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|Place of origin||Sweden, Norway, Kerala|
A rosette (called struva in Swedish, Achappam in Malayalam, Achumurukku in Tamil) is a thin, cookie-like deep-fried pastry of Scandinavian (Swedish and Norwegian) origin and Indian origin. Rosettes are traditionally made during Christmas time. They are made using intricately designed irons. The iron is heated to a very high temperature in oil, dipped into the batter, then re-immersed in the hot oil to create a crisp shell around the metal. The iron is immediately removed and the rosette is separated from the iron. Usually, the edges of the rosette are dipped into frosting or sugar. Rosette recipes are popular in the United States among families with Scandinavian ancestry.
There is also a very similar dessert among the traditional Iranian desserts called Nan panjerehei, which literally means brittle(window-like) bread.
Rosettes are a traditional pastry in Turkey, where they are known as demir tatlısı (iron dessert, in reference to the moulds, which are made of cast or sheet iron). These pastries are also made in Mexico where they're called buñuelos and Colombia where they are known as "solteritas". They are also made in the southern state of India. The Christian community of the southern state Kerala make achappam during Christmas and special occasions. A similar form is available in Sri Lanka as well, which is called kokis.
In Malaysia, a similar pastry is called kuih loyang (brass cakes, named for the brass moulds), kuih ros (rose cakes), 蜂窝饼 (beehive or honeycomb) cookies. Perhaps influenced by the Dutch colonials, the Malaysian version includes coconut milk in addition to flour, sugar and eggs, similar to the Sri Lankan kokis. In southern Bangladesh, in the district on Noakhali, a similar pastry is made during winter, called Kurkuri or Fuljhuri.
- List of doughnut varieties
- List of fried dough varieties
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- Iyer, Rohini; Thampan, Palakasseril Kumaran (1991). Coconut Recipes Around the World. Central Plantation Crops Research Institute. ISBN 9788172960285.
- Isin, Priscilla Mary (2008), Gülbeşeker: Türk Tatlıları Tarihi", YKY, 16-17
- "Beehive Cookies (Kuih Rose) 蜂窝饼 - Chinese New Year Series". February 5, 2013. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- Menon, A. Sreedhara (1979). Social and cultural history of Kerala. Sterling.
- Media related to Rosettes (food) at Wikimedia Commons