|Place of origin||Ukraine|
The Ukrainian word pampukh comes via Polish pampuch (a kind of thick dumpling or steamed doughnut) from German Pfannkuchen ("pancake"). Similarly to English "pancake", the latter derives from Pfanne ("pan") and Kuchen ("cake"). The diminutive form pampushka is used more frequently than the basic form.
Pampusky are made of yeast dough from wheat, rye or buckwheat flour. Traditionally they are baked but may also be fried. Savoury pampusky have no filling. They are usually seasoned with garlic sauce and often served as a side dish with red borscht or yushka. Sweet pampushky may be filled with fruits, berries, varenye, povydlo or poppy seeds, and topped with powdered sugar.
Ukrainian borscht served with garlic pampushky and slices of salo
According to William Pokhlyobkin, the technology of making pampushky points to German cuisine, and these buns were possibly created by German colonists in Ukraine. They spread through the country in the second half of the 19th century and later reached the "status" of a Ukrainian traditional dish.
In popular culture
Since 2008 yearly Pampukh Festivals have been organised around Orthodox Christmas time (in January) in Lviv. During the festival in 2012, a Guinness world record was set by building the world's largest mosaic made of doughnuts.
- "Пампух, пампуха". Словник української мови в 11 томах. Академічний тлумачний словник (in Ukrainian). Kiev: Naukova Dumka. 1970–1980.
- Max Vasmer (1953–55). "Пампуха". Russisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German). Heidelberg: Carl Winter.
- Olia Hercules (2015). "Ukrainian garlic bread". Mamushka: Recipes from Ukraine & beyond. UK: Hachette. ISBN 9781784720735.
- Timothy G. Roufs; Kathleen Smyth Roufs (2014). Sweet Treats around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. ABC-CLIO. pp. 346, 347, 562. ISBN 9781610692212.
- Zinovia Klinovetska (1913). Страви й напитки на Україні (Dishes and beverages in Ukraine) (in Ukrainian). Kiev, Lviv. p. 52, 185.
- William Pokhlyobkin. Большая энциклопедия кулинарного искусства (Great Encyclopedia of Cookery) (in Russian). Moscow: Centrpoligraph. p. 820. ISBN 978-5-9524-3563-6.
- "Lviv's Pampukh Festival promotes Ukrainian doughnuts". Ukrinform. 2014-01-09.
- "IX Pampukh Holiday – the main event of Christmas in Lviv". Lviv City Administration. 2017.
- Polly Mosendz (2015-06-05). "A Look at the Guinness World Records of Doughnuts In Celebration of National Doughnut Day". Newsweek.
Media related to pampushky at Wikimedia Commons