Teenage Dream (Katy Perry album)
|Studio album by Katy Perry|
|Released||August 24, 2010|
|Recorded||October 13, 2009 – April 30, 2010|
|Katy Perry chronology|
|Singles from Teenage Dream|
Teenage Dream is the third studio album by American singer Katy Perry. It was released on August 24, 2010, through Capitol Records. Musically, it contains pop and dance-pop with influences of disco, electronic, funk, house, gothic rock, Hi-NRG, and hip hop. Lyrically, it revolves around teenage love, partying, self-empowerment, and personal growth. Perry co-wrote every song on the album, and also worked with a number of producers and writers, including Dr. Luke, Max Martin, Benny Blanco, Tricky Stewart, StarGate, Greg Kurstin, and Ester Dean.
Upon its release, Teenage Dream received generally mixed reviews from music critics, who complimented its production and themes while denouncing Perry's songwriting. The album debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200, selling 192,000 copies in its first week. It was later certified three times platinum by the RIAA; selling more than 3 million copies in the United States and charting within the Top 40 of the Billboard 200 year-end chart three years in a row. As of October 2013, Teenage Dream has sold 5.7 million copies worldwide. The album and its singles earned Perry seven Grammy Award nominations including Album of the Year, Best Pop Vocal Album, and Record of the Year, as well as winning International Album of the Year at the Juno Awards of 2011.
The album was preceded by the number-one singles "California Gurls" and "Teenage Dream", and later produced the number-one singles "Firework", "E.T.", and "Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)". Its sixth "The One That Got Away" peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot 100. Teenage Dream is the second album in history to have five number ones from one album (after Michael Jackson's 1987 album Bad), the first by a female to achieve this milestone and the third album in history to produce eight top five hits. All six of the aforementioned singles, in addition to two from its 2012 reissue, have sold over two million digital downloads each in the U.S., setting a record in the digital era for the most multi-platinum singles from one album, breaking the previous record of Fergie's debut album The Dutchess (2006), which had five multi-platinum songs.
Prior to recording Teenage Dream, Perry told Rolling Stone she would "definitely keep it pop", in order to not "alienate" her fanbase. Perry began recording the album on October 13, 2009, stating that she had "lots of layers to get through, thankfully Greg Wells is there to do the peeling". Work on the album involved collaborating with numerous artists and producers including Wells. Guy Sigsworth, Dr. Luke, Max Martin, Ryan Tedder, Rivers Cuomo, Kuk Harrell, Greg Kurstin, Benny Blanco, Darkchild, Cathy Dennis, Ester Dean, and Tricky Stewart, who told Rap-Up magazine in December 2009 that the sound of the album would be pop and rock, like One of the Boys, though calling it a "different gear" for himself. As for the visual component, Perry likens it to "going from Shirley Temple, Betty Boop to more of a Betty Paige [sic], pop art-sarcastic-fun-Lichtenstein picture: still bright, but the colors are more saturated, and it's more metallic fuchsia or purple than bubblegum pink."
On March 27, 2010, at 2010 Kids' Choice Awards, Perry told Jose Ordonez that she considered the album "a summer record". She added that her previous teases about the album still fit, saying "it's what I said I wanted earlier". She has also stated that the album is inspired by ABBA and The Cardigans. According to Perry, she gave her producer Dr. Luke a mixtape of songs by the two groups in order to demonstrate how she wanted her next record to sound. Perry described the album as "more groove-driven". She added, "When I went on tour, as much as I love all the in-between songs, I felt I was missing some of the stuff that made people bounce up and down." During a Rolling Stone photo shoot in April 2010, Perry revealed details about what would be the album's lead single, "California Gurls". Allegedly a response to Jay-Z and Alicia Keys's "Empire State of Mind", she stated "everyone has the New York song, but what the fuck? What about LA? What about California?", adding that the song also took its inspiration from Prince. The song features California rapper Snoop Dogg. USA Today gave the song a positive review, calling it "an effervescent toast to summer fun". Perry also claimed that working with producers Max Martin and Dr. Luke was "a wonderful collaborative effort".
Recording for the album finished on April 30, 2010. The album cover is a painting by Will Cotton, and was revealed on July 21, 2010. via a live webstream with Cotton, at his Art Studio. On July 23, 2010, the album's official track listing was posted on Perry's official website. For the recording of Teenage Dream, Perry had recorded at a multitude of recording studios such as Playback Recording Studio, Roc the Mic Studios, Conway Recording Studios, Rocket Carousel Studio, Studio at the Palms, Triangle Sound Studios, Silent Sound Studios, The Boom Boom Boom, Henson Recording Studios, Capitol Studios, Nightbird Recording Studios, and Eightysevenfourteen Studios.
Music and lyrics
In June 2010, Perry stated some of the album's content "is a bit sugary sweet but when you listen to the record head to toe I think it's completely appetizing. I didn't want to have just club songs. People are living real lives, working jobs, having relationships. There's definitely a bit more substance and perspective on this record." The music of Teenage Dream is derived from a wide variety of rock and pop genres, while heavily incorporating different musical styles not heard on her previous releases; disco and electronic are examples. Musically, Teenage Dream is considered to be a departure from Perry's previous album, One of the Boys (2008), which was pop rock and soft rock driven. The album features a very wide range of rock music subgenres, which include disco rock, glam metal, indie rock, pop rock, hard rock, electronic rock, rock, and goth rock.
The lead single, "California Gurls", continues the "retro sound" carried from "Teenage Dream", and is written as an answer song to "Empire State of Mind" by Jay-Z and Alicia Keys, and pays tribute to the beach lifestyle of California. The song utilizes the genres of disco, funk-pop, and electropop, while bearing influence of new wave music within its composition. Written in tribute to The Beach Boys, the song has been compared to the song "September Gurls" by Big Star, as well as the group Flanger. The title track and second single "Teenage Dream", is written as a throwback record to Perry's teenage years. It is a power pop and electropop song which features a "distinct retro sound", and contains influences of disco, pop rock, and industrial music. The song has been compared to several disco artists, including Madonna and The Cardigans. The third single is the self-empowerment song "Firework". Written in a disco-rock style which runs over the backing track, consisting of a mix of violins and house music. The song has generated comparisons to artists such as Coldplay and Leona Lewis. According to Perry, the song was inspired by Jack Kerouac's novel On the Road, and she has said on many occasions that it is her favorite song from the album.
The fourth single, "E.T." is about a song about "falling in love with a foreigner". A remix of the song features Kanye West. Musically, the track is an electronic and hip hop ballad influenced by drum n' bass, rave, and techno. The fifth single, "Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)" recalls a true experience that Perry had while partying in Santa Barbara which included streaking in a park, dancing on tables, and partying at a club. Musically, the song is styled in the genres of disco, indie rock, and Hi-NRG, while also taking influence from dance-pop. The sixth single from Teenage Dream is "The One That Got Away", which is a rock and teen pop ballad. Perry stated that she wrote the song "about when you promise someone forever, but you end up not being able to follow through. It's a bittersweet story. Hopefully, the listener learns from hearing it and never has to say they had 'the one' get away."
Release and cover artwork
"Teenage Dream" was released on August 24, 2010, in the United States as a digital download on iTunes, and as a physical release by Capitol Records. Worldwide, the album was released on August 30, 2010 and distributed by EMI. A deluxe version was made available on August 27, 2010 in the US, and consists of two CDs with the twelve original tracks, plus two tracks from 2009 on which Perry had appeared as a featured artist — 3OH!3's "Starstrukk" and Timbaland's "If We Ever Meet Again". The deluxe version also includes remixes of "California Gurls" and "Teenage Dream". The covers of the first two singles were photographed by Emma Summerton in April 2010, and three other pictures taken by the artist were released to promote the album in July. The official album cover, which shows Perry lying naked on clouds of cotton candy, was painted on canvas by Will Cotton and released on July 21 via live webstream.
In North America, the album was packaged in several different ways. The explicit version of the album is available in a three-panel (six-sided) digipak, which has no text for Perry's name and the album title on the cover, aside from the Parental Advisory warning label on the lower right-hand corner. This is also how the album is displayed if purchased digitally. The booklet contained inside this version reproduces the album's front artwork, without any labels or text. The explicit version is also offered in a standard jewel case, which has text printed on the booklet and has the smell of candy floss. The cover with text is mainly used for releases outside of North America, while international deluxe editions are available in the digipak, with a bonus disc included. A limited number of the albums are scented like cotton candy indicated by a sticker on the cover. Artwork based on the album were also used by EA Games for the limited edition of the expansion pack "The Sims 3: Showtime" from the The Sims game franchise. It was released on March 6, 2012.
"California Gurls" was the lead single from Teenage Dream, which features rapper Snoop Dogg. The single made its radio debut on May 7, 2010 and was digitally released four days later. The song had received generally positive reviews from music critics, with many critics highlighting it as an album favorite. The song also received worldwide success as well, peaking at number one on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, staying there for six consecutive weeks. It also peaked at number one in New Zealand, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Ireland, and Scotland. It was the best selling digital song of 2010.
"Teenage Dream" was released as the second single from the album. The song went to radio stations in the U.S. on July 22, 2010. The song received positive reviews from music critics, with Jocelyn Vena of MTV said it "picks up right where 'California Gurls' leaves off", describing it as having "a strong beat". The song had also had chart success as similar to the first single, peaking at number one on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 for two consecutive weeks, and also peaked at number one in Ireland, New Zealand, Scotland, Slovakia and other sub-charts in the U.S.
"Firework" was released as the third offering from the album. The song was released on October 18, 2010 through radio airplay, followed by a digital release on November 2, 2010 in the UK. The song had received very positive reviews from music critics. It is currently Perry's most praised song yet. The music video for "Firework" is part of a cross-promotional deal with European telecommunications group Deutsche Telekom. Deutsche Telekom hosted a series of activities and competitions from which fans around Europe were recruited to be in the video. The song had commercial success as well, peaking at number one in the U.S and spent four non-consecutive weeks. The song also topped the charts in Brazil, Canada, New Zealand and subcharts in the U.S.
"E.T.", was released on February 16, 2011. For its single release, the song was remixed to feature new verses from Kanye West. The music video for the song, directed by Floria Sigismondi, was filmed in February 2011 and features both Perry & West. The video was released on March 31, 2011. The song had topped the charts in the U.S. for five non-consecutive weeks, and also peaked at the top position in Canada, Germany, Poland and New Zealand.
"Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)" was released on June 6, 2011 on the U.S. Top 40/Mainstream as the fifth single from the album. The song received generally mixed reviews from music critics. The song also received commercial success, peaking at number one in Canada, Czech Republic, Slovakia and the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 for two consecutive weeks. The music video was released worldwide on June 14, 2011. It guest stars Darren Criss, Rebecca Black, Kevin McHale, Kenny G, Hanson, Corey Feldman and Debbie Gibson. A remixed version of "Last Friday Night" was released on August 8, 2011, featuring American rapper Missy Elliott. On August 17, 2011, with "Last Friday Night", Perry made history as the second artist overall, and first female artist in history, to achieve five number one singles on the Billboard Hot 100 chart from one album. The song also became Perry's fourth number one in Canada.
"The One That Got Away" was released as the sixth single from Teenage Dream. The song was released on October 4, 2011 on U.S. Mainstream radio. The song received mostly positive reviews from most music critics, who complimented Perry's serious tone. A teaser of the music video was also released in early November, and the full music video premiered on November 11, 2011 on The Ellen DeGeneres Show. On November 24, the single entered the top 5 of the Billboard Hot 100, making Teenage Dream one of only 7 albums in U.S. history to have 6 or more top 10 singles. On December 14, it became one in two albums to yield 6 top 4 songs, when it soared to number 4, it later peaked at number 3. "Hummingbird Heartbeat" was released as an Australia-exclusive radio single in September 2012, serving as the overall final single release from Teenage Dream.
|Los Angeles Times|||
Teenage Dream received generally mixed reviews upon release from music critics. According to review aggregator Metacritic, Teenage Dream received an average score of 52 out of 100, based on nineteen reviews, indicating mixed or average opinions from music critics.
Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic criticized the album as "desperate vulgarity" and "tiring." Mikael Wood of Spin gave a mixed review, noting that the album "won't disappoint parents looking for reasons to worry about their kids". Rob Sheffield from Rolling Stone described the album as "heavy on Eighties beats, light on melody, taking a long dip into the Daft Punk filter-disco house sound." Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune gave a negative review to the album. He criticized the production, calling it "Frankenstein-like", as well as calling Perry's vocals "robotic" and lacking "any elegance or nuance". Matthew Cole of Slant Magazine called it "over-produced bad-girl debauchery," claiming that Perry has "found a way to lower the bar."
However, Los Angeles Times gave it three stars, saying, "On 'Teenage Dream,' the songs alternate between weekend-bender celebrations of hedonism and self-help-style affirmations encouraging listeners to get an emotional makeover. Either way, acquisition is the goal: of a great love, a happy hangover, a perfect pair of Daisy Dukes". Leah Greenblatt, writing for Entertainment Weekly, stated, "beneath the fruity outfits and fart jokes, Perry is clearly serious about the business of hit songcraft; that doesn't make Dream nearly cohesive as an album, but it does provide, intermittently, exactly the kind of high-fructose rush she's aiming for."
The album managed to win International Album of the Year at the Juno Awards of 2011. Teenage Dream and its singles earned Perry seven Grammy Award nominations, including Album of the Year and Record of the Year.
|2010||American Music Awards||Favorite Pop/Rock Album||Nominated|
|2011||BRIT Awards||International Album|
|Grammy Awards||Album of the Year|
|Best Pop Vocal Album|
|Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "Teenage Dream"|
|Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals for "California Gurls"|
|Billboard Music Awards||Top Pop Album of the Year|
|Virgin Media Music Awards||Best Album|
|IFPI Platinum Europe Awards||Album Title||Won|
|Juno Awards||International Album of the Year|
|Premios Telehit||International Album of the Year|
|American Music Awards||Special Achievement Award for Having 5 Singles at Number #1|
|2012||Grammy Awards||Record of the Year for "Firework"||Nominated|
|Best Pop Solo Performance for "Firework"|
|Billboard Music Awards||Billboard Spotlight Award||Won|
- List of bests
- #4 – Rolling Stone's 50 Best Songs of 2010 for "Teenage Dream".
- #4 – Rolling Stone Brasil's Top 25 international songs of the year for "California Gurls".
- #25 – Rolling Stone Brasil's Top 25 albums international of the year for Teenage Dream.
After its release, Teenage Dream debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart, with a total of 192,000 copies sold in its first week. In the week July 21, 2012, the album jumping from 21 to 2 on the chart (up 417 percent on sales) with sales of 80,000 copies, becoming best sales frame since Christmas of 2010 after being discounted to 99 cents on Amazon. On the week ending March 14, 2015, the album completed 200 weeks in the chart since it debuted on September 11, 2010 making it the 25th album to spend more than 200 weeks or more on the Billboard 200. Teenage Dream has been certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), and has sold 3,000,000 copies in United States as of August 2015. The album also debuted at number one on the Canadian Albums Chart, selling a total of 26,000 copies, and was certified platinum by the Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA).
In Australia, Teenage Dream debuted at number one for a two-week run at the top of the chart. The album was certified triple-platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA), for shipments of 210,000 units. In New Zealand, Teenage Dream debuted at number two, and reached number one after four weeks on the chart. It was certificated gold by the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ). As of June 19, 2012, Teenage Dream is the 12th best-selling album of all-time in the country, resulting her as the fifth female to make it on the list (behind Adele, Norah Jones, Shania Twain, and Bic Runga). In the United Kingdom, Teenage Dream debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart, selling more than 54,176 copies. It was certificated two times platinum by British Phonographic Industry for shipments of 600,000 units. As of April 2012, the album had sold 1,005,728 copies in the UK.
In France, Teenage Dream debuted at number 14 on the French Albums Chart and peaked at number 3. The album was certificated platinum by the Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique (SNEP). In Mexico, the album debuted and peaked at number 11. The album was certified gold by (AMPROFON) Association. In Spain, Teenage Dream debuted at number 4 on the Spanish Albums Chart and stayed on the chart for twenty-seven weeks. In Brazil, Teenage Dream peaked at number 4 on the CD – TOP 20 Semanal ABPD. As of October 2013, Teenage Dream has sold 5.7 million copies worldwide.
Teenage Dream achieved a multitude of records throughout its run. Perry scored five Billboard Hot 100 number one singles from Teenage Dream, making her the second artist in the chart's 53-year history to amass five number-one singles from one album over its first release after Michael Jackson achieved the feat with his 1987 album Bad. Perry is the first female in history to achieve this milestone. The album is one of only three albums to have 8 top-three singles from one album on the Billboard Hot 100 chart (tied with Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 and George Michael's Faith), and the only album ever to have 9 songs top the Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs chart, breaking the previous record set by Beyoncé's I Am... Sasha Fierce and Kristine W's The Power of Music, both with six songs. Perry was able to replicate this success in the United Kingdom, breaking the UK Official Charts Company's record for the most amount of Top 10 singles from one studio album by a female solo artist.
Eight songs from Teenage Dream have topped the Adult Top 40 chart and have topped Mainstream Top 40 chart, both more than any other album in each respective chart's history. Additionally, with 7 chart-toppers from "Waking Up in Vegas", Perry broke the record for the longest streak of number ones on the Mainstream Top 40 set by Lady Gaga's first six singles. The singles also allowed Perry to have an unprecedented 69-week long streak in the Hot 100's top-ten, as well as a 71-week top-ten streak on the Airplay chart. Perry also has the most number-one singles (four) from one album to top the Canadian Hot 100. Combined, the songs have sold a total of over 35 million copies worldwide aside from the album. Also, the first five singles from the album topped the charts in the United States and attained top-ten positions in more than twenty countries. All five singles also topped the Digital and Airplay charts, making her the first artist ever to have five number-one singles in the Airplay chart. Perry became the only artist to spend over 52 consecutive weeks in the top ten of the Billboard Hot 100, and later heightened this to 69 weeks, with the first five singles from album, breaking the previous record by Ace of Base of 48 weeks with three singles.
On the Mainstream Top 40 the album holds the unique record in the chart's history to have four songs from the same album in the top five of "Most weekly plays"; 1. "Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)" (12,468), 2. "E.T." (12,361), 3. "California Gurls" (12,159), and 5. "Firework" (11,857). Perry spent a total of 28 weeks atop the chart with the singles from Teenage Dream. The singles from Teenage Dream spent more weeks on the Billboard Hot 100 than singles from any other album. In total, Teenage Dream's singles spent 225 weeks consecutive on the Billboard Hot 100, breaking the previous record of Michael Jackson's Thriller singles with 130 weeks on chart.
On June 14, 2010, a beach themed Teenage Dream listening party took place in New York, a number of tracks were played, including: "Teenage Dream", "Firework", "Last Friday Night", "Circle The Drain", "Pearl", "The One That Got Away", "Peacock", and "Not Like the Movies". Before the release of the album, three promotional singles were released exclusively on Apple's iTunes Store as a countdown to Teenage Dream. "Not Like the Movies", was released digitally on August 3, 2010, and debuted at number 53 on the Billboard Hot 100. "Circle the Drain" was released digitally on August 10, 2010 as the second promotional single, and entered the Billboard Hot 100 at number 58. "E.T.", the third, was released the following week on August 17, 2010, and charted at number 42 on the Billboard Hot 100. "Peacock" reached number 64 in Canada, number 52 in the Czech Republic, and number 1 on the US Hot Dance Club Songs chart. It has also sold over 500,000 copies in the US and certified Gold on July 9, 2012. A dance remix of it was released on March 26, 2012.
Promotion for the album began with a live performance of the album's lead single, "California Gurls" on May 20, 2010, at the CW networks' annual "upfronts" presentation in New York. Perry alongside Snoop Dogg performed "California Gurls" at the MTV Movie Awards in June 2010. She also promoted the song that same month on Germany's Next Topmodel 2010 and Le Grand Journal. The scene inspired by the Candyfornia video was used in MuchMusic Video Awards 2010 and on The Graham Norton Show. On September 5, 2010, Perry performed "Teenage Dream", "Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)", "Firework" and "Not Like the Movies" in the show's launch of the Teenage Dream in Berlin. Perry performed "Teenage Dream" live for the first time in July 2010 in MTV World Stage Live in Malaysia, as well as opening the 2010 Teen Choice Awards with a rendition of it. In August, Perry performed "California Gurls" and "Peacock" on The Morning Show and The Today Show. That same month, "Firework" was performed live for the first time on the Late Show with David Letterman. She performed "Not Like the Movies" and "Teenage Dream" on February 13, 2011, at the 53rd Grammy Awards ceremony. She performed "The One That Got Away" on October 16, 2011, at UK version of The X Factor.
While promoting the album, Perry expressed she wanted her upcoming tour to be very visual. On her Twitter account, she stated, "I hope that it's going to engage all of your senses: sight, sound, smell, taste, touch". The California Dreams Tour was officially announced in October 2010 by various media outlets including Perry's official website, in conjunction with the release of her third single, "Firework". In 2011, Perry announced her North American leg during a live chat on social network Facebook. She then responded the tour will be very "super girl power" as vocalists Robyn, Yelle and Marina and the Diamonds will open her shows during the various legs. Perry further stated she will actively participate with fans during the tour on various social networks including Facebook and Twitter. The tour beginning February 20, 2011 on Lisbon, Portugal and the end January 22, 2012 on Pasay, Philippines, the tour visited Europe, Oceania, Asia and the Americas. The tour ranked 16th in Pollstar's "2011 Top 25 Worldwide Tours", earning over $59.5 million. At the conclusion of 2011, the tour ranked 13th on Billboard's annual "Top 25 Tours", earning nearly $50 million with 98 shows. It won an award for Favorite Tour Headliner at the 38th People's Choice Awards. On November 24, 2011, Perry had tweeted that there will be a concert DVD released for the tour.
|2.||"Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)"||
|3.||"California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg)||
|6.||"Circle the Drain"||
|7.||"The One That Got Away"||
|9.||"Who Am I Living For?"||
|12.||"Not Like the Movies"||
|Japan bonus track|
|13.||"California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg) (Innerpartysystem Main Mix)||
|Japan iTunes deluxe edition bonus tracks|
|14.||"If We Ever Meet Again" (Timbaland featuring Katy Perry)||4:53|
|15.||"Starstrukk" (3OH!3 featuring Katy Perry)||Matt Squire||3:22|
|16.||"California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg) (Passion Pit Remix)||
|17.||"California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg) (Armand Van Helden Remix)||
|18.||"Teenage Dream" (Kaskade Remix)||
|North American hidden tracks|
|13.||"California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg) (Passion Pit Main Mix)||
|14.||"Teenage Dream" (Kaskade Club Remix)||
|North American iTunes deluxe edition bonus tracks|
|13.||"California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg) (Passion Pit Remix)||
|14.||"California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg) (Armand Van Helden Remix)||
|15.||"Teenage Dream" (Kaskade Remix)||
|16.||"Peacock" (Cory Enemy & Mia Moretti Vocal Club Mix)||
|Bonus CD – Dream On|
|1.||"If We Ever Meet Again" (Timbaland featuring Katy Perry)||
|2.||"Starstrukk" (3OH!3 featuring Katy Perry)||
|3.||"California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg) (Passion Pit Remix)||
|4.||"California Gurls" (featuring Snoop Dogg) (Armand Van Helden Remix)||
|5.||"Teenage Dream" (Kaskade Remix)||
|Spotify & European iTunes deluxe edition bonus track|
|6.||"Peacock" (Cory Enemy & Mia Moretti Vocal Club Mix)||
Credits and personnel
The following people contributed to Teenage Dream:
- Ammo – composer, drums, keyboards, programming, producer (Track 8)
- Benny Blanco – composer, drums, keyboards, programming, producer (Tracks 1, 3)
- Dr. Luke – composer (Tracks 1-3, 7-8), drums (1-3, 7-8), keyboards (1-3, 7-8), programming (1-3, 7-8), producer (1-3, 7, 8), executive producer
- Mikkel S. Eriksen – composer (Tracks 4-5), recording engineer (4), producer (5), instrumentation (4-5)
- Nicolas Essig – assistant engineer
- Fabien Waltmann – synthesizer, music programming (Track 10)
- Josh Freese – drums (Tracks 6, 11)
- Charles Malone – guitar (Track 6), assistant engineer
- Max Martin – composer (Tracks 1-3, 7-8), drums (1-3, 7-8), keyboards (1-3, 7-8), programming (1-3, 7-8), producer (1-3, 7-8), executive producer
- Bonnie McKee – composer (courtesy of Epic Records) (Tracks 1-3)
- Julio Miranda – guitar (Track 6)
- Monte Neuble – keyboards (Tracks 9, 11), composer (6, 9, 11)
- Tucker Bodine – assistant engineer
- Randy Urbanski – engineer
- Luis Navarro – assistant engineer
- Nick Chahwala – other sounds, guitar (Track 6)
- Chris "Tek" O'Ryan – recording engineer (Tracks 6, 9, 11), guitar engineer
- Brent Paschke – guitar (Tracks 9, 11)
- L. Leon Pendarvis – arranger (Track 7), conductor
- Katy Perry – composer, vocals (All Tracks)
- Lenny Pickett – saxophone (Track 2)
- Daniel Silvestri – bass guitar, guitar (Track 6)
- Snoop Dogg – composer, vocals (Track 3)
- Stargate – producer
- Rob Stevenson – A&R
- Tricky Stewart – composer (Tracks 6, 9-11), keyboards (9, 11), producer, drum programming (6, 9, 11)
- Greg Wells – synthesizer (Track 10), piano (10, 12), composer (10, 12), drums (10, 12), programming (10, 12), producer (10, 12)
- Kanye West – co-producer, vocals (Track 8)
- Will Cotton – photography
|Argentina (CAPIF)[dead link]||Gold||20,000x|
|Australia (ARIA)||4× Platinum||280,000^|
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Gold||10,000x|
|Canada (Music Canada)||4× Platinum||320,000^|
|Denmark (IFPI Denmark)||Gold||15,000^|
|France (SNEP)||2× Platinum||200,000*|
|Ireland (IRMA)||2× Platinum||30,000x|
|Mexico (AMPROFON)||2× Platinum||120,000^|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||2× Platinum||30,000^|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Gold||15,000x|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||4× Platinum||1,200,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||3× Platinum||3,000,000|
|GCC (IFPI Middle East)||Gold||3,000*|
*sales figures based on certification alone
Grein, Paul (March 16, 2011). "Week Ending March 13, 2011: Spears' Second Act". Chart Watch. Yahoo! Music. Retrieved March 16, 2011.