Amravati district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Amravati.
Amravati district
district
A road in the Amravati district headquarters
A road in the Amravati district headquarters
Amravati district is located in Maharashtra
Amravati district
Amravati district
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 20°56′N 77°45′E / 20.93°N 77.75°E / 20.93; 77.75Coordinates: 20°56′N 77°45′E / 20.93°N 77.75°E / 20.93; 77.75
Country  India
State Maharashtra
Headquarters Amravati
Area
 • Total 12,235 km2 (4,724 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 28,87,826
 • Density 213/km2 (550/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website amravati.nic.in

Amravati district (Marathi: अमरावती जिल्हा) is a district of Maharashtra state in central India. Amravati is the administrative headquarters of the district.

The district is situated between 20°32' and 21°46' north latitudes and 76°37' and 78°27' east longitudes. The district occupies an area of 12,235 km². The district is bounded by Betul District of Madhya Pradesh state to the north, and by the Maharashtra districts of Nagpur to the northeast, Wardha to the east, Yavatmal to the south, Washim to the southwest, and Akola and Buldhana districts to the west.

History[edit]

In 1853, the present-day territory of Amravati district as a part of Berar Province was assigned to the British East India Company, following a treaty with the Nizam of Hyderabad. After the Company took over the administration of the province, it was divided into two districts. The present-day territory of the district became part of North Berar district, with headquarters at Buldhana. Later, the province was reconstituted and the territory of the present district became part of East Berar district, with headquarters at Amravati. In 1864, Yavatmal District (initially known as Southeast Berar district and later Wun district) was separated. In 1867, Ellichpur District was separated but in August, 1905, when the whole province was reorganized into six districts, it was again merged into the district. In 1903, it became part of the newly constituted province of Central Provinces and Berar. In 1956, Amravati district became part of Bombay State and after its bifurcation in 1960, it became part of Maharashtra state.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

The climate is tropical and most people wear cotton clothes. In summer temperatures can go up to higher than 47 °C (117 °F).

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Amravati one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Agriculture[edit]

Amravati is the main growing region for the Ellachipur Sanman Chili pepper.[4] Anjangaon Surji & Achalpur is famous for growing betel leaves, piper longum, orange and banana. Warud, Morshi, Chandur bazar and Achalpur are famous for growing Nagpuri oranges.

Rivers[edit]

The Wardha River forms the eastern boundary of the district, and the eastern portion of the district lies within its watershed. The Purna River drains the southwestern portion of the district, while the northwest is drained by the Tapti River. Other important rivers are Shahanoor and Chandrabhaga.

The Purna, rises near Bhainsdehi in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh in the Satpudas. After flowing for about 50 km in a general southerly and south-easterly direction enters the district. It travels across the district in a south-westerly direction dividing it into two halves, first through the Achalpur taluka and then along the boundary between the Amravati and Daryapur talukas. Finally, it turns due westwards forming the boundary of the district and continues further to join the Tapti near Muktainagar in Jalgaon district. The only significant left bank tributary of the Purna is the Pedhi. The first of the principal right bank tributaries is the Arna. The next is a small river known as the Bodi. The next tributary, the Chandrabhaga is a very important one, flowing in a general south-westerly direction to join the Purna. The principal right bank affluent of the Chandrabhaga is the Bhuleshwari. The westernmost tributary of the Purna of some significance within the district is the Shahanur, with its tributary, the Bordi.[5]

The following are some of the other rivers in Amravati District, with their tributaries.

  • Burshi River
  • Surkhi River
  • Tigria River
  • Khandu River
  • Khapra River
  • Sangiya River
  • Gadaga River
  • Vaan River
  • Wardha River
  • Vidarbha River
  • Bor River
  • Pak Nala
  • Maru River
  • Narha River
  • Chargar River
  • Shahanoor River

Divisions[edit]

The district consists of six sub-divisions, which are further divided into 14 talukas. Amravati sub-division is divided into three talukas: Amravati, Bhatukali and Nandgaon Khandeshwar. Daryapur sub-division is further divided into two talukas: Anjangaon and Daryapur. Achalpur sub-division also consists of two talukas: Achalpur and Chandur Bazar. Morshi sub-division has also two talukas: Morshi and Warud. Dharni sub-division is also divided into two talukas: Dharni and Chikhaldara. Finally, Chandur (Railway) sub-division is divided into three taulkas: Chandur (Railway), Tiosa and Dhamangaon.[6]

There are eight Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district. Six of these, Badnera, Amravati, Teosa, Anjangaon-Daryapur (SC), Melghat (ST) and Achalpur are part of Amravati Lok Sabha constituency. The other two constituencies, Dhamangaon Railway and Morshi are part of Wardha Lok Sabha constituency.[7]

Major towns[edit]

Achalpur, Paratwada, Anjangaon, Chandur railway, Dhamangaon Railway, Ambada (Morshi), Chikhaldara, Warud, Morshi, Shendurjana Ghat, Chandurbazar, Daryapur, Nandgaon Khandeshwar, Badnera, Dharni, Tivasa, Ashtgaon

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Amravati district has a population of 2,887,826,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica[9] or the US state of Arkansas.[10] This gives it a ranking of 131st in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 237 inhabitants per square kilometre (610 /sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.77%.[8] Amravati has a sex ratio of 947 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 88.23%.[8]

Languages[edit]

Vernaculars include Bhalay, spoken by about 9000 in the district.[11]

Transport[edit]

Important railway stations are Badnera and Amravati under Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Division of Central Railway. The other stations under meter gauge are Wan Road Dhulghat and Dabka. These are under Purna - Khandwa Section of South Central Railway. The stations under narrow gauge are Achalpur, Anjangaon Surji and Daryapur under Narrow Gauge Branch lines viz Murtajapur-Achalpur of Bhusawal Division of Central Railway.

Amravati Airport is located at Belora, 15 kilometres South of Amravati on NH-6 towards Akola.

Prominent persons[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Education in Amravati district[edit]

Engineering colleges[edit]

  • Government College of Engineering, Amravati
  • P. R. Patil Group of Educational Institutes
  • Sipna Shikshan Prasarak Mandals College Of Engineering Amravati
  • Prof.Ram Meghe Institute of Technology and Research,College Of Engineering Badnera, Amravati
  • HVPM College Of Engineering, Amravati
  • Ibss College of Engineering, Amravati
  • GH.Raisoni College of Engineering,Amravati
  • Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj College of Engineering, Shegaon
  • Babasaheb Naik College of Engineering, Pusad
  • Shri Dadasaheb Gawai Charitable Trusts Dr Smt Kamaltai Gawai Institute of Engineering and Technology, Amravati

Polytechnic college[edit]

  • Government Polytechnic Amravati
  • N.P.T.N.Paratwada-Semi Autonomous Institute
  • panjabrao deshmukh polytechnic shivaji nagar amravati
  • Dr. Rajendra Gode Polytechnic Amravati
  • P. R. Pote (Patil) Polytechnic Amravati
  • Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Polytechnic Amravati
  • Dr. Ram Meghe Polytechnic Amravati
  • G. H. Raisoni Polytechnic, Amravati
  • B.J.E.S's Amravati Polytechnic Bhankheda.

Other colleges[edit]

  • Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Jog Chouk, Amravati
  • Indira Meghe Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Amravati
  • Shri. Ramkrishna Krida Vidhyalaya and College
  • Bhartiya Mahavidhyalaya, Amravati
  • Vidarbha Institute of Science and Humanities (VISH)(formerly Vidarbha Maha Vidhyalaya (VMV))
  • Shri Shivaji Science and Arts College
  • Brijlal BIyani Science College
  • G. S. Tompe Arts, Commerce & Science College, Chandur-Bazar
  • Rural Institute, Amravti
  • Vidyabharati Mahavidyalaya, C.K. Naidu Road Camp, Amravati
  • Shri. Shivaji College of Agriculture Biotechnology
  • Government College of Pharmacy, Katora Naka, Amravati
  • Dr Gopalrao Khedkar Mahavidyalaya Khed.
  • Bar. Ramrao Deshmukh Arts, Smt. Indiraji Kapadiya Commerce And Nyaymurthi Krishnarao Deshmukh Science College, Badnera
  • Vinayak Vidyamandir, Chhatri Talao, Amravati
  • N.A.D.College, Chandur Bazar.
  • Degree College of Physical Education.
  • shri shivaji college of agriculture,Amravati
  • Maharashtra Tantra Shikshan Vidyalaya [MAHATANTRA],Prashant Nagar,Amravati
  • Maharashtra Vyavasay Prashikshan Kendra,Bhambora,Taluka-Morshi Dist. Amravati
  • Maharashtra Tantra Shikshan Vidyalaya,YAWAKAR WADI WARUD CENTER-MAHESH NAGAR,BEHIND ST STAN WARU

Medical colleges[edit]

  • Panjabrao Deshmukh Memorial Medical College
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Neheru Memorial Institute of Homeopathic Medical Sciences

Adarsha Science, J.B.Art’s & Birla Commerce Mahavidyalaya, Dhamangaon (Rly.)

Folk Arts[edit]

  • Dandar
  • Powada
  • Bhajan
  • Keertan
  • Korku dance
  • Holi of Korku's

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gazeteers of the Bombay Presidency-Amraoti district-History and Archaeology". Amravati district website. Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  2. ^ "Amravati District Gazeteer-General Introduction". Amravati district website. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Indian Chilli Varieties". Retrieved February 21, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Amravati District Gazetteer-General-Rivers". Amravati district website. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  6. ^ "About Amravati District". Amravati district website. Archived from the original on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  7. ^ "Districtwise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est" 
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Arkansas 2,915,918" 
  11. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhalay: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 

External links[edit]