Woolloongabba

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Woolloongabba
BrisbaneQueensland
Woolloongabba Post Office (former), 1905.JPG
Former post office on Stanley Street in Woolloongabba.
Woolloongabba is located in Queensland
Woolloongabba
Woolloongabba
Coordinates27°29′28″S 153°02′18″E / 27.49111°S 153.03833°E / -27.49111; 153.03833Coordinates: 27°29′28″S 153°02′18″E / 27.49111°S 153.03833°E / -27.49111; 153.03833
Population5,631 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density2,350/km2 (6,080/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4102[2]
Area2.4 km2 (0.9 sq mi)
Location2 km (1 mi) SE of CBD[3]
LGA(s)City of Brisbane
(The Gabba Ward)[4]
State electorate(s)South Brisbane
Federal Division(s)Griffith
Suburbs around Woolloongabba:
South Brisbane Kangaroo Point East Brisbane
Dutton Park Woolloongabba Coorparoo
Stones Corner
Fairfield Annerley Greenslopes

Woolloongabba is a suburb of the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[5] It is located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south-east of the CBD,[3] and contains the Brisbane Cricket Ground ('the Gabba') and the Princess Alexandra Hospital. It is crossed by several major roads including the Pacific Motorway. The suburb was once home to a large tram depot.

Toponymy[edit]

Experts are divided regarding the Aboriginal meaning of the name, preferring either 'whirling waters' (woolloon and capemm) or 'fight talk place' (woolloon and gabba).[6]

Because the area was low-lying and swampy, it was known as the One Mile Swamp. Although this name appears to be unofficial, it was in common use until the early 1890s.[7]

History[edit]

Gabba Fiveways, 1929

The suburb has a significant link to the history of transport in Brisbane. Between 1884 and 1969, the main railway locomotive depot for lines south of the Brisbane River was beside Stanley St. It was reached via a line that ran beside Stanley St, then crossing it, Logan Road and Ipswich Road to the main line at Dutton Park. By the 1960s, services from the depot were causing significant delays to traffic as they crossed these three major roads.

The suburb was served by horse-drawn trams from 1885 to 1897, which were replaced by electric trams, which in turn ceased operation on 13 April 1969. All but one of Brisbane's trolleybus routes traversed the suburb, from 1953 to 1969. The Woolloongabba Fiveways (the intersection of Stanley Street, Main Street, Logan Road and Ipswich Road) was a complex junction with tram and railway lines, and tram and trolleybus overhead. Trams were controlled by a signalman, who operated the points (or switches) from a signal cabin near the eastern side of the junction. Trains were escorted across the junction by a flagman. Curiously, Queensland Railways always referred to the branch line as the Wooloongabba Branch, spelled with only one 'l'.[8]

Tram No 499 ready to leave the Ipswich Road Depot, 1969

From 1927 until 1969, the largest of the Brisbane City Council's tram depots was on Ipswich Road between Cornwall Street and Tottenham Street (27°30′02″S 153°02′09″E / 27.5005°S 153.0358°E / -27.5005; 153.0358 (Woolloongabba Tram Depot)), opposite the Princess Alexandra Hospital, now the site of the Buranda Village shopping centre.[9] This tram depot was also used by the council's buses.

Brisbane Christian Spiritual Alliance Church (former), 2020

On 9 April 1938 the foundation stone of the Brisbane Spiritual Alliance Church was laid at 208 Logan Road (27°29′41″S 153°02′30″E / 27.4948°S 153.0416°E / -27.4948; 153.0416 (Brisbane Christian Spiritualist Alliance Church)). It was dedicated to the memory of George Coxon and his wife Mary who bequeathed two blocks of land and £2000 to the Church which they had established in 1924 following a split with another spiritualist church, after which they met in a building made of galvanised iron in Buranda. The architect was E. P. Trewern.[10][11][12] The church was opened on Sunday 10 July 1938. A window in the western wall memorialised George Coxon.[13] The church was still operating in 1990,[14] but, as at 2020, is used as commercial premises.[15]

In early 1942, the first Coca-Cola bottling plant in Australia was built in Woolloongabba at 36-39 Balaclava Street.[16] It was originally designed to supply the demands of the newly arrived US military personnel, but later expanded production to the local Australian market.

In early 2013 the congregation known over time as the Vulture Street Baptist Church, South Brisbane Baptist Church and South Bank Baptist Church relocated from their church at 128 Vulture Street (corner of Christie Street), South Brisbane, to a new site at 859 Stanley Street, Woolloongabba (27°29′14″S 153°02′21″E / 27.4872°S 153.0393°E / -27.4872; 153.0393 (Church@TheGabba)), renaming itself as Church@TheGabba.[17][18][19]

Land Sales[edit]

In September 1885 the balance of the third and last section of the "Thompson Estate" was advertised for auction by L. J. Markwell.[20][21] It consisted of approximately 300 allotments, subdivisions of Portion 85, which was bordered by Ipswich Road, Victoria Terrace and Juliette Street. A map advertising the auction provided a local sketch of the area. It also places the estate in Woolloongabba, now considered part of Annerley.

Heritage listings[edit]

Diamantina Hospital for Chronic Diseases, 1920

Woolloongabba has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Attractions[edit]

Main entrance to the Princess Alexandra Hospital, 2010
The Pacific Motorway in Woolloongabba, 2006

The suburb is home to the Brisbane Cricket Ground known as "the Gabba", and the Princess Alexandra Hospital. Woolloongabba has many apartment buildings due to river views, and the suburb's proximity to the Brisbane central business district and South Bank Parklands. The Norman Hotel is a local landmark that has served customers since 1890.[36] The head office of the Queensland Justices Association is located in Woolloongabba.[37]

Places of worship[edit]

Woolloongabba is home to a number of places of worship, particularly Eastern European churches, including:

  • Serbian Orthodox Church of Saint Nicholas (Ross Street)[38]
  • Holy Trinity Anglican Church (Hawthorne Street)[39]
  • Finnish Lutheran Church in Brisbane (Hawthorne Street)[40]
  • Holy Annunciation Orthodox Church (Park Road)[41]
  • Protection of the Mother of God Ukrainian Catholic Church (Broadway Street)[42]
  • New Apostolic Church (Qualtrough Street)[43]
  • Darul Uloom Islamic Academy of Brisbane (Agnes Street)[44]
  • South Brisbane Seventh-day Adventist Church (O'Keefe Street)[45]

Sport and recreation[edit]

See Brisbane Cricket Ground.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2016 census, the population of Woolloongabba was 5,631. 51.3% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 3.8%, New Zealand 3.5%, England 2.7%, South Korea 2.7% and India 2.5%. 59.2% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 5.9%, Vietnamese 2.7%, Korean 2.4% and Spanish 2.3%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 42.2% and Catholic 15.2%.[1]

Transport[edit]

The Pacific Motorway cuts through the suburb with an exit south into Vulture Street and a Stanley Street exit for vehicles heading north. Additionally, there is an entrance to the Clem Jones Tunnel in the suburb on Ipswich road.

Public transport[edit]

Trains service the suburb with stops at Park Road railway station and Buranda railway station. The South-East Busway also runs through Woolloongabba, with stops at Woolloongabba Busway Station and Buranda Busway station. The high-frequency Maroon CityGlider bus service also stops here.

Taxis[edit]

There is a major taxi depot in Woolloongabba.[46]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Woolloongabba, Qld (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Find a postcode". Australia Post. Archived from the original on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  3. ^ a b Centre for the Government of Queensland. "Carina". Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  4. ^ "The Gabba Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Woolloongabba (entry 44358)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  6. ^ Our Brisbane History Archived 30 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "A SOUTH BRISBANE REMINISCENCE". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 16 February 1907. p. 3. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
  8. ^ "The Wooloongabba Branch" Milne, Rod Australian Railway History, August 2004 pp283-301
  9. ^ Bartlett's directory atlas & street guide of greater Brisbane area, Q.R. Bartlett, 1948, Map 33 Grid 14e, retrieved 9 August 2020
  10. ^ a b "Brisbane Christian Spiritual Alliance Church". Brisbane Heritage Register. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  11. ^ "NEW CHURCH FOR SPIRITUALISTS". The Courier-mail (553). Queensland, Australia. 7 June 1935. p. 14. Retrieved 3 October 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "SPIRITUAL ALLIANCE CHURCH". The Telegraph. Queensland, Australia. 9 April 1938. p. 8 (SPORTS FINAL). Retrieved 3 October 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "New Building For Spiritual Alliance Church". The Courier-mail (1515). Queensland, Australia. 11 July 1938. p. 11 (Second Section.). Retrieved 3 October 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^ Universal Business Directories (Aust.) Pty. Ltd (1990). UBD street directory. Brisbane. Universal Business Directories (Australia). p. 18.
  15. ^ Brisbane Christian Spiritual Alliance Church, 2020. At 208 Logan Road, Woolloongabba, Wikimedia Commons, 3 October 2020, retrieved 3 October 2020
  16. ^ "Coca-Cola Factory – BALACLAVA STREET – WOOLLOONGABBA, BRISBANE, QUEENSLAND – DURING WW2" Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine Oz at War
  17. ^ "Baptist Church Vulture Street, South Brisbane". ohta.org.au. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  18. ^ "HISTORY". www.gabbachurch.org. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  19. ^ "South Bank Baptist Church - Former | Churches Australia". Churches Australia. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  20. ^ "Balance of the third and last section of the Thompson Estate ... Woolloongabba, Ipswich Road". State Library of Queensland. 1885. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  21. ^ "Advertising". The Telegraph (4, 068). Queensland, Australia. 25 September 1885. p. 7. Retrieved 20 January 2021 – via National Library of Australia.
  22. ^ "Princess Theatre (entry 600353)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  23. ^ "Former Dispenser's House, Diamantina Hospital (entry 602560)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  24. ^ "650045". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  25. ^ "Holy Trinity Anglican Church (entry 601875)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  26. ^ "Norman Hotel (entry 602539)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  27. ^ "Taylor-Heaslop Building (former) (entry 602190)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  28. ^ "Broadway Hotel (entry 600354)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  29. ^ "Woolloongabba Police Station (former) (entry 601382)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  30. ^ "Shop Row (entry 600355)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  31. ^ "Hillyards Shop House (entry 601059)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  32. ^ "Pollock's Shop House (entry 600356)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  33. ^ "Phoenix Building (entry 600300)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  34. ^ "Woolloongaba Post Office (former) (entry 600357)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  35. ^ "Woolloongabba Air Raid Shelter (entry 602477)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  36. ^ Tony Moore (5 June 2010). "Hotel with a past". Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
  37. ^ "Queensland Justices Association". Archived from the original on 22 February 2017.
  38. ^ "Serbian Orthodox Church St Nicholas, Ross St Woolloongabba". www.socgabba.org. Archived from the original on 13 May 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  39. ^ "Home". Holy Trinity Anglican Church Woolloongabba. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  40. ^ "HOME - Lutheran Church of Australia". Lutheran Church of Australia. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  41. ^ "Holy Annunciation Orthodox Church: Brisbane's English-language Orthodox parish". Holy Annunciation Orthodox Church: Brisbane's English-language Orthodox parish. Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  42. ^ "Brisbane - Ukrainian Catholic Church". Ukrainian Catholic Church. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  43. ^ "Locations - New Apostolic Church - Australia District". www.newapostolic.org.au. Archived from the original on 16 February 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  44. ^ "Darululoom Brisbane Madrasah | Darul Uloom Islamic Academy of Brisbane". darululoom.com.au. Archived from the original on 28 May 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  45. ^ Church, South Brisbane Seventh-day Adventist. "South Brisbane Seventh-day Adventist Church - Home". southbrisbane.adventist.org.au. Archived from the original on 3 June 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  46. ^ "Contact Us - Yellow Cabs Brisbane". www.yellowcab.com.au. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. Retrieved 2 May 2017.

Sources[edit]

  • Clark, H. and Keenan D6, "Brisbane Tramways – The Last Decade", Transit Press, 1977 (Reprinted 1985). ISBN 0-909338-01-9.
  • Cole J., "Shaping a City: Greater Brisbane 1925-1985", Brisbane, 1984.
  • Deskins R., Hyde P. and Struble C., "Slow at Frog – A Short History of the Brisbane Trolleybus System", Brisbane Tramway Museum Society, 2006. ISBN 0-9597322-2-5.
  • Kerr J. and Armstrong J., "Destination South Brisbane" (2nd ed.), Australian Railway Historical Society, 1984. ISBN 0-909937-09-5.

External links[edit]