Wilkin County, Minnesota

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Wilkin County, Minnesota
Wilkin County Courthouse.jpg
Wilkin County Courthouse in Breckenridge
Map of Minnesota highlighting Wilkin County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
FoundedMarch 8, 1858 (created as Toombs)
1863 (renamed)
March 6, 1868 (renamed)
Named forAlexander Wilkin
SeatBreckenridge
Largest cityBreckenridge
Area
 • Total751 sq mi (1,945 km2)
 • Land751 sq mi (1,945 km2)
 • Water0.69 sq mi (2 km2), 0.03%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)6,254
 • Density8.33/sq mi (3.22/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.co.wilkin.mn.us

Wilkin County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population of Wilkin County was 6,576.[1] Its county seat is Breckenridge.[2] The county is named for Colonel Alexander Wilkin, a lawyer who served as Minnesota’s U.S. marshal and was later killed in the Civil War.

Wilkin County is part of the Wahpeton, ND–MN Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Fargo-Wahpeton, ND-MN Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In 1849, the newly organized Minnesota Territory legislature authorized the creation of nine large counties across the territory. One of those, Pembina (later renamed as Kittson), contained areas that were partitioned off on 8 March 1858 to create Toombs County, named after Robert Toombs (1810–85) of Georgia. Toombs had been a member of the US House of Representatives (1845-1853), and US Senate (1853-1861). He beecame the Confederate secretary of state in 1861; this disloyalty to the Union displeased county residents, who petitioned for a name change. Accordingly, in 1863, the county was renamed Andy Johnson County for Andrew Johnson, who was serving as the military governor of Tennessee at the time. However, Johnson's actions and positions as US President (1865-1869) also displeased county residents, so on 6 March 1868 the county name was again changed, to Wilkin County. It was named for Colonel Alexander Wilkin, a Minnesota attorney and secretary to the Minnesota Territory governor.

The future Breckenridge, Minnesota was settled beginning in the 1850s, and a town was platted there in the spring of 1857. Thus when Toombs County was authorized in 1858, Breckenridge was listed as the county seat. It continued as the county seat through the subsequent county name changes.[3]

Geography[edit]

Soils of Wilkin County[4]

Wilkin County lies on the west side of Minnesota. Its west border abuts the east border of the state of North Dakota (across a river). The Bois de Sioux River flows northward along the county's west border. The Rabbit River flows westward through the lower part of the county and discharges into the Bois de Sioux on the county's lower west border. The Otter Tail River flows west-northwestward through the central part of the county and merges with the Bois de Sioux at Breckenridge to form the Red River, which continues to flow along the county's west line northward toward the Hudson Bay in Canada.

Wilkin County terrain consists of low rolling hills, completely devoted to agriculture.[5] The terrain slopes to the west and north, with its highest point on the upper east border at 1,250' (381m) ASL.[6] The county has a total area of 751 square miles (1,950 km2), of which 751 square miles (1,950 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.03%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Akron State Wildlife Management Area
  • Atherton State Wildlife Management Area
  • Richard M. and Mathilde Rice Elliot Scientific and Natural Area
  • Rothsay State Wildlife Management Area
  • Sunnyside Township State Game Refuge
  • Western Prairie Scientific and Natural Area

Lakes[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186040
1870295637.5%
18801,906546.1%
18904,346128.0%
19008,08085.9%
19109,06312.2%
192010,18712.4%
19309,791−3.9%
194010,4757.0%
195010,5670.9%
196010,6500.8%
19709,389−11.8%
19808,454−10.0%
19907,516−11.1%
20007,138−5.0%
20106,576−7.9%
Est. 20186,254[8]−4.9%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[1]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 7,138 people, 2,752 households, and 1,926 families in the county. The population density was 9.50/sqmi (3.67/km²). There were 3,105 housing units at an average density of 4.13/sqmi (1.60/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.77% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 1.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.8% were of German and 29.2% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 2,752 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.5% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.09.

The county population contained 27.8% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,093, and the median income for a family was $46,220. Males had a median income of $31,273 versus $20,925 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,873. About 6.2% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

2018 population estimates[edit]

The population estimate for Wilkin County in 2018 was 6,254. A five year survey conducted between 2012 and 2016 found the median household income to be $52,963. The median housing value was $110,800 and there were 3,084 total housing units by 2016. As of 2016, 445 veterans resided in the county. 92.3% of county residents held a high-school diploma or higher. 8.9% of people were living in poverty at the end of 2016. 4.45 of people under the age of 65 had no health insurance. As of 2012, there were 709 companies in Wilkin County.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Wilkin County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.5% 2,129 27.0% 893 8.5% 280
2012 58.5% 1,884 39.0% 1,258 2.5% 80
2008 52.3% 1,786 45.4% 1,550 2.3% 78
2004 65.3% 2,303 33.1% 1,169 1.6% 55
2000 61.5% 2,032 31.7% 1,046 6.9% 227
1996 46.8% 1,508 41.0% 1,319 12.2% 393
1992 46.3% 1,626 32.0% 1,122 21.7% 762
1988 56.1% 1,933 43.1% 1,486 0.8% 28
1984 62.4% 2,367 37.1% 1,410 0.5% 19
1980 54.2% 2,224 36.4% 1,496 9.4% 387
1976 45.8% 1,882 51.2% 2,103 3.0% 125
1972 56.0% 2,292 42.5% 1,739 1.5% 62
1968 48.9% 2,037 46.7% 1,946 4.4% 182
1964 37.3% 1,636 62.7% 2,751 0.1% 4
1960 50.1% 2,340 49.7% 2,319 0.2% 8
1956 55.4% 2,335 44.6% 1,881 0.1% 2
1952 65.4% 2,979 34.3% 1,564 0.3% 13
1948 41.9% 1,700 56.4% 2,291 1.7% 69
1944 51.5% 1,945 48.2% 1,819 0.3% 12
1940 48.7% 2,067 51.2% 2,176 0.1% 6
1936 32.5% 1,278 61.7% 2,428 5.9% 232
1932 30.8% 1,126 67.9% 2,488 1.3% 48
1928 53.9% 1,874 45.4% 1,578 0.7% 25
1924 47.2% 1,342 8.6% 245 44.2% 1,258
1920 75.2% 2,106 20.0% 561 4.8% 134
1916 44.2% 690 51.8% 808 4.0% 63
1912 14.5% 209 40.6% 586 44.9% 649[15]
1908 53.0% 779 41.8% 614 5.2% 76
1904 77.3% 1,103 17.2% 246 5.5% 78
1900 52.1% 812 42.5% 663 5.5% 85
1896 41.3% 631 56.0% 855 2.8% 42
1892 42.7% 434 35.7% 363 21.6% 220

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Upham, Warren. Minnesota Geographic Names (1920), p. 577 (accessed 21 April 2019)
  4. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 57 - 60. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  5. ^ a b Wilkin County MN Google Maps (accessed 21 April 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Elevation/Wilkin County MN" Google Maps (accessed 21 April 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  13. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Search Results". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  15. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 561 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 56 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 30 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 2 votes.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°22′N 96°28′W / 46.36°N 96.47°W / 46.36; -96.47