A road in the Amravati district headquarters
|• Total||12,235 km2 (4,724 sq mi)|
|• Density||213/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
The district is situated between 20°32' and 21°46' north latitudes and 76°37' and 78°27' east longitudes. The district occupies an area of 12,235 km². The district is bounded by Betul District of Madhya Pradesh state to the north, and by the Maharashtra districts of Nagpur to the northeast, Wardha to the east, Yavatmal to the south, Washim to the southwest, and Akola and Buldhana districts to the west.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Economy
- 4 Agriculture
- 5 Divisions
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Transport
- 8 Prominent persons
- 9 Places of interest
- 10 Education in Amravati district
- 11 References
- 12 External links
In 1853, the present-day territory of Amravati district as a part of Berar Province was assigned to the British East India Company, following a treaty with the Nizam of Hyderabad. After the Company took over the administration of the province, it was divided into two districts. The present-day territory of the district became part of North Berar district, with headquarters at Buldhana. Later, the province was reconstituted and the territory of the present district became part of East Berar district, with headquarters at Amravati. In 1864, Yavatmal District (initially known as Southeast Berar district and later Wun district) was separated. In 1867, Ellichpur District was separated but in August, 1905, when the whole province was reorganized into six districts, it was again merged into the district. In 1903, it became part of the newly constituted province of Central Provinces and Berar. In 1956, Amravati district became part of Bombay State and after its bifurcation in 1960, it became part of Maharashtra state.
The climate is tropical and most people wear cotton clothes. In summer temperatures can go up to higher than 44 °C (111 °F).
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Amravati one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Amravati is the main growing region for the Ellachipur Sanman Chili pepper. Anjangaon Surji & Achalpur is famous for growing betel leaves, piper longum, orange and banana. Warud, Morshi, Chandur bazar and Achalpur are famous for growing Nagpuri oranges.
The Wardha River forms the eastern boundary of the district, and the eastern portion of the district lies within its watershed. The Purna River drains the southwestern portion of the district, while the northwest is drained by the Tapti River. Other important rivers are Shahanoor and Chandrabhaga.
The Purna, rises near Bhainsdehi in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh in the Satpudas. After flowing for about 50 km in a general southerly and south-easterly direction enters the district. It travels across the district in a south-westerly direction dividing it into two halves, first through the Achalpur taluka and then along the boundary between the Amravati and Daryapur talukas. Finally, it turns due westwards forming the boundary of the district and continues further to join the Tapti near Muktainagar in Jalgaon district. The only significant left bank tributary of the Purna is the Pedhi. The first of the principal right bank tributaries is the Arna. The next is a small river known as the Bodi. The next tributary, the Chandrabhaga is a very important one, flowing in a general south-westerly direction to join the Purna. The principal right bank affluent of the Chandrabhaga is the Bhuleshwari. The westernmost tributary of the Purna of some significance within the district is the Shahanur, with its tributary, the Bordi.
The following are some of the other rivers in Amravati District, with their tributaries.
- Burshi River
- Surkhi River
- Tigria River
- Khandu River
- Khapra River
- Sangiya River
- Gadaga River
- Vaan River
- Wardha River
- Vidarbha River
- Bor River
- Pak Nala
- Maru River
- Narha River
- Chargar River
- Shahanoor River
The district consists of six sub-divisions, which are further divided into 14 talukas. Amravati sub-division is divided into three talukas: Amravati, Bhatukali and Nandgaon Khandeshwar. Daryapur sub-division is further divided into two talukas: Anjangaon and Daryapur. Achalpur sub-division also consists of two talukas: Achalpur and Chandur Bazar. Morshi sub-division has also two talukas: Morshi and Warud. Dharni sub-division is also divided into two talukas: Dharni and Chikhaldara. Finally, Chandur (Railway) sub-division is divided into three taulkas: Chandur (Railway), Tiosa and Dhamangaon.
There are eight Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district. Six of these, Badnera, Amravati, Teosa, Anjangaon-Daryapur (SC), Melghat (ST) and Achalpur are part of Amravati Lok Sabha constituency. The other two constituencies, Dhamangaon Railway and Morshi are part of Wardha Lok Sabha constituency.
Achalpur, Paratwada, Anjangaon, Chandur railway, Dhamangaon Railway, Ambada (Morshi), Chikhaldara, Warud, Morshi, Shendurjana Ghat, Chandurbazar, Daryapur, Nandgaon Khandeshwar, Badnera, Dharni, Tivasa, Ashtgaon
According to the 2011 census Amravati district has a population of 2,887,826, roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica or the US state of Arkansas. This gives it a ranking of 131st in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 237 inhabitants per square kilometre (610 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.77%. Amravati has a sex ratio of 947 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 88.23%.
Important railway stations are Badnera and Amravati under Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Division of Central Railway. The other stations under meter gauge are Wan Road Dhulghat and Dabka. These are under Purna - Khandwa Section of South Central Railway. The stations under narrow gauge are Achalpur, Anjangaon Surji and Daryapur under Narrow Gauge Branch lines viz Murtajapur-Achalpur of Bhusawal Division of Central Railway.
- Gadge Maharaj [1876-1956], Social reformer
- Rastra Sant Tukdoji Maharaj [1900-1968], Social reformer
- Pratibha Patil, First woman President of India[2008-2012].
- Dr Panjabrao Deshmukh [1888-1965], Social reformer, educationist and Central Agriculture Minister.
- Dr Abasaheb Khedkar, First President of Maharashtra Pradesh Congress Committee.
- Suresh Bhat [1932-2003], Marathi poet - Marathi Ghazal Samrat
- Hemant Kanitkar, Indian cricketer - 1974
Places of interest
- Melghat Tiger Reserve, of Project Tiger
- Chikhaldara Hill Station is 85 km from Amravati via Paratwada
- Gugarnal National Park
- Wan Wildlife Sanctuary
- Gawilgarh Fort
- Ambadevi temple - Historic place to visit and it is ancient one, related with Rukhminiharan
- Manjarkhed Kasba, Historic place to visit and it is ancient one, Temple tirth kshetra Shree pataleshwar v gupteshwar deostan.
- Savanga vithoba, Awadhut Maharaj Tample.
- Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal (HVPM) Institute - India's Biggest Sport Institute
- Koudanyapur Birth Place of Rukmini
- Shahanur Dam, Anjangaon Surji
- Simbhora Dam, Morshi
- The Leprosy Mission Community Hospital, Kothara, Paratwada
- Bahiram Fare in Dec-Feb, Paratwada
- Dharkhora Water Fall near Paratwada
- Bakadari Water Fall near Paratwada
- Dattaziri & Ashtamahasiddhi Temple, Paratwada
- Haud Katora, Achalpur-Paratwada
- Chandrabhaga Dam, Paratwada
- Vazzar Dam, Paratwada
- Shah Dulha Rehman Gazi Dargha, Achalpur-Paratwada
- Gayatri Temple, Paratwada
- Muktagiri Temple, Paratwada
- Deonath Math, Anjangaon Surji
- Ekveera Temple, Murha, Anjangaon Surji
- Vitthal Mandeer, Anjangaon Surji
- Bettle Leave Farming, Anjangaon Surji
- Saint Gulab Baba Ashram, Takarkheda, Anjangaon Surji
- Khandeshwar Bhagawan Temple, Nandgaon Khandeshwar
- Rastrasant Tukdoji Maharaj Janmabhumi, Mozari Gurukunj
- Gulabrao maharaj Mandir, Chandur Bazar
Education in Amravati district
- P. R. Patil Group of Educational Institutes
- Government College of Engineering, Amravati
- Sipna Shikshan Prasarak Mandals College Of Engineering Amravati
- Prof.Ram Meghe Institute of Technology and Research,College Of Engineering Badnera, Amravati
- HVPM College Of Engineering, Amravati
- Ibss College of Engineering, Amravati
- GH.Raisoni College of Engineering,Amravati
- Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj College of Engineering, Shegaon
- Babasaheb Naik College of Engineering, Pusad
- Shri Dadasaheb Gawai Charitable Trusts Dr Smt Kamaltai Gawai Institute of Engineering and Technology, Amravati
- Government Polytechnic Amravati
- N.P.T.N.Paratwada-Semi Autonomous Institute
- panjabrao deshmukh polytechnic shivaji nagar amravati
- Dr. Rajendra Gode Polytechnic Amravati
- P. R. Pote (Patil) Polytechnic Amravati
- Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Polytechnic Amravati
- Dr. Ram Meghe Polytechnic Amravati
- G. H. Raisoni Polytechnic, Amravati
- B.J.E.S's Amravati Polytechnic Bhankheda.
- Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Jog Chouk, Amravati
- Indira Meghe Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Amravati
- Shri. Ramkrishna Krida Vidhyalaya and College
- Bhartiya Mahavidhyalaya, Amravati
- Vidarbha Institute of Science and Humanities (VISH)(formerly Vidarbha Maha Vidhyalaya (VMV))
- Shri Shivaji Science and Arts College
- Brijlal BIyani Science College
- G. S. Tompe Arts, Commerce & Science College, Chandur-Bazar
- Rural Institute, Amravti
- Shri. Shivaji College of Agriculture Biotechnology
- Government College of Pharmacy, Katora Naka, Amravati
- Dr Gopalrao Khedkar Mahavidyalaya Khed.
- Bar. Ramrao Deshmukh Arts, Smt. Indiraji Kapadiya Commerce And Nyaymurthi Krishnarao Deshmukh Science College, Badnera
- Vinayak Vidyamandir, Chhatri Talao, Amravati
- N.A.D.College, Chandur Bazar.
Degree College of Physical Education.
- Panjabrao Deshmukh Memorial Medical College
- Pandit Jawaharlal Neheru Memorial institute of Homeopathic Medical Sciences
Adarsha Science, J.B.Art’s & Birla Commerce Mahavidyalaya, Dhamangaon (Rly.)
- Korku dance
- Holi of Korku's
- "Gazeteers of the Bombay Presidency-Amraoti district-History and Archaeology". Amravati district website. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
- "Amravati District Gazeteer-General Introduction". Amravati district website. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "Indian Chilli Varieties". Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- "Amravati District Gazetteer-General-Rivers". Amravati district website. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
- "About Amravati District". Amravati district website. Archived from the original on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
- "Districtwise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-23.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est"
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Arkansas 2,915,918"
- M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhalay: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.