From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1976:
January [ edit ]
January 21 – The world 's first supersonic air passenger service begins, when the
Concorde begins commercial passenger flights for both Air France and British Airways. [2 ]
June 1 –
Aeroflot Flight 418, a Tupolev Tu-154M, crashes into a mountain near Bioko, Equatorial Guinea, killing all 46 people on board. June 6 – A
Sabah Air GAF Nomad crashes at Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, while on approach to Kota Kinabalu International Airport, killing all 11 people on board. Among the dead are eight Sabah officials, including Chief Minister Tun Fuad Stephens. June 27 – Two
Palestinians of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations (PFLP-EO) and two West Germans – Wilfried Böse and Brigitte Kuhlmann – from the Revolutionary Cells group hijack Air France Flight 139, an Airbus A300B4-203 with 256 other people on board on a flight from Athens, Greece, to Paris, France, and force it to fly to Benghazi, Libya, where they release one passenger. On June 28, they force the plane to fly on to Entebbe International Airport near Entebbe in Uganda, where at least four more hijackers join them. Demanding the release of various prisoners in Israel, Kenya, France, Switzerland, and West Germany, they release 149 more hostages over the next week, but continue to hold 106 hostages in the transit hall at the airport.
July 4 – In
Operation Entebbe, three Israeli Air Force C-130 Hercules aircraft carrying about 100 Israeli commandos land at Entebbe International Airport at Entebbe, Uganda, to rescue the 106 passengers of Air France Flight 139 still being held hostage in a transit hall there by Palestinian and West German hijackers. The Israelis kill seven hijackers and between 33 and 45 Ugandan soldiers, destroy 11 Ugandan Air Force MiG-17 fighters on the ground, and rescue 102 of the hostages; one Israeli commando is killed, three hostages die during an Israeli exchange of gunfire with the hijackers, and in retaliation for the raid Ugandan government forces murder the final hostage, who is being held at a hospital. July 28 –
ČSA Flight 001, an Ilyushin Il-18B, crashes into Zlaté Piesky lake after its crew inadvertently engages thrust reversal while attempting to land at M. R. Štefánik Airport in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, killing 76 of the 79 people on board and injuring all three survivors.
August 1-October 1 – After his
1973 round-the-world attempt was aborted by bad weather between Hokkaidō and the Aleutian Islands, Don Taylor of California successfully circumnavigates the world eastbound in his Thorp T-18, beginning and ending at Oshkosh, Wisconsin, in the United States. He becomes the first aviator to fly around the world with a homebuilt aircraft. August 15 –
SAETA Flight 232, a Vickers Viscount 785D, crashes into Ecuador 's highest mountain, the stratovolcano Chimborazo, at an altitude of 5,400 meters (17,700 feet), killing all 59 people on board. Its wreckage and the bodies of its crew and passengers will not be discovered until October 17, 2002.
September [ edit ]
IRI- Finmeccanica buys out Fiat to become sole owner of Aeritalia. [4 ] September 6 –
Viktor Belenko of the Soviet Union defects to the West, landing his MiG-25 ( NATO reporting name "Foxbat") in Japan. September 10
In the worst mid-air disaster up to this time, all 176 people aboard the two aircraft die when a
British Airways Hawker Siddeley Trident and an Inex Adria Douglas DC-9 collide over Zagreb, Yugoslavia. Five members of the
Croatian National Resistance hijack Trans World Airways Flight 355, a Boeing 727 with 36 other passengers on board flying from LaGuardia Airport in New York City to O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, Illinois, and divert it to land at Mirabel International Airport in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. They then force it to fly to Gander, Newfoundland (now Newfoundland and Labrador), where they release 35 of the passengers. From there, they order the plane flown to Reykjavík, Iceland, and finally to Paris, France, where they release their remaining hostages and surrender. September 14 – A U.S. Navy
F-14 Tomcat rolls off the deck of the aircraft carrier USS and sinks in international waters. A major salvage operation is launched to retrieve the fighter lest it fall into John F. Kennedy (CV-67) Soviet hands. September 18 – The legendary
test pilot Albert Boyd dies. September 19 – During a night approach to a landing at
Antalya Airport in Antalya, Turkey, with the captain out of the cockpit, the first officer of Turkish Airlines Boeing 727-2F2 Antalya, operating as Flight 452, mistakes a long straight highway filled with truck traffic north of Isparta for the runway at Antalya, which is 97 km (60 mi) away to the south-southeast. The captain reenters the cockpit and attempts an emergency climb from an altitude of 150 m (490 ft), but the plane crashes into a hill, killing all 154 people on board. It remains the deadliest aviation accident on Turkish soil.
October [ edit ]
October 6 – Two time bombs planted by members of the
Cuban anti-Castro Coordination of United Revolutionary Organizations group explode aboard Cubana Flight 455, a McDonnell Douglas DC-8, at 18,000 feet (5,486 m) shortly after takeoff from Seawell Airport at Bridgetown, Barbados. The plane crashes into the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 78 people on board. It is the deadliest terrorist attack on an airliner in the history of the Western Hemisphere at the time. October 17 – U.S. Air Force
Colonel Ralph S. Parr retires from military service as one of the most decorated Air Force officers in history. Seeing action in World War II, the Korean War (during which he scores ten kills), and the Vietnam War, he has received over 60 decorations, including a Silver Star, a Bronze Star Medal, the Air Force Cross, 10 Distinguished Flying Crosses, and 41 Air Medals. [5 ] [6 ]
December [ edit ]
First flights [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
Entered service [ edit ]
January [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Mondey, David, ed., The Complete Illustrated History of the World 's Aircraft, Secaucus, New Jersey: Chartwell Books, Inc., 1978, ISBN 0-89009-771-2, p. 95.
^ Mondey, David, ed., The Complete Illustrated History of the World 's Aircraft, Secaucus, New Jersey: Chartwell Books, Inc., 1978, ISBN 0-89009-771-2, p. 58.
^ Donin, Robert B. "Safety Regulation of the Concorde Supersonic Transport: Realistic Confinement of the National Environmental Policy Act". HeinOnline, 1976 . Retrieved . 30 June 2011
^ Mondey, David, ed., The Complete Illustrated History of the World 's Aircraft, Secaucus, New Jersey: Chartwell Books, Inc., 1978, ISBN 0-89009-771-2, p. 65.
^ Roughton, Randy, "Double Ace: Pilot With DSC, Air Force Cross, Was Always Ready to Fly, Fight," Air Force Print News Today, October 1, 2012.
^ Bernstein, Adam, "Retired Air Force Colonel Ralph S. Parr, a Highly Decorated Pilot, Dies at 88," The Washington Post, December 20, 2012, p. B7.
^ a b c d e f Taylor 1976, p. .
^ Taylor 1982, p. 167.
^ Taylor 1982, p. 15.
^ Taylor 1982, p. 70.
^ Taylor 1982, p. 201.
^ David, Donald, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Nobles Books, 1997, ISBN 0-7607-0592-5, p. 111.
^ Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN 978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 100.
^ Taylor 1982, p. 269.