Mille Lacs County, Minnesota

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Mille Lacs County, Minnesota
Mille Lacs County Courthouse.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Mille Lacs County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded May 23, 1857[1]
Named for Mille Lacs Lake
Seat Milaca
Largest city Princeton
Area
 • Total 682 sq mi (1,766 km2)
 • Land 572 sq mi (1,481 km2)
 • Water 109 sq mi (282 km2), 16%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 25,866
 • Density 46/sq mi (18/km2)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.co.mille-lacs.mn.us

Mille Lacs County (/mɪlˈlæks/ mil-LAKS) is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,097.[2] Its county seat is Milaca.[3] The county was founded in 1857, and its boundary was expanded in 1860.[1][4]

Mille Lacs County is included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

A portion of the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation is in the county.

Etymology[edit]

The name Mille Lacs, meaning "thousand lakes" in French, comes from Mille Lacs Lake (French: Grand lac du Pays des Mille Lacs), largest lake in the Brainerd Lakes Area as the area was called "Region of Thousand Lakes" (Pays des Mille Lacs) in French.[5]

History[edit]

Mille Lacs County was organized on May 23, 1857, cleaving off the easternmost portion of Benton County, Minnesota. The original Mille Lacs County consisted of the portion of the contemporary Mille Lacs County east of the west branch of the Rum River and two townships now part of Isanti County, adjacent to Mille Lacs County. In 1858, the 12 townships forming the contemporary southern 10 townships of Mille Lacs County and the 2 northwestern townships in Isanti County were organized apart from either Benton or Mille Lacs County to form Monroe County, leaving the northern "Square Top-knot" as the Mille Lacs County. In 1860, Monroe and Mille Lacs Counties merged. Shortly thereafter, the two southeastern townships were transferred to Isanti County, forming the contemporary boundaries for the county.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 682 square miles (1,770 km2), of which 572 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 109 square miles (280 km2) (16%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 73
1870 1,109 1,419.2%
1880 1,501 35.3%
1890 2,845 89.5%
1900 8,066 183.5%
1910 10,705 32.7%
1920 14,180 32.5%
1930 14,076 −0.7%
1940 15,558 10.5%
1950 15,165 −2.5%
1960 14,560 −4.0%
1970 15,703 7.9%
1980 18,430 17.4%
1990 18,670 1.3%
2000 22,330 19.6%
2010 26,097 16.9%
Est. 2016 25,866 [7] −0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the 2000 census,[12] there were 22,330 people, 8,638 households, and 6,003 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 10,467 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.55% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 4.68% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. 0.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.9% were of German, 14.4% Swedish and 14.2% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 8,638 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.50% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.00% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,977, and the median income for a family was $44,054. Males had a median income of $32,348 versus $22,036 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,656. About 6.70% of families and 9.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.90% of those under age 18 and 11.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

  • Brickton
  • Burnhelm Siding
  • Esteville
  • Freer
  • Johnsdale
  • Soule's Crossing
  • Stirling

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 64.1% 8,340 28.5% 3,710 7.4% 967
2012 53.1% 6,951 44.5% 5,829 2.4% 311
2008 52.1% 7,049 44.8% 6,072 3.1% 423
2004 55.1% 7,194 43.5% 5,677 1.5% 194
2000 50.9% 5,223 42.7% 4,376 6.4% 654
1996 33.2% 2,948 48.9% 4,336 17.9% 1,591
1992 30.7% 2,814 39.9% 3,648 29.4% 2,692
1988 46.5% 3,862 52.1% 4,327 1.4% 112
1984 51.5% 4,307 47.9% 4,011 0.6% 53
1980 42.8% 3,860 49.3% 4,443 7.9% 710
1976 37.1% 3,212 59.7% 5,172 3.3% 286
1972 55.8% 4,291 41.9% 3,221 2.3% 174
1968 43.4% 2,990 50.7% 3,494 5.9% 406
1964 36.0% 2,474 63.6% 4,369 0.4% 29
1960 57.3% 3,913 42.3% 2,886 0.5% 31
1956 55.8% 3,315 44.1% 2,619 0.1% 7
1952 58.4% 3,766 40.9% 2,639 0.6% 41
1948 41.4% 2,502 55.4% 3,343 3.2% 194
1944 49.0% 2,798 50.3% 2,872 0.7% 37
1940 48.4% 3,459 50.6% 3,619 1.0% 73
1936 33.6% 2,091 60.6% 3,767 5.8% 362
1932 34.0% 1,986 60.6% 3,538 5.4% 312
1928 72.0% 3,998 25.9% 1,436 2.1% 118
1924 48.8% 2,413 3.4% 167 47.8% 2,366
1920 73.2% 3,521 10.9% 526 15.9% 765
1916 44.6% 1,127 44.0% 1,113 11.4% 288
1912 19.6% 392 22.4% 449 58.1% 1,164
1908 62.0% 1,119 23.6% 427 14.4% 260
1904 83.9% 1,451 8.9% 154 7.2% 125
1900 71.4% 1,072 23.9% 358 4.7% 71
1896 66.8% 977 31.2% 456 2.1% 30
1892 56.1% 463 27.0% 223 17.0% 140

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History of the County". Mille Lacs County. April 1, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  5. ^ Upham, Warren. (1920; repr. 1991)Minnesota Place Names St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°56′N 93°38′W / 45.93°N 93.63°W / 45.93; -93.63