Pussyhat

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Sewn and knit pussyhats being worn on a plane to Washington, D.C.

A pussyhat is a pink, crafted hat, created in large numbers by thousands of participants involved with the United States 2017 Women's March. They are the result of the Pussyhat Project, a nationwide effort initiated by Krista Suh and Jayna Zweiman, a screenwriter and architect located in Los Angeles, to create pink hats to be worn at the march for visual impact.[1]

In response to this call, crafters all over the United States began making these hats using patterns provided on the project Web site for use with either a knitting method, crocheting and even sewing with fabrics.[2][3] The project's goal was to have one million hats handed out at the Washington March.[3] The hats are made using pink yarns or fabrics and were originally designed to be a positive form of protest for Trump's inauguration by Krista Suh. Suh, from Los Angeles, wanted a hat for the cooler climate in Washington, D.C. and made a hat for herself to wear at the Women's March, realizing the potential: "We could all wear them, make a unified statement".[4] One of the project founders, Jayna Zweiman, stated "I think it's resonating a lot because we're really saying that no matter who you are or where you are, you can be politically active."[3] Suh and Zwieman worked with Kat Coyle, the owner of a local knitting supply shop called The Little Knittery, to come up with the original design. The project launched in November 2016 and quickly became popular on social media with over 100,000 downloads of the pattern to make the hat.[5][1]

Name[edit]

The name refers to the resemblance of the top corners of the hats to cat ears (as opposed to being a representation of a woman's vagina) and attempts to reclaim the derogatory term "pussy", a play on Trump's widely reported 2005 remarks that women would let him "grab them by the pussy."[6][7] Many of the hats worn by marchers in Washington, D.C., were created by crafters who were unable to attend and wished them to be worn by those who could, to represent their presence. Those hats optionally contained notes from the crafters to the wearers, expressing support. They were distributed by the crafters, by yarn stores at the points of origin, carried to the event by marchers, and also distributed at the destination.[8] The production of the hats caused reported shortages of pink knitting yarn across the United States.[9][10][11][12] On the day of the march, NPR compared the hats to the "Make America Great Again" hats worn by Trump supporters, in that both represented groups that had at one point been politically marginalized; both sent "simultaneously unifying and antagonistic" messages; and both were simple in their messages.[13]

Racism and transphobia charges[edit]

Critics have stated that the pink color of the pussyhats does not represent transgender women, or women of color whose "genitals are more likely to be brown than pink".[14] The color pink actually came from the strong association of pink with femininity, as well as "caring, compassion, and love",[15] not a literal representation of anatomy.

Although Suh says that the hat was never intended to reflect the idea that "women's issues are predicated on the possession of the pussy," critics argue that it is exclusionary. Suh admitted, "I think 'pussy' refers to the female anatomical part." However, Suh also noted that 'pussy' is "a word that's used to shame people who are feminine ... whether they are men, women [or] genderqueer. And I think what it comes down to is that femininity is really disrespected in our society." Suh believes the Pussyhat Project knitters were frustrated that the most intimate part of their bodies is often used as a catchword for weakness, and that they "want[ed] to reclaim that word."

Professor Cáel Keegan, who teaches Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies at Grand Valley State University in Michigan, said the hat's reference to pink [vulvas] is suspect: "We know that any time feminism starts centering people based on anatomy, that gets kind of dangerous for trans people." He also pointed out that both cisgender women and transgender women are fighting for autonomy over their own bodies. The hat's allusion to the [vulva] also ignores the fact that some transgender women opt against undergoing gender-affirmation surgery. Keegan said that the pussyhat can promote the unconscious suggestion that only cisgender women are raped, which is untrue. In fact, he explained, "A lot of the reasons [transgender women] are attacked is because they do not possess that piece of anatomy."[16]

Elle Hearns, a black transgender activist and a former organizing director of Black Lives Matter, criticized the hat for dividing people on the basis of sex and gender, maintaining, "Anything that is not elevating the conversation around the many identities of people in this country is not one that services [sic] the equality or the liberation or the freedom that people are pursuing."[16]

In popular culture[edit]

Pussyhats were featured months after the 2017 march on the Missoni fashion runway.[17] Models were outfitted with pink hats combined with zigzag-striped ribbing as they walked the runway, and at the end of the show, Angela Missoni and celebrities wore the hats as well. She called the collection "pink is the new black" and donated some of the proceeds from the collection to the American Civil Liberties Union and the UN Refugee Agency.[18]

The hats appeared on the covers of Time magazine and The New Yorker.[19] The New Yorker had a painting of an African-American woman wearing a knit pussyhat, flexing her bared arm on its February 6, 2017 cover, in the style of the woman on the 1943 We Can Do It! poster (often mistakenly referred to as Rosie the Riveter). The painting, named "The March", was created by Abigail Gray Swartz, who marched in Augusta, Maine. The image was subsequently made available for sale on prints, mugs, t-shirts and other items.[20]

Saturday Night Live had several skits in which pussyhats appeared. Its January 21, 2017 episode showed a distressed Russian woman putting on a hat and tiptoeing behind Vladimir Putin as he talked about Russia's recent "purchase" of the United States via the election.[21] Another episode, hosted by Jessica Chastain, showed Aidy Bryant in the audience wearing a pussyhat.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Our Story". Pussy Hat Project. Archived from the original on September 23, 2017. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
  2. ^ "Main website page". PussyHatProject.com. Archived from the original on January 24, 2017. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c Shamus, Kristen Jordan (January 14, 2017). "Pussyhat Project is sweeping nation ahead of the Women's March on Washington". Detroit Free Press/USA Today. Archived from the original on January 14, 2017. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
  4. ^ Kahn, Mattie (January 17, 2017). "The Pussyhat Is an Imperfect, Powerful Feminist Symbol That Thousands Will Be Wearing This Weekend in DC; The women behind the controversial cat-eared phenomenon explain their thinking". Elle. Archived from the original on January 21, 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2017. Festooned in cat ears and crafted from hot pink yarn, the hats are the creation of Krista Suh and Jayna Zweiman, friends who wanted to come up with just one more way for women to announce their opposition to Donald Trump's election.
  5. ^ Garfield, Leanna (January 18, 2017). "Thousands of women will wear pink 'pussy hats' the day after Trump's inauguration". Businessinsider.com. Archived from the original on January 25, 2017. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  6. ^ Keating, Fiona (January 14, 2017). "Pink 'pussyhats' will be making statement at the Women's March on Washington". International Business Times UK. Archived from the original on January 15, 2017. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  7. ^ "'Pussyhat' knitters join long tradition of crafty activism" Archived January 21, 2017, at the Wayback Machine BBC News. January 19, 2017.
  8. ^ McGough, Annelise (January 20, 2017). "The Creators of the Pussyhat Project Explain How Craft Projects Are Protest". Fast Company. Archived from the original on January 20, 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  9. ^ Ravani, Sarah (January 17, 2017). "'Pussyhat Project for Women's March causes run on pink yarn" Archived February 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
  10. ^ Brodeur, Nicole (January 10, 2017). "Pussyhat production causes run on pink yarn" Archived February 24, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, "Seattle Times".
  11. ^ WWMT Staff (January 13, 2017). "Craft stores struggling to keep pink yarn in stock ahead of Washington Women's March" Archived February 24, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, "WWMT West Michigan".
  12. ^ DeNardo, Mike (January 7, 2017). "Women to Don Knitted Pink "Pussyhats" During Inauguration Weekend" Archived February 24, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, "CBS Philly."
  13. ^ Kurtzleben, Danielle (January 21, 2017). "With 'Pussyhats,' Liberals Get Their Own Version of the Red Trucker Hat". NPR. Archived from the original on January 22, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
  14. ^ Shamus, Kristin Jordan (2018-01-10). "Pink pussyhats: The reason feminists are ditching them". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
  15. ^ Reimel, Erin; Arneson, Krystin (2017-01-17). "Here's the Powerful Story Behind the Pussyhats at the Women's March". Glamour. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
  16. ^ a b Compton, Julie (February 7, 2019). "Pink 'Pussyhat' Creator Addresses Criticism Over Name". Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  17. ^ Friedman, Vanessa (February 26, 2017). "The Pussy Hat Comes to the Runway". Archived from the original on August 1, 2017.
  18. ^ Okwodu, Janelle (2017-02-25). "The Women's March Pussyhat Takes Milan Fashion Week". Vogue. Retrieved 2019-06-26. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  19. ^ Tesema, Martha (2017-01-27). "A 'pussyhat' lands a spot on the cover of 'TIME' and 'The New Yorker'". Mashable. Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  20. ^ Mouly, Françoise (2017-01-27). "Cover Story: Abigail Gray Swartz's "The March"". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2019-06-26. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  21. ^ Boedeker, Hal (2017-01-22). "'SNL': Brilliant monologue, Kellyanne Conway spoof". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  22. ^ Turchiano, Danielle (2018-01-20). "Jessica Chastain Hosts 'Saturday Night Live' With Important Message for Women on the Evening of the 2nd Annual Women's March". Variety. Retrieved 2019-06-26. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)

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