Lytton, Queensland

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Lytton
BrisbaneQueensland
Cargo ship and RML 64 pounder guns Fort Lytton Flickr 5825977624.jpg
Fort Lytton with Brisbane River in background
Lytton is located in Queensland
Lytton
Lytton
Coordinates27°25′23″S 153°09′04″E / 27.4230°S 153.1511°E / -27.4230; 153.1511 (Lytton (centre of suburb))
Population6 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density0.87/km2 (2.25/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4178
Area6.9 km2 (2.7 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s)City of Brisbane (Wynnum Manly Ward)[2]
State electorate(s)Lytton
Federal division(s)Bonner
Suburbs around Lytton:
Pinkenba Port of Brisbane Port of Brisbane
Pinkenba Lytton Wynnum
Hemmant Wynnum West Wynnum

Lytton is an outer riverside suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[3] In the 2016 census, Lytton had a population of 6 people.[1]

The historical region was a significant naval base after the establishment of Fort Lytton between 1880 and 1881. The Fort safeguarded the city and shipping routes from hostile invasions during the colonial period as Brisbane was close to the French naval garrison at Nouméa.[4]

Geography[edit]

The suburb is bounded by the Brisbane River to the north-west.[5] It is 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) north-east of the Brisbane CBD, but travel by the railway or road is considerably longer.[6]

Lytton Hill is in the north-east of the suburb (27°24′51″S 153°09′43″E / 27.4141°S 153.1619°E / -27.4141; 153.1619 (Lytton Hill)) 26 metres (85 ft) above sea level.[7][8]

Clunie Flats is a pan in the west of the suburb (27°25′36″S 153°08′34″E / 27.4266°S 153.1427°E / -27.4266; 153.1427 (Clunie Flats)).[9]

History[edit]

A pilot station and a village were established at Lytton in 1859. It was most likely named after Edward Bulwer-Lytton (1803–73) who was the Colonial Secretary of State in 1858–59.[6]

It would be two years before a road was surveyed from Norman Creek.[when?]

A telegraph line was run from Brisbane to Lytton in 1862.[6]

The hulk "Prosperine" in the Brisbane River off Lytton was used as a floating Reformatory for Boys. From 1871 to 1879 the boys were taught by the Reformatory's Sub-Inspector. From 22 July 1879 a qualified teacher was supplied by the Queensland Public Instruction Department to the Hulk "Proserpine" School, after which it was variously known as the Lytton Stockade School and the Lytton Reformatory School. In 1900 the reformatory and its school moved to Westbrook, west of Ipswich, where the facility was known as Westbrook Reformatory for Boys and the school was renamed Westbrook Reformatory School, then later renamed Westbrook Farm Home School. On 5 July 1961 the school and its primary school-aged boys moved to the Wilson Youth Hospital in Windsor, Brisbane and the school was renamed Wilson Youth Hospital School, while the older boys remained at Westbrook and had correspondence classes if desired. Wilson Youth Hospital School closed in 1968.[10]

During the years 1876–1908 a local post office was open.[6]

Due to Lytton's location on the south-east bank of the Brisbane River at its seaward end Fort Lytton was built in the 1881 to guard the mouth of the Brisbane River. The fort had a moat and was an pentagonal structure concealed behind an embankment. It was fortified with two six-inch disappearing guns, also in 1881 a rifle range was added.[6]

The layout of the village can be seen in an 1889 map.[11]

Lytton State School opened on 18 September 1882. In 1911 the buildings were relocated to Wynnum North and the school renamed Wynnum North State School in 1911. Wynnum North State School closed on 31 December 2010 as it was amalgamated with Lindum State School and Wynnum Central State School to create a new Wynnum State School.[10]

At the 2011 census Lytton had a population of 6 people.[12]

In the 2016 census Lytton had a population of 6 people.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

Lytton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Economy[edit]

Although Lytton was once a town, it is now primarily commercial and industrial. It shares the same postcode as the Port of Brisbane. Ampol owns and operates the Lytton Oil Refinery in the north east of the suburb (27°24′55″S 153°09′27″E / 27.4154°S 153.1575°E / -27.4154; 153.1575 (oil refinery)).[16] The plant could produce 109,000 barrels per day in 2012.[17]

Facilities[edit]

Wynnum Wastewater Treatment Plant is a sewage treatment plant on Tanker Street (27°25′06″S 153°09′54″E / 27.4182°S 153.1650°E / -27.4182; 153.1650 (Wynnum Wastewater Treatment Plant)).[16][5] It releases treated water into Crab Creek (27°25′00″S 153°10′00″E / 27.4166°S 153.1666°E / -27.4166; 153.1666 (Crab Creek (mouth))) which flows into Moreton Bay.[18][19]

Amenities[edit]

There are a number of parks in Lytton, including:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Lytton (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Wynnum Manly Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Lytton – suburb in City of Brisbane (entry 43599)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Culture and History". Queensland Government Parks and Forests. Archived from the original on 15 July 2019. Retrieved 15 July 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Lytton | Queensland Places". queenslandplaces.com.au. Archived from the original on 30 October 2020. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Mountain peaks and capes - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 12 November 2020. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Lytton Hill – mountain in Brisbane City (entry 20322)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Clunie Flats – pan in City of Brisbane (entry 7514)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  10. ^ a b Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  11. ^ "Brisbane River Improvements sheet 2". Queensland Government (Map). 1889. Archived from the original on 16 July 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  12. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Lytton (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 October 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  13. ^ "Lytton Hill (entry 601366)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  14. ^ "Fort Lytton (entry 600248)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Lytton Quarantine Station (former) (entry 601347)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  16. ^ a b "Landmark Areas - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 18 November 2020. Archived from the original on 21 November 2020. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  17. ^ Jessica Jaganathan (22 February 2012). "Caltex Australia to shut crude unit at Lytton refinery in H1". Thomson Reuters. Reuters. Archived from the original on 14 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  18. ^ "Wynnum Wastewater Treatment Plant". Wynnum Wastewater Treatment Plant. Queensland Government. 14 November 2019. Archived from the original on 30 March 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2021.
  19. ^ "Crab Creek – watercourse in City of Brisbane (entry 8639)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  20. ^ a b c "Land for public recreation - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 20 November 2020. Archived from the original on 22 November 2020. Retrieved 22 November 2020.

External links[edit]