- 1 Historical highlights
- 2 Districts
- 3 Major cities
- 4 Demography and Area
- 5 Tourist Hub
- 6 Education
- 7 Economic situation
- 8 Demand for Nanded-Aurangabad Industrial Corridor
- 9 Marathwada Statutory Development Board
- 10 Farmer's Suicides
- 11 Famous Persons Related to Marathwada
- 12 Articles related to Marathwada
- 13 Gallery
- 14 See also
- 15 References
Mughal king Muhammad Shah appointed a Turani noble Asaf Jah I as the wazir of Mughal Empire in 1722, but in 1724 he left for the Deccan to start his own kingdom and took the title Nizam-ul-Mulk.. Marathwada become a part of Nizam’s domain, which later came to be known as the princely state of Hyderabad outside but under the suzerainty of British India. (“Nizam” became the title of the ruling descendants of Nizam-ul-Mulk.)
On August 15, 1947, British India was partitioned into two independent states, the Union of India and Pakistan, and the Nizam ruling Hyderabad State at that time chose not to merge Hyderabad state into either country. Subsequently, through Operation Polo, a “police action” on September 17, 1948, the Indian army annexed Hyderabad to India.
On November 1, 1956, Marathwada was transferred from Hyderabad state to Bombay state. On May 1, 1960, Bombay state was divided into Maharashtra and Gujarat states, Marathwada becoming a part of the former. Aurangabad is the headquarters of Marathwada. It derived its name from Aurangzeb, who ruled it for a brief period.
The other cities in the region with significant population include district towns such as Beed and Osmanabad, and places of Hindu pilgrimage such as Parli Vaijnath, Aundha Nagnath,Verul, Ambejogai and Tuljapur. Other smaller cities in the region are Basmat, Degloor, Jintur, Dharmabad, Majalgaon, Bhokar, Akhada Balapur, Sonpeth, kinwat, and Udgir.
Demography and Area
- Marathwada have total area of 64590 km2, and have population of 1,87,97,531(2011 Census).
- Marathwada have area equal to Sri Lanka and population equal to Netherlands. Out of nearly 250 Countries and Dependencies of the world, only 63 nations have more population than Marathwada.
Marathwada is home to important Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Buddhist, and Jain monuments and places of pilgrimage. These include in Aurangabad district, the Buddhist caves of Ajanta and the Hindu, Jain and Buddist temples and caves of Ellora. The region also has important places of Hindu pilgrimage such as Shaktipeeth temple of Renuka in Mahur, Maharashtra,in Nanded District, Tulja Bhavani temple of Tuljapur and Yogeshwari in Ambejogai in Osmanabad district, Tulja Devi temple in Hingoli District. The region also has three of twelve Jyotirlingas Grishneshwar at (Verul), Nagnath (Aundha), and Vaijanath (Parali).
Hazarat Shah Turabul Haq Dargah of Parbhani, best known for its famous annual fair which starts at 2nd Feb each year. Because of huge popularity of this dargah, it is also known as Ajmer Sharif of Maharashtra.
Dnyaneshwar and his siblings Niwruttinath, Sopandev, and Muktabai hailed from Apegaon in Aurangabad District. Eknath hailed from Paithan in the same district. Samarth Ramdas hailed from Jamb in Jalna District, while Namdev hailed from Narsi in Hingoli District.
Urdu and Persian-language poets and scholars such as Siraj Aurangabadi, Wali Dakhni and Azad Bilgrami lived in the city of Aurangabad. The town of Khuldabad contains the shrines some of the earliest Sufi saints of the Deccan.
City of Aurangabad have various fun places, Aurangabad have one of largest shopping mall in India named Prozone Mall along with several multiplex cinema houses, city also have several outlets of KFC, Domino's Pizza, Cafe Coffee Day etc. Aurangabad being a tourist capital of Maharashtra, have several high quality hotels along with five star hotels, also has several sport clubs including Golf Course.
Marathwada have 4 government medical colleges at Aurangabad, Nanded, Latur and Ambajogai. Marathwada have 3 major universities, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University at Aurangabad ,Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Agriculture University at Parbhani, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University at Nanded.
Historically, Marathwada has lagged behind the rest of Maharashtra in economic prosperity. Human Development Index (HDI) using the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) methodology highlighted that situation in 2000.
There has, however, been accelerated industrial growth in Marathwada in the past few years. Skoda and Audi have automobile manufacturing plants at Aurangabad. Hindalco, Parle, Siemens, and Radico have started their major projects in Marathwada. Videocon manufactures TVs, air conditioning units, refrigerators, and washing machines, while Sterlite manufactures fibre optic cables in this region.
Demand for Nanded-Aurangabad Industrial Corridor
Nanded and Aurangabad are two regional big cities located at two extreme sides of Marathwada, there has been constant demand for creation of new industrial zone named Nanded Aurangabad Industrial Corridor which will connect to Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor. Out of 196 Special Economic Zones of Maharashtra only 10 are in Marathwada. Nanded Aurangabad Industrial Corridor have potential to transform entire Marathwada into an industrial hub.
Article 371(2) of Constitution of India is a special provision in respect of State of Maharashtra. According to this article, President of India can give special responsibility to Governor of Maharashtra to create separate development boards for Vidarbha, Marathwada, Rest of Maharashtra regions of Maharashtra. Marathwada Statutory Development Board releases annual report assessing problems within various districts of Marathwada, also monitors development work and expenditure.
Major Findings of Annual Report
|Region||Small, Medium Industries(%)||Large Industries(%)||Per Capita Income(Rs)||Special Economic Zones||Foreign Direct Investment(%)|
- Of total 'Micro, Small, Medium Enterprises' in Maharashtra, Marathwada has only 7% of enterprises while Vidarbha has 13%, Rest of Maharashtra has 80% of total enterprises.
- Of total 'Large Industries', Marathwada has 11%, Vidarbha 14% while Rest of Maharashtra has 75%.
- Per Capita Income of Marathwada is Rs.60013, Vidarbha Rs.65502, Rest of Maharashtra Rs.105488.
- Of total 116 Special Economic Zones of Maharashtra, Marathwada has 10, Vidarbha 10 and Rest of Maharashtra 96.
- Of total Foreign Direct Investment in Maharashtra, only 2% is in Marathwada while Vidarbha has 8% and Rest of Maharashtra has 90%.
Above findings shows that development of Maharashtra is concentrated in Western region that is Rest of Maharashtra while Marathwada region is least developed region in Maharashtra. Report also says that whatever development happened in Marathwada is concentrated around Aurangabad.
According to government records, 422 farmers had committed suicide in year 2014 in Marathwada, expressing their inability to bear crop losses and a financial quandary made acute by water scarcity and an agrarian crisis. In 2014 Marathwada was reeling under scarcity for a third consecutive year due to scanty rainfall. Besides, crops were damaged in some districts due to untimely showers. Revenue department revealed that of the 422 suicides, in 252 cases, farmers ended their lives due to inability in repaying huge agricultural loans.
Famous Persons Related to Marathwada
- Sant Dnyaneshwar: Prominent Marathi Sant, wrote Dnyaneshwari, a commentary on the Bhagavad Gita.
- Samarth Ramdas: Spiritual poet, he is most remembered for his Advaita Vedanta (Non-dualism) text Dasbodh.
- Sant Eknath: prominent Marathi Sant and Scholar.
- Sant Namdev: significant Varkari Sant and Poet.
- Sai Baba of Shirdi: spiritual master born in Pathri.
- Guru Gobind Singh: last Sikh Guru, died in Nanded.
- Sant Muktabai: Prominent female Sant of Maharashtra.
- Sant Gora Kumbhar: significant Varkari Sant of Bhakti Movement, born at Ter village in Osmanabad District.
- Wali Mohammed Wali: Urdu poet, he is the first established poet to have composed Ghazals in Urdu language.
- Azad Bilgrami:was a scholar of Arabic, Persian and Urdu.The King of Yemen had accorded him the title of Hassan Al-Hind.
- Shankarrao Chavan: former Chief Minister of Maharashtra, former Finance and Home Minister of India
- Vilasrao Deshmukh: former Chief Minister of Maharashtra and former Union Minister
- Ashok Chavan: former Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
- Shivraj Patil: former Home Minister of India, former Speaker of Lok Sabha, Governor of Punjab.
- Nanaji Deshmukh: Social Activist, Padma vibhushan, Founder of Bharatiya Jana Sangh Party, MP of BJP.
- Gopinath Munde: former Minister of Rural Development of India.
- Abul A'la Maududi: founder of Jamaat-e-Islami and inspiration for many other global extremist organizations, born in Aurangabad.
- Pachlegaonkar Maharaj: Rashtra Sant, Founder of Mukteshvar Dal, Hindu Rashtra Sena. Social Activist. leader of Hyderabad Liberation Struggle.
- Swami Ramanand Tirtha: leader of Hyderabad Liberation Struggle and Social Activist.
- Siraj Aurangabadi: was a famous mystic poet.
- Malik Ambar: was a Nizam Shah and founder of Aurangabad City.
- Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII: Richest man on Earth in his times, Nizam of Princely Hyderabad State which also included Marathwada.
- Jackie Shroff: legendary Bollywood actor, born in Udgir town of Latur District.
- Riteish Deshmukh: Bollywood actor.
- Makarand Anaspure: leading Marathi film actor.
- Vijay Zol: Captain of India Under-19 cricket team, signed by Royal Challengers Bangalore.
- Sanjay Bangar: former Indian national cricket team player & current assistant Coach of national team.
- Vidarbha and Marathwada: Trapped in a vicious cycle -Hindustan Times
- Cane cultivation leaving Marathwada bone dry: Study -The Times of India
- Have India's farm suicides really declined? -BBC article
- In worst drought year, Marathwada emerges new suicide region -Indian Express
- ‘Wrong method used to calculate Vidarbha, Marathwada backlog’ - The Times of India
Jayakwadi Dam is one of main source of water for Marathwada.
Migratory birds at Jayakwadi.
Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga in Aurangabad district.
Bibi Ka Maqbara inside view
Bhadkal Gate built by Malik Ambar in commemoration of his victory against the Mughals.
Kailasha temple at Ellora Caves.
MARATHWADA has its own open source directory where major informations are posted for people round the globe to know more in detail about marathwada and communities in Marathwada region, you can get the information on Marathwada region HERE
- Human Development Report 2002 - Maharashtra (India)
- History of Modern India, Bipin Chandra, Orient Blackswan, 2009