Bombay High Court

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Bombay High Court,मुंबई उच्च न्यायालय
Highcourt.jpg
Building of Bombay High Court
Established 1862
Country  India
Location Mumbai
Coordinates 18°55′52.26″N 72°49′49.66″E / 18.9311833°N 72.8304611°E / 18.9311833; 72.8304611Coordinates: 18°55′52.26″N 72°49′49.66″E / 18.9311833°N 72.8304611°E / 18.9311833; 72.8304611
Composition method Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.
Authorized by Constitution of India
Decisions are appealed to Supreme Court of India
Judge term length Till 62 years of age
Number of positions 75
Website Official website
Chief Justice
Currently Mohit Shantilal Shah
Since 26 June 2010

Bombay High Court (Marathi: मुंबई उच्च न्यायालय) at Mumbai (Bombay), Maharashtra, is one of the oldest High Courts of India[1] with jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra and Goa, and, the Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The High Court has regional branches at Nagpur and Aurangabad in Maharashtra and Panaji, Goa.[1]

The court is one of the most distinguished high courts in the country. The first Chief Justice, the Attorney General and Solicitor General of Independent India were from this court. Since India's Independence, 22 judges from this court have been elevated to the Supreme Court and 8 of them have been Chief Justice of India.[2]

The court has Original Jurisdiction in addition to its Appellate. The decisions of this court can be appealed only to the Supreme Court of India. The Bombay High Court has the sanctioned strength of 75 judges.[3]

History and Premises[edit]

The Bombay High Court was inaugurated on 14 August 1862 under the High Courts Act, 1861. Although the name of the city was changed from Bombay to Mumbai in 1995, the Court as an institution did not follow suit and remained as the Bombay High Court.

The work on the present building of the High Court was commenced in April 1871 and completed in November 1878. It was designed by British engineer Col. J. A. Fuller. The first sitting in this building was on 10 January 1879. Justice M. C. Chagla was the first Indian permanent Chief Justice of Bombay High Court after independence [1948 - 1958][4] Architecture: Gothic revival in the Early English style. It is 562 feet (171 m) long and 187 feet (57 m) wide. To the west of the central tower are two octagonal towers. The statues of Justice and Mercy are atop this building. The 125th anniversary of the building is slated to be marked by the release of a book, commissioned by the Bar Association, called "The Bombay High Court: The Story of the Building - 1878–2003" by local historians Rahul Mehrotra and Sharada Dwivedi.

Controversies[edit]

Bar Council had boycotted some judges of the High Court in 1991 under the leadership of Senior Counsel Iqbal Chagla.[5] In 2011 couple of petitions came to be filed challenging housing societies built by judges upon plots of land reserved for other purposes.[6]

Sesquicentennial celebrations[edit]

The High Court organized several functions in 2012 to mark completion of 150 years of establishment of the High Court. A special postal cover was released by Shri Milind Deora, Minister of State for Communications and Information Technology at the historical Central Court Hall, High Court main building on 14 August 2012.

An exhibition displaying important artifacts, documents and articles of historical importance was inaugurated by the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Mr. Prithviraj Chavan in the Central Court Hall on 15 August 2012. The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh was the Chief Guest at the concluding ceremony of the year long Sesquicentennial celebrations on 18 August 2012.[7]

The Chief Justice and the Judges[edit]

The court has a Sanctioned strength of 75 judges. The court handles 340,000 cases, both civil and criminal. 32 sitting judges of the court disposed around 2,000 cases each in 2004.[citation needed] The court has a ratio of 1:1.61 million :: judges to people. The Current Chief Justice is Hon'ble Mr. Justice Mohit S. Shah. His Lordship is the Former Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court and was earlier, the Senior Most Judge at the High Court of Gujarat.

Judges elevated to the Supreme Court of India.

Sr. No Name of the Judge S/Shri Justice Date of Appointment Date of Retirement Parent High Court
1 RANJANA PRAKASH DESAI 2011-09-13 2014-10-29 BOMBAY
2 SHARAD A. BOBDE 2013-04-12 2021-04-24 BOMBAY

Judges elevated as Chief Justice of High Court .

Sr. No. Name of the Judge S/Shri Justice Recruitment Date of Appointment Date of Retirement Remark
1 AJAY M. KHANWILKAR BAR 2000-03-29 2019-07-30 CJ MPHC 2013-11-24 CJ HPHC 2013-04-04 to 2013-11-23
2 Dr. D.Y. CHANDRACHUD BAR 2000-03-29 2021-11-11 CJ ALLAHABAD HC 2013-10-31

Judges transferred from the Bombay High Court.

Sr. No. Name of the Judge S/Shri Justice Recruitment Date of Appointment Date of Retirement Remark
1 D.B.BHOSALE BAR 2001-01-22 2018-10-24 KARNATAKA HC
2 SMT. N.N.MHATRE BAR 2001-03-28 2017-09-20 CALCUTTA HC

Sitting Judges of the Bombay High Court

Sr. No. Name of the Judge S/Shri Justice Recruitment Date of Appointment Date of Retirement Remark
1 Mohit Shantilal Shah BAR 1995-09-18 2015-09-09 CJ 2010-06-16 (PHC: GUJARAT)
2 S.J. VAZIFDAR BAR 2001-01-22 2018-05-04
3 P.V. HARDAS BAR 2001-06-26 2015-07-14
4 SMT.V.K.TAHILRAMANI BAR 2001-06-26 2020-10-03
5 V.M. KANADE BAR 2001-10-12 2017-06-22
6 N.H. PATIL BAR 2001-10-12 2019-04-07
7 A.S. OKA BAR 2003-08-29 2022-05-25
8 A.V. MOHTA BAR 2003-11-14 2017-12-04
9 S.C. DHARMADHIKARI BAR 2003-11-14 2022-01-26
10 B.R. GAVAI BAR 2003-11-14 2022-11-24
11 B.P.DHARMADHIKARI BAR 2004-03-15 2020-04-28
12 SMT. V.A. NAIK BAR 2005-06-22 2018-05-03
13 SMT. R.S. DALVI SERVICE 2005-06-22 2015-11-06
14 A.B. CHAUDHARI BAR 2006-09-08 2019-04-01
15 R.M. BORDE BAR 2006-09-08 2019-08-10
16 R.V. MORE BAR 2006-09-08 2021-11-03
17 R.M. SAVANT BAR 2006-09-08 2018-12-06
18 A.A. SAYED BAR 2007-04-11 2023-01-21
19 S.S. SHINDE BAR 2008-03-11 2022-08-02
20 A.P. BHANGALE SERVICE 2008-04-16 2015-09-19
21 A.V. NIRGUDE SERVICE 2008-04-16 2016-09-30
22 SMT. R.P.SONDURBALDOTA SERVICE 2008-04-16 2017-03-10
23 K.K. TATED BAR 2008-07-18 2021-09-19
24 P.B. VARALE BAR 2008-07-18 2024-06-23
25 S.J. KATHAWALLA BAR 2008-07-18 2022-03-24
26 P.D. KODE SERVICE 2009-02-10 2015-02-13
27 A.R. JOSHI SERVICE 2009-02-10 2015-12-20
28 SMT. M.R. BHATKAR SERVICE 2009-02-10 2019-05-28
29 F.M. REIS BAR 2009-03-26 2017-08-10
30 R.G. KETKAR BAR 2009-03-26 2019-08-22
31 R.K. DESHPANDE BAR 2009-03-26 2020-11-06
32 S.V. GANGAPURWALA BAR 2010-03-13 2024-05-24
33 T.V. NALAWADE SERVICE 2011-03-17 2021-03-08
34 M. T. JOSHI SERVICE 2011-03-17 2016-04-26
35 M. L. TAHALIYANI SERVICE 2011-03-17 2015-12-23
36 A. M. THIPSAY SERVICE 2011-03-17 2017-03-10
37 U. V. BAKRE SERVICE 2011-03-17 2015-02-26
38 M.S. SANKLECHA BAR 2012-01-23 2019-12-12
39 R.D. DHANUKA BAR 2012-01-23 2023-05-31
40 S.P. DESHMUKH BAR 2012-01-23 2021-09-28
41 N.M. JAMDAR BAR 2012-01-23 2026-01-10
42 SMT. S.S. JADHAV BAR 2012-01-23 2022-06-14
43 P.N. DESHMUKH SERVICE 2013-05-13 2020-02-11
44 A.I.S. CHEEMA SERVICE 2013-05-13 2016-09-19
45 S.B. SHUKRE SERVICE 2013-05-13 2023-10-25
46 S.C. GUPTE BAR 2013-06-21
47 Z.A. HAQ BAR 2013-06-21
48 K.R. SHRIRAM BAR 2013-06-21
49 G.S. PATEL BAR 2013-06-21
50 A.S. CHANDURKAR BAR 2013-06-21
51 SMT. REVATI MOHITE DERE BAR 2013-06-21
52 M.S. SONAK BAR 2013-06-21
53 R.V. GHUGE BAR 2013-06-21
54 V.L. ACHLIYA SERVICE 2013-10-21
55 V.M. DESHPANDE BAR 2014-01-06
56 A.S. GADKARI BAR 2014-01-06
57 N.W. SAMBRE BAR 2014-01-06
58 G.S. KULKARNI BAR 2014-01-06
59 B.P. COLBAWALLA BAR 2014-01-06
60 A.K. MENON BAR 2014-03-03
61 C.V. BHADANG SERVICE 2014-03-03
62 V.K. JADHAV SERVICE 2014-03-03
63 A.M. BADAR SERVICE 2014-03-03
64 P.R. BORA SERVICE 2014-03-03
65 SMT. ANUJA PRABHUDESSAI SERVICE 2014-03-03

Principal Seat & Benches[edit]

The court has jurisdiction over the states of Maharashtra, Goa and the Union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The court has benches in Nagpur, Aurangabad and Panaji. The Bar Council of Maharashtra and Goa has enrolled approximately 90,000 Advocates on its Roll till October 2009.

Nagpur Bench[edit]

Nagpur is an industrial and commercial city situated in the centre of India. Formerly, it was the capital of the former State of CP & Berar, later old Madhya Pradesh and now it is the sub-capital of the State of Maharashtra.[8] A full-fledged High Court was established at Nagpur on 9 January 1936. Later it was included as a separate bench in the Bombay High Court jurisdiction after the formation of the state of Maharashtra in 1960.

History[edit]

Sir Gilbert Stone, a Judge of the Madras High Court was appointed as first Chief Justice. The foundation stone of the new building (present High Court building) was laid by late Sir Hyde Gowan on 9-1-1937. The building was designed by Mr. H.A.N. Medd, Resident Architect. It was constructed at a cost of Rs.737,746/-.The building consisted of two stories with a garden courtyard in the centre. The outside dimensions are 400 ft x 230 ft. The original design provided for a main central dome rising 109 feet above ground land, the remainder of thebuilding being approximately 52 feet in height. The building has been constructed with sandstone. The building has Ashlar stone facing and brick hearting. The flooring in the corridors and offices is of Sikosa and Shahabad flag stones. The building is declared open on 6 January 1940. On the opening ceremony the Viceroy of India described this building as a poem in stone. The High Court has a fairly well planned garden on the eastern as well as western sides.

The High Court of Judicature at Nagpur continued to be housed in this building till the reorganisation of States in 1956. With effect from 1-11-1956, eight Marathi speaking districts of Vidarbha formed part of the greater bi-lingual State of Bombay which came into existence. Remaining fourteen Hindi speaking districts of the former State of Madhya Pradesh became part of the newly constituted State of Madhya Pradesh with the capital at Bhopal. The High Court of Madhya Pradesh was treated as successor of the former High Court at Nagpur.

New Building[edit]

A Bench of the High Court at Bombay began to sit in this building at Nagpur with effect from 1-11-1956 and continues to do so even after the formation of the State of Maharashtra on 1-5-1960. During year 1960 the strength of this Bench consisted of four Honourable Judges.

The extension of High Court building consists of two annex buildings on both sides of the existing building viz., North and South Wings. For this Government of Maharashtra has sanctioned Rs. 1,2,926,605/- on dated 21 March 1983. 'South Wing' houses various utilities for public, i.e. litigants and the Bar as well as High Court Government Pleader's Establishment including Standing Coursel for Central Government and 'A Panel Counsels, and also for the establishment. In the North Wing, it is proposed to accommodate additional Court Halls, Chambers of the Hobble Judges, Judges' Library and the office.

Presently, the strength of this Bench consists of 10 Honourable Judges and total employees are 412.

Aurangabad Bench[edit]

The Aurangabad bench was established in 1982. Initially only a few districts of Maharashtra were under the Aurangabad bench. Subsequently in 1988, Ahmednagar & others districts were attached to the bench. The bench at Aurangabad has more than 13 judges. The jurisdiction of the Aurangabad Bench is over Aurangabad, Ahmednagar, Dhule, Jalna, Jalgaon, Beed, Parbhani, Latur & Osmanabad. The bench also has a Bar council of Maharashtra & Goa office. The present building of bench is situated in a very huge premises. The garden is beautifully maintained. Lush green grass invites the attention of any passerby. The HC bench at Aurangabad is just approximately 4 km from the Aurangabad Airport and around 6 km from central bus stand. The new building has 13 court halls in all now including two new. All the court halls are on the first floor of the building, while the registry of the Court is on the ground floor. The Aurangabad bench has a strong Bar of more than 1000 advocates,but Aurangabad bench does not have a jurisdiction for company law matters. The Aurangabad Bench celebrated its 28th anniversary on 27 August 2009.

History[edit]

Due to continued demand of the people of Marathwada region for the establishment of a permanent Bench of the High Court at Aurangabad under sub-section (2) of Sec. 51 of the Act, the State Government first took up the issue with the then Chief Justice (Kantawala, C.J.) In 1977. On 22 March 1978, the State Legislative Assembly passed a unanimous resolution supporting a demand for the establishment of a permanent Bench of the High Court at Aurangabad to the effect : "With a view to save huge expenses and to reduce the inconvenience of the people of the Marathwada and Pune regions in connection with legal proceedings, this Assembly recommends to the Government to make a request to the President to establish a permanent Bench of the Bombay High Court having jurisdiction in Marathwada and Pune regions, one at Aurangabad and the other at Pune."

The said demand for the constitution of a permanent Bench of the High Court at Aurangabad was supported by the State Bar Council of Maharashtra, Advocates' Association of Western India, several bar associations and people in general. It is necessary here to mention that the resolution as originally moved made a demand for the setting up of a permanent Bench of the High Court of Bombay at Aurangabad for the Marathwada region, and there was, no reference to Pune which was added by way of amendment. Initially, the State Government made a recommendation to the Central Government in 1978 for the establishment of two permanent Benches under sub-sec. (2) of Section 51 of the Act, one at Aurangabad and the other at Pune, but later in 1981 confined its recommendation to Aurangabad alone.

The State Government thereafter took a Cabinet decision in Jan., 1981 to establish a permanent Bench of the High Court at Aurangabad and this was conveyed by the Secretary to the Government of Maharashtra, Law & Judiciary Department, communicated by his letter dated 3 Feb. 1981 to the Registrar and he was requested, with the permission of the Chief Justice, to submit proposals regarding accommodation for the Court and residential bungalows for the Judges, staff, furniture etc. necessary for setting up the Bench. As a result of this communication, the Chief Justice wrote to the Chief Minister on 26 Feb. 1981 signifying his consent to the establishment of a permanent Bench at Aurangabad. After adverting to the fact that his predecessors had opposed such a move and had indicated, amongst other things, that such a step involved, as it does, breaking up of the integrity of the institution and the Bar, which would necessarily impair the quality and quantity of the disposals.

It however became evident by the middle of June, 1981 that the Central Government would take time in reaching a decision on the proposal for the establishment of a permanent Bench under sub-sec. (2) of Section 51 of the Act at Aurangabad as the question involved a much larger issue, viz. the principles to be adopted and the criterion laid down for the establishment of permanent Benches of High Courts generally. This meant that there would be inevitable delay in securing concurrence of the Central Government and the issuance of a Presidential Notification under sub-sec. (2) of S. 51 of the Act. On 19 June 1981, the State Government accordingly took a Cabinet decision that pending the establishment of a permanent Bench under sub-sec. (2) of S. 51 of the Act at Aurangabad for the Marathwada region, resort be had to the provisions of sub-section (3) thereof. On 20 June 1981, Secretary to the Government of Maharashtra, Law & Judiciary Department wrote to the Registrar stating that there was a possibility of the delay in securing concurrence of the Central Government and the issuance of a notification by the President under subsection (2) of S. 51 of the Act for the establishment of a permanent Bench at Aurangabad and in order to tide over the difficulty, the provisions of sub-sec. (3) of Section 51 of the Act may be resorted to and he therefore requested the Chief Justice to favour the Government With his views in the matter at an early date. On 5 July 1981, the Law Secretary waited on the Chief Justice in that connection. On 7 July 1981 the Chief justice wrote a letter to the Chief minister in which he stated that the Law Secretary had conveyed to him the decision of the State Government to have a Circuit Bench at Aurangabad under sub-sec. (3) of Section 51 pending the decision of the Central Government to establish a permanent Bench there under sub-section (2) of S. 51 of the Act. The Chief Justice then added : "I agree that some such step is necessary in view of the preparations made by the Government at huge costs and the mounting expectations of the people there."

Formation[edit]

On 20 July 1981, the Law Secretary addressed a letter to the Registrar requesting him to forward, with the permission of the Chief Justice, proposal as is required under sub-section (3) of S. 51 for the setting up of a Bench at Aurangabad. In reply to the same, the Registrar by his letter dated 24 July 1981 conveyed that the Chief Justice agreed with the suggestion of the State Government that action had to be taken under sub-section (3) of S. 51 of the Act for which the approval of the Governor was necessary and he enclosed a copy of the draft order which the Chief Justice proposed to issue under sub-section (3) of S. 51 of the Act. On 10 Aug. 1981, the Law Secretary conveyed to the Registrar the approval of the Governor. On 27 Aug. 1981, the Chief Justice issued an order under sub-section (3) of S. 51 of the Act to the effect  : "In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (3) of S. 51 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 (No. 37 of 1956) and all other powers enabling him in this behalf, the Hon'ble the Chief Justice, with the approval of the Governor of Maharashtra, is pleased to appoint Aurangabad as a place at which the Hon'ble Judges and Division Courts of the High Court of Judicature at Bombay may also sit." This is the history how the Aurangabad Bench of the Bombay High Court was constituted. The Constitution of the Bench by The Hon’ble The Chief Justice V.S.Deshpande then came to be challenged before the Hon’ble Supreme Court. The Petition filed by the State of Maharashtra was allowed and the aspirations of the people from Marathwada were recognised. The Judgment is a reported one (State of Maharashtra v. Narain Shyamrao Puranik) in AIR 1983 Supreme Court 46.

Panaji Bench[edit]

When the High Court of Bombay constituted a bench in Goa, Justice G.F Couto was appointed its first Goan permanent judge. Justice G.D. Kamat was appointed as judge in 1983 and later in 1996 as Chief Justice of the Gujarat High Court. Justice E.S da Silva was elevated in 1990 and was a judge of this court till his retirement in 1995. Justice F.I Rebello, was appointed Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court in 2010 and retired in 2011. Justice R.K. Batta and Justice R.M.S. Khandeparkar were Judges of the Goa bench for brief period. Justice A.P Lavande and Justice F.M.Reis, sitting judges of the Bombay High Court, were senior lawyers who practised in the Goa Bench before their elevation.

History[edit]

Prior to the occupation of Goa, Daman & Diu the highest Court for the then Union territory was the "Tribunal de Relacao" functioning at Panaji. This Tribunal de Relacao was abolished when a Court of Judicial Commissioner was established w.e.f. 16 December 1963 under Goa-Daman & Diu (Judicial Commissioner Court) Regulation, 1963. In May, 1964 an Act was passed by the Parliament which conferred upon the Court of Judicial Commissioner, some powers of the High Court for the purposes of the Constitution of India.

Parliament by an Act extended the jurisdiction of High Court at Bombay to the Union territory of Goa Daman & Diu and established a permanent Bench of that High Court at Panaji on 30.10.1982

From its inception, the Hon'ble Shri Justice Dr. G.F.Couto who was at that time acting Judicial Commissioner was elevated to the Bench of High Court of Bombay. The Hon'ble Shri Justice G.D.Kamat was elevated to the Bench on 29.8.1983.

With the passing of Goa, Daman & Re-organization Act, 1987 by the Parliament conferring Statehood to Goa, the High Court of Bombay became the common High Court for the states of Maharashtra and Goa and the Union territories of Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu w.e.f. 30.5.1987.

New Building[edit]

This High Court was shifted from the old building of "Tribunal de Relacao" to Lyceum Complex at Altinho, Panaji and started functioning there from 3.11.1997. The main renovated building at the said Complex, constructed in the year 1925 by the Portuguese Government, was inaugurated by the Hon'ble Chief Justice of Bombay High Court Shri M.B.Shah on 2.10.1997. The total amount incurred for renovation of this building alone is Rs. 1,7,264,393/-. The Hon'ble the Chief Justice of Bombay High Court, Shri Y.K.Sabharwal, inaugurated the 2nd building on 9 September 1999. Both these buildings now house several departments of the High Court.at

Case information[edit]

The Case Status and Causelists of Bombay High Court is available on its official website at www.bombayhighcourt.nic.in. The Orders and Judgments from year 2005 are also available on the website.

As of March 2012 the High Court has 315,988 civil cases and 45,960 criminal cases pending. At the same time, the District and subordinate courts under the Bombay High Court have a total of 3,179,475 pending cases.[9]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History of Bombay HC". Bombay High Court. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "UPA is committed to improve justice delivery system, says Manmohan at Bombay HC". The Hindu. 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Bombay High Court-Official Website
  4. ^ Wiki, Wiki. "M.C.Chagla". Wikipedia. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  5. ^ Sandhii, Kanwar (28 February 1991). "Edgy Ethics". India Today. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  6. ^ Sequeira, Rosy (23 November 2012). "Judges societies’ land allotment legal’". Times of India. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  7. ^ "150 years celebration of the Bombay High Court ; PM to attend the closing ceremony on August 18". 13 August 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Bombay High Court_Nagpur Bench-Official Web site
  9. ^ "Supreme Court - Court News - Apr - June 2012". Archived from the original on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013.