Scott County, Minnesota

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Scott County, Minnesota
ScottCounty.JPG
Scott County Government Center
Logo of Scott County, Minnesota
Logo
Map of Minnesota highlighting Scott County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded March 5, 1853[1]
Named for Winfield Scott[2]
Seat Shakopee
Largest city Shakopee
Area
 • Total 368 sq mi (953 km2)
 • Land 356 sq mi (922 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2), 3.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 143,680
 • Density 364/sq mi (141/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.scottcountymn.gov
Soils of Scott County[3]
Soils of Cedar Lake Regional Park area

Scott County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 129,928.[4] Its county seat is Shakopee.[5] The county was organized in 1853 and named in honor of General Winfield Scott.

Scott County is part of the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is a member of the Metropolitan Council, and shares many of the council's concerns about responsible growth management, advocating for progressive development concepts such as clustering, open-space design, and the preservation of open space and rural/agricultural land.

The Shakopee-Mdewakanton Indian Reservation is entirely within the county and within the cities of Prior Lake and Shakopee. Due to its proximity to major cities, the tribe has earned revenues at its gaming casinos and hotel; it has used funds to reinvest in economic development for the tribe, founding numerous other enterprises. The tribe also loans or grants money to other Native American tribes, charities, and non-profits devoted to improving the lives of Native Americans.

Scott County was one of the fastest-growing counties in Minnesota, having increased 55% since 1990. However, according to US Census data released in 2011, Scott County saw the steepest drop in median income of all of Minnesota's populous counties.[6] Scott County is 365 square miles (950 km2) and is bounded on the west and north by the Minnesota River.

The Minnesota River had supported the county's fur trading, lumbering, and farming industries in the 19th century. Today Scott County experiences a growing mix of commercial, industrial, and housing development, but is still primarily rural. Scott County is home to several historical, scenic, and entertainment destinations including Canterbury Park, The Landing, Elko Speedway, Mystic Lake Casino run by the Shakopee-Mdewakanton Dakota; the Renaissance Festival, and Valleyfair Amusement Park.

History[edit]

Scott County was first inhabited by two bands of the Santee Sioux (Dakota) Indians, the Mdewakanton and Wahpeton. Their semi-nomadic life followed a seasonal cycle. They gathered food, hunted, fished, and planted corn. In the summer the Dakota villages were occupied but in the winter the groups separated for hunting. They had many permanent villages along the Minnesota River. They had many trails leading to these settlements and to the Red River Valley in the North, and the Prairie du Chien to the Southeast. These trails were later used by the fur traders and settlers, and were known as the "ox cart trails." The area of Scott County, as well as much of southern Minnesota, was opened for settlement by two treaties signed at Mendota and Traverse des Sioux, in 1851 and 1853. These treaties removed the Dakota Indians to reservations in upper Minnesota.

Scott County was established and organized by an Act passed in the legislature on March 5, 1853. The 369-square-mile (960 km2) county was named after General Winfield Scott. Settlers started entering the area in the mid-1850s. The Minnesota River and the ox cart trails were the primary transportation routes. The first settlers were Yankees, followed by groups of Germans, Irish, Czechs, and Scandinavians. They each brought their own traditions and religions. Most of these settlers became farmers. Fur trading, lumbering, and farming were Minnesota's major industries all throughout the 19th century. With the fast-growing farms, sprang up towns. Shakopee, the County Seat, began in 1851 as a trading post by the Dakota Village of Chief Shakopee (or Shakpay). Other towns were established alongside transportation routes. When the railroads came to Minnesota they became the primary mode of transportation, and eventually highways were developed along the ox cart trails between the communities.

Due to urban sprawl and suburbanization this rural county is changing dramatically. Cities are continually growing, causing an increase in population from roughly 90,000 in 2000 to 130,000 today, making Scott County Minnesota's fastest-growing county.

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[7]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 53.2% 39,948 38.0% 28,502 8.8% 6,579
2012 56.3% 40,323 41.5% 29,712 2.3% 1,612
2008 54.7% 36,724 43.5% 29,208 1.8% 1,200
2004 59.5% 36,055 39.5% 23,958 1.0% 626
2000 54.7% 23,954 40.0% 17,503 5.3% 2,336
1996 38.8% 12,734 44.6% 14,657 16.6% 5,456
1992 34.0% 10,936 34.8% 11,225 31.2% 10,055
1988 52.9% 13,050 46.2% 11,405 0.9% 230
1984 56.8% 12,573 42.7% 9,452 0.5% 108
1980 45.0% 9,018 45.5% 9,115 9.5% 1,905
1976 40.7% 7,154 56.3% 9,912 3.0% 527
1972 50.9% 7,310 46.9% 6,745 2.2% 321
1968 39.1% 4,632 56.2% 6,656 4.6% 549
1964 31.3% 3,311 68.6% 7,248 0.1% 11
1960 37.7% 3,671 62.2% 6,061 0.1% 11
1956 54.6% 4,148 45.2% 3,431 0.3% 19
1952 56.2% 4,277 43.6% 3,315 0.2% 14
1948 37.3% 2,583 61.7% 4,278 1.1% 74
1944 54.1% 3,326 45.3% 2,786 0.6% 38
1940 59.1% 4,241 40.6% 2,910 0.3% 21
1936 23.3% 1,528 58.9% 3,861 17.8% 1,170
1932 18.8% 1,134 80.6% 4,878 0.6% 37
1928 28.1% 1,732 71.7% 4,419 0.2% 11
1924 29.3% 1,324 18.3% 829 52.4% 2,367
1920 69.0% 3,015 28.7% 1,253 2.4% 104
1916 40.9% 972 57.2% 1,361 1.9% 46
1912 20.3% 462 51.4% 1,172 28.4% 648
1908 39.3% 1,045 58.2% 1,548 2.5% 67
1904 52.0% 1,138 46.6% 1,021 1.4% 30
1900 37.7% 996 60.1% 1,588 2.2% 58
1896 38.3% 1,126 58.1% 1,706 3.6% 107
1892 26.9% 760 68.5% 1,937 4.7% 132

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 368 square miles (950 km2), of which 356 square miles (920 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (3.2%) is water.[8] It is the third-smallest county in Minnesota by land area and second-smallest by total area.

The Minnesota River is the county's boundary in both the north and the west. The broad river valley juts through glacial sediment into some of the oldest rock known. Now mostly farmland, it was an oak savanna and a mixture of grass and clusters of trees that grew parallel to the river valley. The savanna bordered the "Big Woods", a "closed-forest savanna" that covered most of Minnesota before it was logged in the mid-19th century. Scott is one of 17 Minnesota savanna counties with more savanna soils than either forest or prairie soils. One example of native vegetation in Scott County:

Lakes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 4,595
1870 11,042 140.3%
1880 13,516 22.4%
1890 13,831 2.3%
1900 15,147 9.5%
1910 14,888 −1.7%
1920 14,245 −4.3%
1930 14,116 −0.9%
1940 15,585 10.4%
1950 16,486 5.8%
1960 21,909 32.9%
1970 32,423 48.0%
1980 43,784 35.0%
1990 57,846 32.1%
2000 89,498 54.7%
2010 129,928 45.2%
Est. 2016 143,680 [9] 10.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2016[4]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the 2000 census, there were 89,498 people, 30,692 households, and 23,970 families residing in the county. The population density was 251 people per square mile (97/km²). There were 31,609 housing units at an average density of 89 per square mile (34/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.65% White, 0.92% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 2.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.24% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 2.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.6% were of German, 12.6% Norwegian, 8.3% Irish and 5.1% Swedish ancestry.

There were 30,692 households out of which 45.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.90% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.90% were non-families. 16.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.20% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 37.30% from 25 to 44, 18.60% from 45 to 64, and 6.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $66,612, and the median income for a family was $72,212 (these figures had risen to $80,968 and $90,489 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $46,593 versus $32,482 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,418. About 2.00% of families and 3.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.40% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over. However, in 2011, Scott County saw the steepest drop in median income of all the populous counties in Minnesota and household wealth fell by 10 percent.[6]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 163. 
  3. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43 - 48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  4. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ a b "Scott County hit hardest by economic turbulence, data show". National Public Radio. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  7. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°39′N 93°32′W / 44.65°N 93.53°W / 44.65; -93.53