Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza

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Tirana International Airport
Mother Teresa

Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës
Nënë Tereza
Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar Nënë Tereza.svg
Terminal jashte.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorTirana International Airport SHPK and Kastrati Group[1]
ServesTirana, Tirana County, Albania
LocationRinas, Durrës County, Albania
Hub for
Elevation AMSL108 ft / 33 m
Coordinates41°24′53″N 19°43′14″E / 41.41472°N 19.72056°E / 41.41472; 19.72056Coordinates: 41°24′53″N 19°43′14″E / 41.41472°N 19.72056°E / 41.41472; 19.72056
Websitetirana-airport.com
Map
TIA is located in Albania
TIA
TIA
Location in Europe, the Mediterranean and Albania
TIA is located in Mediterranean
TIA
TIA
TIA (Mediterranean)
TIA is located in Europe
TIA
TIA
TIA (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17/35 2,750 9,022 Asphalt
Statistics (2020)
Passengers1,310,614[2]
Passenger change 19–20Decrease 60.7%
Aircraft movements15,280[2]
Movements change 19–20Decrease 46.8%
Source: Albanian AIP at EUROCONTROL[3] LATI Airport record[4]

Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza (Albanian: Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës Nënë Tereza, IATA: TIA, ICAO: LATI), often referred to as the Rinas International Airport, is the main international airport of the Republic of Albania. It serves the city of Tirana, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region in the county of Tirana. The airport is named in honour of the Albanian Roman Catholic nun and missionary, Mother Teresa. It is located 6 nautical miles (11 kilometres; 6.9 miles) northwest of Tirana, in the municipality of Krujë, Durrës County.[5][6] It offers international connections primarily within Europe, whereas the most frequent routes are to Milan, Rome, London and Istanbul.

The airport serves as the main hub for the country's flag carrier, Air Albania, Albawings and Wizz Air.[7] It is the only airport in Albania with regularly scheduled passenger service, and the seventh busiest Balkan airport.

History[edit]

Early development[edit]

The airport was constructed from 1955 to 1957. Tirana had commercial airline services before. Domestic aviation started in 1926 when German airline Adria-Aero-Lloyd obtained a monopoly for domestic air routes in the country and begin servicing Tirana, Shkodër, Korçë and Vlorë. These operations proved unprofitable, and the airline sold its rights to Italian company Ala Littoria which opened regular routes in 1935 between Tirana to Shkodër, Kukës, Peshkopia, Kuçova, Vlorë, and Gjirokastra.[8] In 1938, the Yugoslav carrier Aeroput introduced regular commercial flights linking Tirana with Belgrade, Serbia with a landing in Dubrovnik, Croatia.[9]

After the Second World War and installation of an isolationist communist regime in Albania, air transportation was rare. From 1944 and 1948 there was a service to Belgrade, but after the break of relations with Yugoslavia, until 1953, there was only a twice-a-month connection to Budapest operated by Soviet-Hungarian company Maszovlet.[8] From 1953 and 1955 there was no air service, until February 1955 when a route to Moscow was inaugurated, followed thereafter to other Eastern-European capitals. In the 1970s, Tirana was one of the first European cities to be served by China's CAAC Airlines, with a weekly flight to Beijing via Bucharest and Tehran. In the late 1980s there were six airlines flying to Tirana, with a total of nine round-trips per week.[8]

With the collapse of communism in Albania in 1991 and subsequent liberalisation of travel restrictions abroad for Albanians, the number of airlines operating at the airport increased rapidly. In 1999 there were 8,249 flights and 356,823 passengers, seven times more than in 1991.[8]

Contemporary[edit]

The air traffic equipment and facilities of the airport have been heavily modernised, following investments by Tirana International Airport SHPK, a consortium led by Hochtief AirPort. Hochtief assumed management of the airport on 23 April 2005, for a 20-year concession period.[10]

The concession included the construction of a completely new passenger terminal and various infrastructure improvements, among them the construction of a new access road, new parking lots, and a bridge over the old airport access road.[11] The expansion resulted in an increased number of passengers per annum, estimated at 1.5 million passengers for 2009.[12][13] The number of passengers effectively increased to more than 1.5 million in 2010.[14]

The terminal building and its second expansion, the cargo building, its landscaping, and its carpark canopies were designed by Malaysian architect Hin Tan of Hintan.[15]

In December 2016, the Airport announced that it has served 2 million passengers during 2016, reaching its second milestone.[16]

Ownership[edit]

As of 2017, China Everbright Limited is the sole owner of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza. After reaching an agreement with the Albanian Government to end its monopoly on international flights from Albania, Hochtief AirPort sold the operating of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza to China Everbright Limited,[17] a company specializing in asset management, direct investment, brokerage and investment banking.[18] On December 25, 2020, Kastrati group bought all the shares of the airport from China Everbright Limited for 71 million euros.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Air Albania[19] Bergamo, Bologna, Istanbul, Milan–Malpensa, Pisa, Rome–Fiumicino, Verona
Air Serbia[20] Belgrade
Albawings[21] Ancona, Bari, Bergamo, Bologna, Florence, Genoa, Milan–Malpensa, Pisa, Rimini, Venice, Verona
Seasonal: London–Stansted
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Bees Airline Seasonal: Kiev–Zhuliany[22]
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk[23]
British Airways London–Gatwick[24]
Buzz Seasonal charter: Katowice[25]
easyJet Geneva, London–Gatwick,[26] Milan–Malpensa
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich[27]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Warsaw–Chopin[28]
Eurowings[29] Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
flydubai Dubai–International[30]
flynas Seasonal: Riyadh (begins 17 May 2021)[31]
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv[32]
Jonika Airlines[33] Seasonal charter: Kiev–Zhuliany[34]
LitorAli Airlines[35] Brindisi, Naples[36]
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Warsaw–Chopin[37]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich[38]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Oslo
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal charter: Antalya[39]
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Copenhagen,[40] Stockholm–Arlanda[41]
SkyUp Seasonal: Kharkiv (begins 31 May 2021),[42] Kyiv–Boryspil, Lviv (begins 30 May 2021),[42] Zaporizhzhia (begins 31 May 2021)[42]
Smartwings Seasonal: Prague[43]
Seasonal charter: Warsaw–Chopin[44]
SunExpress Seasonal charter: Antalya[39]
Transavia Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Amsterdam, Brussels
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,[45] Kyiv–Boryspil,[46] Zaporizhzhia[47]
Ural Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow–Domodedovo[48]
Wizz Air[49] Ancona (begins 4 June 2021),[50] Bari, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin, Bologna, Catania, Charleroi, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Genoa (begins 1 June 2021),[51] Hahn, Hamburg, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, London–Luton, Malmö (begins 14 May 2021),[52] Memmingen, Milan–Malpensa, Pescara (begins 28 May 2021),[53] Pisa, Rome-Ciampino (begins 14 May 2021),[54] Stockholm-Skavsta (begins 15 May 2021),[55] Treviso, Turin, Verona, Vienna

Statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

See source Wikidata query and sources.

Passenger, aircraft operations and cargo statistics at Nënë Tereza Airport
Year Passengers Change Aircraft Operations Change Cargo
(metric tons)
Change
2005 785,000 Increase20.77% 15,400 N.A. N.A. N.A.
2006 906,103 Increase15.43% 15,856 Increase 2.96% 2,435 N.A.
2007 1,105,770 Increase22.04% 18,258 Increase15.15% 3,832 Increase57.37%
2008 1,267,041 Increase14.58% 19,194 Increase 5.13% 2,497 Decrease34.84%
2009 1,394,688 Increase10.07% 20,064 Increase 4.53% 2,265 Decrease 9.29%
2010 1,536,822 Increase10.19% 20,768 Increase 3.51% 2,355 Increase 3.97%
2011 1,817,073 Increase18.24% 22,988 Increase10.69% 2,656 Increase12.78%
2012 1,665,331 Decrease 8.35% 20,528 Decrease10.70% 1,875 Decrease29.41%
2013 1,757,342 Increase 5.53% 19,942 Decrease 2.85% 2,164 Increase15.41%
2014 1,810,305 Increase 3.02% 17,928 Decrease 3.02% 2,324 Increase13.53%
2015 1,997,044 Increase 10.3% 20,876 Increase 16.4% 2,229 Decrease4.1%[6]
2016 2,195,100 Increase 9.9% 22,352 Increase 7.1% 2,200 Decrease1%[56]
2017 2,630,338 Increase 19.8% 24,336 Increase 9% 2,266 Increase3%[2]
2018 2,947,172 Increase 12% 25,462 Increase 3% 2,245 Decrease 0.9%[57]
2019 3,338,147 Increase 13% 28,270 Increase 11% 2,372 Increase 5%[58]
2020 1,310,614 Decrease 60,7% 15,280 Decrease 46,8% 1,796.8 Decrease 24.3%[59]
(31.01-28.02) 2021 158,578 Decrease 63,9% 2,010 Decrease 47,4% 272,7 Decrease 23,4%[60]

Busiest Routes[edit]

Most frequent routes at Tirana Airport
Rank Destination Airport(s) Number of
Passengers
2020[61]
Top carriers
1 United Kingdom London LGW, LHR, LTN 127.547 British Airways, easyJet, Wizz Air
2 Italy Milan MXP 122.443 Air Albania, easyJet, Wizz Air
3 Turkey Istanbul IST, SAW 116.449 Air Albania, Pegasus Airlines
4 Italy Rome FCO 91.434 Air Albania, Alitalia
5 Italy Bologna BLQ 67.591 Air Albania, Albawings, Wizz Air
6 Ukraine Kyiv IEV, KBP 67.447 Jonika Airlines, SkyUp, Ukraine International Airlines
7 Austria Vienna VIE 67.172 Austrian Airlines, Wizz Air
8 Italy Bergamo BGY 57.457 Air Albania, Wizz Air
9 Greece Athens ATH 46.705 Aegean Airlines
10 Italy Verona VRN 44.130 Air Albania, Albawings, Wizz Air
Routes by country
Rank Destination Number of
Passengers
2020[62]
1 Italy Italy 584.941
2 Germany Germany 131.290
3 United Kingdom United Kingdom 131.068
4 Turkey Turkey 127.394
5 Austria Austria 69.090
6 Greece Greece 48.188
7 Serbia Serbia 31.585
8 Poland Poland 28.625
9 Ukraine Ukraine 28.461
10 Belgium Belgium 27.964

Top Carriers[edit]

Rank Carrier Market share (2020[63])
1 Hungary Wizz Air 24%
2 Albania Air Albania 14%
3 Italy Blue Panorama Airlines 14%
4 Albania Albawings 10%
5 Turkey Pegasus Airlines 5%

Ground transport[edit]

Taxi rank at the airport
SH60 linking Tirana Airport with SH2 Tirana-Durrës Highway

The airport is linked with motorway SH60 (10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away) to SH2 Durres -Tirana access road. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. The journey from Tirana to the airport takes 20–25 minutes.

Bus[edit]

An airport bus, located outside Arrivals terminal, leaves on the hour every hour (7am to 11pm), to the city centre, and the trip takes around 30 minutes.[64] The shuttle runs an hourly service between the Airport and the back of the Opera building in the centre of Tirana.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • 3 October 2006: Turkish Airlines Flight 1476, flying from Tirana to Istanbul, was hijacked by Hakan Ekinci in Greek airspace. The aircraft, with 107 passengers and six crew on board, transmitted two coded hijack signals which were picked up by the Greek air force; the flight was intercepted by military aircraft and landed safely at Brindisi, Italy.
  • 30 June 2016: Three armed and masked people entered the cargo terminal, where they stole a huge amount of money that was to be transported abroad on airplanes. The amount of cash could have been up to 3 million euros. The incident caused national security concerns.[65][66]
  • 9 April 2019: An Austrian Airlines flight headed to Vienna was delayed for 3 hours, following an armed robbery. The aircraft’s engines were running, when three men wearing masks and military fatigues stepped up to the belly of the plane, stealing 6 million euros. One of the robbers was shot dead in an exchange of fire with the police about one kilometre from the airport.[67]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Zyrtarizohet kalimi i Aeroportit të Rinasit te "Kastrati group", për 71 milionë euro" [The transfer of Rinas Airport to "Kastrati group" is made official, for 71 million euros] (in Albanian). Top Channel. 25 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Tirana International Airport. "Air Traffic Report 2019" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  3. ^ "EAD Basic - Error Page". EUROCONTROL. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  4. ^ Airport record for Nënë Tereza/Rinas International Airport at Landings.com. Retrieved 1 August 2013
  5. ^ Wragg, David (November 2009). The World's Top 500 Airports (2nd ed.). Sparkford, Yeovil, Somerset BA22 7JJ, UK: Haynes Holdings. p. 13. ISBN 978-184425-632-7.CS1 maint: location (link)
  6. ^ a b "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza - Tirana International Airport".
  7. ^ https://www.anna.aero/2020/06/01/wizz-air-announces-55-new-routes-and-three-new-bases-from-this-summer/
  8. ^ a b c d Historical Dictionary of Albania by Robert Elsie, pages 5 and 6
  9. ^ "DRUSTVO ZA VAZDUSNI SAOBRACAJ A D – AEROPUT (1927-1948)". europeanairlines.no. Retrieved 17 June 2010. In addition a new air service (No.2008) to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia's small narbour(sic, probably neighbor), Albania, was opened. From August Aeroput flew from Beograd with a landing at Ragusa to Tirana, the capital of Albania.
  10. ^ "HOCHTIEF AirPort Signs Concession Agreement for Tirana Airport". hochtief.com. Retrieved 15 October 2004. The agreement, signed today in the presence of the Albanian Prime Minister Fatos Nano in Tirana, seals the airport takeover in the context of a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) concession with a duration of 20 years.
  11. ^ "HOCHTIEF AirPort Signs Concession Agreement for Tirana Airport". hochtief.com. Retrieved 15 October 2004. Construction work for a new terminal is to commence right from the first year of operation.
  12. ^ "Tirana International Airport". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  13. ^ "Tirana International Airport, Albania". HOCHTIEF. Archived from the original on 23 April 2011.
  14. ^ "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza". tirana-airport.com. Traffic Results: 2010 Passengers - 1,536,822
  15. ^ "TIRANA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT" (PDF). tirana-airport.com. p. 9. The tall, bright and spacious building, designed by the renowned Malaysian architect Hin Tan, is a symbol of Albania's new self-confidence.
  16. ^ "Tirana International Airport reaches two millionth passenger milestone". ata.gov.al. Retrieved 3 December 2016. Tirana International Airport (TIA) announced on Friday the achievement of two major passenger traffic milestones in welcoming its two millionth passenger and recording the largest ever number of customers served at the airport.
  17. ^ "Shqiptarja.com - Aeroporti i Rinasit kalon 100% tek kompania kineze". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  18. ^ "irasia.com - China Everbright Limited". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  19. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/289927/air-albania-expands-italy-service-from-late-march-2020/?highlight=air%20albania
  20. ^ https://www.airserbia.com/en/destinations/flights-to-tirana
  21. ^ https://www.albawings.com/en/routemap
  22. ^ "Bees Airline cleared to add scheduled routes". ROUTESONLINE. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  23. ^ "freight monitor". online.joinup.ua.
  24. ^ https://www.britishairways.com/en-gb/information/flight-information/our-route-network
  25. ^ "A delayed charter season was inaugurated in Katowice". PASAZER. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  26. ^ Liu, Jim (31 December 2019). "easyJet S20 new routes as of 27DEC19". routesonline.com.
  27. ^ "Winter schedule valid until 28.03.2020" (PDF). Tirana International Airport. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  28. ^ "Charter flights". charterflights.r.pl. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  29. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/en/information/destinations-routes/flight-schedule.html
  30. ^ https://www.tirana-airport.com/d/285/tirana-international-airport-announces-the-launch-of-the-new-direct-flight-tirana-dubai-with-flydubai-carrier
  31. ^ "booking/flights". flynas. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  32. ^ "Flights to Albania". ISRAIR.
  33. ^ https://jonika.com.ua/en/
  34. ^ "ALBANIA IS THE FIRST COUNTRY THAT RECEIVES TOURISTS FROM UKRAINE". iea.aero. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  35. ^ https://www.litorali-airlines.it/Destinations/destinations
  36. ^ "LitorAli Airlines moves its first flight to March 29, 2021". ITALIAVOLA. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  37. ^ "LOT sezonowo poleci z Warszawy do Rijeki i Tirany". pasazer.com. Retrieved 21 November 2019.
  38. ^ "Lufthansa: a return to Tirana, a sharing with airBaltic". Lufthansa. 19 February 2021.
  39. ^ a b "Timetable" (PDF). tirana-airport.com.
  40. ^ "Flight". apollorejser.dk.
  41. ^ "Flight". apollo.se.
  42. ^ a b c "Sunny Albania awaits: SkyUp announces flights from Kyiv and regions". skyup.aero. 2 April 2021.
  43. ^ "flight-schedule". smartwings. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
  44. ^ "air and charter tickets". itaka.pl.
  45. ^ "Direct flights". Kharkiv Airport. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  46. ^ https://www.flyuia.com/ua/en/for-business/charters#charter-timetable
  47. ^ "Flight Schedule". Zaporizhzhia International Airport. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  48. ^ "Flight Program TUI Summer 2021". TUI. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  49. ^ https://wizzair.com/en-gb/flights/timetable#/
  50. ^ https://centreforaviation.com/news/wizz-air-to-expand-tirana-base-with-four-aircraft-and-six-routes-1057672
  51. ^ https://centreforaviation.com/news/wizz-air-to-expand-tirana-base-with-four-aircraft-and-six-routes-1057672
  52. ^ https://centreforaviation.com/news/wizz-air-to-expand-tirana-base-with-four-aircraft-and-six-routes-1057672
  53. ^ https://centreforaviation.com/news/wizz-air-to-expand-tirana-base-with-four-aircraft-and-six-routes-1057672
  54. ^ https://centreforaviation.com/news/wizz-air-to-expand-tirana-base-with-four-aircraft-and-six-routes-1057672
  55. ^ https://centreforaviation.com/news/wizz-air-to-expand-tirana-base-with-four-aircraft-and-six-routes-1057672
  56. ^ "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza - Tirana International Airport". www.tirana-airport.com.
  57. ^ "Statistics" (PDF). www.instat.gov.al.
  58. ^ "Air Traffic Report 2019" (PDF). Tirana International Airport. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  59. ^ "STATISTIKAT E DHJETORIT" (PDF). INSTAT. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  60. ^ "Statistikat e transportit*" (PDF). INSTAT. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  61. ^ http://www.aac.gov.al/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Buletini-AAC-Dhjetor-2020.pdf
  62. ^ "Route Report 2020" (PDF). Tirana Airport. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  63. ^ "Market Share by Air Carriers Report 2020" (PDF). Tirana-airport. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
  64. ^ "Bus - Tirana International Airport". www.tirana-airport.com. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  65. ^ Times, Tirana (30 June 2016). "Spectacular airport robbery raises national security concerns". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  66. ^ "Huge amount of money stolen at the Tirana Airport". Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  67. ^ https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-albania-robbery/albanian-police-kill-gunman-in-airport-cash-heist-idUKKCN1RL243

External links[edit]

Media related to Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza at Wikimedia Commons
Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza travel guide from Wikivoyage