1989

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1950s  1960s  1970s  – 1980s –  1990s  2000s  2010s
Years: 1986 1987 198819891990 1991 1992
1989 by topic:
Subject
By country
Leaders
Birth and death categories
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Works and introductions categories
1989 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2742
Armenian calendar 1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar 6739
Bahá'í calendar 145–146
Bengali calendar 1396
Berber calendar 2939
British Regnal year 37 Eliz. 2 – 38 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2533
Burmese calendar 1351
Byzantine calendar 7497–7498
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth Dragon)
4685 or 4625
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar 1705–1706
Discordian calendar 3155
Ethiopian calendar 1981–1982
Hebrew calendar 5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat 1911–1912
 - Kali Yuga 5090–5091
Holocene calendar 11989
Igbo calendar 989–990
Iranian calendar 1367–1368
Islamic calendar 1409–1410
Japanese calendar Shōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Juche calendar 78
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4322
Minguo calendar ROC 78
民國78年
Thai solar calendar 2532
Unix time 599616000–631151999

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade. It was a historical turning point for the wave of revolutions that swept the Eastern Bloc, starting in Poland that summer with the beginning of a move towards private enterprise,[1] coming to a head with opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and ending in December 1991 with the Collapse of the Soviet Union. Collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989, they heralded the beginning of the post–Cold War period which is characterized by the dominance of the United States in world affairs and the unchallenged rise of globalization and Americanization.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential elections in 29 years, since the end of the military dictatorship in 1985 which commanded the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point. F. W. de Klerk was elected in South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years.

The early Internet, by then 20 years old, was rapidly evolving in 1989. The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year.[2][3] The World Wide Web was first conceived of in Switzerland by Tim Berners-Lee and was opened to the public for free use in 1993 after several years of development at CERN.[4] The first unofficial text message was also sent in 1989.[5]

1989 marked the beginning of the current Heisei period in Japan.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution.

December[edit]

Protests in Romania, December 1989.
Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama.

Date unknown[edit]

Births[edit]

January[edit]

Nina Dobrev
Khleo Thomas

February[edit]

Scout Taylor-Compton

March[edit]

Anton Yelchin
Alyson Michalka

April[edit]

May[edit]

Pablo Alborán
Chris Brown

June[edit]

Lucy Hale
Christopher Mintz-Plasse

July[edit]

Daniel Radcliffe

August[edit]

Carlos Pena, Jr.
Joe Jonas
Hayden Panettiere

* August 1Kevan Max Scott, Navajo August 1

. .. – Tiffany Hwang, Korean-American singer (SNSD)

September[edit]

Logan Henderson

October[edit]

Mia Wasikowska

November[edit]

Candice Glover
Taylor Swift
Ashley Benson

December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

In fiction[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uchitelle, Louis (December 11, 1989). "INTERNATIONAL REPORT; East Europe Tries a Mild Capitalism". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ "Company History". Sublime IP. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  3. ^ "Wired 7.08: Harmonic Convergence". Archive.wired.com. 2009-01-04. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  4. ^ "Becka Zimmerman". Home.messiah.edu. 1993-04-30. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  5. ^ Anker, Jonathan (2012-12-03). "Who sent the 1st txt msg? And what'd it say?". HLNtv.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Crystal, David, ed. (1990). The Cambridge Encyclopedia. Cambridge University Press. p. RR69. 
  7. ^ Transition in Eastern Europe: Current Issues and Perspectives - Herbert Wilkens, Wolfgang Maennig - Google Books. Books.google.com. 1990-01-01. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  8. ^ "The birth of the World Wide Web | CERN timelines". Timeline.web.cern.ch. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  9. ^ NY Times May 3, 1990
  10. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=uVNTAAAAIBAJ&sjid=RIQDAAAAIBAJ&pg=3298,4683588&dq=teller+machine+soviet+union&hl=en
  11. ^ "First McDonald's in Moscow, Russia ~". Bleskon.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  12. ^ "Gay Peru News & Reports 2011". Archive.globalgayz.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  13. ^ "HDTV - High Definition Television". Birds-eye.net. 1989-06-03. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  14. ^ "Mourners Rip Shroud, Khomeini`s Body Falls", Chicago Tribune, June 7, 1989. Accessed 21 November 2012.
  15. ^ Belsie, Laurent (June 29, 2009). "Madoff's sentence: big, but not 141,078 years". The Christian Science Monitor. 
  16. ^ "Doe v. Michigan (E.D. Mich. 1989)". Bc.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  17. ^ a b "Soviets Line Up For Makeup - Estee Lauder Shop Draws Moscow Crowds". Philly.com. Articles.philly.com. 1989-11-17. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  18. ^ "The Danish Registered Partnership Act". 1989-06-07. Retrieved 2013-10-01. 
  19. ^ Rule, Sheila (1989-10-02). "Rights for Gay Couples in Denmark". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  20. ^ "The Barry Shein Home Page". Std.com. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  21. ^ "Former Two Guys Delran NJ | Flickr – Condivisione di foto!". Flickr.com. 2011-06-26. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  22. ^ "Spumco, Inc. in Encino, CA - Bizapedia Profile". Bizapedia.com. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  23. ^ "The Warsaw Voice". Warsawvoice.pl. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  24. ^ Hayes, Thomas C. (1990-02-28). "Wal-Mart Net Jumps By 31.8%". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-08-08. 
  25. ^ Pareles, Jon (December 10, 1989). "Outlaw Rock: More Skirmishes on the Censorship Front POP VIEW; More Skirmishes on The Censorship Front". The New York Times.