Wynnum, Queensland

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Wynnum
BrisbaneQueensland
Wynnam - panoramio.jpg
Wynnum foreshore from Wynnum jetty
Wynnum is located in Queensland
Wynnum
Wynnum
Coordinates27°26′09″S 153°10′09″E / 27.4358°S 153.1691°E / -27.4358; 153.1691 (Wynnum (centre of suburb))Coordinates: 27°26′09″S 153°10′09″E / 27.4358°S 153.1691°E / -27.4358; 153.1691 (Wynnum (centre of suburb))
Population12,915 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density1,656/km2 (4,288/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4178
Area7.8 km2 (3.0 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location19.6 km (12 mi) E of Brisbane GPO
LGA(s)City of Brisbane (Wynnum Manly Ward)[2]
State electorate(s)Lytton
Federal division(s)Bonner
Suburbs around Wynnum:
Lytton Port of Brisbane Moreton Bay
Wynnum West Wynnum Moreton Bay
Wynnum West Manly West Manly

Wynnum is a coastal suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[3] In the 2016 census, Wynnum had a population of 12,915 people.[1] The suburb is a popular destination in Brisbane due to its coastline, jetty and tidal wading pool.

Geography[edit]

Wynnum is on the shores of Moreton Bay in Brisbane, Australia, about 19.6 kilometres (12.2 mi) by road east of the Brisbane GPO.[4]

Toponymy[edit]

Wynnum likely derives from a Durubalic word meaning pandanus palm or mud crab.[5]

History[edit]

Aboriginal history of Quandamooka (Moreton Bay) stretches back over 25,000 years[6] and Aboriginal connection to the Wynnum area has remained strong throughout European colonisation. Thomas Petrie, a visitor in the 1840s, described Wynnum as a large Aboriginal camp (centred on what is now Elanora Park 27°25′59″S 153°10′19″E / 27.433°S 153.172°E / -27.433; 153.172 (Black's Camp), referred to as Black's Camp as late as the 1980s[7]) for launching expeditions to hunt turtle, dugong and flying fox on the neighbouring islands.[8] European settlement first appeared at North Wynnum (around the mouth of Wynnum Creek) at the fringe of Black's Camp.[8]

Aboriginal men from Black's Camp helped build the original Wynnum jetty in the 1850s, and in 1886, three local Aboriginal men, 'Johnny Murray, Tommy Nuggin and Sam', saved three European women from drowning in Wynnum Creek.[9] Local Aboriginal people also ran fishing, oyster-catching and turtle hunting enterprises from Wynnum into the early 1900s, with these tours advertised in Brisbane's newspapers.[5] There were some tensions with the European newcomers, including an unprovoked attack by local ruffians on the Aboriginal camp in Wynnum in 1884.[10] Well known Jagera chief 'King Sandy' Kerwalli (aka Gairballie) died at Black's Camp in 1900.[11]

The area remained sparsely settled by Europeans until the arrival of the railway in the late 1880s, but then grew fairly rapidly. On Saturday 22 November 1890, 95 subdivided allotments of Wynnum Station Estate were auctioned by R. J. Cottell. A map advertising the auction show them to be near Bridge Street and close to Wynnum Railway Station.[12][13]

On Saturday 20 August 1890 a Wesleyan Methodist church was opened in Wilde Street, the first church built at Wynnum. It was 30 by 20 feet (9.1 by 6.1 m) and built by John Iley Green of Thompson Estate.[14] Having become too small for the congregation, another church was built at 24 Ashton Street (27°26′22″S 153°10′10″E / 27.4395°S 153.1695°E / -27.4395; 153.1695 (Wesleyan Methodist / Uniting Church)), which was officially opened on Wednesday 2 April 1902 with the first service being conducted on Sunday 6 April 1902. It was also built by John Iley Green in the Carpenter Gothic style.[15][16] A Sunday School hall was added in February 1929. In early 1958 the church was closed while it was extended by a further 25 feet (7.6 m) with services being held temporarily in the hall. The church officially re-opened on Sunday 11 April 1958. In June 1977 it became part of the Uniting Church of Australia. Following the amalgamation of a number of local congregations to form the Bayside Uniting Church, the church was closed with a final service on 8 July 1990. It was sold in November 1990 into private ownership for $112,000 and was converted into a residence.[17][18][19] On 1 January 2004 the 1902 church building was listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register.[15]

In October 1892 the adherents of the Church of England in Wynnum decided to buy half an acre of land in Charlotte Street (now 77 Charlotte Street, 27°26′37″S 153°10′18″E / 27.4435°S 153.1718°E / -27.4435; 153.1718 (St Peter's Anglican Church)) for £50 to erect a church.[20] After some years of fund raising, on Saturday 8 October 1896 the foundation stone was laid in the presence of the Bishop of Brisbane William Webber and the Premier of Queensland James Robert Dickson.[21] St Peter's Anglican Church was officially opened and dedicated on Thursday 9 March 1899.[22]

Wynnum State School opened on 24 February 1896. In 1910 it was renamed Wynnum Central State School.[23] It was at 105 Florence Street (27°26′39″S 153°10′21″E / 27.4442°S 153.1724°E / -27.4442; 153.1724 (Wynnum Central State School (former))).[24][25] It closed on 31 December 2010 as it was amalgamated with Lindum State School and Wynnum North State School in Prospect Street to create a new Wynnum State School on the site for the former Wynnum North State High School (which relocated to Wynnum West, reopening as Brisbane Bayside State College).[26][27][28] Wynnum Central State School's website was archived.[29]

The former Wynnum Shire Council was created in 1902, and twelve years later Wynnum became a municipality with its own town council and the right to elect a mayor. Black's Camp was disbanded in 1908, and the area was redeveloped into Elanora Park in the 1930s.[30] The Wynnum Town Council was absorbed into the enlarged City of Brisbane in 1925.[31]

Street in Wynnum, c. 1889.

Wynnum North State School was established in 1911. The school originally opened in 1882 as Lytton State School but in 1911 the buildings were relocated from Lytton to Wynnum North on the corner of Tingal Road and Prospect Street (27°26′02″S 153°09′56″E / 27.4339°S 153.1656°E / -27.4339; 153.1656 (Wynnum North State School (former))) and the school renamed Wynnum North State School in 1911.[23][32] It closed on 31 December 2010 as it was amalgamated with Lindum State School and Wynnum Central State School to create a new Wynnum State School.[26][28] Wynnum North State School's website was archived.[33]

In 1912, a Baptist church opened in Wynnum.[34][35] Prior to the opening of the church, Baptist services were held in the Wynnum Shire Hall. Having purchased 3 allotments in Edith Street, a stump-capping ceremony was held on Sunday 13 October 1912.[36] The dedication ceremony for the completed church was held on Saturday 21 December 1912.[37] As the congregation grew, the need to enlarge the church resulted in a decision in 1930 to relocate the church building to 168 Bay Terrace on land donated by couple Edward Robert and Catherine Harriet Humphreys (members of the congregation). The building is still extant and listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register, but no longer in use as a church.[38][39][35][40]

Guardian Angels Catholic Primary School was officially opened by Archbishop James Duhig on Sunday e October 1914.[23][41] It was operated by the Sisters of Mercy. The first principal was Sister Mary Winifred who commenced lessons on Monday 5 October 1914. By the end of 1914, the school had an enrolment of 73 students.[42] In 2004, the school expanded to a second campus,[where?] formerly occupied by Mount Carmel Catholic Secondary School (which relocated to Thornlands).[42][43]

A congregation of the Church of Christ began meeting in the home of Mr and Mrs A. Hinrichsen in Bride Street, who then donated land in Mary Street (now 55 Berrima Street, 27°26′28″S 153°10′19″E / 27.4410°S 153.1719°E / -27.4410; 153.1719 (Wynnum Church of Christ (former))) for a chapel. On Saturday 12 December 1925, the congregation built most of the chapel in a day with the assistance of members of other congregations (about 60 men were involved).[44][45][46] The opening service was held on Sunday 20 December 1925.[47] In March 1930, a hall was built adjoining the chapel, doubling the floor area.[48][49] The interior of the chapel was refurbished in 1972.[50] Due to declining attendances and rising costs, the chapel held its final service on Sunday 29 September 2013.[51]

St John's Anglican Church was dedicated circa 1929. It was at 54 Randall Road (approx 27°27′18″S 153°09′30″E / 27.4551°S 153.1584°E / -27.4551; 153.1584 (St John's Anglican Church (former))).[52] It closed circa 1995.[53]

On Saturday 9 January 1932, a stump-capping ceremony was held for a new Presbyterian Church in Tingal Road. The 1918 church was demolished so it might be remodelled as the new church.[54][55]

Wynnum jetty in 1907

The Wynnum Seventh-day Adventist Church was established in late 1937 with the first minister being Pastor Septimus Wilfred Carr. Initially they met in private homes and then held at Wynnum RSL Hall and then at the Wynnum St Peters Church of England Hall. In 1947, a block of land was purchased at the corner of Sunflower and Carnation Street, Wynnum and in 1948 the Mitchelton Methodist Hall was purchased and moved to the site as the congregations' first church.[56]

On 21 August 1941, the Minister for Works and Education, Harry Bruce, laid the foundation stone for Wynnum State High School.[57] The school was to occupy part of Russell Park (now Memorial Park) which had belonged to the Brisbane City Council.[58][59] In return for giving up part of the park, the Queensland Government gave the council the land which is Primose Park today.[60] Wynnum State High School was completed in time to open in February 1942, but, due to fears of a Japanese invasion, the Queensland Government delayed the re-opening of schools that year.[61] The school finally opened on 2 March 1942,[23] but it was not until Saturday 3 July 1943 that the school was officially opened by the Minister for Education, Arthur Jones.[62]

In 1956, Anglicans in Wynnum constructed a Sunday school at Primrose Parade (Sibley Road end, approx 27°26′27″S 153°09′19″E / 27.4409°S 153.1552°E / -27.4409; 153.1552 (St Margaret's Anglican Church Hall)). In 1964 they constructed a church hall, which was dedicated on 3 May 1964 by Coadjutor Bishop John Hudson as St Margaret's Anglican Church Hall. In 1984 the new St Peter's Anglican Church opened at 77 Charlotte Street and this led to the closure of St Margaret's Church Hall on 11 August 1985, after which St Margaret's was relocated to Murrarie to become St Clare's Anglican Church and the Primrose Parade site was sold for residential development.[53][63]

Mount Carmel Catholic Secondary School College opened in 1957. It closed on 31 December 1992, when it relocated to Thornlands, re-opening as Carmel College.[23][64]

St Oswald's Anglican Church in Wynnum North was dedicated circa 1957.[53] It was in Prospect Street.[65] In 1967, this church established the first Meals on Wheels service in Wynnum.[66][67] The church closed circa 1981.[53][65]

Wynnum North State High School opened on 28 January 1964.[23] It was at 2287 Wynnum Road (27°26′27″S 153°09′41″E / 27.4407°S 153.1614°E / -27.4407; 153.1614 (Wynnum North State High School (former))).[68] It relocated at the start of 2010, reopening as Brisbane Bayside State College in Wynnum West.[69] Its original site on Wynnum Road was then redeveloped for the new Wynnum State School.[27]

The suburb has traditionally boasted a country town atmosphere, but new residential development is resulting in significant population growth and changing demographics. The area is now marked by a mix of character housing and modern housing.[citation needed]

In 1987 Pandanus Beach was constructed by bringing sand from North Stradbroke Island and building rock groynes to try to prevent the sand from being eroded by the action of the waves in the bay. On 26 September 1987 Pandanus Beach was officially opened by Tom Burns, the Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Lytton and resident of Wynnum.[70]

Bayside Uniting Church was established in 1990 in Wondall Road, Manly West, combining four Uniting Churches located at:[71][72]

  • 24 Ashton Street, Wynnum, a former Methodist Church
  • Kingsley Terrace, Manly, a former Methodist Church
  • Preston Road, Manly West, a former Methodist Church
  • Yamboyna Street, Manly, a former Congregational Church

Due to earlier or later closures, the Bayside Uniting Church also incorporated congregations from:[71][72]

  • "The Springs" Methodist Church in Manly Road, Manly West
  • Lota Methodist Church in Ambool Street, Lota
  • Lindum Methodist Church at Sibley Road, Wynnum West, opened 1963, last service on 7 September 2013, demolished 2016 to build an aged care facility[51][73]
  • Hemmant Methodist Church in Hemmant-Tingalpa Road, Hemmant

In the 2011 census, the population of Wynnum was 12,229, 51.1% female and 48.9% male. The median age of the Wynnum population was 40 years, 3 years above the Australian median. 73.7% of people living in Wynnum were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%; the next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 6.2%, England 5.3%, Philippines 0.9%, Scotland 0.8%, South Africa 0.5%. 88.9% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 0.5% Tagalog, 0.4% German, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.3% Filipino, 0.3% Spanish.[74]

In the 2016 census, Wynnum had a population of 12,915 people.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

Wynnum Hall

Wynnum has a number of heritage-listed sites on the Queensland Heritage Register and Brisbane Heritage Register, including:

Education[edit]

Wynnum State School is a government primary (Early Childhood-6) school for boys and girls at 81 Boxgrove Avenue (27°26′30″S 153°09′37″E / 27.4416°S 153.1602°E / -27.4416; 153.1602 (Wynnum State School)).[112][113] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 754 students with 57 teachers (51 full-time equivalent) and 36 non-teaching staff (22 full-time equivalent).[114] It includes a special education program.[112]

Guardian Angels' Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 188 Bay Terrace (27°26′45″S 153°10′33″E / 27.4458°S 153.1758°E / -27.4458; 153.1758 (Guardian Angels' Primary School)).[112][115] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 546 students with 40 teachers (34 full-time equivalent) and 25 non-teaching staff (15 full-time equivalent).[114]

Wynnum State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at Peel Street (27°27′18″S 153°10′36″E / 27.4549°S 153.1766°E / -27.4549; 153.1766 (Wynnum State High School)).[112][116] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 875 students with 78 teachers (75 full-time equivalent) and 30 non-teaching staff (24 full-time equivalent).[114] It includes a special education program.[112]

Moreton Bay Environmental Education Centre is a special purpose school facility at 162 Stradbroke Avenue (27°26′28″S 153°09′49″E / 27.4411°S 153.1635°E / -27.4411; 153.1635 (Moreton Bay Environmental Education Centre)).[112][117] The centre provides environmental and cultural experiences for school students both on-site and at 10 other significant locations in the bayside area.[118]

Amenities[edit]

The Brisbane City Council operates a public library located at 145 Florence Street.[119] The library opened in 1946 with a major refurbishment in 2016 and offers publicly accessible Wi-Fi.[120]

The Bay Belles branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the Wynnum RSL at 174 Tingal Road (27°26′38″S 153°10′10″E / 27.4438°S 153.1694°E / -27.4438; 153.1694 (Wynnum RSL Club)).[121]

The Bayside Parklands provide public access to 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) of shoreline including mangroves, mudflats and wetlands. Many migratory shorebirds can be seen from the parklands as Moreton Bay is a Ramsar site. Next to the Wynnum Wading Pool which has a playground and water park and the Wynnum Jetty, there is a man-made beach called Pandanus Beach.[122]

Sports and recreational activities[edit]

Wynnum Soccer Football Club 1929

Wynnum has a number of long-established sporting clubs, such as Wynnum Seagulls Rugby League Club, Wynnum Golf Club, Wynnum District SC (Wolves FC Soccer Club - since 1921), Wynnum Manly District Cricket Club, Wynnum Bugs Rugby Union Club, Bayside United Soccer Club and Wynnum Vikings Australian Rules Football Club.

The Queensland Women’s Cricket Association was founded in the 1920s, but only began formally in 1929 with the Wynnum Women’s Cricket team. In this team Edna Newfong and Mabel Crouch were chosen as players, the first Aboriginal women to represent Australia in any sport. It was a major achievement in the 1930s as Aboriginal women had to face both racist and sexist disadvantages, all the while being under the control of the Aboriginals Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act 1897, which legally restricted civil rights to Aboriginal people.[123]

Wynnum Esplanade hosts Wynnum parkrun every Saturday - a free weekly 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) walk/run which attracts many participants. Recreational clubs include the Wynnum Manly Leagues Club and the RSL. The Wynnum foreshore is a popular swimming and picnic spot for Brisbane families especially at weekends.

Transport[edit]

Wynnum railway station

Wynnum is served by three stations on the Cleveland railway line. Wynnum North railway station, Wynnum railway station and Wynnum Central railway station provide access to regular Queensland Rail City network services to Brisbane and Cleveland.

Notable residents[edit]

The following were either born or have lived at some time in Wynnum:

Population growth[edit]

Census date Population
Wynnum
1891 0683
1911 2320
1921 8357
1933 12,905
1954 18,479
Wynnum and Lota
1961 22,007
1971 24,064[124]
The suburb of Wynnum from Moreton Bay

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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]