Cannon Hill, Queensland

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Cannon Hill
BrisbaneQueensland
Cannon Hill Railway Station, Queensland, Aug 2012.JPG
Cannon Hill is located in Queensland
Cannon Hill
Cannon Hill
Coordinates27°28′24″S 153°05′48″E / 27.4734°S 153.0968°E / -27.4734; 153.0968 (Cannon Hill (centre of suburb))Coordinates: 27°28′24″S 153°05′48″E / 27.4734°S 153.0968°E / -27.4734; 153.0968 (Cannon Hill (centre of suburb))
Population5,533 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density1,456/km2 (3,770/sq mi)
Established1867
Postcode(s)4170 [2]
Area3.8 km2 (1.5 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location10.4 km (6 mi) E of Brisbane GPO
LGA(s)City of Brisbane
(Doboy Ward;[3] Morningside Ward)[4]
State electorate(s)Bulimba
Federal division(s)Griffith
Suburbs around Cannon Hill:
Morningside Murarrie Murarrie
Morningside Cannon Hill Tingalpa
Seven Hills Carina Carina

Cannon Hill is a suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[5] In the 2016 census, Cannon Hill had a population of 5,533 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

The suburb is located 10.4 kilometres (6.5 mi) by road east of the Brisbane GPO.[6]

History[edit]

Cannon Hill was originally inhabited by Aboriginal people but, after being accused of "intimidating" the settlers, they were "dispersed" by the Native Police and Brisbane Mounted Police in November 1861, around the time when British settlement began in the area.[7][8] Some land was used by settlers for farming and grazing, but the area remained mostly bushland.[9]

The suburb is most likely named after Cannon Hill House, a residence formerly located on Wynnum Road.[10][11][7] It was occupied by the Weedon family from its construction in 1867 until burning down in 1927.[7] Thornhill Weedon named the house after two fallen trees which were said to have resembled a cannon.[11]

The Cleveland railway line was opened in 1889 going through Cannon Hill to Cleveland. At the same time blocks of land near the station were offered for sale.

Cannon Hill State School opened on 16 August 1915.[12]

In February 1917, the Cannon Hill Progress Association proposed that a School of Arts be established in the district and a campaign of fund raising commenced.[13] In June 1917 a land parcel of 32 perches (810 m2) was reserved for the School of Arts.[14] In August 1922 it was announced that construction of the building was underway,[15][16] although the stumps (the foundations of a Queenslander building) were not in place until February 1923.[17] The building was to be 70 by 40 feet (21 by 12 m) and to be used as a dancing and concert hall, gymnasium and reading and recreation room purposes. Although intended to be two storeys, by June 1923 it was decided to just construct one storey initially to avoid going into debt.[18] A stump-capping ceremony was held on 9 June 1923.[19] The School of Arts was completed in 1923, consisting of a large hall and a library.[20]

On Sunday 14 June 1925, Archbishop James Duhig blessed and laid the foundation stone of the new Catholic presbytery. He also blessed and opened St Finbar's Convent to be occupied by the Sisters of Charity.[21] He returned in August 1925 to officially open the presbytery.[22]

Cannon Hill Presbyterian Church opened in 1930 with the financial assistance of William Robert Black. It was a timber building designed by Brisbane architect George Trotter. The stump-capping ceremony was held on 22 March 1930 and the church was officially opened on 17 May 1930. The church property was sold in 2002 for $220,000 and has been converted into a private home.[23][24]

In 1931, Brisbane's sale yards for livestock were relocated from Newmarket to Cannon Hill adjacent to the abattoir. The sale yards at Cannon Hill were described as "a paradise as compared to the old yards at Newmarket" and "possibly the best in the Southern Hemisphere". Specifically the yards had been specially constructed to prevent the bruising of cattle and the meat could be produced more hygienically for both local consumption and export.[25]

Blessed Oliver Plunkett School opened in January 1947 with an initial enrolment of 90 students. It was operated by the Presentation Sisters, a Roman Catholic order of nuns.[12] When Oliver Plunkett was canonised on 12 October 1975 by Pope Paul VI, the school was renamed Saint Oliver Plunkett School. In December 1986 the involvement of the Presentation Sisters in the school ceased and a lay principal was appointed.[26]

St Boniface's Anglican Church Room was opened circa 1952. It closed circa 1964.[27]

Cannon Hill K-Mart Plaza opened in 1973.[28]

In 1994, a Cannon Hill paddock became one of the first places where Hendra virus was transmitted between bats and horses. The infected mare was taken to a training complex, starting an outbreak that eventually killed horse trainer Vic Rail. The paddock has since been turned into housing and parkland in Murarrie.[29]

In the 2016 census, Cannon Hill had a population of 5,533 people.[1] The median age of the population was 34; 4 years younger than the Australian average. 68.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 3.9% and England 3.3%. 78.9% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin at 2.2%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 32.6%, Catholic 27.2% and Anglican 11.6%.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

Cannon Hill has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Education[edit]

Cannon Hill State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 845 Wynnum Road (27°28′05″S 153°05′02″E / 27.4681°S 153.0838°E / -27.4681; 153.0838 (Cannon Hill State School)).[35][36] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 264 students with 23 teachers (19 full-time equivalent) and 18 non-teaching staff (9 full-time equivalent).[37]

St Oliver Plunkett School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 17 Beauvardia Street (27°28′11″S 153°05′03″E / 27.4697°S 153.0843°E / -27.4697; 153.0843 (St Oliver Plunkett School)).[35][38] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 505 students with 34 teachers (31 full-time equivalent) and 20 non-teaching staff (12 full-time equivalent).[37]

Cannon Hill Anglican College is a private primary and secondary (Prep-12) school for boys and girls at the corner of Junction and Krupp Roads (27°27′37″S 153°05′02″E / 27.4603°S 153.0840°E / -27.4603; 153.0840 (Cannon Hill Anglican College)).[35][39] In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 1,181 students with 99 teachers (90 full-time equivalent) and 57 non-teaching staff (43 full-time equivalent).[37]

There is no government secondary school in Cannon Hill. The nearest government seconary schools are Balmoral State High School in Balmoral to the north-west and Whites Hill State College in neighbouring Carina to the south.[40]

Facilities[edit]

Cannon Hill Police Beat Shopfront is at Shop 15, Cannon Hill K-Mart Plaza, 1909 Creek Road (27°28′15″S 153°05′53″E / 27.4709°S 153.0980°E / -27.4709; 153.0980 (Cannon Hill Police Beat Shopfront)).[41][42]

Cannon Hill Fire Station is at 24 Corporate Drive (27°28′03″S 153°05′26″E / 27.4674°S 153.0906°E / -27.4674; 153.0906 (Cannon Hill Fire Station)).[41][43]

Amenities[edit]

Cannon Hill K-Mart Plaza is a shopping centre on the south-east corner of Creek Road and Wynnum Road (27°28′19″S 153°05′51″E / 27.4719°S 153.0975°E / -27.4719; 153.0975 (Cannon Hill K-Mart Plaza shopping centre)). It is anchored by a K-Mart and a Coles supermarket.[44][28]

Cannon Central Shopping Centre is at 1145 Wynnum Road (27°28′17″S 153°05′59″E / 27.4715°S 153.0998°E / -27.4715; 153.0998 (Cannon Central Shopping Centre)). It is anchored by a Woolworths supermarket.[44][45]

Urban Village Shopping Centre is at 965 Wynnum Road (27°28′08″S 153°05′24″E / 27.4689°S 153.0901°E / -27.4689; 153.0901 (Urban Village shopping centre)). Most of the shops in the centre are for casual dining.[46]

Cannon Hill School of Arts is at 958 Wynnum Road (27°28′05″S 153°05′23″E / 27.4681°S 153.0897°E / -27.4681; 153.0897 (Cannon Hill School of Arts)). It is managed by private trustees and provides a venue for community groups to meet.[47]

Transport[edit]

Cannon Hill is well serviced by public transport and is located in zones 2 and 3 of the TransLink integrated public transport system. Cannon Hill is also serviced by two major roads which allow for easy transportation around the city.

Cannon Hill railway station provides access to regular Queensland Rail City network services to the Brisbane CBD and Cleveland.

The Cannon Hill bus station is a major interchange for the area. Bus routes include to the Brisbane CBD, Chermside, DFO and Carindale.

State Route 20 (Creek Road) - Connects Cannon Hill to Mount Gravatt and Murarrie
State Route 23 (Wynnum Road, Lytton Road, Shafston Road) - Connects Cannon Hill to Kangaroo Point and Tingalpa

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Cannon Hill (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Find a postcode". Australia Post. Archived from the original on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2013.
  3. ^ "Doboy Ward". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 3 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Morningside Ward". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Cannon Hill – suburb in City of Brisbane (entry 43252)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  6. ^ Google (25 September 2021). "Brisbane GPO to Cannon Hill" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  7. ^ a b c "Cannon Hill". RE/MAX. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  8. ^ Williams, Brian. "Secrets of Brisbane's suburbs: C". News Ltd. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. "Cannon Hill". Archived from the original on 30 October 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  10. ^ "Cannon Hill". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  11. ^ a b "Cannon Hill (entry 43252)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  12. ^ a b Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  13. ^ "METROPOLITAN DISTRICTS". The Brisbane Courier. No. 18, 428. Queensland, Australia. 7 February 1917. p. 9. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^ "Selectors and Reserves". Cairns Post. Vol. XXX, no. 2853. Queensland, Australia. 28 June 1917. p. 4. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "School of Arts for Cannon Hill". The Brisbane Courier. No. 20, 147. Queensland, Australia. 17 August 1922. p. 15. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  16. ^ "SCHOOL OF ARTS". Daily Mail. No. 6367. Queensland, Australia. 6 September 1922. p. 6. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "CANNON HILL". Daily Mail. No. 6540. Queensland, Australia. 27 February 1923. p. 3. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  18. ^ "NEW SCHOOL OF ARTS". The Telegraph. No. 15766. Queensland, Australia. 11 June 1923. p. 3 (SECOND EDITION). Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  19. ^ "COMING EVENTS". The Telegraph. No. 15765. Queensland, Australia. 9 June 1923. p. 8. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  20. ^ a b "Cannon Hill School of Arts". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Items of General Interest". Advocate. Vol. LVI, no. 3751. Victoria, Australia. 25 June 1925. p. 10. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  22. ^ "BRISBANE DAY by DAY". The Catholic Press. No. 1545. New South Wales, Australia. 20 August 1925. p. 28. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  23. ^ a b "Cannon Hill Presbyterian Church (former)". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  24. ^ "4 Molloy Road, Cannon Hill Qld 4170". Realestate.com.au. Archived from the original on 25 September 2021. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  25. ^ "BEST IN THIS HEMISPHERE". Daily Standard. No. 5883. Queensland, Australia. 23 November 1931. p. 7. Archived from the original on 3 May 2022. Retrieved 4 August 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  26. ^ "Our History". St Oliver Plunkett School. Archived from the original on 4 August 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  27. ^ Anglican Church of Southern Queensland. "Closed Churches". Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  28. ^ a b "Cannon Hill Kmart Plaza". Cannon Hill Kmart Plaza. Archived from the original on 25 September 2021. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  29. ^ Quammen, David (2012). Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic.
  30. ^ "Cannon Hill Railway Station". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  31. ^ "St Oliver Plunkett Catholic Church". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  32. ^ "Housing Commission Duplex". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  33. ^ "Cannon Hill State School (entry 602854)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  34. ^ "Cannon Hill State School". Brisbane Heritage Register. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  35. ^ a b c "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  36. ^ "Cannon Hill State School". Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  37. ^ a b c "ACARA School Profile 2017". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  38. ^ "St Oliver Plunkett School". Archived from the original on 9 December 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  39. ^ "Cannon Hill Anglican College". Archived from the original on 26 January 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  40. ^ "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  41. ^ a b "Emergency services facilities - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 18 November 2020. Archived from the original on 24 November 2020. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  42. ^ "Cannon Hill Police Beat Shopfront". Queensland Police. Archived from the original on 9 April 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  43. ^ "Find Us". Queensland Fire and Emergency Service. Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  44. ^ a b "Building areas - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 17 November 2020. Archived from the original on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  45. ^ "Home". Cannon Central Shopping Centre. Archived from the original on 25 September 2021. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  46. ^ Google (25 September 2021). "Urban Village" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  47. ^ "The Trustee for CANNON HILL SCHOOL OF ARTS INC". Dun & Bradstreet. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2021.

External links[edit]