Raphael Warnock

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Raphael Warnock
Raphael Warnock official photo.jpg
United States Senator
from Georgia
Assumed office
January 20, 2021
Serving with Jon Ossoff
Preceded byKelly Loeffler
Personal details
Born
Raphael Gamaliel Warnock

(1969-07-23) July 23, 1969 (age 52)
Savannah, Georgia, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Oulèye Ndoye
(m. 2016; div. 2020)
Children2
EducationMorehouse College (BA)
Union Theological Seminary (MDiv, MPhil, PhD)
WebsiteSenate website
Personal
ReligionChristian
DenominationBaptist
ChurchEbenezer Baptist Church

Raphael Gamaliel Warnock (born July 23, 1969) is an American pastor and politician serving as senior pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, and as the junior United States senator from Georgia since 2021. A member of the Democratic Party, he assumed office on January 20, 2021.[1][2]

Warnock was the senior pastor of Douglas Memorial Community Church until 2005, when he became senior pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. He came to prominence in Georgia politics as a leading activist in the campaign to expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act. Warnock defeated incumbent Kelly Loeffler in the runoff in Georgia's 2020–21 United States Senate special election on January 5, 2021. The same day, fellow Democrat Jon Ossoff won the runoff for Georgia's other Senate seat against Republican David Perdue.

Warnock and Ossoff are the first Democrats elected to the U.S. Senate from Georgia since Zell Miller in 2000. Warnock is the first African American to represent Georgia in the Senate and the first African-American Democrat elected to a Senate seat by a former state of the Confederacy.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Warnock was born in Savannah, Georgia on July 23, 1969.[4] He grew up in public housing as the eleventh of twelve children born to Verlene and Jonathan Warnock, both Pentecostal pastors.[5] His father served in the U.S. Army during World War II, where he learned automobile mechanics and welding, and subsequently opened a small car restoration business where he restored junked cars for resale.[6]

Warnock graduated from Sol C. Johnson High School[7] and, having wanted to follow in the footsteps of Martin Luther King Jr., attended Morehouse College, from which he graduated cum laude in 1991 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in psychology.[8][9] He credits his participation in the Upward Bound program for making him college-ready, as he was able to enroll in early college courses through Savannah State University.[7][9] He then earned Master of Divinity, Master of Philosophy, and Doctor of Philosophy degrees from Union Theological Seminary, a school affiliated with Columbia University.[10][11][6]

Religious work[edit]

In the 1990s, Warnock served as the youth pastor and then assistant pastor at Abyssinian Baptist Church in New York.[12][13] While Warnock was pastor at Abyssinian, the church declined to hire workfare recipients as part of organized opposition to then-mayor Rudy Giuliani's workfare program.[14] The church also hosted Fidel Castro on October 22, 1995, while Warnock was the youth pastor there. There is no evidence Warnock was involved in that decision. His campaign, during the 2020-21 United States Senate special election in Georgia, refused to say whether Warnock attended the event.[15]

In the 2000s, Warnock was senior pastor at Douglas Memorial Community Church in Baltimore, Maryland. Warnock and an assistant minister were arrested and charged with obstructing a police investigation into suspected child abuse at a summer camp run by Warnock's church, Douglas Memorial Community Church. The police report called Warnock "extremely uncooperative and disruptive". Warnock had demanded that the counselors have lawyers present when being interviewed by police.[16][17] The charges were later dropped with the deputy state's attorney's acknowledgment that it had been a "miscommunication", adding that Warnock had aided the investigation and that prosecution would be a waste of resources.[18][19] Warnock said he was merely asserting that lawyers should be present during the interviews[20] and that he had intervened to ensure that an adult was present while a juvenile suspect was being questioned.[21]

In 2005, Warnock became senior pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia, Martin Luther King Jr.'s former congregation; he is the fifth and the youngest person to serve as Ebenezer's senior pastor since its founding.[7][22][23] Warnock has stated that he will continue in the post while serving in the Senate.[24]

As pastor, Warnock advocated for clemency for Troy Davis, who was executed in 2011.[25] In 2013, he delivered the benediction at the public prayer service at the second inauguration of Barack Obama.[26] After Fidel Castro died in 2016, Warnock told his church to pray for the Cuban people, calling Castro's legacy “complex, kind of like America’s legacy is complex.”[15] In March 2019, Warnock hosted an interfaith meeting on climate change at his church, featuring Al Gore and William Barber II.[27]

In July 2020, Warnock presided at Representative John Lewis's funeral at Ebenezer Church.[28]

On Easter Sunday 2021, Warnock's Twitter account tweeted, "The meaning of Easter is more transcendent than the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Whether you are a Christian or not, through a commitment to helping others we are able to save ourselves." Many prominent Christians and political commenters spoke against the tweet, including Benjamin Watson, Allie Beth Stuckey, and Jenna Ellis, who called it "heretical." The tweet was deleted that afternoon, with a spokesperson for Warnock saying, "the tweet was posted by staff and was not approved" but declining to say whether it reflected Warnock's beliefs.[29][30]

Political activism[edit]

Warnock with Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar at the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park in 2009

Warnock came to prominence in Georgia politics as a leader in the campaign to expand Medicaid in the state.[31] In March 2014, Warnock led a sit-in at the Georgia State Capitol to press state legislators to accept the expansion of Medicaid offered by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[32] He and other leaders were arrested during the protest.[32][33] Warnock also actively campaigned for Georgia Democrats to increase outreach to low-income communities.[34] In 2015, Warnock considered running in the 2016 election for the United States Senate seat held by Johnny Isakson as a member of the Democratic Party.[35] He opted not to run.[36][37]

From June 2017 to January 2020, Warnock chaired the New Georgia Project, a nonpartisan organization focused on voter registration.[38][22]

Warnock supports expanding the Affordable Care Act and has called for the passage of the John Lewis Voting Rights Act.[39][31] He also supports increasing COVID-19-relief funding.[40] A proponent of abortion rights and gay marriage, he has been endorsed by Planned Parenthood.[41][42] He opposes the concealed carry of firearms, saying that religious leaders do not want guns in places of worship.[43] Warnock has long opposed the death penalty, having advocated for death row inmate Troy Davis, who was executed in 2011 for killing a police officer despite evidence that supported his innocence.[44][45]

U.S. Senate[edit]

Elections[edit]

2020–21 election[edit]

In January 2020, Warnock decided to run in the 2020 special election for the United States Senate seat held by Kelly Loeffler, who was appointed after Isakson's resignation.[46] He was endorsed by Democratic senators Chuck Schumer, Cory Booker, Sherrod Brown, Kirsten Gillibrand, Jeff Merkley, Chris Murphy, Bernie Sanders, Brian Schatz, and Elizabeth Warren, the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, Stacey Abrams, and former presidents Barack Obama and Jimmy Carter.[47][22][48][49][50] Several players of the Atlanta Dream, a WNBA team Loeffler co-owned at the time, wore shirts endorsing Warnock in response to controversial comments Loeffler made about the Black Lives Matter movement.[51]

The closing argument of Warnock's campaign focused on the $2,000 stimulus payments that he and Ossoff would approve if they were elected, giving Democrats a Senate majority.[52]

In the January 5 runoff election, Warnock defeated Loeffler with 51% of the popular vote. With this victory, he made history by becoming the first Black senator from Georgia.[53] On January 7, Loeffler conceded to Warnock.[54] The election result was certified on January 19.[55] Unlike Ossoff, Warnock will have to defend his seat in 2022, when Isakson's term was originally set to expire, in order to win a full 6-year term from 2023 to 2029.[56]

2022 election[edit]

On January 27, 2021, Warnock announced that he would seek election to a full term in 2022.[57]

Tenure[edit]

Warnock outside his Senate office, shortly after being sworn in
Senator Warnock during the signing of Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, June 17, 2021

On January 20, 2021, Warnock was sworn into the United States Senate in the 117th Congress by Vice President Kamala Harris.

Warnock voted to convict former President Donald Trump for his role in inciting the Capitol riots on February 13, 2021.[58]

On March 5, 2021, he co-sponsored an amendment to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour, along with 29 other Democratic and Independent senators.[59]

On March 17, 2021, he delivered his first speech on the Senate floor, in support of the passage of the For the People Act and the John Lewis Voting Rights Act.[60]

Committee assignments[edit]

Warnock has been assigned to the following committees for the 117th United States Congress:[61]

Caucuses[edit]

Political positions[edit]

Warnock speaks on a COVID relief bill in 2021

As a U.S. Senator, Warnock has embraced a progressive agenda.[62]

Abortion[edit]

Warnock has described himself as a "pro-choice pastor."[63]

In December 2020, during Warnock's Senate campaign, a group of 25 Black ministers wrote him an open letter asking him to reconsider his abortion stance, calling it "contrary to Christian teachings" and saying abortion disproportionately affects African Americans. The Warnock campaign responded with a statement, writing that "Warnock believes a patient's room is too small a place for a woman, her doctor, and the US government and that these are deeply personal health care decisions - not political ones."[64]

Capital punishment[edit]

Warnock opposes the death penalty. He unsuccessfully attempted to stop death row inmate Troy Davis's execution.[65]

Gun control[edit]

Warnock received a grade of "F" from the National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund during his Senate campaign. The NRA accused him of supporting the criminalization of private gun transfers and banning standard issue magazines, and endorsed Loeffler.[66] In 2014, Warnock gave a sermon in which he criticized Georgia's gun laws, saying that "somebody decided that they had the bright idea to pass a piece of legislation that would allow guns and concealed weapons to be carried in churches. Have you ever been to a church meeting?... Whoever thought of that had never been to a church meeting."[67] The NRA tweeted out the video, adding the caption "Rev. Warnock, Law-Abiding Americans Defending Themselves is No Laughing Matter". The NRA added that "LAUGHING at church-goers who defend themselves with guns. First Warnock goes after our veterans, now our Second Amendment."[68]

Immigration[edit]

Warnock criticized Trump's "shithole countries" comment in 2018 and his subsequent signing of a proclamation honoring Martin Luther King Jr., saying, "I would argue that a proclamation without an apology is hypocrisy. There is no redemption without repentance and the president of the United States needs to repent."[69]

LGBT rights[edit]

Warnock supports the Equality Act, which would prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex, gender identity, and sexual orientation.[70]

Supreme Court[edit]

Warnock twice declined to answer when asked whether he supported "packing the Supreme Court" by adding additional justices during a December 2020 debate.[71]

Welfare[edit]

Warnock opposed New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani's workfare reforms while he was assistant pastor at Abyssinian Baptist Church. In 1997 he told The New York Times, "We are worried that workfare is being used to displace other workers who receive respectable compensation...We are concerned that poor people are being put into competition with other poor people, and in that respect, we think workfare is a hoax".[72]

Voting rights[edit]

Warnock has said that passing legislation to expand voting rights is important enough to end the Senate filibuster.[62][73]

On March 17, 2021, Warnock said in a Senate floor speech that voting rights were under attack at a rate not seen since the Jim Crow era.[74][75] On April 20, 2021, Warnock and voting rights activist Stacey Abrams testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee in favor of passing the John Lewis Voting Rights Act and For the People Act. He was again critical of the new election laws passed in his home state, calling it a "full-fledged assault on voting rights, unlike anything we seen since the era of Jim Crow."[76] He is not opposed to voter ID laws, but criticizes them when they discriminate against certain groups.[77][78]

Electoral history[edit]

U.S. Senate[edit]

2020–21 United States Senate special election in Georgia[79]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Raphael Warnock 1,617,035 32.90
Republican Kelly Loeffler (incumbent) 1,273,214 25.91
Republican Doug Collins 980,454 19.95
Democratic Deborah Jackson 324,118 6.60
Democratic Matt Lieberman 136,021 2.77
Democratic Tamara Johnson-Shealey 106,767 2.17
Democratic Jamesia James 94,406 1.92
Republican Derrick Grayson 51,592 1.05
Democratic Joy Felicia Slade 44,945 0.91
Republican Annette Davis Jackson 44,335 0.90
Republican Kandiss Taylor 40,349 0.82
Republican Wayne Johnson (withdrawn) 36,176 0.74
Libertarian Brian Slowinski 35,431 0.72
Democratic Richard Dien Winfield 28,687 0.58
Democratic Ed Tarver 26,333 0.54
Independent Allen Buckley 17,954 0.37
Green John Fortuin 15,293 0.31
Independent Al Bartell 14,640 0.30
Independent Valencia Stovall 13,318 0.27
Independent Michael Todd Greene 13,293 0.27
Total votes 4,914,361 100.0
2021 United States Senate special election in Georgia runoff[80]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Raphael Warnock 2,289,113 51.04% +10.00%
Republican Kelly Loeffler (incumbent) 2,195,841 48.96% -5.84%
Total votes 4,484,954 100.0%
Democratic gain from Republican

Personal life[edit]

Warnock married Oulèye Ndoye in a public ceremony on February 14, 2016; the couple had held a private ceremony in January.[8][81] They have two children. The couple separated in November 2019, and their divorce was finalized in 2020.[12] According to a police report, Ndoye accused Warnock of running over her foot with his car while trying to escape a heated argument about visiting relatives, but medical professionals found no signs of injury.[82] Body camera footage of a police interview during the incident was made public before the runoff election.[83]

Publications[edit]

  • Warnock, Raphael G. (December 2013). The Divided Mind of the Black Church: Theology, Piety, and Public Witness. New York: NYU Press. ISBN 9780814794463. OCLC 844308880.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Walker, Amara; Morris, Jason; Kallingal, Mallika (January 8, 2021). "Brad Raffensperger intends to certify results of Georgia's Senate runoffs by January 20". CNN. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  2. ^ Peebles, Will (January 4, 2021). "Georgia runoff Senate races: When will we know the winners? Could there be a second runoff?". Savannah Morning News. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  3. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Fausset, Richard (January 6, 2021). "Warnock beats Loeffler in Georgia Senate race". The New York Times. Retrieved January 8, 2021. The victory is a landmark breakthrough for African-Americans in politics. Mr. Warnock becomes the first Black Democrat to be elected to the Senate from the Deep South since reconstruction.
  4. ^ "Warnock, Raphael G." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
  5. ^ Lewis, Ricardo (February 15, 2016). "From Public Housing to the People's Pastor: Savannah native uses pulpit as platform for change". WSAV-TV. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  6. ^ a b Jealous, Ben; Shorters, Trabian (February 3, 2015). Reach: 40 Black Men Speak on Living, Leading, and Succeeding. Simon and Schuster. pp. 227–. ISBN 978-1-4767-9983-4. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Clark Felty, Dana (October 6, 2006). "From Kayton Homes to King's pulpit". Savannah Morning News. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  8. ^ a b Poole, Shelia (February 16, 2016). "Ebenezer's Pastor Raphael Warnock to wed in public ceremony on Sunday". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  9. ^ a b "The Reverend Raphael Gamaliel Warnock, Ph. D." African American Heritage House. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
  10. ^ McMahon, Julie (December 18, 2019). "Pastor at historic MLK Jr. church to speak at SU". The Post-Standard. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  11. ^ Woods, A. (January 30, 2020). "Who Is Raphael Warnock?: Everything To Know About Ebenezer Baptist Pastor Running For Georgia Senate". News One. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  12. ^ a b Fausset, Richard (November 1, 2020). "Can Raphael Warnock Go From the Pulpit to the Senate?". New York Times. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  13. ^ King, Maya (November 19, 2020). "Republicans paint Raphael Warnock as a religious radical". Politico. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved November 20, 2020.
  14. ^ Greenhouse, Steven (August 4, 1997). "2 Well-Known Churches Say No to Workfare Jobs". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  15. ^ a b "Campaign check: Loeffler tries to link Warnock to Cuban dictator". ajc.
  16. ^ Phillips, Morgan (December 9, 2020). "Warnock allegedly 'extremely uncooperative' during 2002 child-abuse investigation, police records show". Fox News.
  17. ^ "CIR" (PDF). freebeacon.com. 2002. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  18. ^ "2 ministers no longer facing charges of hindering probe". baltimoresun.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  19. ^ Kertscher, Tom. "PolitiFact - No proof Warnock 'ran over' wife; obstruction case dropped". Politifact. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  20. ^ Walker, Childs; Rivera, John (August 3, 2002). "City ministers accused of obstructing abuse probe". The Baltimore Sun. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  21. ^ "Ministers impeded probe, police allege". The News Journal. Wilmington, Delaware. Associated Press. August 4, 2002. p. B5. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved December 11, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  22. ^ a b c Fausset, Richard (January 30, 2020). "Citing 'Soul of Our Democracy,' Pastor of Dr. King's Church Enters Senate Race". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  23. ^ McMahon, Julie (December 18, 2019). "Pastor at historic MLK Jr. church to speak at Syracuse University". Syracuse Post Standard. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved November 21, 2020.
  24. ^ Dewan, Shaila (January 5, 2021). "Georgia Runoffs Live Updates: Warnock Beats Loeffler". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 6, 2021.: "Warnock has told church members that if he wins, he intends to keep his position preaching at Ebenezer Baptist in Atlanta[.]"
  25. ^ Dreyfuss, Joel (September 21, 2011). "Noted Reverend on Troy Davis: 'Moral Disaster'". Theroot.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  26. ^ Banks, Adelle M. (January 22, 2013). "Preachers pray for unity at National Cathedral inaugural service". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  27. ^ Atlanta, The (March 13, 2019). "The Rev. Raphael Warnock, Ebenezer Baptist Church to host interfaith meeting on climate with Al Gore, the Rev. William Barber II". The Atlanta Voice. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  28. ^ "Rev. Raphael Warnock contrasts John Lewis with those who exhibit 'political cynicism and narcissism'". 11Alive.com. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  29. ^ Boorstein, Michelle (April 5, 2021). "Sen. Raphael Warnock's deleted Easter tweet reflects religious and political chasms about Christianity". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  30. ^ "Sen Raphael Warnock Deletes Easter Tweet After Backlash From Religious Right". www.yahoo.com. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  31. ^ a b Bunn, Curtis (November 7, 2020). "'My ideals are driven by my faith': Raphael Warnock on his Senate runoff race". NBC News. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  32. ^ a b "Atlanta's 55 Most Powerful: 51. Raphael Warnock". Atlantamagazine.com. October 1, 2015. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  33. ^ Davis, Janel (March 18, 2014). "Arrests follow protests at state Capitol". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2020.
  34. ^ "A bridge in Georgia". Facing South. The American Prospect. July 29, 2014. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  35. ^ Bluestein, Greg (August 6, 2015). "Exclusive: Pastor of historic Ebenezer Baptist Church considers U.S. Senate run". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  36. ^ Bluestein, Greg (October 2, 2015). "Pastor of MLK's church will not run for Georgia Senate seat". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  37. ^ Galloway, Jim; Bluestein, Greg; Mitchell, Tia (January 13, 2020). "The Jolt: Raphael Warnock prepares to run for Senate against Kelly Loeffler". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2020.
  38. ^ "Board chair named at the New Georgia Project". Valdosta Today. June 8, 2017. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved September 30, 2020.
  39. ^ Fausset, Richard (November 1, 2020). "Can Raphael Warnock Go From the Pulpit to the Senate?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  40. ^ Miao, Hannah (December 23, 2020). "Democrats seize on Trump's push for $2,000 stimulus checks for boost in Georgia Senate race". CNBC. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved December 26, 2020.
  41. ^ Fausset, Richard (November 1, 2020). "Can Raphael Warnock Go From the Pulpit to the Senate?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  42. ^ Bluestein, Greg (May 20, 2020). "Georgia Senate: Abortion rights group backs Warnock's bid to unseat Loeffler". The Atlanta Journal Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  43. ^ Eloy, Michell (March 12, 2014). "Gun Control Advocates Decry Revamped House Gun Bill". WABE. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  44. ^ Suggs, Ernie (October 7, 2020). "Profile of Raphel Warnock, candidate for George U.S. Senate". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  45. ^ Bigg, Matthew (September 20, 2011). "Clemency denied for Georgia death row inmate". Reuters News Service. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
  46. ^ Bluestein, Greg (January 30, 2020). "Raphael Warnock, pastor of famed church, enters Georgia Senate race". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2020.
  47. ^ Bluestein, Greg (September 29, 2020). "Jimmy Carter backs Warnock in crowded U.S. Senate race in Georgia". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  48. ^ Arkin, James (January 30, 2020). "Stacey Abrams, Dems rally around pastor in burgeoning Georgia Senate race". Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  49. ^ "Elizabeth Warren". Facebook. June 15, 2020. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved June 16, 2020. As a champion for fair wages, Reverend Raphael Warnock has stood up for working families for years. I'm proud to endorse him because I know with him in the Senate, Georgians will have a leader with the courage and conviction to put working families first.
  50. ^ Nadler, Ben (September 25, 2020). "Obama endorses Warnock in crowded Georgia Senate race". Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
  51. ^ Deb, Sopan (August 4, 2020). "W.N.B.A. Players Escalate Protest of Anti-B.L.M. Team Owner". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  52. ^ "In Georgia, Democrats close with populist pitch vowing $2,000 stimulus checks". NBC News. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
  53. ^ Peoples, Steve; Barrow, Bill; Bynum, Russ (January 6, 2021). "Georgia election updates: Raphael Warnock makes history with win as Democrats near control of Senate; 2nd runoff race too early to call". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  54. ^ Ryan Nobles and Caroline Kenny. "Loeffler concedes Georgia Senate runoff to Warnock". CNN. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  55. ^ Gardner, Amy; Werner, Erica (January 19, 2021). "Georgia certifies Ossoff and Warnock victories, paving way for Democratic control of Senate". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  56. ^ "U.S. Senate: Class III - Senators Whose Terms of Service Expire in 2023". www.senate.gov. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  57. ^ Warnock, Raphael (January 27, 2021). "Thanks to your support, we made history and flipped Georgia blue. But I'm already up for re-election, and Republicans are making plans right now to turn GA red again. Will you chip in $5 right now to jumpstart our re-election campaign?". Twitter. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  58. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart.
  59. ^ Sanders, Bernard (March 5, 2021). "S.Amdt.972 to S.Amdt.891 to H.R.1319 - 117th Congress (2021-2022) - Cosponsors". www.congress.gov.
  60. ^ Mitchell, Tia (March 17, 2021). "Warnock, in first floor speech, champions federal voting laws to blunt GA's proposed restrictions". AJC.
  61. ^ Mitchell, Tia. "Ossoff, Warnock receive their Senate committee assignments". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved February 2, 2021.
  62. ^ a b Everett, Burgess; Arkin, James (April 27, 2021). "Democrats' surprising 2-man team to hold the Senate". POLITICO. Retrieved June 14, 2021.
  63. ^ Ziegler, Mary (December 31, 2020). "How Raphael Warnock Came to Be an Abortion-Rights Outlier". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  64. ^ Peebles, Will. "Group of Black pastors criticizes Senate candidate Raphael Warnock for his abortion stance". Savannah Morning News.
  65. ^ Eugene Scott (January 6, 2021). "What you need to know about Raphael Warnock". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  66. ^ NRA-PVF. "NRA-PVF | Defend Freedom. Defeat Raphael Warnock". NRA-PVF. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  67. ^ Richardson, Valerie (December 1, 2020). "NRA ad rips Georgia Democrat Warnock for joking about concealed-carry in church". The Washington Times. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  68. ^ NRA [@NRA] (November 30, 2020). "BOMBSHELL: Newly found video shows Georgia Senate candidate @ReverendWarnock LAUGHING at church-goers who defend themselves with guns. First Warnock goes after our veterans, now our Second Amendment. Georgians have a clear choice Jan. 5! #gapol #gasen" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  69. ^ "CNN.com - Transcripts". transcripts.cnn.com. Retrieved April 5, 2021.
  70. ^ Bauer, Sydney (January 9, 2021). "LGBTQ Georgians hopeful following Warnock, Ossoff Senate victories". NBC News. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
  71. ^ Hollis, Henri (December 16, 2020). "Campaign check: Loeffler says Warnock will 'pack' Supreme Court". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  72. ^ Greenhouse, Steven (August 4, 1997). "2 Well-Known Churches Say No to Workfare Jobs". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 1, 2021.
  73. ^ Kelly, Mary Louise (March 11, 2021). "Sen. Raphael Warnock On Ending The Filibuster: 'All Options Must Be On The Table'". NPR.org. Retrieved June 14, 2021.
  74. ^ "Georgia Sen. Warnock warns voting rights are under assault at a rate not seen 'since the Jim Crow era'". theweek.com. March 18, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  75. ^ "Warnock: GOP voting restrictions resurrect 'Jim Crow era'". AP NEWS. March 17, 2021. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  76. ^ "Warnock addresses Senate committee on voting rights". wrdw.com. April 20, 2021.
  77. ^ Aaron Blake (June 21, 2021). "Stacey Abrams and the Democrats' evolution on voter ID". Washington Post. Retrieved June 29, 2021.
  78. ^ Brittany Bernstein (June 17, 2021). "Stacey Abrams Endorses Manchin's Election Law Compromise". National Review. Retrieved June 29, 2021.
  79. ^ "2020 General Election Official Results - US SENATE (LOEFFLER) - SPECIAL". Georgia Secretary of State. Retrieved November 26, 2020.
  80. ^ "Georgia U.S. Senate runoff results". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
  81. ^ Poole, Shelia (February 16, 2016). "A look at the wedding of Rev. Raphael Warnock and Ouleye Ndoye". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2020. The Rev. Raphael G. Warnock, senior pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church, and Ouleye Ndoye were wed publicly on Valentine's Day at the Auburn Avenue church. They initially wed in a private ceremony last month in Danforth Chapel on the campus of Morehouse College, Warnock’s alma mater.
  82. ^ Deere, Stephen; Bluestein, Greg (March 7, 2020). "Warnock, wife involved in dispute". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
  83. ^ "Warnock says he'll focus on Georgians after video of ex-wife surfaces". The Hill. December 24, 2020. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved December 26, 2020.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Jim Barksdale
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Georgia
(Class 3)

2020
Most recent
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Kelly Loeffler
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Georgia
2021–present
Served alongside: Jon Ossoff
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Jon Ossoff
United States senators by seniority
100th
Last