Steele County, Minnesota

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Steele County, Minnesota
CourthouseSteeleCountyMN.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Steele County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 20, 1855
Named forFranklin Steele
SeatOwatonna
Largest cityOwatonna
Area
 • Total432 sq mi (1,119 km2)
 • Land430 sq mi (1,114 km2)
 • Water2.7 sq mi (7 km2), 0.6%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)36,803
 • Density85.8/sq mi (33.1/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.steele.mn.us

Steele County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 36,576.[1] Its county seat is Owatonna.[2]

Steele County comprises the Owatonna, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was created by the Minnesota Territory legislature on 20 February 1855, using areas partitioned from Rice, Blue Earth, and Le Sueur counties. Owatonna, the settlement of which had commenced in 1854, was named the county seat. The county was named for Franklin Steele, a prominent early resident of the territory.[3]

Geography[edit]

Soils of Steele County[4]

The Straight River rises in Freeborn County and flows northward through the central part of Steele County, continuing into Rice County on the north. The South Branch of the Middle Fork of the Zumbro River rises in Steele County and flows eastward into Dodge County. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, etched with drainages, completely devoted to agriculture where possible.[5] The terrain slopes to the east and north, with its highest point near the midpoint of its south border, at 1,293' (394m) ASL.[6] The county has an area of 432 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 430 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) (0.6%) is water.[7]

The Straight River flows northward through the county, and the Le Sueur River flows through its southwestern corner. The Middle Fork of the Zumbro River rises in NE Steele County.[8]

Major highways[edit]

  • I-35.svg Interstate 35 – runs north-south through west-central portion of county. Passes Medford, Clinton Falls, Owatonna, Hope, Ellendale.
  • US 14.svg U.S. Highway 14 – runs east-west through upper central portion of county. Passes Owatonna.
  • US 218 (MN).svg U.S. Highway 218 – runs NNW from southeast corner of county to intersection with US-14, southeast of Owatonna.
  • MN-30.svg Minnesota State Highway 30 – runs east-west across south part of county. Passes Ellendale.

Airports[5][edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Aurora State Wildlife Management Area
  • Oak Glen State Wildlife Management Area
  • Rice Lake State Park
  • Somerset State Wildlife Management Area
  • Swan Lake State Wildlife Management Area

Lakes[5][edit]

Soils of Somerset WMA area
  • Beaver Lake
  • Fosilen Lake
  • Lake Kohlmeier
  • Lonergan Lake
  • Oak Glen Lake
  • Rice Lake (part)
  • Rickert Lake
  • Swan Lake

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602,863
18708,271188.9%
188012,40049.9%
189013,2326.7%
190016,52424.9%
191016,146−2.3%
192018,06111.9%
193018,4752.3%
194019,7496.9%
195021,1557.1%
196025,02918.3%
197026,9317.6%
198030,32812.6%
199030,7291.3%
200033,6809.6%
201036,5758.6%
Est. 201836,803[9]0.6%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 33,680 people, 12,846 households, and 9,082 families in the county. The population density was 78.3/sqmi (30.2/km²). There were 13,306 housing units at an average density of 30.9/sqmi (11.9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.19% White, 1.07% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.65% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. 3.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 38.6% were of German, 18.5% Norwegian, 5.2% Czech and 5.1% Irish ancestry.

There were 12,846 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.50% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.08.

The county population contained 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,106, and the median income for a family was $53,981. Males had a median income of $36,366 versus $25,054 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,328. About 4.20% of families and 6.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Steele County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 58.4% 11,198 32.5% 6,241 9.1% 1,740
2012 51.8% 9,903 45.5% 8,706 2.7% 515
2008 51.2% 10,068 45.9% 9,016 2.9% 572
2004 55.6% 10,389 42.8% 7,994 1.7% 312
2000 51.2% 8,223 43.0% 6,900 5.9% 943
1996 37.5% 5,617 46.6% 6,974 15.9% 2,373
1992 37.8% 5,964 32.6% 5,152 29.6% 4,673
1988 58.6% 7,981 40.4% 5,496 1.0% 133
1984 63.1% 8,780 36.4% 5,060 0.5% 70
1980 54.7% 7,805 35.7% 5,095 9.7% 1,379
1976 51.7% 7,053 45.9% 6,263 2.4% 331
1972 64.7% 7,678 33.8% 4,010 1.5% 180
1968 55.3% 6,193 41.4% 4,631 3.3% 366
1964 44.6% 4,882 55.1% 6,022 0.3% 35
1960 60.1% 6,795 39.7% 4,491 0.1% 15
1956 65.9% 6,435 33.7% 3,293 0.4% 36
1952 71.0% 6,956 28.8% 2,819 0.3% 29
1948 50.5% 4,451 48.8% 4,305 0.7% 60
1944 58.9% 4,760 40.9% 3,307 0.2% 15
1940 60.0% 5,517 39.9% 3,668 0.2% 14
1936 41.0% 3,373 54.5% 4,481 4.5% 370
1932 43.2% 3,365 55.4% 4,318 1.4% 107
1928 62.5% 4,744 37.2% 2,826 0.3% 25
1924 59.5% 3,598 13.2% 796 27.3% 1,653
1920 76.5% 4,243 21.0% 1,167 2.5% 140
1916 52.2% 1,734 45.1% 1,497 2.7% 91
1912 20.3% 651 40.4% 1,294 39.2% 1,255
1908 57.1% 1,899 38.6% 1,284 4.3% 142
1904 63.4% 2,095 32.3% 1,067 4.3% 141
1900 58.3% 1,833 37.8% 1,188 3.9% 122
1896 59.4% 2,046 36.2% 1,248 4.4% 150
1892 48.7% 1,396 45.3% 1,299 6.0% 171

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 531. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  4. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43-48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  5. ^ a b c d Steele County MN Google Maps (accessed 19 April 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude/Steele County MN" Google Maps (accessed 19 April 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  8. ^ Minnesota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth ME: DeLorme. 1994. pp. 24, 33. ISBN 0-89933-222-6.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 October 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°01′N 93°13′W / 44.02°N 93.22°W / 44.02; -93.22