Barnes is a district in south-west London, England, within the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. It is located around 5.8 miles (9.3 km) west south-west of Charing Cross in a loop of the River Thames, with Hammersmith Bridge at the north end. Barnes has a number of 18th- and 19th-century buildings of exceptional quality, and is often noted for its historic village area centred on Barnes Pond, forming the Barnes Village conservation area.
Historically part of Surrey, Barnes appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as "Berne". It was held by the Canons of St Paul of London. Its Domesday assets were: 8 hides, paying tax with Mortlake; 5 ploughs, 20 acres (81,000 m2) of meadow. It rendered (in total): £7.
The original Norman chapel of St Mary's, Barnes' village church, was built at some point between 1100 and 1150. It was subsequently extended in the early thirteenth century, and again c1485 and in 1786. After a major fire in 1978 destroyed the Victorian and Edwardian additions to the building, restoration work was completed in 1984.
Some of the oldest riverside housing in London is to be found on The Terrace, a road lined with Georgian mansions which runs along the west bend of the river. Construction of these mansions began as early as 1720. Gustav Holst and Ninette de Valois lived in houses on this stretch, both of which have corresponding blue plaques. The Terrace also has an original red brick police station, built in 1891. It has been remodelled as apartments but still preserves the original features.
The pink-fronted Rose House facing the area's pond dates to the 17th century, while Milbourne House facing The Green, the area's oldest, parts of which date to the 16th century, once belonged to Henry Fielding. The park of Barn Elms, formerly the manor house of Barnes, which was for long the parish's chief property, is now an open space and playing field.
Castelnau, in north Barnes and on the banks of the river, has a small church, Holy Trinity. The area between Castelnau and Lonsdale Road contains a 1930s council estate (including roads such as Nowell Road, Stillingfleet Road and Washington Road), mostly consisting of "Boot Houses", constructed by the Henry Boot company.
Barnes Common and the London Wetland Centre
Barnes Common is an important open space and a local nature reserve. Its 120 acres (0.49 km2) dominate the south of Barnes, providing a rural setting to the village and a wealth of habitats including acid grassland, scrub, woodland and wetland. Beverley Brook passes through part of the common before meeting the Thames at Putney.
In April 2001 Barnes Pond dramatically emptied overnight. Although a broken drain was suspected no cause could be conclusively found. The pond was redeveloped and landscaped with funding from Richmond Council and the local community.
Barn Elms reservoirs were turned into a wetland habitat and bird sanctuary in 1995. The majority of the WWT London Wetland Centre comprises areas of standing open water, grazing marsh and reedbed. It is designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest as it supports nationally important wintering populations of Shoveler (Anas clypeata) and Teal (Anas crecca).
A popular cultural attraction is the former Olympic Studios on Church Road, soon to be Barnes's independent local cinema once again. Moved from central London in 1966, the studios played host to many of rock and pop's greatest stars down the decades, from the Beatles, who recorded the original tracks of "All You Need Is Love" in Barnes, to the Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, David Bowie, Queen, Eric Clapton, Ella Fitzgerald, Harry Nilsson, the Verve, Massive Attack, Duran Duran, Coldplay, Madonna and Björk.
Facing the Thames, at the end of Lonsdale Road, the Bull's Head pub is known as the suburban Ronnie Scott's and was one of the first and most important jazz venues in Britain from the post-war years onward.
The Old Sorting Office arts centre adjacent to Barnes Pond has become known as a venue for art and fringe theatre, hosting numerous exhibitions and theatre productions, as well as a regular auction. Well-known names to have performed at the venue include Patricia Hodge, Stephanie Cole, Timothy West, Julian Glover and Robert Pattinson.
The area around Barnes Pond is host to several open-air and covered markets each month. Barnes Green is the site of the Barnes Fair, held each year on the second Saturday of July and organised by the Barnes Community Association (BCA), with their headquarters in Rose House, a distinctive 17th century pink-painted building on Barnes High Street.
Places of worship
Barnes has six churches:
- Barnes Healing Church
- Catholic Church of St Osmund, Barnes
- Holy Trinity Barnes
- The Methodist Church by Barnes Pond
- St Mary's Church, Barnes
- St Michael and All Angels Church
The site of rock musician Marc Bolan's fatal car crash on Queen's Ride in 1977 is now Bolan's Rock Shrine. The memorial receives frequent visits from his fans, and in 1997 a bronze bust of Bolan was installed to mark the twentieth anniversary of his death. In 2007, the site was recognised by the English Tourist Board as a "Site of Rock 'n' Roll Importance" in its guide England Rocks.
Barnes has a place in the history of football. First, a former High Master of St Paul's School, Richard Mulcaster, is credited with taking mob football and turning it into an organised, refereed team sport that was considered beneficial for schoolboys. St Paul's School is currently sited on Lonsdale Road, although in Mulcaster's time it was located at St Paul's Cathedral in the City of London.
Barnes was also home to Ebenezer Cobb Morley, who in 1862 was a founding member of the Football Association. In 1863, he wrote to Bell's Life newspaper proposing a governing body for football, and this led to the first meeting at the Freemasons' Tavern where the FA was created. He was the FA's first secretary (1863–66) and at his home in Barnes he set out the first set of rules for modern football, and these were adopted by the FA and subsequently spread throughout the world. As a player he took part in the first match played according to today's rules. Morley may be considered the father of football for his key role in establishing modern Association Football.
The loop of the Thames surrounding Barnes forms part of the Championship Course used for the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race and several other major Tideway head races. This stretch of the river is popular with rowers throughout the year.
- Joss Ackland, actor, and Rosemary Ackland (1951–2002), actress, lived in Barnes
- Michael Ball, actor, lived in Barnes
- Honor Blackman, actress
- Robert Pattinson, actor, lives in Barnes
- Terry-Thomas (1911–1990), comic actor, moved to a flat in Barnes in 1988
- Frank Thornton (1921–2013), actor, who played Captain Peacock in the BBC comedy Are You Being Served?, lived and died in Barnes
- Kurt Schwitters (1887–1948), artist, lived at 39 Westmorland Road, Barnes. The site is marked by a blue plaque
- Gustav Holst (1874–1934), composer, lived at 31 Gretna Road, Richmond between 1903 and 1908. He and his family moved to 10 The Terrace on the riverfront at Barnes in 1908, where they remained until 1913
- Tomoyasu Hotei, Japanese musician, singer-songwriter, composer, record producer and actor, moved to Barnes in 2012
- Brian May, musician and astrophysicist, lived in Suffolk Road, Barnes
- Freddie Mercury (1946–1991), musician, shared a house in Ferry Road
- Roger Taylor, drummer, lived in White Hart Lane
- Pete Tong, disc jockey
- Lyon Playfair (1818–1898), professor of chemistry and Liberal MP, lived at 26 Castelnau Villas (98 Castelnau), Barnes in 1851, when taking part in organising the Great Exhibition
- Sir John Power, 1st Baronet, (1870–1950), British businessman and Conservative MP for Wimbledon, lived at 1 Queen's Ride, Barnes, 1908-19
Scholars, scientists and engineers
- James Henry Greathead (1844–1896), railway engineer and pioneer of tunnelling, lived at St Mary's Grove, Barnes. The site is marked by a blue plaque
- Colin Patterson, palaentologist
- Henry Fielding (1707–1754), novelist, lived at Milbourne House, Barnes Green in about 1750, when writing Amelia. He later moved to Ealing
- David Harsent, poet, lives in Barnes
- Roger McGough, performance poet, broadcaster, children's author and playwright, lives in Barnes
- Eric Newby (1919–2006), travel author, grew up in Castelnau Mansions
- Barbara Pym (1913–1980), novelist, lived for many years at 47 Nassau Road
- Dodie Smith (1896–1990), the author of I Capture the Castle and The Hundred and One Dalmatians, lived in Riverview Gardens
- Ninette de Valois (1898–2001), founder of the Royal Ballet, lived at 14 The Terrace on the riverfront at Barnes between 1962 and 1982. A blue plaque now stands on the building
- Alistair McGowan, comedian
|Mortlake, East Sheen||Roehampton||Putney|
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- History of St Mary's
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- "''Barnes Common Conservation area - Richmond Council''" (PDF). Retrieved 23 July 2012.
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- Barn Elms Wetland Centre SSSI declaration
- "Barnes in Common: About Churches Together in Barnes". Churches Together in Barnes. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- uk2.net. "TAG’s Marc Bolan & T-Rex Web Site - Legal Guardians of Marc Bolan's Rock Shrine". Marc-bolan.org. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- Get your Free England Rocks Guide Here
- "Blue Plaques in Richmond upon Thames". Visitrichmond.co.uk. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Obituary: Rosemary Ackland". The Daily Telegraph (London). 14 August 2002. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
- Richard Barber (27 August 2010). "He's a hit TV host, an iconic stage star and has the most devoted fans in showbiz - Michael Ball is on a roll". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Barnes, Greater London, Cringing Cult of Celebrity". Knowhere.co.uk. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Robert Pattinson looks more like a grizzly werewolf than vampire on a day out in London with his sister". Daily Mail. London. 30 December 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
- Graham McCann (5 September 2008). "I say! What a bounder... All dandy comic legend Terry-Thomas really liked was 'jolly eager girls'". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- "Are You Being Served? actor Frank Thornton dies aged 92". BBC News. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Valerie Boyes (2012). Royal Minstrels to Rock and Roll: 500 years of music-making in Richmond. London: Museum of Richmond.
- Amy Dyduch (30 November 2012). "Hotei's living the rock 'n'roll dream - in Barnes". Richmond and Twickenham Times (London). p. 16.
- Mr.Scully. "Queen places in London". Queen Concerts. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- http://www.mercury-and queen.com/officialbiography.htm
- "Pete Tong: Don't get me wrong". The Independent (London). 6 August 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "People of Mortlake, Barnes and East Sheen: M - S". Barnes and Mortlake History Society. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- R. A. Fortey (1999). "Colin Patterson. 13 October 1933-9 March 1998". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 45: 367–377. JSTOR 770282.
- "People of Mortlake, Barnes and East Sheen: E - G". Barnes and Mortlake History Society. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- "Presiding Spirits: David Harsent". Poetry Magazines. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
- "Emma Brockes interview: Roger McGough". The Guardian (London). 14 November 2005. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- "A history of writing". Barnes: the village on the river. Barnes Community Association. 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Plaque dedicated to dancing hero Dame Ninette". Richmond and Twickenham Times. 9 June 2006. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Barnes, London|
- Barnes and Mortlake History Society
- Barnes Village Web site
- Barnes Business Club Web site
- Barnes in the Domesday Book