Avaya Stadium, San Jose, CA. Taken on January 7, 2015.
|Address||1123 Coleman Avenue|
|Location||San Jose, California|
|Owner||San Jose Earthquakes|
|Operator||San Jose Earthquakes|
|Surface||Bandera Bermuda Grass|
|Broke ground||October 21, 2012|
|Opened||March 22, 2015|
|Construction cost||$100 million |
|Architect||HOK (formerly 360 Architecture)|
|Project manager||David Albert|
|Structural engineer||Magnusson Klemencic Associates|
|Services engineer||WSP Group|
|General contractor||Devcon Construction|
|San Jose Earthquakes (MLS) (2015–present)|
Avaya Stadium is a soccer stadium in San Jose, California, and is the home of Major League Soccer's San Jose Earthquakes. The stadium is located on the Airport West site that is located to the west of San Jose International Airport.
Avaya Stadium officially opened for business on February 27, 2015 and has a capacity of approximately 18,000. It is sponsored by Avaya, headquartered in nearby Santa Clara. The stadium features a canopy roof and the steepest-raked seating in Major League Soccer to provide a better view. Additionally, the area behind the northeast goal houses the largest outdoor bar in North America, a two-acre fan zone and a double-sided video scoreboard. The suites and club seats are located at field level. The stadium is part of a mixed use residential, retail, R&D and hotel development.
The stadium was constructed privately with no public money provided by the city of San Jose. Additionally, Lewis Wolff, owner of the San Jose Earthquakes, offered to pay for the maintenance of the stadium for a 55-year time span. The team organization initially delayed the completion date to the middle of the 2014 MLS season, but later delayed it again to the 2015 season. The seat pattern includes three different shades of blue as well as a smattering of red seats to pay homage to the club’s NASL history. Additionally, the pattern contains the message "Go EQ" written in binary.
History and details
The proposal for the new stadium for the Earthquakes was brought before the San Jose City Council in June 2007. The proposal called for the city of San Jose to rezone a parcel of industrial land in the city’s Edenvale district to residential uses. The parcel is owned by iStar Financial, but members of the Earthquakes ownership group own an option to purchase the land. Rezoning the parcel would increase the value of the property by approximately $80 million. The site’s industrial capacity would be transferred to surrounding properties allowing those sites to increase the density of the developments on their land, eliminating early generation single level developments. This would also preserve the industrial capacity for the city in the Edenvale area. The option on the land would then be sold and the proceeds would be used to construct the soccer-specific stadium on the Airport West site (formerly the site of an FMC Corp. facility) at no cost to the city. Additionally, Wolff and his partners will be funding and building the mixed use development adjacent to the stadium out of pocket.
On April 15, 2008, it was revealed that a deal to sell the Airport West site to the group headed by the Earthquakes ownership had been reached. The ownership group would pay $132 million for 66 acres (270,000 m2) of the Airport West site, land San Jose purchased for $81 million in 2005. The deal was approved after the May 21 vote by the San Jose city council. The purchase price was renegotiated between the city and ownership group in April 2009 to account for the lost value of the land due to the economic climate change since the original deal was struck. Additionally the Earthquakes and their partners have reduced the purchased land size from the full 75 acres (300,000 m2) of the Airport West site to a smaller 65-acre (260,000 m2) parcel further reducing their purchase price to $89 million.
Lewis Wolff’s ownership group’s purchase of the Airport West site from the city of San Jose also alleviated the city of $7.5 million in tax service the city was paying on the site annually. The Airport West site had previously been purchased by the city for a possible expansion to the San Jose International Airport infrastructure. However, as of November 2007, the airport had indicated that the land is no longer needed in any current or projected developments.
The city estimates that the total development of both the Airport West and iStar site would bring approximately $1.3 billion worth of capital investment to San Jose and would bring in millions of dollars in tax revenues. The development would also provide new research and development, retail, and hotel jobs to the city. The iStar site would be developed with a mix of residential and commercial uses, while the Airport West site would be developed by Wolff with two hotels, as well as residential, research, and retail developments.
In a San Jose Mercury News article in August 2009, Lew Wolff backed off from publicly claiming a definite 2012 opening date for the stadium until a naming rights sponsor could be found and signed.
The first official public renderings of the stadium were released to the public on September 19, 2009 by team owner Lewis Wolff. The rezoning of the property was approved March 16, 2010 to allow for the construction of the stadium.
In April 2010, the Earthquakes completed construction and opened the Nutrilite Training Facility, including a training field adjacent to land intended for the new stadium.
In November 2010, Earthquakes ownership requested the City of San Jose for another amendment to the purchase option for the stadium site. The amendment reduces non-refundable option payments to the City by $2 million to $5 million as well as extends the option period from 2013 to 2015. If Earthquakes ownership closes on the property earlier, a reduction of $4 million in non-refundable option payments will occur. In the event that the economic climate continues to preclude the implementation of the stadium, the option includes provisions for the City to consider allowing retail on the stadium site.
On January 20, 2011, the Earthquakes submitted an application to the city for a development permit.
Groundbreaking and construction
The San Jose Earthquakes held a demolition ceremony at the stadium site on March 3, 2011 to kick off a twelve-week demolition in advance of construction. On December 14, 2011, the planning commission approved the permit for stadium construction, which was subsequently appealed by residents nearby the site. On February 22, 2012, the commission heard the appeal and voted unanimously to reject the appeal and finalize the approval of the construction permit. The team organization stated they still planned to open the stadium in 2014.
The groundbreaking of the new stadium occurred on October 21, 2012, with 6,256 participants on hand digging into the ground, smashing the previous world record. An official Guinness World Records adjudicator was on site to verify the record.
Earthquakes President Dave Kaval stated in a February 2013 interview that stadium construction would begin by February 26, with the stadium on track for completion by early 2014.
However, while construction crews demolished and prepared the site for construction, they discovered three underground concrete bunkers and several hundred concrete pilings from the previous FMC factory. These obstacles caused the completion date for the stadium to be pushed back to July 2014. This was later revised to a scheduled completion date of early 2015. Demolition, grading, and the site utilities were installed by the middle of September 2013. The next steps in the process were the pouring of the foundations, followed by the steel erection.
The first steps taken in building the actual structure of the stadium occurred on September 27, 2013, when concrete pouring of the team building and locker rooms took place. This was followed by the stadium foundations. The first steel beams for the stadium were laid on November 5, 2013, and on March 28, 2014, the final beam was hoisted in place.
The first of the 18,000 seats was installed in the stadium on September 23, 2014.
On November 19, 2014 it was confirmed that Avaya would be the stadium sponsor for the Earthquakes' new stadium officially called Avaya Stadium.
Avaya Stadium's first-ever match was the San Jose Earthquakes' final 2015 preseason game against the Los Angeles Galaxy on February 28, 2015, followed by the Earthquakes' 2015 regular season home opener against the Chicago Fire on March 22, 2015.
Avaya Stadium was also designed to host rugby matches. The stadium's first rugby match was a double-header for the 2015 World Rugby Pacific Nations Cup on July 18, 2015, between Canada and Japan, followed by the United States and Samoa. The stadium, along with AT&T Park, will play host to the 2018 Rugby World Cup Sevens tournament. 
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Competition||Attendance|
|May 10, 2015||United States||3–0||Republic of Ireland||friendly||18,000|
|November 10, 2016||United States||8-1||Romania||friendly||16,425|
|Date||Team #1||Result||Team #2||Competition||Attendance|
|July 18, 2015||Canada||6–20||Japan||2015 Pacific Nations Cup||10,017|
|June 18, 2016||United States||20–24||Italy||friendly||TBD|
- "Quakes announce groundbreaking date for new Stadium" (Press release). San Jose Earthquakes. August 25, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Rosenberg, Mike (19 November 2014). "San Jose Earthquakes sign naming rights deal as stadium cost soars". San Jose Mercury News.
- "Quakes A's choose 360 Architecture for stadium designs". San Jose Earthquakes. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
- "Kaval's Kickoff: March to Soccer Week". San Jose Earthquakes. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Current Projects". Devcon Construction. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "San Jose Earthquakes announce that opening match at new Avaya Stadium is sold out to general public". January 19, 2015.
- Kruto, Paul (October 12, 2007). "Update on Various Development Proposals: Soccer Stadium, iStar Development, and Airport West Update" (PDF). City of San Jose. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- Kruto, Paul (April 14, 2008). "Community and Economic Development Committee" (PDF). City of San Jose. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
- Rosenberg, Mike (November 19, 2014). "San Jose Earthquakes sign naming rights deal as stadium cost soars". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Jonas, Robert (September 27, 2011). "San Jose Earthquakes proposed soccer-specific stadium undergoes neighborhood scrutiny, new design elements begin to take shape". Center Line Soccer. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "New Stadium now set to open in second half of 2014 season" (Press release). San Jose Earthquakes. July 29, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- "Earthquakes new stadium will now open at start of 2015 MLS season" (Press release). San Jose Earthquakes. September 13, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Molina, Joshua (April 15, 2008). "San Jose Soccer Stadium Closer to Reality". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved April 15, 2008.
- "$132M Deal Worked Out for San Jose Pro Soccer Stadium". Silicon Valley Business Journal. April 15, 2008. Retrieved April 15, 2008.
- Almond, Elliott (August 18, 2009). "Lew Wolff Preaches Patience, Admits Frustration with Quakes' Situation". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
- Woolfolk, John (March 16, 2010). "San Jose Residents Urge City Leaders to Spare Services, Employees Bristle at Proposed Cuts". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Wright, Tommy (May 6, 2010). "San Jose Earthquakes Finally Get A Field Of Their Own". SanJose.com. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Nader, Nadine (November 30, 2010). "Early Council Packet" (PDF). City of San Jose. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
- "Quakes set Guinness World Record on Groundbreaking Day" (Press release). San Jose Earthquakes. October 21, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "Most People Taking Part In a Ground Breaking Ceremony". Guinness World Records. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Hepler, Lauren (February 7, 2013). "San Jose Earthquakes Set New Stadium Construction Start Date". Silicon Valley Business Journal. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- "New Stadium Milestones". SJEarthquakes.
- "Fan to install first seats at Earthquakes New Stadium on Sept. 23". SJEarthquakes.
- Earthquakes Media Relations (January 26, 2015), "USWNT to open 2015 World Cup send-off series at Avaya Stadium", SJEarthquakes.com, retrieved January 26, 2015
- "San Jose, Sacramento for PNC Home Matches", Rugby Today, February 19, 2015.
- Earthquakes Media Relations (February 19, 2015), "Avaya Stadium to host World Rugby Pacific Nations Cup", SJEarthquakes.com, retrieved February 19, 2015
- "USA to host Rugby World Cup Sevens 2018"
- New Stadium Web Page
- Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Business Terms for the Purchase and Sale of the Airport West Property and for the Development of a Major League Soccer Stadium (April 14, 2008)
- Amendment of Business Terms for the Option and Purchase and Sale of the Airport West Property (April 14, 2009)
- AMENDMENT OF BUSINESS TERMS FOR THE OPTION, PURCHASE, AND SALE OF THE AIRPORT WEST PROPERTY FOR DEVELOPMENT AND FOR DEVELOPMENT OF A MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCER STADIUM (November 30, 2010)
- Avaya Stadium at StadiumDB.com
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