Neuregulin 2 (NRG2) is a novel member of the neuregulin family of growth and differentiation factors. Through interaction with the ErbB family of receptors, NRG2 induces the growth and differentiation of epithelial, neuronal, glial, and other types of cells. The gene consists of 12 exons and the genomic structure is similar to that of neuregulin 1 (NRG1), another member of the neuregulin family of ligands. NRG1 and NRG2 mediate distinct biological processes by acting at different sites in tissues and eliciting different biological responses in cells. The gene is located close to the region for demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease locus, but is not responsible for this disease. Alternative transcripts encoding distinct isoforms have been described.
^Chang H, Riese DJ, Gilbert W, Stern DF, McMahan UJ (May 1997). "Ligands for ErbB-family receptors encoded by a neuregulin-like gene". Nature. 387 (6632): 509–12. doi:10.1038/387509a0. PMID9168114.
^Carraway KL, Weber JL, Unger MJ, Ledesma J, Yu N, Gassmann M, Lai C (May 1997). "Neuregulin-2, a new ligand of ErbB3/ErbB4-receptor tyrosine kinases". Nature. 387 (6632): 512–6. doi:10.1038/387512a0. PMID9168115.
Reddy PH, Stockburger E, Gillevet P, Tagle DA (1998). "Mapping and characterization of novel (CAG)n repeat cDNAs from adult human brain derived by the oligo capture method". Genomics. 46 (2): 174–82. doi:10.1006/geno.1997.5044. PMID9417904.
Ring HZ, Chang H, Guilbot A, et al. (1999). "The human neuregulin-2 (NRG2) gene: cloning, mapping and evaluation as a candidate for the autosomal recessive form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease linked to 5q". Hum. Genet. 104 (4): 326–32. doi:10.1007/s004390050961. PMID10369162.
Nakano N, Higashiyama S, Ohmoto H, et al. (2004). "The N-terminal region of NTAK/neuregulin-2 isoforms has an inhibitory activity on angiogenesis". J. Biol. Chem. 279 (12): 11465–70. doi:10.1074/jbc.M311045200. PMID14722120.
Ponomareva ON, Ma H, Dakour R, et al. (2005). "Stimulation of acetylcholine receptor transcription by neuregulin-2 requires an N-box response element and is regulated by alternative splicing". Neuroscience. 134 (2): 495–503. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.04.028. PMID15961242.