Annerley, Queensland

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Annerley
BrisbaneQueensland
Ipswich Rd at Annerley Junction, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia 090617.JPG
Ipswich Road near the junction of Annerley Road
Annerley is located in Queensland
Annerley
Annerley
Coordinates27°30′44″S 153°01′59″E / 27.5122°S 153.0330°E / -27.5122; 153.0330 (Annerley (centre of suburb))
Population11,336 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density4,050/km2 (10,490/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4103
Area2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location6.2 km (4 mi) S of Brisbane GPO
LGA(s)City of Brisbane
(Coorparoo Ward,[2] Tennyson Ward)[3]
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)Moreton
Suburbs around Annerley:
Dutton Park Woolloongabba Greenslopes
Fairfield Annerley Tarragindi
Yeronga
Yeerongpilly
Moorooka Tarragindi

Annerley is a suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[4] In the 2016 census, Annerley had a population of 11,336 people.[1]

Annerley is located 6.2 kilometres (3.9 mi) by road south of the Brisbane GPO.[5]

Geography[edit]

Junction of Ipswich and Annerley Roads c.1915
Aerial view of Annerley c.1934

Much of the suburb is elevated, lying on a ridge that gives views of the city. For many years it was a somewhat rundown suburb, particularly close to main roads and with a lot of social housing, but with gentrification and the rise in the cost of housing, many of the original 'Queenslanders' have been restored to their former glory, giving the suburb an eclectic mix of residences for all socio-economic levels.[citation needed]

The suburb is of medium population density with many apartment blocks, guest houses and fast-food outlets. The major road in the suburb is Ipswich Road, one of Brisbane's main southerly traffic arteries. Until 13 April 1969, the suburb was served by electric trams, which ran along Ipswich Road.[citation needed]

The area where Ipswich Road intersects with Annerley Road (formerly Boggo Road) is commonly known as Annerley Junction which in turn gave its name to the local state primary school Junction Park State School.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The area was originally used for dairy farms. One of the first residential subdivisions was the "St Kilda Estate" bounded by Cornwall Street to the north, Boggo Road (now Annerley Road) to the west and Ipswich Road to the south.[6] In 1866, the Junction Hotel was opened on the triangular corner of Ipswich Road and Boggo Road (now Annerley Road).[7]

Land sales[edit]

On 7 June 1884 J.B. Ellis auctioned 201 suburban allotments (66 to 30 perches) in the "River View Estate" which was bounded by River View Street (now Fanny Street) to the south and Old Ipswich Road (now Annerley Road) to the east and includes Caroline and Florence Streets (between the Fairfield railway station and the Junction Hotel).[8][9] The auction did not sell all the allotments as on 8 September 1885 Hooker, Son & Elliott auctioned 89 unsold allotments in the same estate.[10]

On 26 July 1884 James Duncan auctioned 20 suburban allotments (all 16 perches) in the "Hastings Estate" which were located on Fanny Street near the intersection with Hastings Street.[11][12] These appear to be a later stage of an estate that was offered at least as early as 1869.[12]

On 25 October 1884 Arthur Martin & Co auctioned 201 suburban allotments (mostly 16 perches) in the "Broadmere Estate" in Mary Street (now Broadmere Street), Clara Street, Frederick Street and George Street (now Somerville Street) around the intersection with Francis Street (now Tamworth Street).[13][14]

In September 1885 the balance of the third and last section of the "Thompson Estate" was advertised for auction by L. J. Markwell.[15][16] It consisted of approximately 300 allotments, subdivisions of Portion 85, which was bordered by Ipswich Road, Victoria Terrace and Juliette Street. A map advertising the auction provided a local sketch of the area. It also places the estate in Woolloongabba, now considered part of Annerley.

In July 1886, H. Ponsonby Cardew advertised 66 allotments for private sale in the "Ferndale Estate", subdivisions of Portion 110, Parish of Yerongpilly, including Alice Street (now Rigby Street), Gibson Street, Ferndale Street, Ellen Street (now Jester Street), Jessie Street (now Collins Street) and Government Road (now Ekibin Road East). A map advertising the sale states the land is situated just beyond the Junction Hotel, Ipswich Road.[17][18]

In May 1888 Arthur Martin & Co., Auctioneers, advertised 44 allotments for auction in the "River View Estate", being subdivisions of Portions 159A and 160A, Parish of Yerongpilly.[19][20] The map advertising the auction states the land is close to Junction Hotel. The land includes River View Street (now Fanny Street), Old Ipswich Road (now Annerley Road), Caroline and Florence Streets.

On 6 May 1889, Simon Fraser & Son Auctioneers advertised 8 allotments for sale on Ipswich Rd, being resubdivisions of 1 to 8 of Subdivision 43 to 46 Portion 173A, Parish of Yeerongpilly.[21][22] The advertising map states the land is close to Junction Hotel and opposite Stephen's Divisional Board Office. The land is shown as located at the corner of Ipswich Rd and Boggo Rd (now Annerley Rd).

In October 1889, H. Ponsonby Cardew advertised 16 allotments for auction in the "Ferndale Estate" to close out the estate. A map advertising the auction includes a local sketch of the area.[23][24]

In November 1889, T. Howling & Co., Auctioneers, advertised allotments for sale in the "Richter Estate", being subdivisions 1 to 94 of Portion 109, Parish of Bulimba. A map advertising the auction states that the land is close to Junction Ipswich Road.[25][26]

In 1910 auctioneers Hooker, Son & Elliott offered 75 suburban allotments of 16 perches in the "Collins Estate" which was bounded by Ipswich Road to the west, Ekibin Road to the south and includes Rose Street (now Lambton Street), Jane Street (now Lothian Street), Alice Street (now Bower Street), Annie Street (now Real Street) and Mary Street (now Gustavson Street).[27][28]

In April 1914 estate agent Arthur R. Webb offered 160 suburban allotments (mostly of 16 perches) in the "Queenstown Estate" which included allotments in Dairy Street (now Franklin Street), Taylor Street, Albert Street, Cosker Street, Queen Street (now Cavan Street), Hamlet Street and Woodville Place.[29][30]

In October 1914 "Cracknell Hill Estate", made up of 115 allotments of 16 perches, was advertised for sale by Isles, Love & Co., Auctioneers.[31][32][33] The map advertising the sale states that the estate was a five minute walk from the proposed new tram terminus at Chardon's Hotel.

In July 1915, "Tramway Terminus Estate", consisting of 17 allotments being resubdivisions of section 3 of Portion 109, was advertised to be auctioned by Cameron Bros., Town Hall Auctioneers.[34][35][36] The land was bound by Ipswich Road, Richter Street and Ferndale Street. The map advertising the auction states that gas and water mains pass the estate and a few yards from Chardon's Hotel.

On 17 April 1920 auctioneers Cameron Brothers offered 97 allotments (mostly 16 perches) in the "Cracknell Hill Estate" which were in Queen Street (now Cavan Street), Hamlet Terrace (now Hamlet Street) and Woodville Place between Warwick Street (now Marjorie Street) and Percy Street.[37][38] These appear to be unsold allotments of an estate first offered in October 1914.[39]

In August 1924 Marcus F. Lyons & Winning advertised 312 allotments for private sale in the "Cracknel Road Estate", being subdivisions 1 to 313 of resubdivision 1 and 2 of portion 113, Parish of Yeerongpilly.[40][41] A map advertising the sale states the estate is 5 minutes from Ipswich Road Trams, water main and electricity passes through the estate; and gas is handy to the estate.

Post office[edit]

Around 1880 a postal receiving office was opened at Boggo, which became Boggo Post Office on 1 May 1882. There was a proposal to rename it Richmond Post Office but this was rejected owing to the potential for confusion with Richmond, North Queensland and Richmond, New South Wales and new alternative names were sought. At this point it is believed that Digby Denham, then a member of the Stephens Divisional Board (and later a Premier of Queensland), proposed to call it Annerley after the township variously spelled Annerley, Annerly or Anerly in Surrey, England.[4][42][43] The post office was renamed Annerley Post Office in November 1892.[44][45][46][47]

St John's Presbyterian Church[edit]

St John's Presbyterian Church Hall (first church), 2020
St John's Presbyterian Church, 2020

The Thompson Estate Presbyterian Church opened on 16 May 1886 at 23-29 King Street.[48] It was a weatherboard building built in the Victorian Carpenter Gothic style, 30 by 25 feet (9.1 by 7.6 m) at a cost of £150 by Mr Krause. It was an initiative by local residents who were then part of the congregation of the Park Presbyterian Church in South Brisbane.[49][50]

In 1922 the minister Reverend Alexander Duff began to fundraise for a larger church. In 1929 the new church was built to the west of the first church (which would later become the church hall). On Saturday 23 November 1929 the second church to be was officially opened and dedicated to St John by the Presbyterian Moderator of Queensland, Reverend John Sinclair. The new church was designed by architect George Trotter, a member of the congregation, in Federation Gothic style. It was built by Edward Kirby for £3,500. The main body of the church was 61 by 32 feet (18.6 by 9.8 m), capable of seating 300 people, with a proscenium and recess for a pipe organ and two vestries, each 15 by 11 feet (4.6 by 3.4 m).[51][52][53][54][49][50]

Local government[edit]

Former Stephens Shire office, 2014

On 14 October 1886, following a successful petition from ratepayers to create a new division, Stephens Division was severed from subdivision No. 1 of Yeerongpilly Division. In 1903 it became the Shire of Stephens. Annerley was the seat of the Shire of Stephens. The shire offices were located on Ipswich Road between Victoria Terrace and Junction Terrace (27°30′25″S 153°02′05″E / 27.5069°S 153.0347°E / -27.5069; 153.0347 (Stephens Shire Office (site))). After the shire became part of the City of Brisbane in 1925, the land was sold and the offices relocated on the block to become a residence at 15 Ealing Street (27°30′25″S 153°02′06″E / 27.5070°S 153.0351°E / -27.5070; 153.0351 (Stephen Shire Offices (former))).[55][56]

St Philip's Anglican Church[edit]

St Philip's Anglican Church, 2020

St Philip's Anglican church at 115 Cornwall Street in Thompson Estate (as the area was then known) was dedicated on 18 October 1886 by Archbishop of Brisbane William Webber. It was designed by architect John Henry Burley and was built by J.W. Stranson. The church bell was a gift of Abraham Fleetwood Luya and the baptismal font was the gift of stonemason Andrew Lang Petrie.[57][58][59]

On 7 December 1905 the church was "reduced to ruin" by a severe storm which caused extensive flooding and the death of two children.[60][61] It was extended and re-dedicated on 1 April 1906 by St. Clair Donaldson, Archbishop of Brisbane, with Henry Wallace Atkinson as architect. The old church was destroyed by fire 28 November 1954 after work on the new church had begun.[62] The current church was consecrated by the Archbishop Reginald Halse on 1 December 1955.[63][64] It is listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register.[65]

There were at least two parishioners that lost their lives at Gallipoli. "At St Philips we know of only two of our parishioners who were part of this landing at Gallipoli who later died on 5 April 1918 in France. The two were good mates and brother and brother in law. They died on the same day in the same battle recorded by the historian Charles Bean. ....Reginald Verry and his brother in law James Victor Atkinson."[66][67][68]

A state funeral was held at the church for Gordon Brown who was a Senator for Queensland from 1932 to 1965 (as a member of the Australia Labor Party); his ashes are kept in the church's columbarium.[69]

Junction Park State School[edit]

Thompson Estate Provisional School opened on 30 April 1888 in a four-roomed cottage in Oxford Street with 52 pupils. In 1889 the school occupied a hall in Regent Street to cater for the growing number of students. It became a state school on 31 Jan 1891 under head teacher James Joseph Dempsey with an average attendance of 461 pupils. It relocated to its present site in Waldheim Street on 31 March 1891. It was renamed Junction Park State School in 1893 with 737 pupils (the current site no longer being within Thompson Estate). Growing student numbers resulted in the creation of a separate but adjacent Junction State Infants School which opened on 1 July 1948 for Grade 1 and 2 pupils. From 1 January 1875, the infants school was reabsorbed into the main school, but the separate grounds and buildings continued to be used for the younger pupils within Junction Park State School. Later[when?] declining enrolment numbers lead to the infants school buildings being surplus to the school's needs and the land was sold for residential housing.[70][71][72][73]

Apostolic (former Methodist) Church[edit]

Apostolic Church (formerly Methodist Church), 2020
Stained glass window with Apostolic Church logo, 2020

A Wesleyan Church opened at 151 Cornwall Street, Thompson Estate, on Sunday 4 November 1888.[74] A Wesleyan Sunday School had operated in that area in the public hall from February 1887; its popularity leading to the decision to build a church.[75][76] The church was designed by architects Mark Taylor and William Richer and built by Mr C Topper.[77][78]

In 1973 it became an Apostolic Church. A stained glass window with the church's logo was installed at the front of the church.[77]

Mary Immaculate Church[edit]

Mary Immaculate Church is a Roman Catholic church built in 1932

Mary Immaculate Church is a heritage-listed Roman Catholic church situated within the Archdiocese of Brisbane. The church is located on the corner of Ipswich Road and Ferndale Street, Annerley. The original timber church was built in 1914 as a temporary building until such time something larger and more permanent could be built. In 1929 Archbishop James Duhig instructed the parish priest, Fr James Kelly to build a new church, which was dedicated by Archbishop Duhig on 1 May 1932.[79] The current church was built during the depression, and in a great testament to the Catholic community of Annerley, provided employment for 30 men.[65] Mary Immaculate Church is built in the French Gothic style with some notable features including an octagonal bell tower with a copper spire and a large rose window on its western face. Over the facade of the church are the Latin words Hic est Domus Dei, which translates as This is the House of God. The interior of the church has seen several changes over the years, but recently much of the interior of the church has been restored to its original design with the refurbishment of the original sanctuary floor and installation of altar rails to match those that were there originally.[citation needed] Mary Immaculate Church is an imposing and historically significant building in the area and a testament of faith to the people of Annerley. It is listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register.[80]

Mary Immaculate Catholic Primary School[edit]

The Ipswich Road Convent School was opened on 30 April 1917 by the Society of the Sacred Heart (a teaching order of Roman Catholic nuns) using the church building as the classroom. In 1919, the Sisters of the Sacred Heart relocated to Stuartholme and the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart (founded by Saint Mary MacKillop) took over the school, renaming it St Joseph's Convent School. When the present church was built in 1932 on the corner of Ipswich Road and Ferndale Street (adjacent to the former church), separate class rooms were included on a lower level. In the 1950s the school was renamed Mary Immaculate Catholic Primary School to reflect the name of the church with which it was associated. Since 1954, further buildings have been added to the site specifically for use by the school, including the Marymac Community Centre in the 1970s. The school was operated by the Sisters of St Joseph until 1991, after which the school was operated by the Archdiocese of Brisbane Catholic Education Council (commonly known as Brisbane Catholic Education).[81]

Brisbane Fijian Uniting Church[edit]

The Cracknell Road Congregational Church opened on 28 June 1925 at 29 Cracknell Road (27°31′08″S 153°01′51″E / 27.5189°S 153.0307°E / -27.5189; 153.0307 (Brisbane Fijian Uniting Church)).[82]

Annerley Library[edit]

Annerley Library sign (from Ipswich Road)
Annerley Library, entrance

The Annerley public library was opened in 1957 at 448 Ipswich Road.[83] It was designed in 1956 by architect James Birrell and is listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register.[84]

Our Lady's College[edit]

In 1964 the Sisters of St Joseph also opened a secondary school for girls called Our Lady's College. Since 1976, the school has been operated by Brisbane Catholic Education.[85]

Population[edit]

In the 2011 census, Annerley had a population of 10,664 people.[86]

In the 2016 census, Annerley had a population of 11,336 people.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

There are a number of heritage-listed sites in Annerley, including:

  • 260 Annerley Road: Hefferan Park Air Raid Shelter[87]
  • 391 Annerley Road: Ingleside, former residence of Digby Denham, Premier of Queensland[88]
  • 34 Brisbane Street: Residence[89]
  • 151 Cornwall Street (corner King Street): Apostolic church (formerly Methodist church)[90]
  • 29 Cracknell Road: Brisbane Fijian Uniting Church (formerly Cracknell Road Congregational Church)[91]
  • 158 Dudley Street: former Annerley Army Reserve Depot[92]
  • 15 Ealing Street: former Stephens Shire office[93]
  • 68 Emperor Street: Residence[94]
  • 413 Ipswich Road: Tram substation (part of the infrastructure of Brisbane's former tramways, now used as a hotel restaurant)[95]
  • 413 Ipswich Road: Fig tree (the sole survivor of an avenue of fig trees planted on Ipswich Road in Annerley between 1911 and 1955)[96]
  • 444 Ipswich Road: Police Station (built in 1925 and still in use as a police station)[97][98]
  • 448 Ipswich Road: Annerley Library & Community Centre[84]
  • 616 Ipswich Road: Mary Immaculate Catholic Church (a notable city landmark due to its prominent position its imposing interwar Gothic architecture)[99]
  • 770 Ipswich Road: Shops[100]
  • 22 Junction Terrace: Residence[101]
  • 23 Junction Terrace: Residence[102]
  • 23 King Street: St John's Presbyterian Church[103]
  • 20 Laurier Street: Residence[104]
  • 35 Waldheim Street: former Stephen's Farm Homestead[105]
  • 50 Waldheim Street: Junction Park State School[106][107]
  • 6 Young Street: Residence Cambrae[108]
  • 11 Young Street: Residence Cockerill[109]
  • 12 Young Street: Duplex Coombie[110]
  • 17 Young Street: Residence[111]
  • 34 Young Street: Duplex Kama Lodge[112]

In addition there are many period homes, which, although not heritage-listed, contribute to the aesthetics of the suburb, including:

  • 607 Ipswich Road: Rockmont (house)[113]

Education[edit]

Junction Park State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 50 Waldheim Street (27°30′36″S 153°02′07″E / 27.5099°S 153.0353°E / -27.5099; 153.0353 (Junction Park State School)).[114][115] In 2012, the school had an enrolment of 373 students with 29 teachers (22.9 full-time equivalent).[116] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 476 students with 39 teachers (32 full-time equivalent) and 19 non-teaching staff (12 full-time equivalent).[117] It includes a special education program.[114]

Mary Immaculate Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 616 Ipswich Road (27°30′57″S 153°01′49″E / 27.5159°S 153.0303°E / -27.5159; 153.0303 (Mary Immaculate Primary School)).[114][118] In 2013, the school had an enrolment of 140 students with 17 teachers (10.9 full-time equivalent).[119] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 114 students with 18 teachers (12 full-time equivalent) and 9 non-teaching staff (4 full-time equivalent).[117] The school's long-standing nickname is Mary Mac or Marymac, so much so that Marymac was chosen as the official name of the community hall on the school's site.[81][120]

Our Lady's College is a Catholic secondary (7-12) school for girls at 15 Chester Road (27°30′56″S 153°01′55″E / 27.5156°S 153.0319°E / -27.5156; 153.0319 (Our Lady's College)).[114][121] In 2013, the school had an enrolment of 347 students with 32 teachers (32.68 full-time equivalent).[122] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 327 students with 31 teachers (30 full-time equivalent) and 16 non-teaching staff (12 full-time equivalent).[117]

There is no government secondary school in Annerley. The nearest government secondary school is Yeronga State High School in neighbouring Yeronga to the south-west.[123]

Events[edit]

Annerley Junction Christmas Fair, 2013

Annerley Junction now hosts a number of yearly events which are organised by the Annerley Junction Traders' Association. The first Christmas event "Junction Fair" was first hosted on 8 December 2012. The first "Junction Jumble Sale" was held on 22 June 2012. Both events were more successful than expected and Junction Fair was rebranded as the "Annerley Junction Christmas Fair" and was held on 7 December 2013.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Annerley recorded a population of 10,664 people, 50.2% female and 49.8% male.[86] The median age of the Annerley population was 32 years, 5 years below the national median of 37.[86] 62.1% of people living in Annerley were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were India 3.6%, New Zealand 3.5%, England 3%, China 1.6%, Vietnam 1.5%.[86] 70.1% of people spoke only English at home; the next most popular languages were 2.2% Mandarin, 2% Greek, 1.8% Vietnamese, 1.2% Malayalam, 1.2% Cantonese.[86]

Amenities[edit]

The Brisbane City Council operates the Annerley public library at 448 Ipswich Road (27°30′34″S 153°02′00″E / 27.5094°S 153.0333°E / -27.5094; 153.0333 (Annerley Public Library)).[124]

St John's Presbyterian Church at 23 King Street (27°30′10″S 153°02′12″E / 27.5027°S 153.0368°E / -27.5027; 153.0368 (St John's Presbyterian Church)) conducts Sunday services.[125]

St Philip's Anglican Church is at 115 Cornwall Street (27°30′05″S 153°02′13″E / 27.5015°S 153.0369°E / -27.5015; 153.0369 (St Philip's Anglican Church)).[63] The Brisbane congregation of the Mar Thoma Church also hold their services at St Philip's.[126][127]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Digby Denham, Premier of Queensland lived at Ingleside, 391 Annerley Road
  • Ken Fletcher, Australian tennis player who won numerous doubles and mixed doubles Grand Slam titles was born in Annerley Junction[128]
  • Ainsley Gotto, political secretary and interior designer born here in 14 February 1946
  • Hugh Lunn, Journalist and writer lived at 484 Ipswich Rd in the 'Lunns for Buns' cake shop made famous in his autobiographical novel,"Over the Top with Jim"[129]

References[edit]

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