West Hampstead

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Coordinates: 51°33′15″N 0°11′20″W / 51.5543°N 0.1888°W / 51.5543; -0.1888

West Hampstead
West Hampstead is located in Greater London
West Hampstead
West Hampstead
 West Hampstead shown within Greater London
Population 33,751 
OS grid reference TQ255855
London borough Camden
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Hampstead and Kilburn
London Assembly Barnet and Camden
List of places
UK
England
London

West Hampstead is an area in the London Borough of Camden in north-west London, England. Mainly defined by the railway stations of the same name, it is situated between Childs Hill to the north, Frognal and Hampstead to the north-east, Swiss Cottage to the east, South Hampstead to the south-east, Kilburn to the south and Cricklewood to the north-west.

West Hampstead's proximity to the Metropolitan line at Finchley Road, its own Jubilee line stop (West Hampstead), and a relatively high concentration of bars and restaurants, make the area a popular leisure destination[1][citation needed] for many residents of the north-western part of London. The West End Lane section of West Hampstead has several cafes, bakeries and small shops which create a "village" atmosphere during the day[citation needed]. In addition to the London Underground links, West Hampstead is also served by the West Hampstead Overground station and West Hampstead Thameslink railway station.

History[edit]

The village of West End[edit]

An area, known as "le Rudyng" (indicating a woodland clearing) in the mid-13th century, had by 1534 come to be called West End." It was then a freehold estate belonging to Kilburn Priory, and was so called because it was at the west end of another, larger estate. Although it is possible that there was a dwelling on the estate prior to 1244, an estate house was certainly extant by 1646.[2] West End Lane (named as such by 1644) is still bent at a right-angle at the north and south ends where it connects to Finchley Road and Edgware Road respectively. This is because the lane used to form the boundary between a number of different estates.[2]

By the early 17th century a number of houses were present, and by the middle of that century London merchants were building larger houses in the area, so turning a hamlet into the village of West End.[2]

West Hampstead[edit]

Modern West Hampstead developed with the arrival of the railways, which led to the transformation of the area from farmland into housing estates. In 1879, the Metropolitan Railway adopted the name West Hampstead for its station on West End Lane, the main road through the area.[2]

West Hampstead Fire Station (2011)


  • The first public library in West Hampstead was opened in 1901, but it was destroyed by a fire bomb in 1940.[citation needed]
  • The West Hampstead Fire Station was also opened in 1901[2] and is still operating, responding to over two thousand emergency calls a year. Its service area covers 12 square miles (31 km2), including Hampstead, West Hampstead, Kilburn, Cricklewood and parts of Golders Green.

Location in context[edit]

Transport links[edit]

Stations in West Hampstead
Very generally: South - North
Chiltern Main Line to Birmingham
Jubilee and Metropolitan lines
Thameslink and Midland Main Line
North London Line to Richmond
London Overground Overground and National Rail TLK stations
West Hampstead(on West End Lane}
Jubilee roundel1.PNG Underground
Jubilee roundel1.PNGMetropolitan roundel1.PNG Finchley Road London Overground OSI
Finchley Road (MR) (1868-1927)
London Overground Finchley Road & Frognal Jubilee roundel1.PNG Metropolitan roundel1.PNG OSI
North London Line to Stratford
To St Pancras
LU to Baker Street
Chiltern Main Line to Marylebone
 OSI = Interchange is allowed
 between these two stations

There are three railway stations named West Hampstead all within close proximity, as well as a number of other tube stations in the area. Numerous bus routes also pass through the district.

West Hampstead signal box[edit]

The power signal box (PSB) for the northern end of the Thameslink route is in Iverson Road, West Hampstead, just around the corner from the Thameslink station. The Network Rail signal box can be seen from the north end of the platforms on the left. As well as being a 24 hours a day, 7 days a week operational building, it also houses engineers and acts as a base for Mobile Operation Managers (MOMs). The upper floor of this box controls the signals and operation of the railway from Farringdon/St Pancras International as far as Sharnbrook (just north of Bedford Station). Also located in the signal box (in the same room as the signalling panels) is First Capital Connect's Thameslink control (also known to staff as the Service Delivery Centre or SDC). FCC's services between London Blackfriars and Bedford are controlled from here. South of Blackfriars, FCC trains are either controlled by southeastern control (to Sevenoaks) or FCC's other SDC at Croydon (for services to Brighton and Sutton/Wimbledon). Information on the service status of the line, including the operation of the information screens, is also controlled from here. East Midlands Trains do not have controllers at West Hampstead however.

Famous residents[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.visitlondon.com/discover-london/london-areas/places/west-hampstead
  2. ^ a b c d e C R Elrington (Editor), T F T Baker, Diane K Bolton, Patricia E C Croot (1989). A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9 - Hampstead, Paddington. pp. 42–47. 

External links[edit]