Barnes shown within Greater London
|Area||4.50 km2 (1.74 sq mi)|
|Population||21,218 (Barnes and
Mortlake and Barnes Common wards 2011)
|- Density||4,715 /km2 (12,210 /sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|- Charing Cross||5.8 mi (9.3 km) ENE|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Richmond Park|
|London Assembly||South West|
Barnes is a suburban district in south-west London, England at one end of the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It is centred 5.8 miles (9.3 km) west south-west of Charing Cross in a loop of the River Thames, with Hammersmith Bridge at the north end linking it to the centre of Hammersmith, the nearest entertainment and high rise office area. Barnes has a high proportion of 18th- and 19th-century buildings, a wide variety of convenience shopping on its high street, and includes the "village" area centred on Barnes Pond, making up the Barnes Village conservation area. On the east riverside is the WWT London Wetland Centre. Barnes has fields for the three main national team sports and has woodland by one of its two railway stations on the "Barnes Trail". Its nearest tube station is Hammersmith, with bus access for journeys, for example to the West End. Unlike Mortlake and Hammersmith, it has no dual carriageways. Barnes adjoins the South Circular Road and Putney which forms a rival commercial hub to Hammersmith.
- 1 History
- 2 Economy
- 3 Barnes Common and the London Wetland Centre
- 4 Landmarks, trails and events
- 5 Places of worship
- 6 Sport
- 7 Education
- 8 Notable residents
- 9 Demography and housing
- 10 Nearest places
- 11 Railway stations
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Historically part of Surrey, Barnes appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as "Berne". It was held by the Canons of St Paul of London when its assets were: 8 hides, paying tax with Mortlake; 5 ploughlands, 20 acres (81,000 m2) of meadow. It rendered (in total) to its feudal system overlords £7 per year.
The original Norman chapel of St Mary's, Barnes' village church, was built at some point between 1100 and 1150. It was subsequently extended in the early thirteenth century, and again c1485 and in 1786. After a major fire in 1978 destroyed the Victorian and Edwardian additions to the building, restoration work was completed in 1984.
Some of the oldest riverside housing in London is to be found on The Terrace, a road lined with Georgian mansions which runs along the west bend of the river. Construction of these mansions began as early as 1720. Gustav Holst and Ninette de Valois lived in houses on this stretch, both of which have corresponding blue plaques. The Terrace also has an original red brick police station, built in 1891. It has been remodelled as apartments but still preserves the original features.
The pink-fronted Rose House facing the area's pond dates to the 17th century, while Milbourne House facing The Green, the area's oldest, parts of which date to the 16th century, once belonged to Henry Fielding. The park of Barn Elms, formerly the manor house of Barnes, which was for long the parish's chief property, is now an open space and playing field.
Castelnau, in north Barnes and on the banks of the river, has a small church, Holy Trinity. The area between Castelnau and Lonsdale Road contains a 1930s council estate (including roads such as Nowell Road, Stillingfleet Road and Washington Road), mostly consisting of "Boot Houses", constructed by the Henry Boot company.
Barnes Common and the London Wetland Centre
Barnes Common is an important open space and a local nature reserve. Its 120 acres (0.49 km2) dominate the south of Barnes, providing a rural setting to the village and a wealth of habitats including acid grassland, scrub, woodland and wetland. Beverley Brook passes through part of the common before meeting the Thames at Putney.
In April 2001, Barnes Pond dramatically emptied overnight. Although a broken drain was suspected no cause could be conclusively found. The pond was redeveloped and landscaped with funding from Richmond Council and the local community.
Barn Elms reservoirs were turned into a wetland habitat and bird sanctuary in 1995. The majority of the WWT London Wetland Centre comprises areas of standing open water, grazing marsh and reedbed. It is designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest as it supports nationally important wintering populations of Shoveler (Anas clypeata) and Teal (Anas crecca).
Landmarks, trails and events
The site of rock musician Marc Bolan's fatal car crash on Queen's Ride in 1977 is now Bolan's Rock Shrine. The memorial receives frequent visits from his fans, and in 1997 a bronze bust of Bolan was installed to mark the twentieth anniversary of his death. In 2007, the site was recognised by the English Tourist Board as a "Site of Rock 'n' Roll Importance" in its guide England Rocks.
A cinema, Olympic Studios on Church Road, is independent, showing a mixture of films on general release and art films. Originally a local cinema and for many years a leading recording studio, down the decades Olympic played host to some of rock and pop's greatest stars, from the Beatles, who recorded the original tracks of "All You Need Is Love" in Barnes, to the Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, David Bowie, Queen, Eric Clapton, Ella Fitzgerald, Harry Nilsson, the Verve, Massive Attack, Duran Duran, Coldplay, Madonna and Björk.
Facing the Thames, at the end of Lonsdale Road, the Bull's Head pub is known as the suburban Ronnie Scott's and was one of the first and most important jazz venues in Britain from the post-war years onward.
The Old Sorting Office arts centre/theatre has become known as a venue for art and fringe theatre, hosting numerous exhibitions and theatre productions, as well as a regular auction. Names to have performed at the venue include Patricia Hodge, Stephanie Cole, Timothy West, Julian Glover and Robert Pattinson.
The area around Barnes Pond is host to several open-air and covered markets each month. Barnes Green is the site of the Barnes Fair, held each year on the second Saturday of July and organised by the Barnes Community Association (BCA), with their headquarters in Rose House, a distinctive 17th century pink-painted building on Barnes High Street.
Places of worship
Barnes has eight churches, of which six are members of Churches Together in Barnes:
- Barnes Baptist Church
- Barnes Healing Church
- Catholic Church of St Osmund, Barnes
- Holy Trinity Barnes
- The Methodist Church by Barnes Pond
- Russian Orthodox Church, Barnes
- St Mary's Church, Barnes
- St Michael and All Angels Church, Barnes
- Association Football
Barnes has a place in the history of football. First, a former High Master of St Paul's School, Richard Mulcaster, is credited with taking mob football and turning it into an organised, refereed team sport that was considered beneficial for schoolboys. St Paul's School is currently sited on Lonsdale Road, although in Mulcaster's time it was at St Paul's Cathedral in the City of London.
Barnes was also home to Ebenezer Cobb Morley, who in 1862 was a founding member of the Football Association. In 1863, he wrote to Bell's Life newspaper proposing a governing body for football, and this led to the first meeting at the Freemasons' Tavern where the FA was created. He was the FA's first secretary (1863–66) and at his home in Barnes he set out the first set of rules for modern football, and these were adopted by the FA and subsequently spread throughout the world. As a player he took part in the first match played according to today's rules. Morley may be considered the father of football for his key role in establishing modern Association Football.
In rowing the loop of the Thames surrounding Barnes forms part of the Championship Course used for the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race and the main national head races, the Head of the River Races, for each category of Olympic boat.
- Joss Ackland and Rosemary Ackland (1951–2002) lived in Barnes
- Michael Ball, singer and actor, lived in Barnes
- Honor Blackman, actress
- Patricia Hodge, actress 
- Robert Pattinson, actor, lives in Barnes
- Jon Pertwee (1919–1996), Doctor Who actor, had a family home in Barnes
- Terry-Thomas (1911–1990), comic actor, moved to a flat in Barnes in 1988
- Frank Thornton (1921–2013), actor, who played Captain Peacock in the BBC comedy Are You Being Served?, lived and died in Barnes
- Kurt Schwitters (1887–1948), artist, lived at 39 Westmorland Road, Barnes. The site is marked by a blue plaque
- Carl Davis, composer 
- Gustav Holst (1874–1934), composer, lived at 31 Gretna Road, Richmond between 1903 and 1908. He and his family moved to 10 The Terrace on the riverfront at Barnes in 1908, where they remained until 1913
- Tomoyasu Hotei, Japanese musician, singer-songwriter, composer, record producer and actor, moved to Barnes in 2012
- Pete Tong, disc jockey
- Queen members
- Brian May, musician and astrophysicist, lived in Suffolk Road, Barnes
- Freddie Mercury (1946–1991), musician, shared a house in Ferry Road
- Roger Taylor, drummer, lived in White Hart Lane
- Susan Kramer, Baroness Kramer, former MP for Richmond Park and life peer
- Lyon Playfair (1818–1898), professor of chemistry and Liberal MP, lived at 26 Castelnau Villas (98 Castelnau), Barnes in 1851, when taking part in organising the Great Exhibition
- Sir John Power, 1st Baronet, (1870–1950), British businessman and Conservative MP for Wimbledon, lived at 1 Queen's Ride, Barnes, 1908–19
Scholars, scientists and engineers
- James Henry Greathead (1844–1896), railway engineer and pioneer of tunnelling, lived at St Mary's Grove, Barnes. The site is marked by a blue plaque
- Colin Patterson, palaentologist
- Andrew Winch, maritime designer
- Henry Fielding (1707–1754), novelist, lived at Milbourne House, Barnes Green in about 1750, when writing Amelia. He later moved to Ealing
- David Harsent, poet, lives in Barnes
- Judith Kerr, author and illustrator, lives in Barnes 
- Matthew Kneale, novelist (b. 1960), was brought up in Barnes
- Roger McGough, performance poet, broadcaster, children's author and playwright, lives in Barnes
- Eric Newby (1919–2006), travel author, grew up in Castelnau Mansions
- Barbara Pym (1913–1980), novelist, lived for many years at 47 Nassau Road
- Dodie Smith (1896–1990), the author of I Capture the Castle and The Hundred and One Dalmatians, lived in Riverview Gardens
- Colin Welland, Oscar-winning screenwriter of Chariots of Fire 
- Ninette de Valois (1898–2001), founder of the Royal Ballet, lived at 14 The Terrace on the riverfront at Barnes between 1962 and 1982. A blue plaque now stands on the building
- Alistair McGowan, comedian
Demography and housing
To give an equal councillor number and electorate, the wards in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames are multi-councillor but aim to be equally sized. To achieve this, approximately half of one of the two wards covering modern Barnes also falls within the boundaries of neighbouring Mortlake.
|Ward||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes/houseboats||Shared between households|
|Mortlake and Barnes Common||167||547||1,765||2,453||1||8|
|Ward||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
|Mortlake and Barnes Common||10,919||4,771||27||32||185|
|Mortlake, East Sheen||Roehampton||Putney|
- Census Information Scheme (2012). "2011 Census Ward Population Estimates". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density  Office for National Statistics
- "A City of Villages: Promoting a sustainable future for London's suburbs". SDS Technical Report 11 (Greater London Authority). August 2002. ISBN 1 85261 393 9. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- Domesday Book for Surrey
- History of St Mary's
- "Barnes History". Barnes History. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Blue Plaques in Richmond upon Thames". Visitrichmond.co.uk. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Victoria County History: Surrey, vol. 4: Barnes". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Barnes leads in independent shops". DIY week. March 25, 2014.
- "Indepent Shops Survey". businesszone. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- "''Barnes Common Conservation area – Richmond Council''" (PDF). Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "''Richmond Council report on Barnes Pond December 2001''" (PDF). Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Barn Elms Wetland Centre SSSI declaration
- Dyduch, Amy (30 June 2013). "Dozens of people turn out for Barnes trail launch". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- uk2.net. "TAG’s Marc Bolan & T-Rex Web Site – Legal Guardians of Marc Bolan's Rock Shrine". Marc-bolan.org. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Get your Free England Rocks Guide Here
- "Barnes in Common: About Churches Together in Barnes". Churches Together in Barnes. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- "Obituary: Rosemary Ackland". The Daily Telegraph (London). 14 August 2002. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
- Barber, Richard (27 August 2010). "He's a hit TV host, an iconic stage star and has the most devoted fans in showbiz – Michael Ball is on a roll". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Barnes, Greater London, Cringing Cult of Celebrity". Knowhere.co.uk. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Parker, Olivia (23 December 2013). "Patricia Hodge, my perfect weekend". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Robert Pattinson looks more like a grizzly werewolf than vampire on a day out in London with his sister". Daily Mail (London). 30 December 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- Anstead, Mark (30 January 2011). "Sean Pertwee: 'Why I never expected to be Doctor Who'". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- McCann, Graham (5 September 2008). "I say! What a bounder... All dandy comic legend Terry-Thomas really liked was 'jolly eager girls'". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- "Are You Being Served? actor Frank Thornton dies aged 92". BBC News. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- "John Tibbets on Carl Davis". Retrieved 31 January 2014.
- Boyes, Valerie (2012). Royal Minstrels to Rock and Roll: 500 years of music-making in Richmond. London: Museum of Richmond.
- Dyduch, Amy (30 November 2012). "Hotei's living the rock 'n' roll dream – in Barnes". Richmond and Twickenham Times (London). p. 16.
- "Pete Tong: Don't get me wrong". The Independent (London). 6 August 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Mr.Scully. "Queen places in London". Queen Concerts. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Official biography Mercury and Queen
- "FRP announces its new Patrons". News. Friends of Richmond Park. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "People of Mortlake, Barnes and East Sheen: M – S". Barnes and Mortlake History Society. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- Fortey, R. A. (1999). "Colin Patterson. 13 October 1933-9 March 1998". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 45: 367–377. JSTOR 770282.
- "People of Mortlake, Barnes and East Sheen: E – G". Barnes and Mortlake History Society. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- "Presiding Spirits: David Harsent". Poetry Magazines. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Jardine, Cassandra (26 April 2011). "Interview with Judith Kerr". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- "Matthew Kneale". Author page. Penguin Books. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- "Emma Brockes interview: Roger McGough". The Guardian (London). 14 November 2005. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "A history of writing". Barnes: the village on the river. Barnes Community Association. 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- Kelner, Simon (16 April 1995). ""Colin Welland came from his home in Barnes, southwest london", para.6". London: The Independent. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Plaque dedicated to dancing hero Dame Ninette". Richmond and Twickenham Times. 9 June 2006. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- Duncan, Alistair (31 August 2004). "My London: Alistair McGowan". Evening Standard (London). Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- Malden, H. E. (editor) (1912). "Map of the parish boundaries. Introduction to history of the hundred". Part of the Victoria County History Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Barnes, London.|
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society
- Barnes Village website
- Barnes in the Domesday Book
- Barnes Village News website