Kyrsten Sinema

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Kyrsten Sinema
Kyrsten Sinema 113th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 9th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded by Constituency established
Member of the Arizona Senate
from the 15th district
In office
January 10, 2011 – January 3, 2012
Preceded by Ken Cheuvront
Succeeded by David Lujan
Member of the Arizona House of Representatives
from the 15th district
In office
January 10, 2005 – January 10, 2011
Preceded by Wally Straughn
Ken Clark
Succeeded by Lela Alston
Katie Hobbs
Personal details
Born (1976-07-12) July 12, 1976 (age 40)
Tucson, Arizona, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Residence Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.
Alma mater Brigham Young University, Utah
Arizona State University
Occupation Social worker, lawyer
Website House website

Kyrsten Lea Sinema /ˈkɪərstən ˈsɪnəmə/ (born July 12, 1976[1]) is an American politician and the U.S. Representative from Arizona's 9th congressional district, first elected in 2012. A member of the Democratic Party, prior to being elected she served in both chambers of the Arizona legislature, being elected to the Arizona House of Representatives in 2005, and the Arizona Senate in 2011.

Sinema has worked for the adoption of the DREAM Act and has campaigned against Propositions 107 and 102, two voter referendums to ban the recognition of same-sex marriage and civil unions in Arizona.

After her election to the House of Representatives she joined the conservative Blue Dog Coalition and the bipartisan Problem Solvers Caucus. She is a centrist on liberal-conservative scales. In September 2014, she was endorsed for re-election by the United States Chamber of Commerce, becoming one of five Democrats to be endorsed by the Chamber in the 2014 congressional election cycle.[2][3][4][5] In 2015, she did not vote for Nancy Pelosi for Speaker of the House and only voted 73% with the majority of her own party.[6]

She is the first openly bisexual person elected to the U.S. Congress.[4][7]

Early life, education, early career[edit]

Sinema was born in Tucson, Arizona, in 1976. Her parents divorced when she was a child. When her stepfather lost his job, the family lived for two years in an abandoned gas station in Florida with no running water or electricity.[8] Sinema was raised as a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[9]

Sinema graduated as high school valedictorian at age 16 and went on to earn her B.A. from Brigham Young University in 1995 at age 18.[8] She left the Mormon church after graduating from BYU.[9] Sinema received her Master of Social Work from Arizona State University in 1999. In 2004, she earned a J.D. from Arizona State University College of Law. In 2012, she earned a Ph.D. in Justice Studies, also from Arizona State.[8][10]

Sinema was a social worker from 1995 to 2002. In 2000, Sinema worked on Ralph Nader's presidential campaign.[3] She also practiced law in the Washington Elementary School District[11] She served as an adjunct Business Law Professor at Arizona Summit Law School, formerly known as Phoenix School of Law. Sinema became a criminal defense lawyer in 2005.[8][11] Sinema has also been an adjunct instructor in the Arizona State University School of Social Work since 2003.[12]

Arizona legislature[edit]

Sinema walking up stairs and smiling to the camera
Sinema in 2009
Sinema in 2010


Sinema first ran for the Arizona House of Representatives in 2002, as an independent affiliated with the Arizona Green Party.[13] She finished in last place in a five candidate field, receiving 8% of the vote.[14]

In 2004, Sinema won the Democratic primary for Arizona's 15th District, where she won the highest margin of votes with 37%. David Lujan also won election with 34% (there are two seats in each District).[15] Sinema was subsequently re-elected three times with over 30% of the vote.[16][17][18] In 2009 and 2010, Sinema was an assistant Minority Leader for the Democratic Caucus of the Arizona House of Representatives.[19]

In 2010, Sinema was elected to the Arizona Senate, defeating Republican Bob Thomas 63–37%.[20]


In 2005 and 2006, she was named the Sierra Club's Most Valuable Player. She also won the 2006 Planned Parenthood CHOICE Award, 2006 Legislator of the Year Award from both the Arizona Public Health Association and the National Association of Social Workers, 2006 Legislative Hero Award from the Arizona League of Conservation Voters, and the 2005 Stonewall Democrats' Legislator of the Year Award. In 2010, she was named one of Time Magazine's "40 Under 40".[21]

In 2006, Sinema sponsored a bill urging the adoption of the DREAM Act.[22] Also in 2006 she co-chaired Arizona Together, the statewide campaign that defeated Proposition 107 (which would have banned the recognition of same-sex marriage and civil unions in Arizona).[23] Speaking to a magazine in 2006, Sinema was asked about "new feminism", and responded, "'These women who act like staying at home, leeching off their husbands or boyfriends, and just cashing the checks is some sort of feminism because they're choosing to live that life. That's bullshit. I mean, what the fuck are we really talking about here?'"[24][25][26] After dealing with criticism, Sinema apologized and said the interview format was intended to be a "light-hearted spoof". “I was raised by a stay-at-home mom,’’ she said. “So, she did a pretty good job with me.’’[27]

In 2008, Sinema led the campaign against Proposition 102, another referendum which would have banned the recognition of same-sex marriage and civil unions in Arizona. Proposition 102 was approved with 56% of the vote in the general election on November 4, 2008. Sinema chaired a coalition called Protect Arizona's Freedom, which defeated Ward Connerly's goal to place an initiative on the state ballot that would eliminate equal opportunity programs.[28]

In 2010, she sponsored a bill to give in-state tuition to veterans.[29] The Center for Inquiry presented Sinema its Award for the Advancement of Science and Reason in Public Policy in 2011.[30]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]



In June 2011, Sinema said she was considering running for the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. She lived in the same Phoenix neighborhood as incumbent Democratic congressman Ed Pastor, but was adamant that she would not challenge another Democrat in a primary.[31] On January 3, 2012, Sinema announced her bid for Congress, in the 9th congressional district.[32] The district had previously been the 5th, represented by freshman Republican David Schweikert; it contains 60 percent of the old 5th's territory.[33] Schweikert had been drawn into the 6th District—the old 3rd District—and sought reelection there.

Although Sinema was not required to resign her state senate seat under Arizona's resign-to-run laws (since she was in the final year of her term), she did so on the same day that she announced her candidacy. On August 28, 2012, Sinema won the three-way Democratic primary with nearly 42% of the vote. Her opponents, state Senator David Schapira and former Arizona Democratic Party chairman Andrei Cherny, a former speechwriter in the Clinton administration, who each finished with less than 30% of the vote.[8][34][35]

In the general election Sinema ran against Republican nominee Vernon Parker, the former Mayor of Paradise Valley.[8] Sinema was endorsed by the Arizona Republic.[8] The campaign was described as a "nasty",[36] "bitterly fought race that featured millions of dollars in attack ads".[37] Parker ran campaign ads that accused Sinema of being an "anti-American hippie" who practiced "Pagan rituals".[38] The Republican-aligned outside group American Future Fund spent hundreds of thousands of dollars on attack ads against Sinema.[39] When Sinema's religious views were raised as an issue, her campaign stated that she simply believes in a secular approach to government.[40]

The November 6 election was initially too close to call, because Arizona election authorities failed to count more than 25% of the votes on election day.[41] Sinema held a narrow lead over Parker, while provisional and absentee ballots were still being counted.[42][43] However, on November 12, when it was apparent that Sinema's lead was too large for Parker to overcome, the Associated Press called the race for Sinema.[44] Once all ballots were counted, Sinema won by 4.1 percentage points, over 10,000 votes. Libertarian Powell Gammill finished third with 6.64% of the votes.[45] When she took office on January 3, 2013, she became only the second Anglo Democrat to represent the Valley of the Sun in over three decades. The first, Harry Mitchell, represented the seat Sinema now holds from 2007 to 2011.


Sinema ran for reelection in 2014, and was unopposed in the Democratic primary, which took place on August 26, 2014. She faced Republican Wendy Rogers in the general election.[46][47]

According to Roll Call, Sinema billed herself as bipartisan. This is seen as a response to her district's voting pattern. It was drawn as a "fair-fight" district, and voted for President Obama by just 4 points in 2012.[3] In September 2014, she was endorsed for re-election by the United States Chamber of Commerce, becoming one of five Democrats to be endorsed by the Chamber in the 2014 congressional election cycle.[2] She was reelected with 54 percent of the vote.


Unopposed in her primary, Sinema won the general election by almost 22% of the vote.

Political positions[edit]

According to National Journal's 2013 Vote Ratings, Sinema's votes place her near the center of their liberal-conservative scale.[48] In early 2014, Sinema joined the Blue Dog Coalition, a group of moderate Democrats who work with moderate Republicans to craft bipartisan policy.[49] On February 16, 2013, she announced she was part of an emerging effort, called the United Solutions Caucus, to end partisan gridlock in Congress.[50] This group of 32 freshman Republicans and Democrats was formed with the stated principles of strengthening and preserving Social Security and Medicare, promoting economic growth to generate revenue, cutting spending, and pursuing Medicaid waste, fraud, and abuse.[51] Sinema was ranked as the 4th most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives during the 114th United States Congress, and the most bipartisan Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives, in the Bipartisan Index created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy that ranks members of the United States Congress by their degree of bipartisanship (by measuring the frequency each member's bills attract co-sponsors from the opposite party and each member's co-sponsorship of bills by members of the opposite party).[52]

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau[edit]

Sinema voted to change the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's leadership from a single director to a bipartisan commission.[53][54]


In June 2013, Sinema became one of 29 original cosponsors of the bipartisan LIBERT-E (Limiting Internet and Blanket Electronic Review of Telecommunications and Email) Act, along with Rep. Justin Amash. The legislation would limits the National Security Agency (NSA) to only collecting electronic information from subjects of an investigation.[55]

In July 2013, Sinema joined a bipartisan majority and voted against an amendment to a defense appropriations bill (offered by Amash) to prohibit the NSA from monitoring and recording details of U.S. citizens' telecommunications without a warrant.[56] In August 2013 (after an internal May 2012 audit brought to public light by Edward Snowden revealed that the NSA "broken privacy rules or overstepped its legal authority thousands of times each year" since 2008),[57] Sinema explained her vote against the amendment: "I, along with my colleagues in the House, was given assurances by the intelligence community that abuses did not occur intentionally or regularly, were quickly resolved, and were fully reported. I voted against the well-intentioned but overly broad Amash amendment to the Defense Appropriations Act in part because of these assurances, and due to my belief that we must strike a thoughtful balance that protects both our constitutional liberties and our security."[58]


Sinema voted against repealing the Affordable Care Act.[59] Sinema has called for reforms to the law.[60] She has said that the health care law isn't perfect, and that in Congress she will work to amend the law to make it work effectively.[61]

Sinema has voted to delay the initiation of fines on those who don’t purchase insurance in 2014. She has also voted to repeal the Medical Device Tax and for the Keep Your Health Plan Act of 2013.[62][63][64]

Speaking about healthcare policy, Sinema said, "I used to say that I wanted universal health-care coverage in Arizona, which went over like a ton of bricks. Turns out, Arizonans hear the word 'universal' and think 'socialism'—or 'pinko commie.' But when I say that I want all Arizonans to have access to affordable, quality health care, Arizonans agree wholeheartedly. Same basic idea, different language."[65]

Foreign policy[edit]

After the September 11 attacks on the United States, Sinema was involved in organizing a Phoenix-area group called the Arizona Alliance for Peaceful Justice (AAPJ). According to The Hill, "The group’s mission statement at the time called military action 'an inappropriate response to terrorism' and advocated for using the legal system — not violence — to bring Osama bin Laden and others to justice." Sinema wrote: "As one of the core organizers against the war from day one (September 12, 2011), I have always and will always continue to oppose war in all its forms."[66]

Sinema has advocated against the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories and has helped form several groups that oppose the U.S.-Israel alliance. The AAPJ, which Sinema co-founded, has denounced Israel’s “disproportionate” use of “violence and oppression,” decried U.S. military aid to Israel, and protested the expansion of Israeli settlements “into Palestinian lands.” Sinema's activism and views regarding Israel have been criticized by Republicans and Democrats, including Jay Goodlik, a former Special Assistant to Bill Clinton.[66][67][68][69] Sinema is a former spokesperson for Women in Black, an anti-war group that was founded in part to support Palestinians during the Intifada.[67][70] She supports reducing defense spending.[71]


Sinema generally favors higher income taxation of the wealthy over cutting services. She has voted in support of federal stimulus spending.[71] She has said: "Raising taxes is more economically sound than cutting vital social services."[72]

In 2015, however, Sinema was one of just seven House Democrats to vote in favor of a Republican-backed bill to repeal the estate tax, which affects about 0.2% of deaths in the U.S. each year (estates of $5.43 million or more for individuals, or $10.86 million or more for couples).[73]

In 2016, with Republican congressman John Katko of New York, Sinema cosponsored the Working Parents Flexibility Act (H.R. 4699). This legislation would establish a tax-free "parental savings account" in which employers and parents could invest savings tax-free, with unused funds eligible to be "rolled into qualifying retirement, college savings or ABLE accounts for people with disabilities without tax penalties."[74]


Sinema supports abortion rights. She has been endorsed by EMILY's List.[71]


Sinema favors gun control measures such as requiring background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows, and requiring a license for gun possession.[75]


In 2016, Sinema was one of just five House Democrats to vote for a Republican-backed bill barring the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from regulating broadband rates. Sinema's vote broke from her party; other Democrats were strongly opposed to the measure, and President Obama said he would veto it if it passed.[76]


A woman in her thirties with fairly short blond hair, wearing sunglasses and a beige and pink top, is surrounded by a crowd.
State Representative Kyrsten Sinema attending a protest at the Arizona State Capitol on the day of the SB 1070's signing

Sinema opposed Arizona SB 1070. Sinema argues that mass deportation of illegal immigrants is not an option and supported the DREAM Act. Sinema believes that "we need to create a tough but fair path to citizenship for undocumented workers that requires them to get right with the law by paying back taxes, paying a fine and learning English as a condition of gaining citizenship." [77]


Sinema voted for the SAFE Act, which expanded the refugee screening process to require signatures from the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Director of National Intelligence for each refugee entering the country.[78][79]

Committee assignments[edit]

Personal life[edit]

On November 17, 2013, Sinema completed an Ironman Triathlon in a little more than 15 hours. According to Politico, Sinema was the second active member of Congress—behind Senator Jeff Merkley—to finish an Ironman; although several sources, such as Triathlete Magazine, consider Sinema the first, since Merkley completed a non-Ironman-branded race.[80] On December 25, 2013, Sinema summited Mount Kilimanjaro.[81]

Sinema is now the only openly non-theist or atheist member of Congress,[82][83] although she herself has dissociated from such labels.[40]

Electoral history[edit]


Arizona's 15th House of Representatives District election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ken Clark 10,873 30.24%
Democratic Wally Straughn 8,109 22.55%
Republican Milton Wheat 7,163 19.92%
Republican William Wheat 6,868 19.10%
Independent Kyrsten Sinema 2,945 8.19%
Turnout 35,958


Arizona's 15th House of Representatives District Democratic Primary election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 3,475 36.94%
Democratic David Lujan 3,205 34.07%
Democratic Wally Straughn (incumbent) 2,726 28.98%
Turnout 9,406
Arizona's 15th House of Representatives District election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic David Lujan 19,999 31.12
Democratic Kyrsten SInema 19,402 30.19
Republican Oksana Komarnyckyj 12,299 19.14
Republican Tara Roesler 12,565 19.55
Turnout 64,265


Arizona's 15th House of Representatives District Democratic Primary election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema (incumbent) 3,590 42.31%
Democratic David Lujan (incumbent) 3,571 42.09%
Democratic Robert Young 1,323 15.59%
Turnout 8,484
Arizona's 15th House of Representatives District election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic David Lujan (incumbent) 15,951 33.12%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema (incumbent) 15,723 32.64%
Republican Robert Gear 7,689 15.96%
Republican William Wheat 7,305 15.17%
Libertarian Richard Buck 1,499 3.11%
Turnout 48,167


Arizona's 15th House of Representatives District election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic David Lujan (incumbent) 23,781 40.06%
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema (incumbent) 22,721 38.28%
Republican Ed Hedges 12,860 21.66%
Turnout 59,362


Arizona's 15th Senate District election, 2010[84]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 18,013 62.82%
Republican Bob Thomas 10,663 37.18%
Turnout 28,676
Democratic hold Swing


Arizona's 9th congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 15,536 40.78%
Democratic David Schapira 11,419 29.97%
Democratic Andrei Cherny 11,146 29.25%
Turnout 38,101
Arizona's 9th congressional district election, 2012[85]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema 121,881 48.73%
Republican Vernon Parker 111,630 44.63%
Libertarian Powell E. Gammill 16,620 6.64%
Turnout 250,131
Democratic hold Swing


Arizona’s 9th congressional district election, 2014[86]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema (Incumbent) 88,609 54.60
Republican Wendy Rogers 67,841 41.81
Libertarian Powell Gammill 5,612 3.46
Write-ins 211 0.13
Total votes 162,273 100
Democratic hold


Arizona’s 9th congressional district election, 2016[87]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kyrsten Sinema (Incumbent) 169,055 60.94
Republican Dave Giles 108,350 39.06
Total votes 277,405 100
Democratic hold

See also[edit]


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  2. ^ a b "How the Tea Party Is Causing Big Business to Back Democrats". Mother Jones. September 15, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Shira T. Center (12 August 2014). "Freshman Congresswoman Moves to the Middle". Roll Call. Retrieved 29 August 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Roig-Franzia, Manuel (January 2, 2013). "Kyrsten Sinema: A success story like nobody else's". The Washington Post. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  5. ^ Rebekah L. Sanders (February 9, 2014). "Can Rep. Kyrsten Sinema be beat in 2014?". AZ Central. Retrieved August 30, 2014. 
  6. ^ The House Democrats Who Are Voting With Republicans More Often
  7. ^ O'Dowd, Peter (January 1, 2013). "Sinema, First Openly Bisexual Member Of Congress, Represents 'Changing Arizona'". NPR. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Skelton, Alissa (November 1, 2012). "Arizona, 9th House District: Kyrsten Sinema". National Journal. Archived from the original on November 22, 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Roig-Franzia, Manuel. "Congress' first openly bisexual member grew up Mormon, graduated from BYU". Standard Examiner. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  10. ^ "Project Vote Smart: Rep. Kyrsten Sinema". Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
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  12. ^ "ASU Directory Profile: Kyrsten Sinema". November 15, 2007. Retrieved September 1, 2012. 
  13. ^ Winger, Richard (November 13, 2012). "Kyrsten Sinema, Newly-Elected Arizona Congresswoman, Was Once a Green Party Nominee for Arizona Legislature". Ballot Access News. Retrieved November 21, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Election Summary". Retrieved November 21, 2012. 
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  22. ^ "Documents For Bill". Retrieved September 1, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Straight couples pivotal in gay marriage fight". The Arizona Republic. November 9, 2006. Retrieved June 1, 2008. 
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  25. ^ Vetscher, Tim. "FACT CHECK: AFF's TV ad attacking Kyrsten Sinema". ABC15 News. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  26. ^ Lemons, Stephen. "Kyrsten Sinema's Hilary Rosen Moment, and Her Persistent Verbal Flubbery". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  27. ^ Fischer, Howard (October 27, 2006). "Gay marriage debate sparks a feminism battle". East Valley Tribune. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Member Page". Retrieved September 1, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Documents For Bill". Retrieved September 1, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Sen. Sinema to Receive Award from CFI for Advancement of Science and Reason in Public Policy" (Press release). Center for Inquiry. March 9, 2011. Retrieved November 7, 2012. 
  31. ^ Trygstad, Kyle (June 9, 2011). "Arizona State Senator Interested in House Bid". Roll Call. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  32. ^ Garcia, Michelle (January 4, 2012). "Bi Politician Announces Congressional Bid". The Advocate. Retrieved January 8, 2012. 
  33. ^ Arizona Redistricting: Commission releases draft map. Daily Kos, October 4, 2011
  34. ^ González, Daniel (August 28, 2012). "Sinema, Parker win in Congressional District 9". Arizona Republic. 
  35. ^ "November 2012 Election Results". Retrieved November 8, 2012. 
  36. ^ Dann, Carrie Ten fresh faces to watch in the new Congress, NBC News (December 4, 2012).
  37. ^ Jim Cross, Sinema beats Parker in Arizona's CD9 race, KTAR (November 12, 2012).
  38. ^ David Mendez, From Far, Far Out There in Phoenix: Vernon Parker Says Kyrsten Sinema Is A Pagan Hippie, Tucson Weekly (October 16, 2012); Matthew Hendley, Kyrsten Sinema Doesn't Like America, but Loves Flower Power, According to Vernon Parker Ad, Phoenix New Times (October 16, 2012).
  39. ^ Tim Vetscher, Fact Check: AFF's TV ad attacking Kyrsten Sinema, KNXV-TV (ABC 15) (September 24, 2012); Andrew Sullivan, Ad War Update: Obama Wants To Engulf Your Children In Flames (September 19, 2012)
  40. ^ a b Oppenheimer, Mark (November 9, 2012). "Politicians Who Reject Labels Based on Religion". The New York Times. Retrieved November 28, 2012.  Sinema's campaign stated that "the terms non-theist, atheist or nonbeliever are not befitting of her life's work or personal character".
  41. ^ Reinhart, Mary K. (August 28, 2012). "Ballot count goes on in Arizona". Arizona Republic. 
  42. ^ "Democrat Kyrsten Sinema beats GOP's Vernon Parker in Arizona's 9th Congressional District". The Washington Post, November 12, 2012.
  43. ^ "Kyrsten Sinema Election Results: Arizona Democrat Beats Vernon Parker In Congressional Race". Huffington Post, November 12, 2012.
  44. ^ "Kyrsten Sinema Becomes First Openly Bisexual Member of Congress". ABC News. November 12, 2012. 
  45. ^ "General Election Results". Arizona Secretary of State's Office. Retrieved November 24, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Arizona's 9th Congressional District elections, 2014". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  47. ^ Jaffe, Alexandra (2014-08-27). "GOP nominates former Air Force Lt. Col. to take on Sinema". The Hill. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  48. ^ "National Journal". Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Roll Call". Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  50. ^ "Congresswoman Kyrsten Sinema News Releases". Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  51. ^ "Fox News Video". 
  52. ^ The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index (PDF), The Lugar Center, March 7, 2016, retrieved April 30, 2017 
  53. ^ Reps. Sinema, Neugebauer: CFPB Needs Bipartisan Leadership, ACA International (October 15, 2015).
  54. ^ Kyrsten Sinema & Randy Neugebauer, Depoliticizing Elizabeth Warren’s Pet Project, Wall Street Journal (October 14, 2015).
  55. ^ "H.R.2399 - LIBERT-E Act, 113th Congress (2013-2014)". Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  56. ^ "House Vote 412 - Rejects Limits on N.S.A. Data Collection". Inside Congress. New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  57. ^ Barton Gellman, NSA broke privacy rules thousands of times per year, audit finds, Washington Post (August 15, 2013).
  58. ^ "Sinema on NSA Audit Revealing Americans' Privacy Rights Violated" (Press release). Office of Representative Kyrsten Sinema. August 17, 2013. Archived from the original on November 15, 2014. 
  59. ^ "GovTrack". Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  60. ^ Kyrsten Sinema (September 1, 2013). "Affordable Care Act needs fixes to address costs". Arizona Republic. 
  61. ^ "2012 Congressional Debate". Arizona PBS. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  62. ^ "GovTrack". Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  63. ^ "New York Times". Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  64. ^ "Gov Track". Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  65. ^ "Kyrsten Sinema on Health Care". On the Issues. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  66. ^ a b Lederman, Josh (February 5, 2012). "Candidate's stance on Afghan, Iraq wars faces scrutiny in Democratic primary". The Hill. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  67. ^ a b Kredo, Adam (2012-04-20). "Adult Sinema". Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  68. ^ Benson, Guy (November 5, 2012). ""Moderate" Arizona Democrat Has Deep Ties to Left-Wing Radicals, Obama White House". Townhall. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  69. ^ Goodman, Alana (2012-07-23). "The Reinvention of an Anti-War Activist". Commentary Magazine. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  70. ^ Footlik, Jay (May 8, 2012). "Can Jews believe Kyrsten Sinema?". Jewish Journal. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  71. ^ a b c "Arizona House Kyrsten Sinema (Democrat, district 9) On the issues". On the Issues. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  72. ^ "Bio Questions". Arizona Republic. Archived from the original on October 2, 2002. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  73. ^ Bernie Becker, House votes to repeal estate tax, The Hill (April 16, 2015).
  74. ^ Katko bill would establish tax-free savings accounts for parents, Ripon Advance News Service (March 10, 2016).
  75. ^ "Kyrsten Sinema on Gun Control". Retrieved 2017-02-11. 
  76. ^ Kevin Carty, Passes Bill Barring FCC From Regulating Broadband Rates, Morning Consult (April 15, 2016).
  77. ^
  78. ^ Sanders, Rebekah. "Kyrsten Sinema's surprising vote on Syrian refugees". azcentral. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  79. ^ "H.R.4038 - American SAFE Act of 2015". Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  80. ^ Kopan, Tal. "Rep. Kyrsten Sinema finishes Ironman". Politico. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  81. ^ "U.S. Congresswoman Kyrsten Sinema Summits with Ultimate Kilimanjaro"
  82. ^ Susskind, Jane (2012-11-16). "Religious Diversity in Congress, A Year of "Firsts"". Independent Voter Network. Retrieved May 26, 2014. 
  83. ^ Kimberly Winston (2012-11-08). "Kyrsten Sinema, Arizona Democrat, To Replace Pete Stark As Sole Atheist In Congress". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
  84. ^ "State of Arizona Official Canvass" (PDF). November 29, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 20, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  85. ^ "State of Arizona Official Canvass" (PDF). December 3, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 12, 2013. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  86. ^ "General Elections". Secretary of State. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2014-11-20. 
  87. ^ "2016 General Election Unofficial Results". November 8, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2017. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
New constituency Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 9th congressional district

United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Raul Ruiz
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Chris Stewart