Marshall County, Minnesota
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
|Founded||February 25, 1879|
|Named for||William Rainey Marshall|
|• Total||1,813 sq mi (4,700 km2)|
|• Land||1,775 sq mi (4,600 km2)|
|• Water||38 sq mi (100 km2) 2.1%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||5.27/sq mi (2.03/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
The Minnesota legislature created the county on February 25, 1879, with territory partitioned from the southern half of Kittson County, with Warren (which was first platted that same year) as the county seat. It was named for William Rainey Marshall, who served as Minnesota governor from 1866 to 1870.
Marshall County lies on Minnesota's border with North Dakota (across the Red River, which flows north along the county's western border). The Snake River rises in Polk County and flows north through the western part of the county to its confluence with the Red. The Tamarac River rises in Marshall County and flows west through the county's northern area to its confluence with the Red. The Middle River also rises in Marshall County and flows west through the southern part of the county, discharging into the Snake just upstream of the Snake/Red confluence. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, carved with drainages, completely devoted to agriculture where possible. The terrain slopes to the west and north, with its highest point near the midpoint of its east border, at 1,194' (364m) ASL. The county has a total area of 1,813 square miles (4,700 km2), of which 1,775 square miles (4,600 km2) is land and 38 square miles (98 km2) (2.1%) is water. Marshall is one of 17 Minnesota savanna region counties where savanna soils dominate.
- Thief Lake
- Webster Creek Pool
|US Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 10,155 people, 4,101 households and 2,837 families in the county. The population density was 5.72/sqmi (2.21/km²). There were 4,791 housing units at an average density of 2.70/sqmi (1.04/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.22% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 1.62% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 2.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 43.2% were of Norwegian, 12.1% Polish, 11.7% German and 9.6% Swedish ancestry.
There were 4,101 households of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 28.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.01.
The county population contained 25.40% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 24.70% from 45 to 64, and 18.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 103.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.10 males.
The median household income was $34,804, and the median family income was $41,908. Males had a median income of $30,051 versus $20,600 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,317. About 6.90% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over.
- Agder Township
- Alma Township
- Augsburg Township
- Big Woods Township
- Bloomer Township
- Boxville Township
- Cedar Township
- Como Township
- Comstock Township
- Donnelly Township
- Eagle Point Township
- East Park Township
- East Valley Township
- Eckvoll Township
- Espelie Township
- Excel Township
- Foldahl Township
- Fork Township
- Grand Plain Township
- Holt Township
- Huntly Township
- Lincoln Township
- Linsell Township
- Marsh Grove Township
- McCrea Township
- Middle River Township
- Moose River Township
- Moylan Township
- Nelson Park Township
- New Folden Township
- New Maine Township
- New Solum Township
- Oak Park Township
- Parker Township
- Rollis Township
- Sinnott Township
- Spruce Valley Township
- Tamarac Township
- Thief Lake Township
- Valley Township
- Vega Township
- Veldt Township
- Viking Township
- Wanger Township
- Warrenton Township
- West Valley Township
- Whiteford Township
- Wright Township
Marshall County has voted Republican in presidential elections since 2000, except in 2008 when Barack Obama carried the county by less than one percentage point.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Marshall County, Minnesota
- Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge
- "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. pp. 326, 331.
- Marshall County MN Google Maps (accessed 18 April 2019)
- ""Find an Altitude/Marshall County MN" Google Maps (accessed 18 April 2019)". Archived from the original on 21 May 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 57–60. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 3, 2019.
- "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 9 October 2018.