From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1989:
January [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
February 8 – On approach to
Santa Maria Airport in the Azores, Independent Air Flight 1851, a chartered Boeing 707-331B, crashes into Pico Alto on Santa Maria Island after a misunderstanding between its crew and air traffic control. All 144 people on board die. February 19 –
Flying Tiger Line Flight 66, a Boeing 747-247F cargo aircraft, crashes near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, killing the entire crew of four. February 24 – A cargo door failure causes a piece of fuselage to detach from
United Airlines Flight 811, a Boeing 747–122, over the Pacific Ocean near Honolulu, Hawaii. Nine people are sucked from the plane by explosive decompression to their deaths; at least some of the nine are killed instantly when they are sucked into the number 3 engine. Another 38 people are injured. The plane lands safely at Honolulu International Airport.
March 10 – Unable to clear trees beyond the end of the runway due to ice and snow on its
wings, Air Ontario Flight 1363, a Fokker F28-1000 Friendship, crashes 15 seconds after takeoff from Dryden Regional Airport in Dryden, Ontario, Canada, killing 24 of the 69 people on board and injuring all 45 survivors. March 22 – An
Antonov An-225 Mriya sets a total of 106 world and class records during a 3-hour, 30-minute flight. Its total weight at take-off is 508,200 kg (1,129,370 lb). [3 ]
May 23 – First flight of the second and last
Grumman X-29, American experimental aircraft that tested a forward-swept wing, canard control surfaces, and other novel aircraft technologies.
July 4 –
Crash of an unmanned MiG-23 in Kortrijk, Belgium. The pilot had believed he was experiencing an engine failure shortly after take-off from the Soviet airbase near Kolobzreg, Poland and had ejected, while the aircraft continued on autopilot for 900 km (559 miles), until running out of fuel. One 18-year-old man on the ground was killed in the crash. [5 ] July 16 – European air traffic is halted due to industrial action by French air traffic controllers.
July 19 –
United Airlines Flight 232, a Douglas DC-10, suffers decompression in and catastrophic failure of its tail-mounted engine, knocking out all its flight controls. In what is considered a prime example of successful crew resource management, the plane 's crew manages to use engine throttles to fly the plane to Sioux City, Iowa, where it crashes on landing. Although 111 of the people on board die, the crew is credited with saving the other 185 by coaxing the aircraft to Sioux City..
September [ edit ]
September 3 – Listening to a
football (soccer) match, the pilots of Varig Flight 254, a Boeing 737–241 with 54 people on board, enter an incorrect heading into the flight computer before taking off from Marabá, Brazil, for Belém, Brazil. By the time they discover their error, they have too little fuel to reach an airport, they belly-land the airliner in a remote area of the Amazon jungle near São José do Xingu, Brazil, killing 13 passengers. Thirty-four of the 41 survivors are injured, many seriously; they are not rescued for two days. September 8 – Vibration from an
auxiliary power unit aboard Partnair Flight 394, a Convair CV-580 on a charter flight, spreads to the tail section, causing the rudder to jam to the left. The plane dives from 22,000 feet (6,706 m) into the North Sea off Hirtshals, Denmark, disintegrating during the dive and killing all 55 people on board. September 19 – A bomb explodes in the cargo hold of
UTA Flight 772, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, over the Sahara Desert. The DC-10 breaks up in mid-air and crashes near Bilma and Ténéré in Niger, killing all 170 people on board. Responsibility for the bombing is never determined. September 20 –
USAir Flight 5050, a Boeing 737–401 with 63 people on board, aborts its takeoff in low visibility on a wet runway at LaGuardia Airport in New York City and slides off the end of the runway into Bowery Bay, killing two people and injuring 21.
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
December 10 –
California Polytechnic State University 's Da Vinci III makes the first flight by a human-powered helicopter, remaining airborne for 7.1 seconds and reaching an alitude of 20 cm (8 inches). [7 ] December 15 – All four engines of
KLM Flight 867, a Boeing 747-406M with 245 people on board, shut down when the plane flies through a cloud of volcanic ash from Mount Redoubt during descent to a landing at Anchorage International Airport in Anchorage, Alaska. After descending more than 14,000 feet (4,267 m) without power, the crew manages to restart the engines and land the plane safely. December 20 – The
United States invasion of Panama, Operation Just Cause, begins with over 300 U.S. military aircraft participating. The U.S. Air Force 's F-117A Nighthawk stealth fighter and the U.S. Army 's AH-64 Apache attack helicopter make their combat debuts. One of the first U.S. operations is an air assault by the 1st Battalion (Airborne) of the U.S. Army 's 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment which secures Fort Amador. December 24 – Major combat operations in Operation Just Cause conclude.
December 26 –
United Express Flight 2415, a BAe Jetstream 31 operated by North Pacific Airlines, crashes on approach to Tri-Cities Airport at Pasco, Washington, in the United States, killing all six people on board. December 31 – U.S. airlines complete their worst year for baggage handling. Nearly eight
suitcases per 1,000 passengers are reported lost, damaged, or misdirected during 1989. [8 ]
First flights [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
Entered service [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Polmar, Norman, "Historic Aircraft: A Premier Fighter," Naval History, April 2012, p. 14.
^ McCabe, Scott, "Crime History: TV Journalists Try to Plant Fake Bombs on Planes," The Washington Examiner, January 4, 2013, p. 8.
^ a b Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 58.
^ Crickmore, Paul F. " Lockheed's Blackbirds: A-12, YF-12 and SR-71", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, page 93.
^ Incident summary at Eastern Wings
^ Chant, Chris, The World, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 2000, 's Great Bombers ISBN 0-7607-2012-6, p. 172.
^ Project: Da Vinci III
^ Associated Press, "Carriers Do Better On Arrival Time, Liggage," The Washington Post, August 10, 2012, p. A9.
^ Lambert 1990, p. 289.
^ Lambert 1990, p. 343.
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 118.
^ a b c d e f Lambert 1990, p. .
^ Lambert 1990, p. .
Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1990–1991. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Defence Data, 1990. ISBN 0-7106-0908-6.