Trivandrum International Airport

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Trivandrum International Airport
തിരുവനന്തപുരം അന്താരാഷ്ട്ര വിമാനത്താവളം
Departures terminal Trivandrum International Airport Kerala India.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator Airports Authority of India
Serves Thiruvananthapuram
Location Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 08°28′56″N 76°55′12″E / 8.48222°N 76.92000°E / 8.48222; 76.92000Coordinates: 08°28′56″N 76°55′12″E / 8.48222°N 76.92000°E / 8.48222; 76.92000
Website trivandrumairport
TRV is located in India airports
Location in India
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 3,400 11,200 Asphalt
Statistics (2014-15)
Passenger movements 3,174,018(Increase8.2%)
Aircraft movements 23,719 (Decrease0.3%)
Cargo tonnage 29,897 (Increase2.8%)
Source: AAI,[1][2]

Trivandrum International Airport (IATA: TRVICAO: VOTV) is in Thiruvananthapuram and is the first airport in the state of Kerala, India. It was the fifth international airport of India declared by then Prime Minister Shri V.P. Singh in 1991.[3] TIA is considered an "all weather" airport[4] and is ISO 9001-2000 certified.

The Trivandrum International (TRV) airport terminal is approximately 3.7 km (2.3 mi) due west from the city centre,[3]16 km (9.9 mi) from Kovalam beach, 13 km (8.1 mi) from Technopark Thiruvananthapuram and 21 km (13 mi) from the proposed Vizhinjam International Seaport spread over an area of 750 acres (300 ha). Trivandrum airport being strategically located at the southern tip of Indian subcontinent, it serves as shortest hopping point from India to Sri Lanka and Maldives and thus preferred airport for international tourists. There are flights to Middle eastern and South eastern countries from here. If flights are introduced to South Africa, Australia and others in Southern Hemisphere from Thiruvananthapuram, it would provide the shortest distance journey from India.

Trivandrum International Airport operates two terminals. Terminal 1 handles all domestic flight operations and Terminal 2 handles international flight operations.[5]

In addition to civil operations, Trivandrum Airport caters to the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the Coast Guard for their strategic operations. IAF have an exclusive apron to handle all their operations. Trivandrum airport also caters to the Rajiv Gandhi Academy for Aviation Technology which carries out pilot training activities.[6]

Trivandrum International Airport is equipped with a Maintenance,repair & overhaul unit — MRO consisting of twin hangars for servicing B737 type aircraft and a focus city for Air India.


The airport was established in 1932 as part of the Royal Flying Club under the initiative of Colonel Goda Varma Raja, husband of HRH Princess Karthika Thirunal of Travancore Kingdom.[7] Col G.V Raja, a trained pilot, felt the need an airport to accommodate Travancore in the aviation map of India.

In 1935, on royal patronage of H.H Maharaja Chithira Thirunal, Tata Airlines made its maiden flight to the airport using DH.83 Fox Moth aircraft under command of India's first pilot Nevill Vintcent carried Jamshed Navoroji, a Tata company official, and Kanchi Dwarakadas, commercial agent of Travancore to Bombay Presidency with a special mail from Viceroy of British India, Lord Willingdon wishing birthday greetings to the Maharaja.[8]

The first flight took off on 1 November 1935, carrying mails of Royal Anchal (Travancore Post) to Bombay. In 1938, the Royal Government of Travancore acquired a Dakota as Maharaja's private aircraft and placed the first squadron of Royal Indian Air Force (Travancore) for protection of state from aerial attacks. After Independence, the airstrip was used for domestic flights with construction of a domestic terminal: T1.

International operations were initiated by the Air India to cities in the Middle East in the late 1970s using Boeing 707. By early 80s, the then Indian Airlines started service to Colombo, followed by service to Male. Later, SriLankan Airlines (then Air Lanka) and Air Maldives (now Maldivian joined the race. At some stage Indian Airlines started a service to Sharjah too. On 1 January 1991, TIA was upgraded to an international airport, making it the fifth international airport of India after Delhi,Mumbai,Chennai & Kolkata.

On 1 March 2011, the first flight operated from the new international terminal. IX 536 (Air India Express) from Sharjah marked the first arrival. Air India Express operated the first departure to Dubai from this new terminal.

All the international departing passengers must pay INR 575 as users fee from 1 March 2011.


The domestic terminal (Terminal 1)
Domestic Terminal Lounge (Terminal 1)

There are two terminals. Terminal 1 is for domestic and Terminal 2 for international flights. [9] The domestic terminal has an area of 9,200 m2 (99,000 sq ft) and can handle 400 passengers at a time. The Terminal 3 (NITB: New International Terminal Building) and the International Terminal can handle 1,600 passengers at a time.[10]

The international terminal ground operations are handled by Air India and Bhadra Ground Handling services Ltd. It is fully air-conditioned with wi-fi facility. The terminal features spacious lounges, natural lighting with extensive use of glass roofing and better conveyance facilities for passengers. It has three baggage carousels and elaborate immigration/customs facilities. Flemingo, India's first privately owned duty-free operator is managing the duty-free shop at the international terminal.

The domestic terminal has basic amenities including cafés, a book-seller, duty-free shopping, free local calls, phone-recharging points.[11]

There are plans to built a parallel taxiway, an isolation bay, an aerobridge and an apron in the international terminal, a turning pad, and expand the security area in the domestic terminal. It costs Rs.130 crore.[12]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger airlines[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Arabia Sharjah International
Air India Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai International
Air India Delhi, Kochi, Malé, Riyadh, Sharjah International
Air India Express Abu Dhabi, Chennai , Dubai-International, Kochi, Kozhikode, Mumbai, Muscat, Salalah, Sharjah International
Air Pegasus Bangalore, Mangalore Domestic
Emirates Dubai-International International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi International
flydubai Dubai-International International
Gulf Air Bahrain International
IndiGo Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai Domestic
IndiGo Dubai-International International
Jet Airways Bangalore, Dehradun, Delhi, Mumbai Domestic
Jet Airways Dammam, Doha, Muscat International
Kuwait Airways Kuwait International
Maldivian Hanimaadhoo, Malé International
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur [13] International
Oman Air Muscat International
Qatar Airways Doha International
SilkAir Singapore International
SriLankan Airlines Colombo International


Saudi Arabian Cargo Boeing 747-400F at Thiruvananthapuram
Airlines Destinations
FitsAir Colombo
Qatar Airways Cargo Colombo, Doha
SriLankan Cargo Colombo
Saudia Cargo Dammam, Hong Kong, Riyadh
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum, Hong Kong


Inside Terminal 2
Terminal 2 Baggage Carousel
Terminal 2 Operational Area

The newly built Terminal 3 has three additional jetways and parking bays to accommodate 8 aircraft. The terminal is built opposite to the current terminal across the runway and is closer to the city side. The terminal, constructed by the AAI and designed by the UK firm, Pascall+Watson architects, is expected to provide impetus to the development of the IT sector and the tourism industry in the southern districts of Kerala.

The international terminal covers an area of 35,000 m2 (380,000 sq ft). It is able to handle the passengers of three Airbus A340s and one Boeing 747 aircraft simultaneously (roughly 1500 passengers).[14] The annual handling capacity of the terminal will be 1.8 million.

The check-in area has a floor area of 950 m2 (10,200 sq ft) and the arrival area 600 m2 (6,500 sq ft). To enable the passengers to check in at any counter, a Common Users Terminal Equipment (CUTE) is installed. X-ray machines are attached to the side of the conveyor belts for faster clearance of baggage.

The entrance to the terminal is from the Chaka-Eenchakkal road. A bridge has been built across the Parvathy Puthanar canal to link the new terminal to the Kazhakuttam-Inchivila NH (National Highway) 47 bypass.[15] The new terminal has a car park area that can accommodate about 600 cars.

There is a pre paid taxi service counter and foreign exchange(Thomas Cook India) counter on arrivals area.[16]

Visa on Arrival[edit]

The Visa on Arrival facility (VOA) service is available and allows citizens of 44 countries — Australia, Brazil, Cambodia, Cook Islands, Djibouti, Fiji, Finland, Germany, Guyana, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Laos, Luxembourg, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Myanmar, Nauru, New Zealand,Niue Island, Norway, Oman, Palau, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Russia, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands,Thailand, Tonga, Tuvalu, UAE, Ukraine, USA, Vanuatu, Vietnam. — to obtain tourist visas upon arrival.[17]

Cargo operations[edit]

The cargo activities at the Trivandrum Airport are carried out through the Kerala State Industrial Enterprises (KSIE), a government of Kerala undertaking). The cargo warehouse is on the airport premises. It has a capacity to import 21000 MT and export 27000 MT per annum. In 2010-11 (up to December 2010), the airport achieved MT of import cargo and MT of export cargo. The KSIE is developing a satellite cargo import facility on a temporary basis at the NITB terminal for perishable cargo handling till their final master plan is implemented for developing a huge cargo warehouse on 15 acres of land adjoining the NITB. Major cargo jets such as Emirates has begun flights to TIA six times a week.[18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "TRAFFIC STATISTICS - DOMESTIC & INTERNATIONAL PASSENGERS" (jsp). Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  2. ^ List of busiest airports in India by passenger traffic
  3. ^ a b Trivandrum International Airport
  4. ^ "Plea for AIE headquarters in Thiruvananthapuram". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 12 November 2010. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "Thiruvananthapuram International Airport currently operates two terminals. Terminal 1 handles all domestic flight operations and Terminal 2 handles international flight operations. - Image". Airport Technology. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  6. ^ Rajiv Gandhi Academy for Aviation Technology
  7. ^ "Trivandrum International Airport, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala". Airport Technology. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  8. ^ PTI (2010-10-29). "States / Kerala : Kerala celebrates 75th anniversary of civil aviation". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  9. ^ "Airports Authority of India". 2010-04-20. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  10. ^ Passenger traffic
  11. ^ "Experience — On the ground — Airport Lounge". SilkAir. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  12. ^ "Rs.130-cr. facility uplift at Thiruvananthapuram international airport". The Hindu. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "Malaysia's first hybrid airline launches flights to Trivandrum, India". 25 August 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  14. ^ The Hindu News Title:World class terminal for Thiruvananthapuram International Airport
  15. ^ Airport inauguration
  16. ^ "Terminal may put development on fast track". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 12 February 2011. 
  17. ^ "Indian Tourist Visa on Arrival". Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 2015-04-02. 
  18. ^

External links[edit]