Olmsted County, Minnesota

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Olmsted County, Minnesota
OlmstedGovtCenter.JPG
Olmsted County Government Center
Seal of Olmsted County, Minnesota
Seal
Map of Minnesota highlighting Olmsted County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded February 20, 1855[1]
Named for David Olmsted
Seat Rochester
Largest city Rochester
Area
 • Total 655 sq mi (1,696 km2)
 • Land 653 sq mi (1,691 km2)
 • Water 1.5 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 153,102
 • Density 221/sq mi (85/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.olmsted.mn.us

Olmsted County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 144,248.[2] Its county seat and largest city is Rochester.[3] The county was founded in 1855 and named for David Olmsted, a member of the first territorial council and the first mayor of St. Paul.[4][5]

Olmsted County is part of the Rochester, MN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 655 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 653 square miles (1,690 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (0.2%) is water.[6]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information[7]

It is one of four counties in Minnesota that does not have any natural lakes (the other three being Mower, Pipestone, and Rock).

Lakes[edit]

Though Olmsted County does not have any natural lakes, it does have six reservoirs created by dams.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 9,524
1870 19,793 107.8%
1880 21,543 8.8%
1890 19,806 −8.1%
1900 23,119 16.7%
1910 22,497 −2.7%
1920 28,014 24.5%
1930 35,426 26.5%
1940 42,658 20.4%
1950 48,228 13.1%
1960 65,532 35.9%
1970 84,104 28.3%
1980 92,006 9.4%
1990 106,470 15.7%
2000 124,277 16.7%
2010 144,248 16.1%
Est. 2016 153,102 [8] 6.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2016[2]

As of the 2000 census, there were 124,277 people, 47,807 households, and 32,317 families residing in the county. The population density was 190 people per square mile (73/km²). There were 49,422 housing units at an average density of 76 per square mile (29/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.33% White, 2.68% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 4.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. 2.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 47,807 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,316, and the median income for a family was $61,610. Males had a median income of $40,196 versus $29,994 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,939. About 3.80% of families and 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Olmsted is a historically Republican county. Rapid population growth in Rochester, however, has been turning the county more competitive in the last several decades.

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 44.5% 35,668 45.3% 36,268 10.2% 8,193
2012 47.0% 36,832 50.2% 39,338 2.7% 2,146
2008 47.3% 36,202 50.6% 38,711 2.0% 1,557
2004 52.2% 37,371 46.5% 33,285 1.3% 919
2000 51.6% 30,641 43.5% 25,822 4.9% 2,929
1996 43.9% 22,860 43.9% 22,857 12.2% 6,327
1992 41.3% 23,404 33.6% 19,039 25.1% 14,219
1988 58.3% 27,683 40.9% 19,423 0.8% 398
1984 62.8% 28,129 36.4% 16,335 0.8% 359
1980 55.5% 22,704 34.2% 13,983 10.3% 4,224
1976 60.7% 24,030 37.0% 14,676 2.3% 911
1972 69.0% 23,806 28.4% 9,817 2.6% 898
1968 54.3% 17,292 42.1% 13,417 3.6% 1,131
1964 43.9% 12,699 55.9% 16,195 0.2% 56
1960 59.4% 16,080 40.3% 10,918 0.3% 67
1956 65.6% 13,789 34.1% 7,172 0.2% 51
1952 67.9% 14,566 31.7% 6,792 0.4% 89
1948 46.6% 8,131 52.4% 9,155 1.0% 181
1944 54.7% 8,355 45.0% 6,873 0.3% 46
1940 51.8% 9,096 47.8% 8,393 0.4% 62
1936 35.6% 5,316 60.0% 8,958 4.3% 645
1932 40.8% 5,254 57.0% 7,340 2.2% 280
1928 63.6% 8,334 36.0% 4,720 0.3% 44
1924 56.5% 5,722 8.5% 857 35.0% 3,548
1920 77.1% 7,130 19.0% 1,756 3.9% 359
1916 49.7% 2,101 45.5% 1,926 4.8% 203
1912 18.2% 720 39.0% 1,542 42.8% 1,691[14]
1908 58.0% 2,472 38.1% 1,621 3.9% 167
1904 68.5% 2,745 28.5% 1,140 3.0% 120
1900 61.6% 2,818 34.9% 1,597 3.5% 158
1896 62.8% 3,201 34.2% 1,741 3.0% 153
1892 50.8% 2,344 41.8% 1,931 7.4% 340

Communities[edit]

The Helleckson Homestead, built about 1850, preserved in Olmsted County Oxbow Park

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ History of Olmsted County
  5. ^ "Minnesota Government Series, State Counties". Minnesota House of Representatives. Retrieved March 18, 2008. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43 - 48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 24, 2014. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 1,467 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 112 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 93 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 19 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°00′N 92°24′W / 44.00°N 92.40°W / 44.00; -92.40