West End, Queensland

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West End
BrisbaneQueensland
View down Boundary St.jpg
View down Boundary Street
West End is located in Queensland
West End
West End
Coordinates27°28′59″S 153°00′24″E / 27.4830°S 153.0066°E / -27.4830; 153.0066 (West End (centre of suburb))Coordinates: 27°28′59″S 153°00′24″E / 27.4830°S 153.0066°E / -27.4830; 153.0066 (West End (centre of suburb))
Population9,474 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density4,120/km2 (10,670/sq mi)
Established1860s
Postcode(s)4101
Area2.3 km2 (0.9 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location2.9 km (2 mi) SW of Brisbane GPO
LGA(s)City of Brisbane (The Gabba Ward)[2]
State electorate(s)South Brisbane
Federal Division(s)Griffith
Suburbs around West End:
Auchenflower Milton South Brisbane
Toowong West End Highgate Hill
St Lucia St Lucia Highgate Hill

West End is an inner southern suburb in the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[3] In the 2016 census, West End had a population of 9,474 people.[1]

The Aboriginal name for the area is Kurilpa, which means place of the water rat.[4]

Geography[edit]

Geographically, West End is bounded by the median of the Brisbane River to the west and the south.[5]

Hill End is a neighbourhood (27°29′00″S 153°00′00″E / 27.4833°S 153.0000°E / -27.4833; 153.0000 (Hill End)) within West End in the south-west of the suburb near the Brisbane River.[6]

West End is adjacent to the suburbs of South Brisbane and Highgate Hill. These three suburbs make up a peninsula of the Brisbane River.

History[edit]

Before the arrival of Europeans in West End, there was an Aboriginal camp in the area around upper part of Musgrave Park where Brisbane State High School now stands. Boundary Street in West End and in Spring Hill were named due to the policy of preventing the Jagera and Turrbal peoples from being within the boundaries of the British settlement at night.[7]

The entire riverbank in the West End area was covered with impenetrable rain forest. This was described as a "tangled mass of trees, vines, flowering creepers, staghorns, elkhorns, towering scrub palms, giant ferns, and hundreds of other varieties of the fern family, beautiful and rare orchids, and the wild passion flower". Along the river bank itself were sandy beaches, water lilies in thousands and dangling convolvulus.[8]

Bush rats or fawn-footed melomys existed in large numbers in the rain forest and were hunted by driving them into nets. They were roasted and eaten by women only. They featured in various dreaming tales and tribal lore. The Aboriginal place name of Kurilpa derives from the name Kureel-pa meaning place of water rats.[4] The name is still used for various local local places, buildings and institutions in West End and South Brisbane area, e.g. West End was located in the former Electoral District of Kurilpa.

West End was named by early British settlers after the West End of London.[3]

European settlers took advantage of the fertile soil to establish farms and orchards. There were strawberry farms where for an entry fee, visitors could eat all they wanted. A creek ran down from the Dornoch Terrace area into a reservoir at the corner of Melbourne and Manning streets from where water was sold. After heavy rain, this creek caused local flooding in West End. There was a spring near the site of the Boundary Hotel which was used by residents from the south side of Brisbane to collect water with long queues forming in dry periods.[9]

West End Brewery 1890
Flood waters surround the West End Brewery in 1890

There was industrial development along Montague Road, including the South Brisbane Gas Works, sawmills and a steam joinery.[10]

On 16 August 1875 three schools opened: West End Boys State School, West End Girls State School and West End Infants State School, with a total of 236 pupils.[11] On 30 June 1936 the boys' and girls' schools were merged creating West End State School. The infants' school was merged into West End State School on 16 December 1994.[12]

The farms and orchards were steadily subdivided into suburban allotments which were popular due to the proximity of West End to the city, the river breezes and improving public transport.[9]

West End to New Farm tram, ca 1900

West End was one of the first suburbs of Brisbane to be serviced by a tram line, being opened in 1885. Initially the tram was horse-drawn and terminated in Boundary Street, but in 1897 the line was electrified and extended to the corner of Hardgrave Road and Hoogley Street, via Vulture Street.[13] It was subsequently extended down Hoogley Street to the ferry terminus at the end of Hoogley Street in 1925.[14] The tram line closed on 13 April 1969.

St Peter's Anglican Church was dedicated on 11 September 1888 by Archdeacon Nathaniel Dawes.[15] The church was at 14 Mitchell Street (27°29′10″S 153°00′20″E / 27.4860°S 153.0056°E / -27.4860; 153.0056 (St Peter's Anglican Church)). Its closure on 24 April 1995 was approved by Archbishop Peter Hollingworth.[16] The site is now an apartment complex.

The West End Library opened in 1925.[17]

The foundation stone for St Francis of Assisi Catholic Church was laid on 10 June 1923 by the Apostolic Delegate, Monsignor Bartolomeo Cattaneo. On 26 November 1923 it was opened and blessed by Archbishop James Duhig. It was quickly realised that the site would not be large enough to build a school, so in 1926 an 8-acre (3.2 ha) site immediately across the road from the church was purchased and the church building relocated to the new site (now 47-59 Dornoch Terrace 27°29′14″S 153°00′32″E / 27.4872°S 153.0089°E / -27.4872; 153.0089 (St Francis of Assisi Catholic Church)).[18] On 22 January 1928 St Francis' Catholic Primary School opened adjacent to the church by Archbishop Duhig; the school was operated by the Sisters of Mercy with 113 students on the opening day.[19] In 1928 a convent and a presbytery were also built on the larger site. The school closed in 1974 due to the changing demographics of the area.[20][21]

The Dornoch Terrace Bridge was completed in 1941, replacing an older bridge across Boundary Street built in 1888. The 1941 bridge was a precursor to a new bridge across the Brisbane River to the University of Queensland, which was never built. The 2017 University of Queensland Master Plan is still calling for a bridge from West End.[22][23]

The former Tristram's Drink Factory at 79 Boundary Street was built in 1928 and is one of Australia's best examples of the Mission Revival Style architecture. It was converted into a market in the 1990s and remains a heritage landmark of West End.[24]

In 1988 the Brisbane School of Distance Education was established at 405 Montague Road. It was the amalgamation of the Primary Correspondence School (opened on 24 January 1922), the Secondary Correspondence School (opened in 1958) and the Preschool Correspondence (opened in 1974).[12][25] It relocated to Coorparoo in 2011.[26]

Scenes for the feature film Jucy (2010) were shot at the now-defunct video store Trash Video in the suburb.[27]

The suburb was affected by the 2010–2011 Queensland floods as the Brisbane River broke its banks.[28] From 11 January low-lying areas of the suburb and other places in Brisbane were evacuated.

In the 2016 census, West End had a population of 9,474 people.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

Kurilpa Library in Boundary Street, 2005
The Dornoch Terrace Bridge over Boundary Street, 2015

West End has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Demography[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
20015,680—    
20066,206+9.3%
20118,061+29.9%
20169,474+17.5%

In the 2011 census, West End had a population of 8,061 people; 50% male (4,029 males) and 50% female (4,032 females). Just over half (52.4%) of households were family households, 34.6% were single person households and 13.1% were group households.[39]

The median age of the West End population was 35 years, 2 years below the Australian median. Children aged under 15 years made up 11.5% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 8.8% of the population.[39]

The suburb has traditionally been home to Brisbane's largest Greek community, with an estimated 75% of Brisbane's Greek population living in West End by 1980.[40] The most common ancestries in West End are English 20.6%, Australian 16.8%, Irish 10.1%, Scottish 8.0% and Greek 5.2%.[41] Indigenous Australians make up 1.5% of the population of West End.[42] For this reason, West End has often been cited[40][43][44] as one of Brisbane's most successful multicultural areas.

56.6% of people living in West End were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%. The other top responses for country of birth were England 4.5%, New Zealand 3.4%, Vietnam 2.7%, Greece 2.7% and India 1.4%. 66.4% of people spoke only English at home; the next most popular languages were Greek 5.9%, Vietnamese 3.3%, Mandarin 2.0%, Cantonese 1.4% and Spanish 1.1%.[39]

The most common religious affiliation was "No Religion" (35.3%); the next most common responses were Catholic 16.5%, Anglican 8.1%, Eastern Orthodox 7.4% and Buddhism 5.2%.[39]

In recent times, students and academics have moved into West End, taking advantage of the area's proximity to the University of Queensland, Griffith University Southbank (including Queensland Conservatorium) and Nathan campuses and the QUT. West End's inner city location has also attracted many young professionals to the area.[citation needed]

Along with the influx of students and young professionals, there has been a growing number of cafes, restaurants, and bars - many with an ethnic, vegetarian or organic emphasis. With these changes, West End is widely seen as Brisbane's home for a younger "chic" or "hipster" crowd.[45][46]

Planning and development[edit]

Just over 50% of the dwellings are standalone houses and 37% are higher density residential properties, including multi-storey blocks of apartments and units. Some houses are covered by historic preservation laws seeking to preserve the historical character e.g. tin roofing. Contrasting sharply with the historic homes are new buildings of contemporary designs. Prices for all types of properties have been increasing dramatically in recent decades. According to REIQ, the median unit/town-house price in West End for 2005 is $310,000, and the median house price is $490,500.[47]

A flood flag map for West End can be found at the Brisbane City Council website.[48]

In May 2012, it was announced that the South Brisbane Riverside Neighbourhood Plan would be resubmitted to allow the construction of 12 storey buildings, considerably higher than the previous seven-storey limit.[49] According to the Brisbane City Council's Neighbourhood Planning chairwoman, Amanda Cooper, there are six sites located between Montague Road and the Brisbane River, south of Davies Park, which are at least one-hectare in area, a requirement for construction of the increased building heights.

The nature of some developments has led to community disquiet. The redevelopment of the Absoe site is a high-profile example.[50]

Economy[edit]

West End street art and cafe
Ethnic shops lining Boundary Street

The area's major attraction is its café and restaurant scene, as well as its shopping, which is centred along Boundary Street. It is also known for its high concentration of ethnic and organic grocery stores. Davies Park on the riverside hosts one of the largest farmer's markets in Greater Brisbane every Saturday called the Green Flea Markets. Weekend 'brunch' culture is prevalent in West End, with numerous cafes and restaurants serving the area.[51]

West End has an industrial backbone, in particular, along Montague Road down to Riverside Drive. Given the value of riverside property now that flooding is better managed, factories are now being sold to make way for upscale waterfront apartments. This is part of a plan to increase population densities in near-city suburbs. It will significantly affect the ability of working-class people to remain in the area[citation needed] and change the economic make-up of the area. As such, West End is currently undergoing urban renewal, with a large change in real estate prices, and new development changing[citation needed] the area demographic.

Education[edit]

West End State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 24 Vulture Street (27°28′49″S 153°00′30″E / 27.4804°S 153.0083°E / -27.4804; 153.0083 (West End State School)).[52][53] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 1021 students with 71 teachers (61 full-time equivalent) and 32 non-teaching staff (23 full-time equivalent).[54]

In 2017 plans to expand the school's site were announced following a purchase of an adjacent block of land.[55][56]

There is no secondary school in West End. The nearest secondary school is Brisbane State High School in neighbouring South Brisbane to the east. This school is known for its academic excellence and demand for places outstrips supply. However students within its local catchment area are always able to attend this school, which drives up the price of real estate in suburbs within the catchment like West End as parents seek to buy or rent within the catchment to obtain enrolment in the school.[57]

Transport[edit]

The suburb is well serviced by buses and ferries. Bus services include Route 199 BUZ to New Farm-City-West End Ferry, leaving every five minutes during peak times, Route 192 University of Queensland to City, Route 198 Highgate Hill Hail & Ride (Coles West End-PA Hospital-Woolloongabba-Vulture St-Coles West End) and a City Glider service along Montague Road.

CityCat services leave from the West End ferry wharf in Orleigh Street. The ferry terminal was destroyed in the 2011 floods. It was replaced and operating on 24 July 2011.[58]

Electronically secured BCC bicycle sheds exist near the West End Ferry Terminal and on Montague Road.

Culture[edit]

Street installation, 2007

Since 1976, West End has hosted the annual Paniyiri Festival at Musgrave Park.[59] Musgrave Park is located on the eastern boundary in the suburb of South Brisbane. The festival provides an opportunity for the Greek community to share its culture with the rest of Australia. It is Queensland's longest running cultural festival and the longest running Greek festival in Australia.[60] Also held in Musgrave Park is the annual fair day of the Brisbane Pride Festival.

West End has a number of galleries and Artist-run initiative which showcase the works of local artists. The neighbouring suburb of South Brisbane, the designated cultural precinct of Brisbane, is home to some of Queensland's most well-regarded cultural education institutions, such as the Queensland College of Art, the Queensland Conservatorium Griffith University, Queensland Performing Arts Centre. However, as Southbank is primarily commercial, many artists and students live in the much larger and residential West End.[citation needed]

The Brisbane City Council operates a public library at 178-180 Boundary Street (currently known as West End Library but previously known as Kurilpa Library).[61]

Sport[edit]

Queensland Cup rugby league team, the Souths Logan Magpies, play their home games at Davies Park, West End (Bill Tyquin Oval). Prior to 2003, it was the famous Souths Magpies who graced the hallowed Davies Park field and legendary players such as Mal Meninga, Gary Belcher, Peter Jackson, Mick Veivers, Greg Veivers, Harold 'Mick' Crocker, Frank Drake, Mitch Brennan, Bob Linder, Ash Lumby, Norm Carr, Richo Hill and Chris Phelan wore the black and white of the club. Current ARLC Chief John Grant was another ex-Souths player, representing Australia from the club, while legendary rugby league coach Wayne Bennett was a premiership-winning mentor with the Magpies in the mid-1980s. During the 1970s and 1980s, the Magpies were an institution in West End and their 1981 and 1985 Brisbane Rugby League grand final victories transformed the suburb into a party town.

Along the river bank of Milton Reach can be found the rowing sheds of a number of Brisbane secondary schools such as Brisbane Grammar School and Brisbane State High School, as well as rowing clubs. Amongst these is the Commercial Rowing club. It was established in 1877 and is Queensland's oldest amateur sporting club.[62]

The South Brisbane Sailing Club has its club house near Orleigh Park. The club was established in 1903 and has been located in West End since 1956.[63]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "West End (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "The Gabba Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 27 August 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b "West End – suburb in City of Brisbane (entry 50282)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Culture « Turrbal Aboriginal Nation". dakibudtcha.com.au. Archived from the original on 4 March 2020. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  5. ^ "Queensland Globe; Layer:Boundaries".
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  11. ^ "The Early Days" (PDF). West End State School. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  12. ^ a b Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
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  27. ^ 'Jucy Duo a Hit With Clive Owen', Courier Mail, Sept 14, 2010
  28. ^ Marissa Calligeros (14 January 2011). "Determination rises above mud and stench". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 6 September 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
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  38. ^ "650061". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
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  47. ^ REIQ Suburb profile - West End
  48. ^ Flood Flag Map for West End
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  50. ^ "West End residents protest 'overdevelopment' of suburb". Brisbane Times. 2 August 2015. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  51. ^ "Cafe Locations in West End". brewstr. Archived from the original on 27 January 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
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  54. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2018". Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. Archived from the original on 27 August 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  55. ^ "Two new high schools planned for inner-city Brisbane". Brisbane Times. 8 June 2017. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  56. ^ "WESS: Building our Future" (PDF). West End State School. December 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 October 2020.
  57. ^ Tilley, Elizabeth (3 February 2019). "Brisbane's best school zones: where home buyers pay more". realestate.com.au. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  58. ^ Calligeros, Marissa (25 July 2011). "West End CityCat Terminal Re-Opens After Brisbane Flood". Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 25 February 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  59. ^ Amy Remeikis (15 May 2012). "Newman urges tent embassy 'squatters' to move on". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 18 May 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
  60. ^ "Paniyiri Greek Festival, Australia's largest cultural Festival!". Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
  61. ^ "Library opening hours and locations". Brisbane City Council. 3 January 2018. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  62. ^ "Commercial Rowing Club". revolutionise.com.au. 11 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  63. ^ "South Brisbane Sailing Club". South Brisbane Sailing Club. 11 August 2017. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017.

External links[edit]