Fillmore County, Minnesota

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Fillmore County, Minnesota
CourthouseFillmoreCountyMinnesota.JPG
Fillmore County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Fillmore County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedMarch 5, 1853
Named forMillard Fillmore
SeatPreston
Largest citySpring Valley
Area
 • Total862 sq mi (2,233 km2)
 • Land861 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2 km2), 0.09%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)21,058
 • Density24.4/sq mi (9.4/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.fillmore.mn.us

Fillmore County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 20,866.[1] Its county seat is Preston.[2]

Fillmore County is included in the Rochester, MN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Fillmore County was created on March 5, 1853.[3] It is named for Millard Fillmore, the 13th President of the United States.[4] Fillmore County was an early destination for Euro-American settlement following the United States' 1851 treaties with the Dakota nations. Norwegian immigrants were particularly numerous. In 1860 Fillmore was Minnesota's most populous county.[5]

Geography[edit]

Fillmore County is on Minnesota's border with Iowa. The Root River drains the county, flowing eastward. The North Branch and the Middle Branch combine east of Shady Creek, while the South Branch meets their combined flow at Preston. Bear Creek drains the lower part of the county, discharging into the Root in the eastern part of the county. Willow Creek also drains a portion of the lower county, discharging into the Root at Preston. The Upper Iowa River flows eastward, mostly in adjoining Iowa counties, but briefly enters Fillmore County near the midpoint of its southern border.

The county's terrain consists of rolling hills, carved by gullies and drainages, with the available area dedicated to agriculture.[6] The terrain slopes to the east; its highest point is on the lower western border, at 1,378' (420m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 862 square miles (2,230 km2), of which 861 square miles (2,230 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.09%) is water.[8]

The county is part of the Driftless Area or Paleozoic plateau. This part of Minnesota was ice-free during the last ice age. Fillmore County also displays a karst topography.

Soils of Fillmore County[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park
  • Mystery Cave State Park
  • Pin Oak Prairie Scientific and Natural Area
  • Rushford Sand Barrens Scientific and Natural Area
  • Wycoff Balsam Fir Scientific and Natural Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186013,542
187024,88783.8%
188028,16213.2%
189025,996−7.7%
190028,2888.8%
191025,680−9.2%
192025,330−1.4%
193024,748−2.3%
194025,8304.4%
195024,465−5.3%
196023,768−2.8%
197021,916−7.8%
198021,9300.1%
199020,777−5.3%
200021,1221.7%
201020,866−1.2%
Est. 201821,058[10]0.9%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2018[1]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census,[15] there were 20,866 people, 8,545 households, and 5,763 families in the county. The population density was 24.2/sqmi (9.36/km²). There were 9,732 housing units at an average density of 11.3/sqmi (4.36/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.2% White, 0.2% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. 1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,545 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.60% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.32% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.94.

The county population contained 24.3% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 28.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

In 2010, the median income for a household in the county was $45,888, and the median income for a family was $59,034. Males had a median income of $39,239 versus $33,571 for females. 2015 estimates state the per capita income for the county was $26,348. In 2015, about 7.4% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities[edit]

County landscape in autumn

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Fillmore County is a swing county. The county has selected the Democratic Party candidate in 67% of national elections since 1980 (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 56.7% 6,271 35.0% 3,872 8.3% 912
2012 45.1% 4,913 52.5% 5,713 2.4% 266
2008 44.5% 4,993 52.7% 5,921 2.9% 320
2004 48.7% 5,694 49.8% 5,825 1.5% 179
2000 45.5% 4,646 49.1% 5,020 5.5% 557
1996 35.2% 3,466 48.0% 4,732 16.9% 1,663
1992 33.6% 3,583 37.3% 3,977 29.1% 3,098
1988 54.4% 5,004 44.7% 4,114 0.9% 82
1984 58.9% 6,342 40.4% 4,351 0.6% 67
1980 57.0% 6,452 35.5% 4,010 7.5% 850
1976 54.6% 5,984 43.4% 4,758 2.0% 215
1972 67.9% 7,107 30.2% 3,155 1.9% 198
1968 59.0% 6,257 36.9% 3,918 4.1% 432
1964 45.3% 4,824 54.6% 5,813 0.1% 14
1960 65.6% 7,507 34.3% 3,926 0.1% 11
1956 67.1% 7,004 32.8% 3,427 0.1% 9
1952 76.0% 8,405 23.6% 2,612 0.4% 40
1948 55.2% 5,587 43.6% 4,414 1.3% 127
1944 66.3% 6,339 33.3% 3,183 0.4% 40
1940 67.0% 7,839 32.7% 3,826 0.3% 39
1936 48.6% 5,054 45.8% 4,764 5.6% 586
1932 48.2% 4,979 50.0% 5,166 1.7% 180
1928 77.8% 7,719 21.6% 2,143 0.6% 63
1924 62.8% 5,550 5.2% 460 32.1% 2,835
1920 85.9% 7,341 10.5% 899 3.6% 304
1916 65.2% 2,945 29.1% 1,313 5.7% 259
1912 26.2% 1,169 22.2% 990 51.6% 2,301
1908 69.9% 3,259 24.7% 1,153 5.4% 254
1904 80.2% 3,242 13.7% 554 6.2% 249
1900 69.8% 3,741 25.5% 1,364 4.7% 254
1896 66.1% 4,195 30.5% 1,939 3.4% 217
1892 56.5% 2,925 26.0% 1,346 17.5% 903

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 190.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 125.
  5. ^ Frame III, Robert M. (July 1981). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory—Nomination Form: Fillmore County Multiple Resource Area". National Park Service. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e Fillmore County MN Google Maps (accessed 8 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Fillmore County MN" Google Maps (accessed 8 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  9. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43-48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 8, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°41′N 92°05′W / 43.68°N 92.09°W / 43.68; -92.09