian Chess Championship
 Latvia 1.7 Latvijas Saha Savieniba [58] 11 678 Latvian Chess Championship
 Lebanon 3.1 Federation Libanaise des Echecs [59] 0 214 Lebanese Chess Championship
 Lesotho 4.3 Chess Federation of Lesotho 0 98 Lesotho Chess Championship
 Liberia 4.4 Liberia Chess Federation 0 13 Liberian Chess Championship
 Libya 4.1 General Libyan Chess Federation 0 480 Libyan Chess Championship
 Liechtenstein 1.10 Liechtensteiner Schachverband 0 15 Liechtenstein Chess Championship
 Lithuania 1.7 Lietuvos Sachmatu Federacija [60] 6 1022 Lithuanian Chess Championship
 Luxembourg 1.10 Federation Luxembourgeoise des Echecs [61] 0 290 Luxembourg Chess Championship
 Macau 3.3 Grupo de Xadrez de Macau 0 39
 North Macedonia 1.2b Chess Federation of Macedonia [62] 9 573 Macedonian Chess Championship
 Madagascar 4.3 Madagascar Chess Federation [Wikidata] 0 248 Malagasy Chess Championship
 Malawi 4.3 Chess Association of Malawi [63] 0 177 Malawian Chess Championship
 Malaysia 3.3 Malaysian Chess Federation [64] 0 1573 Malaysian Chess Championship
 Maldives 3.2 Maldives Chess Federation 0 34 Maldivian Chess Championship
 Mali 4.1 Federation Malienne du Jeu D'Echecs [Wikidata] 0 10 Malian Chess Championship
 Malta 1.10 Il-Federazzjoni Maltija tac-Cess [65] 0 142 Maltese Chess Championship
 Mauritania 4.1 Mauritanian Chess Federation [Wikidata] [66] 0 70 Mauritanian Chess Championship
 Mauritius 4.3 Mauritius Chess Federation [Wikidata] [67] 0 27 Mauritian Chess Championship
 Mexico 2.3.1 Fed. Nac. de Ajedrez de Mexico AC [68] 3 1818 Mexican Chess Championship
 Moldova 1.8 Federația de Șah a Republicii Moldova [69] 7 618 Moldovan Chess Championship
 Monaco 1.10 Monaco Chess Federation [Wikidata] 3 69 Monaco Chess Championship
 Mongolia 3.3 Mongolian Chess Federation [70] 4 530 Mongolian Chess Championship
 Montenegro 1.5a Montenegro Chess Federation [71] 6 404 Montenegrin Chess Championship
 Morocco 4.1 Fed. Royale Marocaine des Echecs [72] 1 344 Moroccan Chess Championship
 Mozambique 4.3 Mozambique Chess Federation [Wikidata] 0 58 Mozambican Chess Championship
 Myanmar 3.3 Myanmar Chess Federation [73] 0 647 Myanmar Chess Championship
 Namibia 4.3 Namibia Chess Federation [74] 0 61 Namibian Chess Championship
 Nauru 3.6 Nauru Chess Federation 0 8 Nauruan Chess Championship
   Nepal 3.2 Nepal Chess Association [75] 0 724 Nepalese Chess Championship
 Netherlands 1.1b Koninklijke Nederlandse Schaakbond [76] 35 4128 Dutch Chess Championship
 Netherlands Antilles 2.3.5 Curaçao Chess Federation 0 44 Netherlands Antilles Chess Championship
 New Zealand 3.6 New Zealand Chess Federation [77] 1 446 New Zealand Chess Championship
 Nicaragua 2.3.2 Federacion Nicaragüense de Ajedrez [78] 0 361 Nicaraguan Chess Championship
 Nigeria 4.4 Nigeria Chess Federation [79] 0 307 Nigerian Chess Championship
 Norway 1.3 Norges Sjakkforbund [80] 16 3025 Norwegian Chess Championship
 Oman 3.1 Oman Chess Committee [81] 0 82 Omani Chess Championship
 Pakistan 3.2 Chess Federation of Pakistan [82] 0 120 Pakistani Chess Championship
 Palau 3.6 Palau Chess Federation [83] 0 112 Palauan Chess Championship
 Palestine 3.1 Palestine Chess Federation 0 183 Palestinian Chess Championship
 Panama 2.3.2 Fed. de Ajedrez de Panama [84] 0 246 Panamanian Chess Championship
 Papua New Guinea 3.6 Papua New Guinea Chess Federation 0 10 Papua New Guinean Chess Championship
 Paraguay 2.5 Federacion Paraguaya de Ajedrez [85] 4 1089 Paraguayan Chess Championship
 Peru 2.4 Federacion Peruana de Ajedrez [86] 8 6201 Peruvian Chess Championship
 Philippines 3.3 National Chess Federation of the Philippines [87] 14 2619 Philippine Chess Championship
 Poland 1.4 Polish Chess Federation [88] 41 18,252 Polish Chess Championship
 Portugal 1.1c Federação Portuguesa de Xadrez [89] 3 5320 Portuguese Chess Championship
 Puerto Rico 2.3.5 Fed. de Ajedrez de Puerto Rico [90] 0 670 Puerto Rican Chess Championship
 Qatar 3.1 Qatar Chess Association [91] 3 123 Qatari Chess Championship
 Romania 1.4 Federatia Romana de Sah [92] 21 6592 Romanian Chess Championship
 Russia 1.6 Russian Chess Federation [93] 234 59,294 Russian Chess Championship
 Rwanda 4.2 Rwanda Chess Federation [Wikidata] [94] 0 79 Rwandan Chess Championship
 San Marino 1.10 Federazione Sammarinese degli Scacchi [95] 0 15 Sammarinese Chess Championship
 São Tomé and Príncipe 4.4 Sao Tome and Principe Chess Federation [Wikidata] 0 18 São Tomé and Príncipe Chess Championship
 Saudi Arabia 3.1 Saudi Chess Association [96] 0 993 Saudi Arabian Chess Championship
 Scotland 1.1a Chess Scotland [97] 6 708 Scottish Chess Championship
 Senegal 4.1 Senegalese Chess Federation [Wikidata] 0 21 Senegalese Chess Championship
 Serbia 1.5a Chess Federation of Serbia [98] 55 7732 Serbian Chess Championship
 Seychelles 4.2 Seychelles Chess Federation 0 50 Seychelles Chess Championship
 Sierra Leone 4.4 Sierra Leone Chess Federation 0 14 Sierra Leonean Chess Championship
 Singapore 3.3 Singapore Chess Federation [99] 3 2377 Singaporean Chess Championship
 Slovakia 1.4 Slovensky Sachovy Zvaz [100] 10 6192 Slovak Chess Championship
 Slovenia 1.2a Sahovska Zveza Slovenije [101] 12 4143 Slovenian Chess Championship
 Solomon Islands 3.6 Solomon Islands Chess Federation 0 35 Solomon Island Chess Championship
 Somalia 4.2 Somali Chess Federation 0 43 Somali Chess Championship
 South Africa 4.3 Chess South Africa [102] 1 2478 South African Chess Championship
 South Korea 3.3 Korea Chess Federation 1 752 South Korean Chess Championship
 South Sudan 4.2 South Sudan Chess Federation 0 74 South Sudanese Chess Championship
 Spain 1.1c Federacion Espanola de Ajedrez [103] 47 39,632 Spanish Chess Championship
 Sri Lanka 3.2 Chess Federation of Sri Lanka 0 8993 Sri Lankan Chess Championship
 Sudan 4.2 Sudan Chess Federation 0 312 Sudanese Chess Championship
 Suriname 2.3.5 De Surinaamse Schaakbond [104] 0 355 Surinamese Chess Championship
 Eswatini 4.3 Swaziland National Chess Federation 0 63 Swazi Chess Championship
 Sweden 1.3 Sveriges Schackförbund [105] 21 4561 Swedish Chess Championship
  Switzerland 1.2a Schweizerischer Schachbund [106] 8 3685 Swiss Chess Championship
 Syria 3.1 Syrian Arab Chess Federation 0 801 Syrian Chess Championship
 Tajikistan 3.4 Federazijai Shakhmati Tajikistan 1 166 Tajikistani Chess Championship
 Tanzania 4.2 Tanzania Chess Association 0 76 Tanzanian Chess Championship
 Thailand 3.3 Thailand Chess Association [107] 0 704 Thai Chess Championship
 Timor-Leste 3.3 Federação Xadrez de Timor-Leste 0 58 Timorese Chess Championship
 Togo 4.4 Togolese Chess Federation [Wikidata] [108] 0 95 Togolese Chess Championship
 Trinidad and Tobago 2.3.5 Trinidad and Tobago Chess Association [109] 0 535 Trinidad and Tobago Chess Championship
 Tunisia 4.1 Tunisian Chess Federation [Wikidata] [110] 2 941 Tunisian Chess Championship
 Turkey 1.5a Turkish Chess Federation [111] 10 24,200 Turkish Chess Championship
 Turkmenistan 3.4 Turkmenistan Chess Federation 5 410 Turkmen Chess Championship
 Uganda 4.2 Uganda Chess Federation [112] 0 369 Ugandan Chess Championship
 Ukraine 1.9 Ukrainian Chess Federation [113] 87 8713 Ukrainian Chess Championship
 United Arab Emirates 3.1 UAE Chess Federation [114] 2 1949 Emirati Chess Championship
 United States 2.1 United States Chess Federation [115] 90 13,579 U.S. Chess Championship
U.S. Women's Chess Championship
 United States Virgin Islands 2.3.5 US Virgin Islands Chess Federation [116] 0 50
 Uruguay 2.5 Federación Uruguaya de Ajedrez [117] 1 952 Uruguayan Chess Championship
 Uzbekistan 3.4 Chess Federation of Uzbekistan [118] 12 1073 Uzbekistani Chess Championship
 Venezuela 2.3.5 Fed. Venezolana de Ajedrez [119] 1 4700 Venezuelan Chess Championship
 Vietnam 3.3 Vietnam Chess Federation [120] 9 1855 Vietnamese Chess Championship
 Wales 1.1a Welsh Chess Union [121] 1 475 Welsh Chess Championship
 Yemen 3.1 Yemen Chess Association 0 280 Yemeni Chess Championship
 Zambia 4.3 Chess Federation of Zambia 1 893 Zambian Chess Championship
 Zimbabwe 4.3 Zimbabwe Chess Federation [122] 0 433 Zimbabwean Chess Championship

Former FIDE members[edit]

The list below includes nations that no longer exist as well as national federations that are currently not members of FIDE.

Country National federation National championship
 Belize Belize Chess Federation [123] Belizean Chess Championship
 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Chess Championship
 Soviet Union USSR Chess Federation USSR Chess Championship
 Yugoslavia Yugoslav Chess Championship

Supranational level[edit]

Countries (zone) Federation Official Website Championships
Europe (1) European Chess Union (ECU) http://www.europechess.org Individual, Youth, Junior,
Senior and Team
America (2) Confederation of Chess for America (CCA) http://www.fideamerica.com Pan American Chess Championship
Asia (3) Asian Chess Federation (ACF) http://www.asianchess.com Asian Chess Championship, Asian Senior Chess Championship
Africa (4) African Chess Confederation (ACC) http://africa-chess.org African Chess Championship
Arab world Arab Chess Federation (ACF) http://www.arabfide.com Arab Chess Championship
ASEAN ASEAN Chess Confederation http://aseanchess.org/
Commonwealth of Nations Commonwealth Chess Association (CCA) http://www.commonwealthchess.com Commonwealth Chess Championship
European microstates European Small Nations Chess Championship
Francophone countries International Chess Federation of French-speaking countries (AIDEF) http://aidef.ffechecs.org AIDEF Chess Championship
Ibero-America Iberoamerican Chess Federation (FIBDA) http://www.fibda.com Iberoamerican Chess Championship
Mediterranean countries Mediterranean Chess Association http://www.medchess.org Mediterranean Chess Championship
Nordic countries Nordic Chess Federation http://www.sjakk.no/nordisk/ Nordic Chess Championship
Oceania (3.6) Oceania Chess Confederation (OCC) http://www.oceaniachess.com/ Oceania Chess Championship
South America - - South American Chess Championship

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Member Federations by Zone". FIDE. Retrieved 2016-09-25.
  2. ^ "Federations Ranking". FIDE. Retrieved 2016-09-25.
  3. ^ "FIDE Advanced players search". FIDE. Retrieved 2016-09-25.