Old Strathcona

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Old Strathcona
Strathcona CPR Station 10.jpg
The 1908 Strathcona Railway Station, just south of Whyte Avenue in the centre of Old Strathcona.
Location Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Coordinates 53°31′5″N 113°29′50″W / 53.51806°N 113.49722°W / 53.51806; -113.49722
Area 5 square blocks
Built 1891-1913
Architectural style(s) Late Victorian, Edwardian
Governing body City of Edmonton
Provincial Historic Area 2007
Old Strathcona is located in Edmonton
Old Strathcona
Location of Old Strathcona in Edmonton

Old Strathcona is an historic district in south-central Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Once the commercial core of the separate city of Strathcona, the area is now home to many of Edmonton's arts and entertainment facilities, as well as a local shopping hub for residents and students at the nearby University of Alberta. Many of the area's businesses are owner-operated but, chains have also made inroads.[citation needed] A good proportion of Edmonton's theatres and live-performance venues are also in the area. The district centres on Whyte (82) Avenue and has shops, restaurants, bars and buskers.

Official definitions[edit]

Provincial historic area[edit]

In 2007, Old Strathcona was named Alberta's second Provincial Historic Area. The district comprises an area of five city blocks from 85 Avenue south to 80 Avenue and from 102 Street west to 106 street.[1]

Business revitalization zone[edit]

The Old Strathcona and Area Business Revitalization Zone (BRZ) is a roughly cross-shaped business revitalization zone, extending along Whyte Avenue from just west of 109 Street in the west, to just east of 99 Street in the east, and along Gateway Boulevard from 86 Avenue in the north to University Avenue in the south.[2]

History[edit]

Old Strathcona was once a municipality separate from Edmonton, achieving town status in 1899 and city status in 1907. The City of Strathcona amalgamated with Edmonton in 1912.

A large part of Whyte Avenue's popularity is the historical character of its buildings, many of which are one hundred years old.[3] The oldest building is the Strathcona Hotel, built by the railway when it arrived in 1891.[4] Early construction used mostly wood, but this changed in 1902 when the Town of Strathcona passed a bylaw requiring brick buildings in the downtown core to prevent a major fire. Many of the current brick buildings were erected during the 1910–1912 boom that brought thousands of settlers from eastern Canada, Britain and continental Europe, U.S. and other parts of the world.[5] Whyte Avenue in the early 1890s was dominated by primitive shack homes and quickly-built pioneer stores. These early structures were soon replaced by more substantial wood-frame two-storey buildings or, in the case of the Ross Block, by a brick building even before the town's anti-fire bylaw.[6]

In 2005, Edmonton City Council sent a letter to the Province of Alberta requesting heritage status for the area, and the new status of Provincial Heritage Area in 2007.

Historic buildings and government recognition[edit]

Old Strathcona is Alberta's second Provincial Historic Area (downtown Fort Macleod being the first), and has a number of historic buildings.

The designation as a Provincial Historic Area applies to roughly 5 square blocks that formed the commercial hub of the former city of Strathcona. It runs from 85 Avenue south to 80 Avenue and from 102 Street west to 106 Street. Within this area are many of the most significant buildings from Strathcona's early boom from the arrival of the Calgary and Edmonton Railway in 1891 to the Edmonton real estate crash of 1913–14. Heritage buildings within this area include the Strathcona Hotel, the Gainers Block, the Orange Hall, the Canadian Pacific Railway Station, the South Side Post Office, the Douglas Block, the Princess Theatre, the Strathcona Public Library, the Connaught Armoury, and Old Scona Academic High School.[7]

Outside of the Provincial Heritage Area in the wider Old Strathcona area are several non-commercial buildings that are also protected as heritage buildings including churches and residences. Within the Edmonton-Strathcona provincial electoral district, which covers most of the former City of Strathcona, there are 18 Provincial Historic Resources and 11 Registered Historic Resources recognized by the Government of Alberta, and 14 Municipal Restoric Resources recognized by the City of Edmonton (some buildings are on both registers).[8]

Present day[edit]

After amalgamation of the cities of Strathcona and Edmonton, Strathcona went into an economic slump and little re-development occurred, allowing many of area's old buildings to continue to the present day. In the 1970s, Edmonton city council bought many properties along 104 Street in preparation for a freeway through the historic area. A "Save-the-district" movement emerged and the plan was abandoned. Old Strathcona then became more Bohemian in tone, as well as performing its historic purpose of supplying goods and services to local residents, students at nearby University of Alberta, and residents of the nearby County of Strathcona whose county offices would first be located in Old Strathcona[9]

The Strathcona Hotel, the first building built after the arrival of the railway that had established the hamlet of South Edmonton in 1891 (leading to the town and city of Strathcona) has been in operation ever since (excepting the period of Prohibition, 1916-1923), and other bars were never absent from the district. However, in the 1990s, many new bars were established in Whyte Avenue buildings that had previously held offices and shops. The area's night-time ambience began to change dramatically. The area has attracted media attention over the years for its revelry.

Over time, the area has become the premier entertainment strip in Edmonton and is the locale for events such as the Edmonton International Fringe Festival. Although it has lacked alternative music venues since the 1990s heyday, there is a strong revival of music venues on Whyte Avenue with several offering live entertainment for various genres. The primary location for clubs and nightlife is on Whyte Avenue between 99 and 109 Streets, with the majority of clubs directly on Whyte Avenue or on adjacent side streets.

Whyte Avenue arguably remains the centre of Edmonton's alternative lifestyles, containing various independent clothing and other types of shops catering to a variety of alternative subcultures (ranging from hippie to raver to goth etc.). Clothing is the fastest growing business trend in the area,[citation needed] with retailers all along the avenue. Old Strathcona was a bastion of small, local and independent business.

There are a number of restaurants in this area, many locally owned. Several of the bars also have kitchens. In total, there are almost 100[citation needed] places to eat in Old Strathcona.

Theatre[edit]

Old Strathcona is home to a vibrant independent theatre scene, with nine theatre companies operating out of several buildings in the neighbourhood, including the Varscona Theatre, ATB Financial Arts Barns, Northern Light Theatre, The Walterdale Playhouse and Roxy on Gateway. The Varscona Theatre alone is home to several award-winning companies: Shadow Theatre, Teatro la Quindicina, Plain Jane Theatre Company, the variety show That's Terrific!, and improvisation troupe Die-Nasty. Every August, Old Strathcona plays host to the Edmonton International Fringe Festival, the largest and oldest Fringe Theatre event in North America. Edmonton historian Lawrence Herzog has called the diversity of material being produced in the Old Strathcona Theatre District "wide and astonishing."[10]

Cinema[edit]

Old Strathcona is also known for its art house theatres, The Princess Theatre and the Garneau Theatre. In 2011, Edmonton's Metro Cinema Society took over management of the Garneau Theatre, while The Princess continued to be operated by Magic Lantern Theatres.[11]

Events[edit]

High Level Bridge Streetcar
former
CN
former
CN yard
km
former
Edmonton CPR Station
0.0
Jasper Plaza Terminal
0.5
Government Centre
0.6
97 Avenue
1.1
1.6
Garneau
1.9
2.2
107 Street
2.6
1891 Railway Station
Streetcar Barn & Museum
3.0
Strathcona Terminal
former
Strathcona CPR Station
CPR yard

Old Strathcona celebrates all year long. January brings Ice on Whyte, a sculpting competition and outdoor ice playground. June features Improvaganza, an invitational international improv festival, hosted by Rapid Fire Theatre. In mid July, the Whyte Avenue ArtWalk puts more than 230 working artists on the sidewalks of Old Strathcona, and on the final Sunday of Artwalk, Whyte Avenue closes the entire street for a massive Street Sale. In August, the Edmonton International Fringe Festival welcomes hundreds of thousands of theatre goers and festival patrons. The fall brings the Chante Festival and many events during the Edmonton Halloween festival.

Old Strathcona has a year-round farmers' market that requires all vendors to be primary producers. Edmonton's market garden industry finds an average of 10,000 customers every Saturday.[12]

Whyte (82) Avenue[edit]

Whyte Avenue
Whyte (82) Av.jpg
82 Avenue
Old Strathcona is located in Edmonton
Old Strathcona
Old Strathcona
Start/End points of Whyte (82) Avenue
Namesake Sir William Whyte
Maintained by the City of Edmonton
Length 7.2 km[13] (4.5 mi)
Location Edmonton
West end 114 Street / University Avenue
Major
junctions
109 Street, 104 Street, Gateway Boulevard, 75 Street
East end Sherwood Park Freeway
Construction
Inauguration 1890s

Whyte (82) Avenue is an arterial road in south-central Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. It became the main street of the City of Strathcona as it formed, and now runs through Old Strathcona. It was named in 1891 after Sir William Whyte, who was superintendent of the CPR's western division from 1886 to 1897 and was knighted by King George V in 1911.[14] Whyte (82) Avenue is part of a 40-kilometre-long (25 mi) continuous roadway that runs through Sherwood Park, Edmonton, and St. Albert that includes Wye Road, Sherwood Park Freeway, portions of University Avenue and Saskatchewan Drive, Groat Road, and St. Albert Trail.

The roadway was originally the core of the former city of Strathcona and was the division between the north and south quadrants while Main Street, now 104 Street (Calgary Trail) and was the division between the west and east quadrants.[15] In 1912, Edmonton and Strathcona amalgamated Edmonton adopted its present numbering system; Whyte Avenue was co-designated 82 Avenue which allowed it to keep both names. As Alberta's highway system developed, Whyte Avenue became part of Highway 1 (renumbered to Highway 2 in 1941) between 104 Street and 109 Street while it was part of Highway 14 east of 104 Street.[16] The highway designations were moved to Whitemud Drive in the 1980s.

A small section of 82 Avenue exists as a collector road between 71 Street and 50 Street, where the main roadway transitions to the Sherwood Park Freeway.

Blue Mile[edit]

Oiler fans, unable to enter the jam-packed Rexall Place, celebrate on Edmonton's Whyte Avenue during the 2006 Stanley Cup Playoffs.

The Blue Mile or the Copper Kilometre is the name given by the local media to the Old Strathcona District's Whyte Avenue during the Edmonton Oilers 2006 Stanley Cup playoff run, since it closely resembled the events which took place on the Red Mile in Calgary two years prior.

Following the Edmonton Oilers upset victory over the Detroit Red Wings in the first round of the 2006 playoffs, several thousand Oiler fans flocked to Whyte Avenue and turned the district into a hockey party strip, as Oiler fans walked the streets cheering, chanting, high-fiving, horn-honking, and flag-waving for their team. Others surfed the crowd in a grocery-shopping cart, and still others climbed trees and traffic lights.

Whyte Avenue in Edmonton gained national attention for its level of violence in May 2006.[17] The arrests at the Blue Mile are estimated at least 350 people through the Oilers Stanley Cup playoff run, including breaching the public peace, assaults, impaired driving, mischief, and alcohol-related offences.[18][19][20][21] This rowdy behaviour led the mayor of Edmonton, Stephen Mandel, to threaten to close down the strip: "I hope this doesn't come down to having to shut down Whyte completely...but this will not be tolerated going into the final series."[22]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

List of neighbourhoods Whyte (82) Avenue runs through, in order from west to east:

Major intersections[edit]

Starting at the west end of University Avenue. The entire route is in Edmonton.

km[13]miDestinationsNotes
−0.8−0.50Through traffic follows Saskatchewan Drive to Groat Road
Saskatchewan DriveAt-grade; roadway turns north; west end of University Avenue
0.00.0 114 Street – University of Alberta, University of Alberta HospitalAt-grade (traffic lights); near at-grade LRT crossing
East end of University Avenue • West end of 82 (Whyte) Avenue
0.50.31112 Street – University of AlbertaAt-grade (traffic lights); no southbound exit
1.00.62109 StreetAt-grade (traffic lights)
2.01.2 104 Street (Calgary Trail) to Hwy 2 southAt-grade (traffic lights); one-way (southbound)
2.21.4Gateway Boulevard (103 Street) – City CentreAt-grade (traffic lights); one-way (northbound)
2.71.799 Street – City CentreAt-grade (traffic lights)
3.62.2Crosses the Mill Creek Ravine
4.02.5Rue Marie-Anne Gaboury / 91 Street – Campus Saint-JeanAt-grade (traffic lights)
4.83.083 Street – Bonnie Doon Shopping Centre, City CentreAt-grade (traffic lights)
5.63.575 StreetAt-grade (traffic lights)
5.83.682 AvenueWestbound entrance only
6.03.771 Street (to 82 Avenue)At-grade (traffic lights)
Continues as Sherwood Park Freeway
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is not from Wikidata

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canada's Historic Places Alberta Register of Historic Places: Old Strathcona. Online at: hermis.alberta.ca. Retrieved on: 2012-01-02.
  2. ^ http://www.edmonton.ca/city_government/documents/InfraPlan/b_oldstrath_brz.pdf
  3. ^ Monto, Tom (2011) Old Strathcona, Edmonton's Southside Roots. Edmonton: Crang Publishing, p. 305-308.
  4. ^ Monto, Tom, p. 120-122
  5. ^ Monto, Tom, p. 180-181
  6. ^ Monto, Tom, p. 144
  7. ^ Canada's Historic Places, ARHP Details: Old Strathcona. Online at: hermis.alberta.ca. Retrieved on: 2012-01-02.
  8. ^ Canada's Historic Places, ARHP: Text search for: "Edmonton-Strathcona. Online at: hermis.alberta.ca. Retrieved on: 2012-01-02.
  9. ^ Monto, Tom, p. 119, 394
  10. ^ "The Plays The Thing in Old Strathcona". Real Estate Weekly. Retrieved 2007-02-01. 
  11. ^ Griwkowsky, Catherine. "Garneau theatre closing". Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  12. ^ Ramsay, Caley. "Times are changing down at the Old Strathcona Farmers' Market". Global News. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  13. ^ a b Google (November 10, 2017). "Whyte (82) Avenue in Edmonton, AB" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved November 10, 2017. 
  14. ^ Monto, Tom. Old Strathcona - Edmonton's Southside Roots (Edmonton: Crang Publishing/Alhambra Books, 2011).
  15. ^ Mundy’s Map of The Twin Cities Edmonton & Strathcona (Map). The Mundy Blueprint Co. 1911. 
  16. ^ Alberta Official Road Map (Map). Government of the Province of Alberta. 1962. Edmonton inset. Archived from the original on June 24, 2017. 
  17. ^ "CBC News: Hockey fans stabbed in Edmonton melee". CBC News. CBC. May 13, 2006. Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved June 4, 2007. 
  18. ^ "People arrested at Stanley Cup finals celebration". Winnipeg Sun. Sun Media. May 29, 2006. Retrieved June 4, 2007. [dead link]
  19. ^ Isfeld, Erin (May 13, 2006). "Violence on 'Blue Mile' mars Oilers celebration". CTV News. Bell Media. Archived from the original on October 17, 2007. Retrieved June 4, 2007. 
  20. ^ Galashan, Sarah; Melenka, Dez (June 18, 2007). "Oilers defeat Hurricanes 4-0 in Cup's Game 6". CTV News. Bell Media. Archived from the original on June 20, 2007. Retrieved June 19, 2007. 
  21. ^ Isfeld, Erin (May 28, 2006). "Edmonton Oilers fans looking forward to Cup final". CTV News. Bell Media. Archived from the original on October 11, 2006. Retrieved June 4, 2006. 
  22. ^ "Oiler fan turmoil". Winnipeg Sun. Sun Media. May 29, 2006. Retrieved June 4, 2007. [dead link]

External links[edit]