- 1 Historical highlights
- 2 Districts
- 3 Major cities
- 4 Demography and Area
- 5 Tourist Hub
- 6 Economic situation
- 7 Demand for Nanded-Aurangabad Industrial Corridor
- 8 Marathwada Statutory Development Board
- 9 Famous Persons Related to Marathwada
- 10 References
Mughal king Muhammad Shah appointed a Turani noble Asaf Jah I as the wazir of Mughal Empire in 1722, but in 1724 he left for the Deccan to start his own kingdom and took the title Nizam-ul-Mulk.. Marathwada become a part of Nizam’s domain, which later came to be known as the princely state of Hyderabad outside but under the suzerainty of British India. (“Nizam” became the title of the ruling descendants of Nizam-ul-Mulk.)
On August 15, 1947, British India was partitioned into two independent states, the Union of India and Pakistan, and the Nizam ruling Hyderabad State at that time chose not to merge Hyderabad state into either country. Subsequently, through Operation Polo, a “police action” on September 17, 1948, the Indian army annexed Hyderabad to India.
On November 1, 1956, Marathwada was transferred from Hyderabad state to Bombay state. On May 1, 1960, Bombay state was divided into Maharashtra and Gujarat states, Marathwada becoming a part of the former. Aurangabad is the headquarters of Marathwada. It derived its name from Aurangzeb, who ruled it for a brief period.
The other cities in the region with significant population include district towns such as Beed and Osmanabad, and places of Hindu pilgrimage such as Parli Vaijnath, Aundha Nagnath Ambejogai and Tuljapur. Other smaller cities in the region are Basmat, Degloor, Jintur, Dharmabad, Majalgaon, Bhokar, Akhada Balapur, Sonpeth, kinwat, and Udgir.
Demography and Area
- Marathwada have total area of 64590 km2, and have population of 1,70,97,531(2015 estimate).
- Marathwada have area equal to Sri Lanka and population equal to Netherlands. Out of nearly 250 Countries and Dependencies of the world, only 63 nations have more population than Marathwada.
Marathwada is home to important Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Buddhist, and Jain monuments and places of pilgrimage. These include in Aurangabad district, the Buddhist caves of Ajanta and the Hindu, Jain and Buddist temples and caves of Ellora. The region also has important places of Hindu pilgrimage such as Shaktipeeth temple of Renuka in Mahur, Maharashtra,in Nanded District, Tulja Bhavani temple of Tuljapur and Yogeshwari in Ambejogai in Osmanabad district, Tulja Devi temple in Hingoli District. The region also has three of twelve Jyotirlingas Grishneshwar at (Verul), Nagnath (Aundha), and Vaijanath (Parali).
Dnyaneshwar and his siblings Niwruttinath, Sopandev, and Muktabai hailed from Apegaon in Aurangabad District. Eknath hailed from Paithan in the same district. Samarth Ramdas hailed from Jamb in Jalna District, while Namdev hailed from Narsi in Hingoli District.
Urdu and Persian-language poets and scholars such as Siraj Aurangabadi, Wali Dakhni and Azad Bilgrami lived in the city of Aurangabad. The town of Khuldabad contains the shrines some of the earliest Sufi saints of the Deccan.
Historically, Marathwada has lagged behind the rest of Maharashtra in economic prosperity. Human Development Index (HDI) using the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) methodology highlighted that situation in 2000.
There has, however, been accelerated industrial growth in Marathwada in the past few years. Skoda and Audi have automobile manufacturing plants at Aurangabad. Hindalco, Parle, Siemens, and Radico have started their major projects in Marathwada. Videocon manufactures TVs, air conditioning units, refrigerators, and washing machines, while Sterlite manufactures fibre optic cables in this region.
Marathwada Regional Information technology Initiative
IT companies in this region contribute towards development of I.T. in local sectors/companies. More than 15 Engineering colleges and about 60 Polytechnic Colleges are educating future I.T.professionals. There is no dearth of manpower for ITindustry in this region. Telecom Infrastructure/ Internet Connectivity(Fiber Optics)band width up to 100 Mbit/s available at many places in the region. To set up IT industry State Govt declares many incentives to the IT unit as per IT Policy 2009. As per IT Policy 2009, MIDC plots are available for IT industry at very concessional rate(25 % of regular rates). Nanded D.I.C Aurangabad D.I.C and all DICs in the region are ready to help development of IT industry in this region. All IT Associations in this region are ready for helping new IT units.
Demand for Nanded-Aurangabad Industrial Corridor
Nanded and Aurangabad are two regional big cities located at two extreme sides of Marathwada, there has been constant demand for creation of new industrial zone named Nanded Aurangabad Industrial Corridor which will connect to Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor. Out of 196 Special Economic Zones of Maharashtra only 10 are in Marathwada. Nanded Aurangabad Industrial Corridor have potential to transform entire Marathwada into a industrial hub.
Article 371(2) of Constitution of India have provided special provision for Marathwada to create special developmental body. President of India established Marathwada Statutory Development Board(MSDB) in 1994 by issuing The State of Maharashtra Order, 1994. Main purpose of this board is to remove regional imbalance and promote growth of Marathwada.
Functions of the Board
The Development Board shall, from time to time –
(a) ascertain potential of socio-economic development in relation to its area considering its resources, needs and opportunities having regard to the development of the State as a whole;
(b) Identify areas, sectors, population groups within the area of the Development Boards which require special attention ;
(c) Prepare regional/district development reports and update the same periodically.
(d) Suggest the levels of development expenditure over the area of the Development Board considering need based balanced regional development, during a plan period including the annual plan ;
(e) Assess the impact of various development efforts in removing regional imbalance and in achieving overall development within its area.
(f) Prepare an annual report on its working and send it, as far as practicable within three months after the end of every financial year, to the Governor for placing it before the Maharashtra State Legislature.
Criticism Of Board
Despite being a good initiative, Board is criticised for its slow working, though it was established in 1994 still Marathwada is known as 'Backward area of Maharashtra'.
Famous Persons Related to Marathwada
- Nanaji Deshmukh: Social Activist, Padma vibhushan, Founder of Bharatiya Jana Sangh Party, MP of BJP.
- Pachlegaonkar Maharaj: Rashtra Sant, Founder of Mukteshvar Dal, Hindu Rashtra Sena. Social Activist. leader of Hyderabad Liberation Struggle.
- Sant Eknath: prominent Marathi Sant and Scholar.
- Sant Namdev: significant Varkari Sant and Poet.
- Sai Baba of Shirdi: spiritual master born in Pathri.
- Guru Gobind Singh: last Sikh Guru, died in Nanded.
- Vilasrao Deshmukh: former Chief Minister of Maharashtra and former Union Minister
- Shankarrao Chavan: former Chief Minister of Maharashtra, former Finance and Home Minister of India
- Ashok Chavan: former Chief Minister of Maharashtra, known for Adarsh Housing Society Scam.
- Shivraj Patil: former Home Minister of India, former Speaker of Lok Sabha, Governor of Punjab.
- Gopinath Munde: former Minister of Rural Development of India.
- Abul A'la Maududi: founder of Jamaat-e-Islami and inspiration for many other global extremist organizations, born in Aurangabad.
- Swami Ramanand Tirtha: leader of Hyderabad Liberation Struggle and Social Activist.
- Malik Ambar: was a Nizam Shah and founder of Aurangabad City.
- Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII: Richest man on Earth in his times, Nizam of Princely Hyderabad State which also included Marathwada.
- Jackie Shroff: legendary Bollywood actor, born in Udgir town of Latur District.
- Riteish Deshmukh: Bollywood actor.
- Makarand Anaspure: leading Marathi film actor.
- Vijay Zol: Captain of India Under-19 cricket team, signed by Royal Challengers Bangalore.
- Sanjay Bangar - Indian Cricket Player & Coach.
MARATHWADA has its own open source directory where major informations are posted for people round the globe to know more in detail about marathwada and communities in Marathwada region, you can get the information on Marathwada region HERE
- Nanded, DIC. "Nanded DIC".
- Aurangabad, DIC. "Aurangabad DIC".
- IT, Marathwada. "Marathwada IT".
- Human Development Report 2002 - Maharashtra (India)
- History of Modern India, Bipin Chandra, Orient Blackswan, 2009